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English-Ido Dictionary

This dictionary is a partially modernized adaptation of L.H. Dyer’s English-Ido Dictionary of 1924, and includes words officially adopted since that time.

A

  • A ltr a; (mus.) A (o la); A-flat (A♭) aes; A-sharp (A♯) ais || art (a single but unspecified person or thing: not translated) an apple pomo; (certain) [known] a certain relative of yours stopped by certena parento vua vizitis; [unknown] a Mr. Beaufront came to see you ula s-ro de Beaufront venis por vidar vu; (in apposition: not translated) Louis Couturat, a logician, wrote that... Ludovikus Couturat, logikisto, skribis ke...; (per) -e; por; beer for €10 a liter biro po 10 € (singla)litre/por litro; (with negatives) without a doubt sen dubito (o sendubite); (with units of measurement) half a liter duima litro
  • aardvark n (zool.: Orycteropus afer) orikteropo
  • aback adv dope; taken aback subite surprizita (o konsternita)
  • abacus n abako
  • abaft adv addope || prep dop
  • abandon vt abandonar || n abandonment (active) abandono; (passive) abandoneso || adj abandoned (morally) debochanta; debochema; deshonorinda; despudoroza; senetika
  • abase vt abasar || n abasement (act) abaso; humiligo; (state) abaseso; humileso
  • abash vt konfuzigar; shamigar; timidigar || adj abashed konfuzigita; shamigita; timidigita
  • abate v diminutar || vt (fin.) rabatar
  • abatis n (mil.) abatajaro
  • abattoir n bucherio; bucheyo
  • abbatial adj (of persons) abadala; (of place) abadeyala
  • abbess n abadino
  • abbey n abadeyo
  • abbot n abad(ul)o; abbotship abadeso
  • abbreviate vt abreviar || n abbreviation abrevio, -uro
  • abdicate vt abdikar
  • abdomen n abdomino || adj abdominal abdominala
  • abduct vt forraptar; (physiol.) abduktar
  • abed adv en lito; kushite; sur lito
  • aberrant adj anomala; divaganta; (astron., opt.) aberacanta
  • abet vt esar komplico ad; helpar; incitar; kurajigar; sustenar
  • abeyance n ajorneso; (tempala) suspenseso; to fall into abeyance cesar (o facar, uzar) tempale; obsoleteskar
  • abhor vt abominar || n abhorrence abomineso; abomino || adj abhorrent abomininda; odiinda
  • abide vi lojar (che); restar (en); rezidar (en); (archaic: continue; remain fixed in some state) the Dude abides la Kerlo perseveras (o duras); to abide by [decision] restar fidela ad; tenar ad; [law] konformigar su ad; obediar || vt (tolerate) tolerar || adj abiding konstanta; permananta
  • abigail adj (archaic: theat.) subreto
  • abject adj (mean) abjekta
  • abjure vt abjurar
  • ablactate vt (rare) ablaktar
  • ablate vt (surg.) ablacionar
  • ablative n (gram.) ablativo; ablative absolute ablativo absoluta
  • ablaze adj ardoroza; fairoza; flamoza
  • able adj kapabla; able to hold kapaca; as one is able segun sua povo (o moyeni); able-bodied korpokapabla; robusta | (skillful) habila; to be able to povar || n ability (power) kapableso; povo; (skill) habileso; talento
  • ablegate n (eccl.) ablegato
  • abloom adj floroza
  • ablute vt (relig., med.) ablucionar; (wash) lavar || n ablution abluciono; lavo
  • abnegate vt abnegar
  • abnormal adj anomala; nenormala || n abnormality anomalajo; anomaleso
  • aboard adv en/sur la navo, la treno; to go aboard (alongside) abordar
  • abode n lojeyo; rezideyo; (jur.) domicilo; (permanent) habiteyo
  • abolish vt abolisar || n abolition aboliso; abolitionism abolisismo; abolitionist abolisismano
  • abominate vt abominar
  • aborigine n (original inhabitant) aborijeno; (native of a country) indijeno || adj aboriginal aborijena; indijena
  • abort vt abortar
  • abound vi abundar || adj abounding abundanta
  • about prep (concerning) pri; (around) cirkum; ever since I was a little girl, I dreamed of having my own things about me de kande me esis mikra puero, me revas pri havar mea propraji cirkum me | (close by) apud; proxim; until I’ve got my dowry safe about me, I’m no married woman til ke me havos mea doturo sekura proxim me, me esas nula mariajitino; about to -onta; I love you, and I’m about to boldly go where … many men … have gone before me amoras vu, e me esas ironta audace adube ... multa viri ... iris antee || adv (almost) preske; I’m just about finished me esas preske fininta; (approximately) cirkum; he must be about 30 il mustas evar cirkum 30 yari; (around) cirkume; (close by) apude; proxime; (here and there) diversloke; to walk about promenar diversloke | (in all directions) dis-
  • above prep (over) super; above a hundred plu multo kam cento; (in preference to) above all precipue; (too good for) conduct above reproach konduto nereprochebla; he is above doing that il esas nekapabla agar tale; (on top of) sur; above board aperte; kandida; necelata; above ground sur la tero || adj (higher) supera; to appeal to the court above apelar al plu alta korto; to be above superesar; to rise above superirar; superpasar; (on) sura; (top) supra || adv (beyond) over and above pluse; ultre | (further up the same level) admonte; (higher) supere; above named supere nomita; above quoted precitita; above said supere dicita | (top) supre
  • abrade vt exkoriar; (with instrument) skrapar
  • abreast adv flanke; flanko an flanko; samfronte; sur lineo frontala
  • abridge vt abreviar; kurtigar
  • abroad adv (in or to a foreign country) exterlande; to live abroad vivar exterlande, altralande; (in different directions) omnaloke; he blazed it abroad il publikigis la fakto omnaloke; this tree spreads its branches abroad ca arboro extensas fore sua branchi; (dated: out of doors) extere; to walk abroad ekirar; promenar extere
  • abrogate vt abrogar
  • abrupt adj abrupta
  • abscess n abceso || vi abceseskar
  • abscind vt detranchar
  • abscissa n (math) abciso
  • abscond vi celar su; desaparar; fugar (subite e sekrete) || n absconder fuganto; (jur.) kontumaco; (thief) (fuganta) sustraktero, -into (celita)
  • absent adj (not present) absenta; neasistanta; absent on leave absenta per konjedo; (distracted) mente distraktita; (lacking) mankanta || n absence absenteso; (distraction) (mentala) distrakteso; neatenco; (lack) manko; (lack due to indigence) indijo; absentee absento || vt to absent oneself absenteskar
  • absinthe n (bot.) absinto; (liqueur) absintoliquoro
  • absolute adj absoluta; (fig.) kompleta; perfekta; pozitiva; vera || n absolutajo; absolutism absolutismo; absolutist absolutisto
  • absolution n absolvo
  • absolve vt absolvar
  • absorb vt (physical sense) absorbar; (engross) absorbar
  • abstain vt abstenar
  • absterge vt (archaic: cleanse wounds) abstersar
  • abstract adj abstrakta || n abstraction abstrakto || vt abstraktigar; (epitomize) epitomigar; (steal) furtar; [by fraud] sustraktar
  • abstruse adj abstruza
  • absurd adj absurda
  • abulia n (psych.) abulio
  • abuse vt (insult) insultar; (mistreat) male traktar; (misuse) misuzar; (overuse) ecesar; trouzar
  • abut vi abutar || n abutment (as of bridge) abutmento
  • abyss n abismo; (underwater) abiso
  • Abyssinia n (hist.) Abisinia; Abyssinian Abisiniano
  • acacia n (bot.: Acacia) akacio
  • academy n (school) alta skolo (privata); liceo; (society) akademio
  • Acadie n (hist.) Akadia; Acadian Akadiano
  • acanthus n (bot.: Acanthus) akanto
  • accede vi konsentar; to accede to asentar ad; (position) enoficeskar
  • accelerate vt acelerar
  • accent n (manner of speaking) pronunco; [dialectal] achento; (stress of voice) acento; (written) supersigno (por acento) || vt to accentuate (emphasize) emfazar; (place accents over) supersignizar
