|c||k/ts||k/ʦ||kite before all letters except e and i, when it is [ʦ] as in mitts. Written as ch to preserve the [k] sound before e and i, as ç (or, alternatively, cz) to preserve the [ʦ] sound elsewhere.¹|
|g||g/j||g/ʤ||gargantuan before all letters except e and i, when it is [ʤ] as in general. Written as gh to preserve the [g] sound before e and i, as j to preserve the [ʤ] sound elsewhere.|
|k||k||x||loch (only appears before h; see below)|
|r||r||r||Spanish señora (with a trilled [r], but the American English [ɹ] will do in a pinch)|
|x||ks||ks||box (even at the beginning of words)|
|y||y||j||yodel (never a vowel, as in byte)|
Like English, Romániço uses the letter h in combination with certain other letters to produce “husher” sounds:
|ch/kh||ch/kh||x||German Achtung. Written kh before e and i, written ch elsewhere: Bacho “Bacchus”, Khios “Chios”.|
|th||th||θ||thank (or tank, whichever’s easier)|
Otherwise, each consonant should be pronounced separately, even when the same consonsant is doubled:
Note for the morbidly curious: For sorting purposes, the present author uses a slightly different orthography when adding words to the dictionary databases: c is written č instead of ch to preserve the [k] sound (e.g., máčino), g is written ǧ to preserve the [g] sound (liǧer) and ģ to preserve the [ʤ] sound (linguaģo), and ch is always [x] (Bacho, Chios).
Ordinarily, when two vowels come together in a Romániço word, each is pronounced separately. (Eg., coercer is pronounced co-er-cer.) Some vowels, however, combine with other vowels to form sounds pronounced as a single (or close to single) syllable, as in English coin and couch. These combination vowel sounds are called diphthongs.
The letters i and u, when they are not the only vowel in a root and are immediately followed or preceded by another vowel in the same word, produce a diphthong. After the letters c or g, the letter u always produces a diphthong when followed by another vowel:
|Francia||['fran-ʦja] / ['fran-ʦi-a]*||France|
|filiiso||[fi-'lji-so] / [fi-li-'i-so]*||daughter|
|Januario||[ʤa-'nwa-rjo] / [ʤa-'nwa-ri-o]*||January|
|ruito||['rwi-to] / [ru-'i-to]||noise|
Note that the vowels a or e + u in compound words do not form diphthongs if they belong to different roots or affixes:
Also, the final vowels of proper nouns, foreign words, and some technical words do not form diphthongs in composition or affixation:
Generally speaking, words in Romániço are stressed on the next-to-the-last syllable, as in fortuno [for-'tu-no] and mentiono [men-'tjo-no]. The exceptions to this rule are:
- infinitive verbs, which are stressed on the last syllable (eg., parauler, “to speak”, pronounced [pa-raw-'ler]);
- prepositions made into nouns, adjectives, or adverbs, all of which keep the original stress (eg., super “over”, pronounced ['su-per], but súpera “upper”, pronounced ['su-pe-ra];
- words whose stress falls elsewhere, indicated by an accute accent mark (eg., judó, ópero, ásino, agonío).
All three cases go back to being stressed on the penultimate syllable, however, when suffixes that change the stressed vowels’ position in the words are added: herédito “inheritance”, but hereditanto [he-re-di-'tan-to] “heir”.
These accent marks, while useful in print, need not be used in handwriting; one can write spectáculo or spectaculo, as long as one remembers to pronounce it [spek-'ta-ku-lo].