  • accept vt aceptar || n acceptation (accepting) acepto; (meaning) signifiko; (understanding) kompreno
  • access n (means or right of approaching) aceso; admiso; libera eniro; to have access to (darfar) acesar | (med.) aceso; morbala atako
  • accession n (to a position) enoficesko; entronesko; (access) aceso; (addition) adjunto; augmento; (assent) asento; konsento
  • accessory adj (aiding) helpanta; helpiva; (jur.) komplica; (subsidiary) acesora || n (helper) helpanto; helpivo; (jur.) komplico; (subsidiary) acesor(aj)o
  • accident n (mishap) acidento (mala); to cause an accident to acidentar; (bad luck) desfortuno; malchanco; (chance occurrence) hazardo; incindento || adj accidental (by chance) acidentala; hazardala; kazuala; kontingenta; (nonessential) neesenc(al)a; (unintentional) neintencita; senintenca
  • acclaim vt aklamar
  • acclimate vt aklimatar
  • accommodate vt (adapt) adaptar su; akomodar; aranjar; (aquiesce) cedar ad; (give) donar; (help) helpar; (host) gastigar; (lodge) lojar; (oblige) komplezar; (provide) provizar || adj accommodating (obliging) komplezema, -anta
  • accompany vt akompanar
  • accomplice n komplico; kunkulpinto
  • accomplish vt (finish) kompletigar; (par)finar; (perform) efektigar; exekutar; facar; realigar || n accomplishment (excellence of manners, mind) societala arti; talento; (execution) efektigo; (exploit) prodajo; (fulfillment) plenigo; realigo || adj accomplished (expert) experta; habila; (finished) parfinita; tote finita; (having many accomplishments) multarta; talentoza
  • accord vt (give, award) donar; grantar || vi (agree) konkordar; (of sounds) akordar || n to be in accord interakordar; interkonkordar; of one’s own accord spontane; vole; with one accord interkonsente; kun una konkordo komuna; unanime; unvoce || adv according to konforme ad; segun (ke); accordingly do; konforme; konseque; tale
  • accordion n akordeono
  • accost vt parolar ad; (fig.) abordar
  • accouchement n (archaic: obstetrics) akush(art)o; (archaic: parturition) parturo
  • account n (banking, bookkeeping, bill) konto; to make up an account kalkular konto; to open an account komencar konto; to pay on account (in installments) akonte pagar; account book kontolibro; bank account bankkonto; current account konto kuranta; joint account reciproka konto; old account anciena konto; outstanding account konto nesaldita; overdrawn account konto deskovrita | (invoice) fakturo; (statement of receipts and expenditures) etato; statement of account etato di konto; (benefit) to turn to good account avantajizar su; profitar (per) | (computation) kalkul(ur)o; (consideration) konsidero; on account of pro (ke); on no account tote ne; on your account pro egardo por vu; pro estimo por vu; to take into account enkalkular; konsiderar anke | (counting) enumero; kont(ad)o; (explanation) expliko; to call to account demandar expliko; postular expliko | (importance) graveso; importo; (report) deskripto; historio; naraco; by all accounts segun omna naraci, deskripti, e.c.; accountancy kontarto; kontocienco; accountant kontisto || vt (count) kontar; (estimate, consider) evaluar; judikar; konsiderar; (reckon) kalkular || vi to account for explikar; justifikar; (be responsible for) responsar pri || adj accountable (explicable) explikebla; (responsible) responsanta; responsiva
  • accoutre vt (arm) armizar; (clothe) vestizar; (equip) equipar || n accoutrements acesoraji
  • accredit vt akreditar
  • accrue vt akumular || vi akumulesar; amaseskar
  • accumulate vt akumular || n accumulator (elec.) akumulatoro
  • accurate adj korekta; (strictly correct in all details) exakta; (strictly defined or determined) preciza
  • accursed adj damnita; maledikita; (despicable) abomininda; malega; odiinda
  • accuse vt akuzar || n accusation akuz(aj)o; accusative (gram.) akuzativo; accused (jur.) akuzito
  • accustom vt kustumigar || adj to be accustomed kustumar
  • ace n aso; ace of hearts kordiaso
  • acephalous adj senkapa
  • acerbic adj acerba || n acerbity acerbeso
  • acetabulum n (anat.) kotiloida kavajo; kotiloido
  • acetic acid n acetatacido
  • acetimeter n acetometro
  • acetone n acetono
  • acetylene n acetileno
  • Achaia n Akaya; Achaian Akayano
  • ache n doloro || vi dolorar
  • achieve vt (attain) atingar; (fulfill) plenigar; (gain) ganar; obtenar || n achievement (attainment) atingo; (deed) facajo; (feat) prodajo; (fulfillment) plenigo; (success) suceso; (victory) vinko
  • achromatic adj akromata
  • acid n acid(aj)o; acidimeter acidometro || adj acida
  • acknowledge vt (recognize) agnoskar; (admit) [claim, truth] agnoskar; [crime] konfesar; (attest) atestar; to acknowledge the receipt of atestar la recevo di; avizar (ulu) pri la recevo di; quitigar la recevo di; (greet) salutar; (reply to) respondar || n acknowledgment (recognition) agnosko; (attestation) acknowledgment of debt deb-atesto
  • acme n apogeo; kolmo; maxim alta punto; somito; (fig.) perfekteso
  • acne n akneo
  • acolyte n akoluto
  • aconite n (bot.: Aconitum) akonito
  • acorn n glano
  • acoustic adj akustikala || n acoustics akustiko
  • acquaint vt konocigar; (advise) avizar; (inform) informar || n acquaintance (act) konoc(ad)o; (person) konocato || adj to be acquainted with konocar
  • acquiesce vi (agree) konsentar; (unwillingly) submisar su
  • acquire vt aquirar
  • acquit vt (jur.) absolvar; senkulpigar; to acquit oneself (conduct oneself) kondutar; to acquit oneself of (a commission) exekutar; (a debt) pagar; quitigar; (a duty) satisfacar; (conscience) descharjar
  • acrid adj akra
  • acrimony n akreso || adj acrimonious akra
  • acrobat n akrobato || adj acrobatic akrobatala
  • acromion n (anat.) akromio
  • acronym n akronimo
  • acropolis n akropolo
  • across prep (on or to the other side of) trans; (through) tra; to come across (encounter) renkontrar; to go across transirar || adv (crosswise) transverse; (on or to the other side of) transe; (through) trae
  • acrostic n akrostiko
  • acroterion n (archit.) akroterio
  • acrylic n akrila
  • act vi (take action) agar; (behave) kondutar; (fulfill function) funcionar; (have effect) efikar || vt (play a part) plear; [feign] fingar; [simulate] simular || n ago; (theat., jur.) akto; acting (pretending) fingado; simulado; (theat.) pleado; action (activity) agado; (battle) batalio; kombato; (deed) ago; faco; (effect) efekt(ig)o; (functioning) funcionado; (lawsuit) proceso; to bring action against procesar | (repetitive, prolonged) -ad-; activity agado; actor (gen.) aganto; (theat.) aktoro || adj acting (substitute) supleanta; actionable pri qua on povas procesar; (punishable) punisebla; active agema, -iva; (agile) ajila; (alert) alerta; (opposed to passive) aktiva; active voice aktivo
  • actinia n (zool.: Actinia) aktinio
  • actinic adj aktinika
  • actinium n (chem.: Ac) aktinio
  • actual adj (existing now and in fact, as opposed to what was intended, expected, or believed) aktuala; (current) nuna; (real) fakta; reala || n actuality (quality) aktualeso; (thing) aktualajo; realajo || vt to actualize aktualigar
  • actuary n aktisto; (com.) experta asekurokalkulisto
  • actuate vt (a machine) funcionigar; (motivate) impulsar; influar; motivizar; movar
  • acumen n dicerniveso; (mentala) akuteso; sajeso; subtileso
  • acupuncture n akupunturo
  • acute adj akuta; (severe) intensa; violentoza; (shrewd) penetranta; penetrema; sagaca
  • A.D. adv (anno domini) pos K.
  • adage n proverbo; sentenco
  • adamant adj hardega; neflexebla; nepenetrebla; stalatra
  • adapt vt adaptar; (tech.) adjustigar; ajustar; akomodar || adj adapted adaptita; apta; konvenanta
  • add vt (phys. sense) adjuntar; (in speaking) dicar anke; (math) adicionar; to add up sumigar || n addition (thing added) adjuntajo; in addition pluse; suplemente; ultre | (math) adiciono || adj additional adjuntita; extra-; plumulta; plusa; suplement(al)a
  • addendum n adjuntajo
  • adder n (zool.: Vipera berus) (komuna Europana) vipero
  • addle vt konfuzigar || adj addled (confused) konfuzigita; (rotten) putrinta
  • address n (on a letter) adreso; (abode) resideyo; (dated: skill) habileso || vt [a letter] adresizar; (deal with) [problem] trakteskar; (direct) [remarks] direktar; (discuss) diskutar; (name in a specified way) nomar; (speak to) parolar ad || vi (discourse) diskursar
  • adduce vt alegar; atencigar; citar; ofrar por konsidero
  • adduct vt (physiol.) adduktar || n adduction addukto || adj adducent adduktanta; adduktiva
  • adept adj (skilled) habila || n (expert) habilo; (initiate) adepto
  • adequate adj (appropriate) adequata; (fit) konvenanta; (sufficient) sat multa; suficanta
  • adflux n adflu(ad)o
  • adhere vi adherar || n adherence adhero; adherent adheranto || adj adherent adheranta
  • adhesion n adhero || adj adhesive adheriva
  • adiabatic adj adiabata
  • adieu inter adio; adieu for the present til la rivido; to bid adieu adiar
  • ad infinitum adv senfine; senlimite
  • adipose adj gras(oz)a
  • adjacent adj (contiguous) kontingua; (contiguous or next to) adjacanta; (next to) apuda
  • adjective n adjektivo || adj adjectival adjektivala
  • adjoin vt adjuntar || vi apudesar; esar kontingua
  • adjourn vt ajornar
  • adjudge vt adjudikar
  • adjudicate vi arbitrar
  • adjunct n acesor(aj)o; adjuntajo; adjunturo; (professor, etc.) adyunto
  • adjure vt adjurar
  • adjust vt (fit) adjustigar; (tech.) ajustar; akomodar
  • adjutant n adjutanto
  • ad libitum adv arbitrie; segun arbitrio; segunvole
  • administer vt (by government or owner) administrar; (for an owner) jerar; (give) donar; to administer justice facar judici(ad)o || n administration (act) administr(ad)o; jer(ad)o; (administrator of a public business) intendanto; (as institution) administrerio; guvernerio; (cabinet) ministraro; (executive department) ministerio; (managing staff) administrantaro; (of a business) jeranto; jeristo; (office) administreyo || adj administrative administrala
  • admiral n admiralo; admiralty (rank) admiraleso; (hist.) admiralerio
  • admire vt admirar || adj admirable admirinda
  • admit vt (acknowledge as wrong, right) agnoskar; to admit a debt agnoskar debo | (confess) konfesar; (into a society) agregar; (let in) admisar; (permit) permisar; (receive as guest) aceptar; gastigar
  • admix vt enmixar; intermixar
  • admonish vt (advise) konsilar; (caution) avertar; (exhort) exhortar; (reprove) reprimandar
  • ad nauseam adv til nauzeo
  • ado n agiteso; bruisego; eciteso
  • adolescence n adolecevo; adoleco; adolecotempo; adolescent adolecanto || adj adolescent adolecanta; to be adolescent adolecar
  • adopt vt adoptar
  • adore vt (have deep affection for) amegar; (have deep romantic love for) amoregar; (worship, idolize) adorar
  • adorn vt garnisar; ornar; (plu)beligar
  • adrenaline n adrenalino
  • adrift adj driftanta; to be adrift driftar; to set adrift abandonar (sen provizuri)
  • adroit adj (skillful) experta; habila; (crafty) ruzoza
  • adsorb vt adsorbar
  • adulate vt flat(eg)ar; flatachar
  • adult adj adulta || n adulto; (man) viro; (woman) muliero; adulthood adulteso
  • adultery vt adultero; (archaic: adulteration) altero; despurigo; to adulterate alterar; despurigar; (archaic: commit adultery) adulterar
  • adumbrate vt esbosar; skisar
  • ad valorem adv segunvalore
  • advance v (in space, time) avancar || vt avancigar; (a theory) propozar; (in rank) promocar || vi (in space) avanirar; (progress) progresar || n in advance anticipe; to pay in advance anticipe pagar | (space) avane; (time) antee; avance; to take the advance preirar; advance payment anticipala pago
  • advantage n avantajo; to take advantage of profitar de/per; (bad sense) explotachar; male traktar; misuzar || vt avantajizar; profitar || adj advantageous avantajoza; profitiganta; profitigiva; profitigoza; (opportune) oportuna
  • advent n adveno; arivo; (relig.) advento
  • adventure n adventuro; adventurer adventuristo || vt (dated: risk) riskar || vi adventurar || adj adventurous (life) adventurosa; riskoza; (person) adventurema; riskema
  • adverb n adverbo || adj adverbial adverb(al)a
  • adverse adj adversa; desfavoroza; kontrea || n adversary adverso; adversity desfeliceso; desfortuno
  • advert vi to advert to (formal: refer to) aludar || vt to advertise reklamar; (announce) anuncar || n (Brit.: advertisement) anunco; reklamo
  • advise vt (counsel) konsilar; (caution) avizar; (inform) informar; notifikar; (recommend) rekomendar || n advisability konveno; sajeso; utileso || adj advisable (recommendable) konsilinda; (sensible) prudenta
  • advocate vt rekomendar; (jur.) defensar; pledar || n (jur.) advokato; advocacy defenso; interceso; rekomendo; (jur.) advokateso
  • advowee n (Brit. eccl.) patrono
  • Aegadian n Aegadian Islands Egadi
  • aegis n egido; protektiva povo
  • aerate vt aerizar
  • aerial adj aerala; aerial navigation aeronavigado || n (antenna) anteno
  • aerie n aglonesto
  • aerobe n aerobio || adj aerobic aerobia
  • aerodynamics n aerodinamiko
  • aerogel n aerojelo
  • aerographer n aerografo; aerography aerografio
  • aerolite n (min.) aerolito
  • aerometer n aerometro; aerometry aerometrio
  • aerometry n areometrio; aerometer areometro
  • aeronaut n (of a dirigible) aeronavisto; (of an airplane) aeroplanisto; aeronautics aeronautiko
  • aerophobia n aerotimo
  • aeroscope n aeroskopo
  • aerosol n aerosolo
  • aerostat n aerostato; aerostatics aerostatiko
  • aesthetic adj estetikala || n aesthetics estetiko
  • Aetolia n Etolia
  • afar adv (de) fore
  • affable adj afabla
  • affair n afero; koncerno; affairs (business) aferi; foreign affairs extera aferi; love affair amorala afero
  • affect vt (have effect on) his drinking started to affect his work ilua ebriemeso komencis influar ilua laboro | (emotionally) afektar; emocigar; the news of the honor killing deeply affected her l’informi pri la honorala ocido profunde emocigis elu | [unnerve] komocionar; (mentally) impresar; influar; the experience of war really affected me l’experienco di milito multe impresis me; the very presence of Frank’s brother affected his testimony la nura asisto dil fratulo di Franko influis ilua atesto | (physically) [med.] afektar; uromysitisis poisoning affects the bladder l’uromisitisala intoxiko afektas la veziko; (concern) how does this affect me? quale co koncernas me ?; (pretend, feign) afektacar; simular || n affectation afektaco; affection (fondness) afeciono; amo; to have affection for afecionar | (romantic) amoro || adj affectionate afecionema; afecionoza
  • afferent adj (physiol.) adduktanta; adduktiva
  • affiance vt (lit.) fiancar || n (lit.) fianco; the affianced la gefianciti
  • affidavit n (jur.) atesto (skribita ed afirmita); jurdeklaro
  • affiliate vt (adopt) adoptar; (make a partner) asociar; (make a subsidiary) filialigar || n (subsidiary) filialo
  • affinity n afineso; to have an affinity for afinesar ad
  • affirm vt afirmar
  • affix vt adjuntar; adpozar; surpozar || n afixo
  • afflatus n inspireso (deala)
  • afflict vt afliktar; tribular || adj to be afflicted by sufrar pro
  • affluence n abundo; luxego; rich(eg)eso; affluent (archaic: tributary) enfluanto || adj affluent abundanta; luxoza; richega
  • afford vt (have enough of something for) I cannot afford it me ne esas sat richa; me ne povas sustenar/suportar la spensi; mea moyeni ne permisas; I cannot afford the time me ne povas trovar la tempo (libera); (provide or supply) donar; furnisar; produktar
  • afforest vt arborizar
  • affray vt (jur., dated) disputbat(ad)o; meleo; (publika) tumulto, kombat(ach)o
  • affright vt (archaic) pavorigar; terorigar
  • affront n (insult) insulto; ofenso; (archaic: hostile encounter) afronto || vt (insult) insultar; ofensar; (archaic: face) afrontar
  • affuse vt (med., relig.) afuzionar
  • Afghanistan n Afghanistan; Afghan Afgano
  • afield adj fore
  • afire adj brulanta; flamifanta
  • aflame adj fairoza; flamanta; flamoza; (fig.) ardoranta; ardoroza
  • afloat adj driftanta (sur l’aquo); flotacanta; (rumors, etc.) cirkulanta; to get afloat (refloat) desstrandigar
  • afoot adj (happening or beginning to happen) eventanta; movanta; preparata || adv (on foot) pede; to go afoot pedirar
  • afore prep (archaic) ante || adj aforegoing antea; preirinta; aforesaid antedicita; antemencionita; antenomizita; precitita; supredicita; supremencionita; suprenomizita; aforethought preintencita; premeditita; with malice aforethought kun preintenco (o premedito) || adv aforehand antee; anticipe; aforetime olim
  • a fortiori adv pro plu forta motivo
  • afoul adv (in collision) intershokite; (in conflict) en konflikto
  • afraid adj (scared) pavoranta; (apprehensive) timanta; to be afraid pavorar; timar; I’m afraid you’re too late me timas, ke vu tro tardesas
  • afresh adv (again) itere; (anew) nove
  • Africa n Afrika; African Afrikano; South Africa Sud-Afrika
  • aft adv (ad)dope
  • after prep (in space) dop; (in time) pos; (since) depos; (according to) segun; (concerning) pri; relate; she asked after your father el demandis pri vua patro; (following) to go or come after dopirar; sequar; (in order) pos; after you, Mr. Durden! pos vu, Sioro Durden !; excuse after excuse exkuzo pos exkuzo; (seeking) serchar; the cops are after him la policisti serchas ilu; after all (nevertheless) malgre omno; malgre to; tamen || n afterbirth placento; afterdeck (naut.) dopa ferdeko; afternoon posdimezo; aftertaste posa saporo; afterthought posa penso || adj (archaic: later) posa; after ages futura yarcenti; posa yarcenti; after days dii venanta, -onta; aftermost maxim dopa || adv afterwards (de)pose; plu tarde; seque
  • again adv (another time) itere; ri-; to come again rivenar; again and again multfoye; plurfoye; now and again okazione; once again ankor unfoye | (in addition) pluse; as large again duople granda kam; as much again duopla
  • against prep (opposition) kontre; (anticipation) against my return por la tempo di mea retroveno; (position) an; opozita ad
  • agamic adj (bio.) agama
  • agape adj (mouth) beanta || n (love feast) agapo
  • agar-agar n agaragaro
  • agaric n (bot.: Agaricales) agariko
  • agate n (min.) agato
  • agave n (bot.: Agave) agavo
  • -age afx -ajo
  • age n (length of time something has lived or existed) evo; age of reason dicernala evo; evo di dicerno; racionevo; to bear one’s age well portar bone sua evo; (particular stage of life) to be of age to sat evar por; [adulthood] to come of age atingar majoreso; majoreskar; of age majora; under age minora; [old age] the aged (collect.) l’oldaro | (opp. of newness) ancieneso; (historical period) epoko; yarcento; (antiquity) antiqueso; Middle Ages mezepoko || vt (plu)oldigar || vi (plu)oldeskar; age slowly, but slowly age pluoldeskez lente, ma lente pluoldeskez || adj aged (having a certain age) evanta; aged 19 years evanta 19 yari | (old) desyuna; evoza; grandeva
  • agenda n agendo
  • agent n agento; (com. only) komisionisto; reprezentanto; reprezentero; agency (establ.) agenterio; (function) agenteso; (office) agenteyo; (operation) agenteso; efektigo; influ(ad)o; mediac(ad)o
  • agglomerate vt aglomerar
  • agglutinate vt aglutinar
  • aggrandize vt (plu)grandigar
  • aggravate vt (irritate) agacar; iritar; provokar; vexetar; (render more serious) plugravigar; pluseverigar
  • aggregate n agrego; amaso; ensemblo; sumo; toto; in the aggregate entote; sume || vt agregar
  • aggression n (act) atako; (tendency) atakemeso || adj aggressive atakema
  • aggrieve vt afliktar; chagrenigar; ofensar
  • aghast adj hororanta; konsternita
  • agile adj ajila
  • agiotage adj (dated: stockjobbing) ajiot(ad)o
  • agitate vt (phys., mental, fig.) agitar || n agitator (instrument) agitilo; (person) agitanto; agitero || adj agitated nequieta
  • aglossity n (bio.) aglosio
  • aglow adj ardoranta; ardoroza; brilanta; lumanta; lumoza
  • agnostic adj agnostika
  • ago adv (before the present) ante nun; antee; long ago de longe; olim; not long ago nelonge antee; some time ago kelka tempo ante nun; ten years ago dek yari ante nun; as long ago as ja en (od dum, ye); as long ago as 1924 ja en 1924
  • agony n (anguish) angoro; tormento; (death throes) agonio || vt to agonize angorigar; tormentar || vi to agonize (be in anguish) angorar; (be in death throes) agoniar
  • agoraphobe n agorafobiiko; agoraphobia agorafobio
  • agouti n (zool.: Dasyprocta) agutio
  • agraffe n agrafo
  • agrarian adj agrala || n (person) agrano; agristo
  • agree vi (assent; concur) konkordar; agreed? ka vu konkordas ?; (be congruous re facts) kongruar; (be of one mind) konkordar; (consent) (inter)konsentar; (gram., mus.) akordar; to agree with (suit) konvenar ad || vt (admit) agnoskar; to agree to do konsentar ad facar || n agreement (assent) asento; (concord) konkordo; (consensus) opiniono generala; (gram., mus.) akordo; (pact) konvenciono; to be in agreement with [person, decision, concepts, facts] konkordar kun || adj agreeable (pleasant) agreabla; plezanta; (suitable) konvenanta; (willing to agree) komplezema
  • agriculture n agrokultiv(ad)o; agriculturist agrokultivisto || adj agricultural agrokultivala
  • agrimony n agrimonio
  • agronomy n agronomio; agronomist agronomo
  • aground adj strandigita; to run aground strand(ig)ar
  • ague n (archaic: malaria, fever) intermitanta febro (malariala)
  • ah inter ha !; ho ve !
  • aha inter aha !
  • ahead adv (space) adavane; avance; to go on ahead avancar; irar adavane; preirar; to have a wind ahead havar vento kontrea; (time) ante(e); to get ahead of (outstrip) devancar
  • ahoy inter ho !; ship ahoy! navo ho !
  • aid vt helpar || n aide-de-camp adjuntanto (di generalo)
  • aigrette n (plum)penacheto
  • aiguillette n (also “aguillette”, “aiglet”) tagokordono
  • ail vt (mental) chagrenigar; (physical) dolorigar; what ails you? quo chagrenigas vu ?; quo dolorigas vu ? || n ailment (disease) morbo; (illness) maladeso; (pain) dolor(et)o
  • ailanthus n (bot.: Ailanthus) ailanto
  • aileron n alerono
  • aim vt [blow] direktar; lansar; [gun] apuntar; [projectile] vizar || vi to (take) aim at (have the intention of achieving) ambicionar; aspirar || n (act) apunto; vizo; line of aim vizlineo; (goal, target) emo; skopo; skopoplako; skopopunto; to miss one’s aim faliar la skopo; (intention) intenco; (plan) projeto || adj aimless senskopa
  • air n (invisible gaseous substance around the earth) aero; in the open air en la libera aero; to take the air (go out of doors) promenar; air balloon balon(eg)o (aerostata); air brake aerofreno; air bubble aerobul(et)o; air gun serbatano; air hole aerfenestr(et)o; aertru(et)o; airplane aeroplano; aviono; airport aeroportuo; airship aernavo; (dirigible) aernavo direktebla | (mien) aspeketo; maniero; mieno; downcast air depresita mieno; to put on airs afektacar la gracii; facar mien(ach)i | (tune) ario; melodio || vt (one’s views) expozar; (ventilate) aerizar; pozar en aero; ventilar || adj aired aerizita; ventilita; airtight aerespruva || adv airily desserioze; frivole; lejere
  • aisle n pasvoyeto; (side wing) laterala navo
  • ajar adj miapertita; parte apertita
  • ajutage n (nozzle) ajuto
  • akimbo adv kun la pugni sur la hanchi
  • akin adj (persons) parenta; (things) afina; simila
  • à la prep (in the manner of) segun la stilo di; à la Milan segun la stilo di Milano; à la mode (in fashion) segun la modo; segunmoda; (with ice cream) kun glaciajo
  • alabaster n alabastro
  • alack inter ho ve !
  • alacrity n (eagerness) avideso; entuziasmo; vivaceso; (promptness) akurateso; rapideso
  • alarm n alarmo; to sound the alarm alarmar; sonigar l’alarmo; alarm bell alarmklosho; alarm clock vekhorlojo; false alarm misalarmo; shout of alarm alarmklamo; alarmist alarmemo || vt (frighten) pavorigar
  • alas inter ho ve !
  • Alaska n Alaska
  • alb n albo
  • Albania n Albania; Albanian Albaniano
  • albatross n (zool.: Diomedeidae) albatroso
  • albeit conj quankam
  • albescence n blankesko; blankeso || adj albescent blankatra
  • albino n albino; albinism albineso
  • album n albumo
  • albumen n albumeno
  • albumin n (biochem.) albumino; albuminoid albuminoido; albuminuria (med.) albuminurio || adj albuminoza albuminoza
  • alburnum n (bot.) alburno
  • alcalde n alkaldo
  • alchemy n alkemio; alchemist alkemiisto
  • alcohol n alkoholo
  • alcove n alkovo
  • aldehyde n (chem.) aldehido
  • alder n (bot.: Alnus) alno; alder buckthorn (bot.: Rhamnus frangula) frangulo
  • alderman n komonala konsilero
  • ale n blonda biro Angla; alehouse (dated: tavern) birodrinkeyo
  • aleak adj likanta
  • alembic n alambiko
  • alert adj alerta; (vigilant) vigilema || vt (to danger) alarmar; avertar
  • aleurone n (bot.) aleurono
  • Aleut n Aleutian Islands Aleuti
  • alexandrine adj (verse) alexandrina || n alexandrino
  • alexin n alexino
  • alfalfa n (bot.: Medicago sativa) luzerno
  • al fresco adv en libera aero
  • alga n (bot.) algo
  • Algarve n Algarvo
  • algebra n algebro
  • Algeria n Aljeria; Algerian Aljeriano; Algiers Aljer
  • alginate n (chem.) alginato
  • algorithm n algoritmo
  • alias adv alias || n pseudonimo || adv altranome; altre
  • alibi n alibio
  • alidade n alidado
  • alien n stranjero; alienist mentomediko || vt to alienate (friends) enemikigar; (psych.) alienacigar; (transfer) alienar || adj stranjera
  • aliform adj aloforma
  • alight vi decensar; pazar de; perchar || adj (aflame) brulanta; fairoza; (luminous) lumoza; (lit.) acendita
  • align vt aliniar; enlineigar
  • alike adj egala; simila; to be alike similesar || adv egale; same; simile
  • aliment n nutrivo; (sustenance in a wide sense, fuel, provisions, etc.) alimentivo || adj alimentary canal nutriva kanalo
  • alimony n pensiono alimentala
  • aliquot n quantimo
  • alive adj (living) nemortinta; vivanta; the best man alive la maxim bonulo en la mondo; to keep alive entratenar; (alert and active) agiva; animoza; vivaca; (conscious) koncioza; to be alive to konciar; (tote) komprenar
  • alizarin n alizarino
  • alkali n (chem.) alkalio; alkaloid alkaloido || adj alkaline alkaliatra; alkalioza; alkaloid alkaloida
  • all adj (collectively) omna; all people are mortal omna persono (o personi) esas mortiva; omnu (od omni) esas mortiva; all three omna tri; omni tri; (each; every single one) singla; after all (despite) malgre; all one indiferanta; tote la sama; all sorts omnaspeca; all the (the whole) l’ensembla; la tota; all the family la tota familio; all the world la tota mondo || adv (completely) all alone tote sola; all along dum la tota tempo; all in all entote; generale; tal(a) quala (lo esas); all right bone; to be all right (in health) sanesar; all the better tale plu bone; all the better because tale plu bone ke; all the more so as tante plu ... ke; all the same egala; (conj.) malgre ke; at all irgamaniere; irgaquale; irgequante; not at all tote ne || prn (everybody) omni; omnu; (everything) omno; after all (in any case) omnakaze; (nevertheless) malgre omno; malgre to; tamen; all at once (suddenly) instante; subite; all but presk(eg)e; all or nothing omno o nulo; all told entote; sume; and all inkluzite; she ate the sandwich, sardines and all el manjis la sandwicho, inkluzite la sardini; in all entote; once and for all unfoye por sempre
  • allantois n (bio.) alantoido
  • allay vt alejar; kalmigar; moderar; pacigar; temperar
  • allege vt (affirm) afirmar; (assert) asertar; (offer as a justification) alegar; he absented himself alleging illness il absenteskis alegante maladeso; (pretend) pretextar || n allegation afirm(aj)o; aleg(aj)o; asert(aj)o
  • allegiance n devoteso; fideleso; loyaleso; obediemeso; (feudal) vasaleso; oath of allegiance fidelesojuro
  • allegory n alegorio || adj allegorical alegoriala
  • allergy n alergio; allergen alergeno
  • alleviate vt alejar; moderar; paliatar
  • alley n (lane, as in a garden) aleo; (small street) stradeto
  • alligator n (zool.: Alligator) aligatoro
  • alliterate vi aliteracar
  • allocate vt (allot) asignar; atribuar; (share among group) distributar; repartisar
  • allocution n (formala) diskurs(et)o
  • allodium n (hist.) alodio
  • allonge n (rare) alonjo(trato)
  • allopathy n alopatio
  • allot vt (assign) asignar; donar; (apportion) distributar; repartisar || n allotment (amount allocated) loto; parcelo; parto; porciono
  • allotrope n (chem.) alotropo || adj allotropic alotropa
  • allow vt (permit) lasar; permisar; yurizar; allow me permisez a me; to allow oneself to lasar su (facar); (admit) agnoskar; koncesar; (allocate) donar; (give a discount to) rabatar; (tolerate) tolerar; to allow for egardar; provizar || n allowance (allowing) admiso; permiso; (grant) grantajo; (ration) porciono; to put on short allowance porcionizar | (reduction in price) redukto; (in phrases) to make allowance for (take into consideration) egardar; konsiderar (anke); (treat leniently) indulgar || adj allowable adlasebla; admisebla; legitima; permisebla; yurizita
  • alloy n aloyuro || vt aloyar
  • allspice n (bot.: Pimenta dioica) [tree] pimentiero; [fruit, spice] pimento
  • allude vi aludar
  • allure n luriveso || vt lurar
  • alluvium n aluviono || adj alluvial aluvionala
  • ally n (for a particular purpose) aliancito; (kun)federito; (general) asociito; helpanto; helpero; alliance asocio; (kun)feder(ur)o; lig(ur)o; union(ur)o; (by marriage) alianco; intermariajo; parenteso || vt (for a particular purpose) federar; (families by marriage) aliancar || adj allied (by marriage) parenta (di, ad)
  • almanac n (calendar) kalendario; (ephemeris) efemerido; (handbook) almanako
  • almeh n (hist: Egyptian belly dancer) almeo
  • almighty adj omnopovanta
  • almond n (bot.: Prunus dulcis) [tree] mandeliero; [seed] mandelo; almond eyes mandelatra okuli; almond milk mandellakto; almond sweetcake marcipano
  • almoner n (hist.) almonisto
  • alms n (hist.) almono; to give alms almonar; alms-giving almono; almshouse hospico por la povri
  • aloe n (bot.: Aloe) aloo; aloeswood (resinous heartwood) aloligno
  • aloft adv en l'aero; supre; (naut.) en la topo; to go aloft acensar la masto; irar al topo
  • alone adj (without company) sola; (living alone) solitara; (undisturbed) leave me alone! lasez me repozar; livez me !; ne tedez me !; permisez a me facar; (unique) unika; to do alone facar sen helpo; per ipsa povo || adv (without company) sole
  • along prep (at the side of) alonge; apud; flanke di; alongside apud; bordo an bordo; flanke di; to go alongside abordar || adv (onward) adavane; (together) kune; all along apud la voyo; (the whole time) dum la tota tempo; come along venez kun me !
  • aloof adj apartema; eskartema || n aloofness eskarteso
  • alopecia n (med.) alopecio
  • alosa n (zool.: Alosa) aloso
  • aloud adv audeble; klare; laute
  • alp n (alpine pasture) alpo; The Alps Alpi; alpist alpacensisto || adj alpine alpala; alpatra
  • alpaca n (zool: Vicugna pacos) alpako; (cloth) alpaktuko
  • alpenstock n alpbastono; montobastono
  • alphabet n alfabeto
  • already adv ja
  • Alsace n Alzacia; Alsatian Alzaciano
  • also adv ank(e); also known as (aka) alias; altranome; but also ma ank(e)
  • altar n altaro; (chancel) santuario; altar cloth altarotuko; altar screen (rood screen) jubeo; high altar chefa altaro; altarpiece (retable) retablo
  • alter vt altrigar; chanjar; (for the worse) alterar; this document has been altered ca dokumento esas alterita; (modify) modifikar; I am altering the deal. Pray I don’t alter it any further. Me modifikis l’interkonsento. Pregez ke me ne modifikos ol pluse. || n alteration chanj(ur)o; (for the worse) alter(ur)o; (partial) modifik(ur)o || adj alterable chanjebla; modifikebla
  • altercate vi (archaic) disputar || n altercation disputo
  • alternate vi alternar || vt alternigar || n (substitute) [person] substitucato; [thing] surogato; alternation altern(ad)o; alternative (choice, option) alternativo; alternator (mech.) alternatoro || adj (alternating) alternanta; (alternative) alternativa; alternative [lifestyle, facts] alternativa
  • althaea n (bot.: Althaea) alteo
  • although conj quankam
  • altitude n (geog.) altitudo; at an altitude of ye altitudo de
  • alto n (mus.) alto; alto violin alto; altoviolino; alto-player altisto; alto-relievo alta reliefo || adj alta
  • altruism n altruismo; altruist altruisto
  • alum n (chem.) aluno
  • alumina n (chem.) alumino || adj aluminous aluminoza
  • aluminum n (chem.: Al) aluminio || adj aluminous aluminioza
  • alumnus n exstudento; gradizito
  • alveolus n (anat.) alveolo
  • always adv sempre
  • a.m. adv (ante meridiem) matine
  • amadou n (hist.: tinder) tindro
  • amalgam n amalgamo; amalgamation amalgamig(ur)o || vt to amalgamate amalgamigar; kunfuzar; mixar; unionar
  • amanuensis n kopiisto; sekretario; skribhelpisto
  • amaranth n (bot.: Amaranthus) amaranto
  • amaryllis n (bot.: Amaryllis belladonna) amariliso
  • amass vt akumular; amasigar
  • amateur n amatoro; (archaic: dilettante) diletanto
  • amatory adj amorala
  • amaurosis n (med.) amauroso
  • amaze vt astonegar; stuporigar || adj amazing astoneganta; extraordinara
  • Amazon n (person) amazono; (river) Amazon
  • ambage n (ambiguity) ambiguajo; (circumlocution) ambajo, -i; perifrazo
  • ambassador n ambasadisto
  • amber n sucino
  • ambergris n ambro
  • ambidextrous adj ambidextra
  • ambient adj cirkondanta; media
  • ambiguous adj ambigua || n ambiguity (state) ambigueso; (thing) ambiguajo
  • ambition n ambicio; ambition is the willingness to kill the things you love and eat them to stay alive l’ambicio esas la volunto por ocidar sua amati e manjar li por plus vivar || adj ambitious ambicioza; to be ambitious of ambiciar
  • amble vi amblar
  • amblyopia n (med.) ambliopeso || adj amblyopic ambliopa
  • ambo n (hist.) ambono
  • ambrosia n ambrozio
  • ambulance n (vehicle) furgonambulanco; (field hospital) ambulanco
  • ambulant adj marchanta; movanta; promenanta; voyajanta
  • ambuscade vt (archaic: lie in wait) embuskar su || n (dated) embuskeyo
  • ameba n (bio.) amebo
  • ameliorate vt ameliorar; (plu)bonigar
  • amen inter amen
  • amenable adj (liable) judiciebla; judikebla; responsanta; responsiva; (tractable) obediema; submisema; (under jurisdiction of) resortisanta
  • amend vt (correct) korektigar; (make better) ameliorar; (plu)bonigar; (rectify a defect, law) emendar || n to make amends indemnizar; kompensar; amende honorable (lit.) publika penitenco; reparoprego; amendment to an amendment subemendo
  • amenity n (quality) afableso; agreableso; (thing) afablajo; agreablajo
  • ament n (bot.) amento
  • America n Amerika; (United States) Usa; American Amerikano; (U.S. citizen) Usano
  • americium n (chem.: Am) americio
  • amethyst n (min.) ametisto
  • Amhara n (inhabitant) Amharano; (province) Amhara
  • amiable adj afabla
  • amianthus n amianto
  • amicable adj amikala; kordiala; (pacific) pacema
  • amid prep (people, things) inter; (space) meze di || adv amidships meznave
  • amide n (chem.) amido
  • amidol n (chem.) amidolo
  • amir n emiro
  • amiss adj nejusta || adv erore; male; mis-; nejuste; to take amiss ofensesar da
  • amity n amikeso; paco
  • ammonia n (chem.) amoniako || adj ammoniacal amoniakala; amoniakoza; ammoniacal gas amon(gas)o
  • ammonite n (paleo.) amonito
  • ammonium n (chem.) amonio
  • ammunition n municiono; ammunition wagon municionfurgono
  • amnesia n amnezio; to have amnesia amneziar
  • amnesty n amnestio; to grant amnesty to amnestiar
  • amnion n (anat.) amniono
  • among prep (persons, things) inter; (a community) che; among the Spartans che la Spartani
  • amorous adj amoranta; amorema; amoroza
  • amorphous adj amorfa
  • amortize vt amortisar
  • amount n (quantity) quanto; (sum) sumo || vi to amount to amontar; (be equivalent to) egalesar (ulo)
  • amour n amor(et)o; amorala relato; intrigo; amour propre propr-amo
  • amphetamine n amfetamino
  • amphibian n (zool.: Amphibia) amfibio || adj amfibia
  • amphibious adj amfibia
  • amphibole n (min.) hornblendo
  • amphioxus n (zool.: Branchiostoma) amfioxo
  • amphitheater n amfiteatro
  • amphora n (hist.) amforo
  • ample adj abundanta; ampla; granda; sata || n amplitude ampleso; vasteso; (astron., phys.) amplitudo; (space) extenseso || vt to amplify (broaden) ampligar; (enlarge) plugrandigar; (enlarge upon) [statement, etc.] detaligar; developar; exajerar; parafrazar; parlaborar
  • ampulla n (hist., anat., zool.) ampulo
  • amputate vt amputar; detranchar; ektranchar; (a joint) desartikizar
  • amulet n amuleto
  • amuse vt amuzar; (divert) distraktar
  • amylaceous adj amila
  • amylase n (biochem.) diastazo
  • anabaptism n (rel.) anabaptismo; anabaptist anabaptisto
  • anachronism n anakronismo
  • anacoluthon n (gram.) anakoluto
  • anaconda n (zool.: Eunectes) anakondo
  • anaerobe n (bio.) anaerobio || adj anaerobic anaerobia
  • anagallis n (bot.: Anagallis) anagalo
  • anagram n anagramo
  • anal adj anusala; anal fin anusala floso
  • analgesia n (med.) analgezio; analgesic analgeziivo
  • analog n analogajo; analogy analogeso || adj analogous analoga
  • analyze vt analizar || n analysis analizo; analytics (math) analitiko || adj analytic analizala; (math) analitikala
  • anamnesis n anamnezo; to experience anamnesis anamnezar
  • anamorphosis n anamorfoso
  • anapest n (prosody) anapesto
  • anarch n (lit.) anarkisto; anarchism anarkismo; anarchist anarkisto; anarchy anarkio
  • anastigmatic adj (opt.) anastigmata
  • anastomosis n (tech., med.) anastomoso
  • anathema n anatemo || vt to anathematize anatemar
  • Anatolia n Anatolia
  • anatomy n anatomio; anatomist anatomiisto
  • ancestor n ancestro
  • anchor n ankro || vt ankragar
  • anchorite n (hist.) anakoreto
  • anchovy n anchovo
  • ancient adj (of the distant past and no longer existing) antiqua; (former) olima; (opp. of new) anciena; (opp. of young) olda
  • and conj (before consonant) e; (before vowel) ed; and so forth (etc.) e ceteri, -e (e.c.); and so on e tale pluse
  • Andalusia n Andaluzia; Andalusian Andaluziano
  • Andes n Andi
  • andiron n morilio
  • Andorra n Andora
  • androecium n (bot.) androceo
  • androgyne n androgino
  • android n androido
  • anecdote n anekdoto
  • anemia n (med.) anemio
  • anemometer n anemometro
  • anemone n (bot.) anemono; sea anemone (zool.: Actinia) aktinio
  • anemophilous adj (bot.) anemofila
  • aneroid n (barometer) aneroida barometro
  • anesthesia n anestezio; anesthetic anesteziivo || vt to anesthetize anesteziar
  • aneurysm n (med.) anevrismo
  • anew adv (afresh) nove; (again) itere
  • angel n anjelo; Angelus angelus; angelica (bot.: Angelica) angeliko || adj angelic anjelala; anjelatra
  • anger n iraco || vt iracigar || vi iraceskar || adj angry iracanta; iracema; iracoza; (furious) furioza
  • angina n (med.) angino
  • angioma n (med.) angiomo
  • angiopathy n angiopatio
  • angioplasty n angioplastio
  • angiosperm n (bot.: Angiospermae) angiospermo
  • angle n (geom.) angulo; Angle (ethnic) Anglo || vt (direct) direktar; (incline) inklinar || vi (fish) peskar; (incline) inklinesar; turnar
  • Anglican adj (relig.) anglikana || n anglikano; Anglicanism anglikanismo
  • anglicize vt Angl(atr)igar
  • Anglo n blanko; Anglomaniac Anglomaniiko; Anglophobe Anglodianto
  • Angola n Angola
  • angora n (cat, goat) « angora » (kato, kapro)
  • angostura n (bot.: Angostura) angosturo
  • anguish n angoro; dolorego; tormento || vt angorigar || vi angorar
  • Anhalt n Anhalt
  • anhelation n anhelo
  • anhydrous adj (chem.) anhidra
  • aniline n (chem.) anilino
  • animadversion n (formal) blamo; kritik(ach)o
  • animal n (excluding man) bestio; (including man) animalo; animal husbandry bestioedukado; animal kingdom animalaro; animal worship animalkulto
  • animalcule n (archaic) (mikroskopala) animaleto
  • animate vt (put life into) animar; vivigar; (put soul into) anmizar; (fig.) animar; ecitar; inspirar; stimular || n animation anim(es)o; vervo; vivozeso; suspended animation asfixio; torporo || adj vivanta
  • animism n (relig.) animismo
  • animosity n desamikeso; enemikeso; iraco; odio; rankoro
  • anion n (chem.) aniono
  • anise n (bot.: Illicium anisatum) [tree] badianiero; (bot.: Pimpinella anisum) anizo; aniseed anizosemino; badiano; anisette anizoliquoro
  • ankle n pedokolo; (bone) maleolo; anklet pedokolala braceleto
  • ankylosis n (med.) ankiloso
  • annal n analo; kroniko
  • anneal vt enkaustikizar; hardigar (per kalorizado)
  • annex vt anexar || n anexajo
  • annihilate vt exterminar; nihiligar
  • anniversary n aniversario; yarala festo; 50th anniversary jubileo
  • annotate vt notizar
  • announce vt anuncar; proklamar; (give notice of) avizar || n announcement anunco; avizo; proklamo; Annunciation (relig.) anuncofesto
  • annoy vt (irritate) iritar; tormentetar; vexar; (pester) molestar; (inconvenience) jenar; (weary) tedar
  • annual adj (which takes place once a year) omnayara; (pertaining to a year) yarala; (which lasts a year) unyara || n (yearbook) yarlibro
  • annuity n (yarala) rento; (pension) pensiono; annuitant rentiero
  • annul vt (invalidate) anular; [a marriage] kasacar; (make void) nihiligar; (repeal) abrogar
  • annular adj ring(atr)a; ringoforma
  • anobium n (zool.: Anobium) anobio
  • anode n (elec.) anodo
  • anodyne adj (music, conversation) neofensiva
  • anoint vt uncionar
  • anomaly vt anomalajo; nenormalajo; neregulozajo || adj anomalous anomala; nenormala; nereguloza
  • anon adv (archaic: soon) balde; pokatempe; (archaic: again) itere; (archaic: later on) pose; ever and anon de tempo a tempo; tempope
  • anonymous adj anonima || n anonymity anonimeso; (person) anonimo
  • anorak n anorako
  • another adj (additional) plusa; another time altrafoye; (different) altra; (at) another time atratempe; in another way altramaniere || prn (person) altru; (thing) altro; one another l’una l’laltra; (plural) l’uni l’laltri
  • answer v (reply) respondar; (retort) replikar || vt (fulfill) satisfacar; to answer several purposes utilesar a (por) plura skopi; (reply to) respondar ad; respondizar; [a door] apertar || vi (suffice) suficar; to answer for (be responsible for) responsar pri; (pay the penalty for) punisesar pro; to answer to (correspond to) konformesar ad || n (response) the answer of the defendant la repliko di l’akuzato; awaiting an answer vartante vua respondo; in answer to your letter respondante a vua letro; (solution) solvo || adj answerable (accountable) responsanta; responsiva; (rare: able to be answered or refuted) konforma; (archaic: correspondent to) refutebla
  • ant n (zool.: Formicidae) formiko; ant bear (zool.: Orycteropus afer) orikteropo; anteater (zool.: Manidae) pangolino; (zool.: Myrmecophaga tridactyla) mirmekofago; (zool.: Tachyglossidae) ekidno; (zool.: Vermilingua) mirmekofago; anthill formikeyo; antlion (zool.: Myrmeleontidae) mirmekoleono
  • antagonize vt (cause to become hostile) igar opozar; opozigar || n antagonism antagonismo; antagonist antagonisto || adj antagonistic antagonista
  • antarctic adj antarktika; sudpola
  • ante- afx (before in space) avan-; (before in time or order) pre-; [less common] ante- || n antechamber, anteroom avanchambro || vt to antedate (document) predatizar; (occur earlier) anticipar; eventar antee || adj antediluvian antediluvia; antemeridian matinala; antepenultimate anteprelasta; triesme lasta
  • antecedent n (gram., log., math) antecedento; antecedents (history, social background) antecedenti || adj antea; precedanta
  • antelope n (zool.) antilopo
  • antenna n anteno
  • anterior adj (time, space) anteriora; (space) avana; (time) antea; plu frua || n anteriority anterioreso
  • anthem n (song identified with a particular group or cause) himno; kanto; (liturgic) antifono
  • anther n (bot.) antero
  • anthology n antologio
  • anthracite n (min.) antracito
  • anthrax n (med.) antraxo
  • anthropoid adj antropoida
  • anthropology n antropologio; anthropologist antropologiisto
  • anthropomorphic adj antropomorfa || n anthropomorphism antropomorfismo
  • anthropophagy n kanibaleso
  • anti- afx kontre-; (tech.) anti- || n anti-vaxxer (informal) kontrevacinizisto; antibody antikorpo; antichrist antikristo; anticlimax deskulmino; antigen antigeno; antimatter antimaterio; antimilitarism antimilitarismo; antiphlogistic kontreinflamivo; antipope kontrepapo; antithesis antitezo; antitoxin antitoxino || vt to antisepticize antisepsiar || adj anti-Christian kontrekristana; anti-Semitic kontrejuda; kontresemida; antibiotic antibiotika; anticlerical kontreklerika; antifebrile kontrefebra; antimonarchic kontremonarkia; antipatriotic kontrepatriota; antireligious kontrereligia; antiscorbutic kontreskorbuta; antiseptic antisepsiiva; antisepta; antisocial kontresocia; antispasmodic kontrespasma; antithetical antitez(al)a
  • antic adj bufonatra; groteska || n antics movi bufonatra; movi drola; movi groteska
  • anticipate vt (act beforehand, forestall) anticipar; (expect) expektar; (foresee) preegardar; prekonsiderar; presavar; presentar; previdar || n in anticipation anticipe; expektante; previdante
  • anticyclone n anticiklono
  • antidote n antidoto; kontreveneno
  • Antilles n Antili
  • antilogy n (archaic) antilogio
  • antimony n (chem.: Sb) antimonio
  • antinomy n (philos.) antinomio
  • antiparticle n antipartikulo
  • antipathy n antipatio
  • antiphon n antifono
  • antiphrasis n (rhet.) antifrazo
  • antipode n antipodo
  • antipyrine n (pharm.) antipirino
  • antiquarian adj antiquaj(al)a; antiquara || n antiquajisto; antiquaristo
  • antique adj antiqua; antiquated (out of fashion) ekmoda; (obsolete) desmoderna; obsoleta || n antiquajo; antiquity (quality, epoch) antiqueso || vt to antiquate ekmodigar; obsoletigar
  • antler n kornobrancho || adj antlered kornoza
  • antonomasia n (rhet.) antonomazio
  • antonym n antonimo; kontresenca vorto
  • anus n (anat., bio.) anuso
  • anvil n amboso
  • anxious adj (disquieted) anxioza; desquieta; (eagerly desirous) dezireganta; (solicitous) sucianta; suciema; sucioza || n anxiety anxio
  • any adj (amount; not translated before plural or uncountable nouns) do you have any money? ka vu havas pekunio ?; do you have any more? ka vu havas plu multi ?; I can’t stay here any longer me ne povas restar hike plulongatempe; (one, some, every, or all without specification) ula; [at all] irga; any sort irgequala || adv anyhow, anyway [any way at all] irgamaniere; irge; irgequale; [in any event] omnakaze; ye irga evento; anymore, any longer plus; Alice doesn’t live here anymore Alice ne plus habitas hike; anytime irgatempe; irgekande; anywhere irgaloke; irgube || prn anybody, anyone ulu; [at all] irgu; anything ulo; [at all] irgo
  • aorist n (gram.) aoristo
  • aorta n aorto; aortitis aortito
  • apace adv rapide
  • apart adv (aloof) eskart(it)e; exter; (asunder) dis-; separite; (separately, aside) aparte; apart from that ecepte to; exter to; to break apart disruptar; to go apart eskartar; to put apart eskartar || adj (separate, aside) aparta
  • apartment n (suite) apartamento
  • apathy n apatio || adj apathetic apatioza
  • ape n (zool.: Hominoidea) simio || vt (imitate) imitachar; simulachar || adj apish simiatra
  • apeak adv (naut.) vertikale
  • aperient adj apertiva; laxigiva || n apertivo; laxigivo
  • apertif n aperitivo
  • apetalous adj senpetala
  • apex n (climax) kolmo; (crest) kresto; (sharp point) pinto; (top) kolmo; somito; suprajo
  • aphasia n (med.) afazio; aphasic afaziiko || adj aphasic afaziika
  • aphelion n (astron.) afelio
  • aphid n (zool.: Aphididae) afidio
  • aphonia n (med.) senvoceso
  • aphorism n aforismo
  • aphtha n (med.) afto
  • apiary n abeleyo; apiarist abeledukisto; apiculture abeledukado
  • apiece adv single; these are three euros apiece ici kustas tri euri single
  • aplanat n (opt.) aplanato || adj aplanatic aplanata
  • aplomb n aplombo
  • apocalypse n apokalipso
  • apocrypha n apokrifo || adj apocryphal apokrifa; neautentika
  • apodal adj senpeda
  • apodictic adj apodiktika
  • apogee n apogeo
  • Apollo n Apollon
  • apologue n apologo
  • apology n (excuse) exkuzo; (vindication) apologio; apologist apologiisto || vi to apologize (express regret) demandar pardono; (offer excuse) exkuzar su; (vindicate) apologiar || adj apologetic (defensive) apologiala; apologiatra; (excusatory, regretful) exkuzema
  • aponeurosis n (anat.) aponevroso
  • apophysis n (zool., anat.) apofizo
  • apoplexy n (dated, med.) apoplexio
  • aport adv sinistre
  • apostate n apostato || adj apostata
  • a posteriori adj aposterioriala || adv aposteriorie
  • apostille n apostilo
  • apostle n apostolo; apostleship apostoleso || adj apostolic apostolala
  • apostrophe n (gram.) apostrofo; to mark with an apostrophe apostrofizar; (rhet.) interpelo
  • apothecary n apotekisto; apothecary shop apoteko
  • apothem n (geom.) apotemo
  • apotheosis n apoteoso; deigo || vt to apotheosize apoteosar; deigar
  • appal vt konsternar; terorigar
  • appanage n (royal grant) apanajo; to grant with an appanage apanajizar
  • apparatus n aparato; -ilo
  • apparel n vestaro || vt vestizar
  • apparent adj (clear) klara; manifestita; (seeming) (ver)semblanta; (visible) aparanta; videbla || adv apparently (clearly) evidente; (seemingly) semblante
  • apparition n (act) aparo; (object) fantomo; viziono
  • apparitor n (beadle) bedelo
  • appeal vi (call on for something) apelar; (jur.) apelar; to appeal against (a conviction) apelar kontre; (attract) semblar atraktiva; (beseech) implorar; suplikar; (have recourse) rekursar; (refer to) turnar su ad || n court of appeals korto di acepto; korto di apelo; korto di kasaco
  • appear vi (come into sight) aparar; to cause to appear aparigar; (look like) aspektar; (seem) semblar || n appearance (act) aparo; arivo; to make an appearance aparar por la formo; first appearance debuto | (aspect) aspekto; mieno; suteno; (ghost) fantomaparo; (semblance) semblo; (what is seen) aparajo; figuro; formo
  • appease vt (content) kontentigar; (pacify) kalmigar; pacigar
  • appellant n apelanto
  • appellation n nomo; titulo; (act) nomizo
  • append vt adjuntar; adligar; adpozar; surpozar || n appendage acesorajo; adjuntajo; apartenajo; apendico
  • appendix n adjuntajo; suplemento; (additional matter at the end of a book) apendico; (anat., zool., bot.) apendico; vermiform appendix apendico vermatra; appendicitis apendicito
  • Appenines n Apenini
  • appertain vi (relate, concern) relatar; (belong) apartenar || adj appertaining to koncernanta; relatanta; relativa
  • appetite n apetito; appetizer apetitigivo || adj appetizing apetitiganta; saporagreabla
  • applaud vt (clap) aplaudar; (acclaim) aklamar
  • applause n (a round of clapping) aplaudosalveo; (acclaim) aklamo
  • apple n (bot.: Malus domestica) [fruit] pomo; [tree] pomiero; Adam’s apple poo di Adam; apple core pomostumpo; apple fritter pomfritajo; apple jelly pomjeleo; apple of discord pomo di deskonkordo; apple orchard pomiereyo; apple peel pomshelo; apple pie pomtarto; apple sauce pomkompoto; apple tree pomiero
  • apply vi (make a formal request) to apply for a job solicitar employeso; solicitar ofico || vt (put something on a surface; put into operation or use) aplikar; apply directly to the forehead! aplikez direte al fronto !; to apply the brake frenagar || n application (request) demando; peticiono; solicito; appliance -ilo; (device) aparato; (means) moyeno; (tool) instrumento; utensilo; applicant kandidato; peticionanto; solicitanto; (jur.) pledanto; application (industry) diligenteso; zelo; (putting something into operation or use) apliko; uzo; (putting something on a surface) adpoz(ad)o; apliko; surpoz(ad)o; (relevance) aplikebleso; (thing applied) aplikajo || adj applicable aplikebla; apta; fitanta; konvenanta; applied science cienco aplikita; cienco prakitkala
  • appoint vt (assign) asignar; (equip) [provide as equipment] furnisar; [provide with equipment] equipar; (for a position) institucar; nominar; selektar; (prescribe) fixigar; imperar; impozar; (to a task) komisar || n appointee nominato; appointment (agreed time or place to meet someone) rendevuo; to make an appointment fixigar rendevuo | (job or position) posteno
  • apportion vt partigar; porcionigar; repartisar
  • appose vt (apply) adpozar; surpozar; (juxtapose) apudpozar; (place opposite) opozar || n apposition (gram.) apoziciono
  • apposite adj aplikebla; apta; konvenanta
  • appraise vt (as a specialist) expertizar; (tax) taxar; (value) evaluar
  • appreciate vt (value) apreciar; estimar; (perceive, detect) perceptar; (understand) intelektar; komprenar || vi (increase in value) augmentar (en valoro) || n appreciation aprecio; (praise) laudo || adj appreciable evaluebla; konsiderebla; perceptebla; remarkebla; sentebla
  • apprehend vt (arrest) arestar; kaptar; (fear) timar; (suppose) imaginar; supozar; (understand) komprenar || adj apprehensive netranquila; timema
  • apprentice n aprentiso
  • apprise vt avizar; informar; notifikar; (warn) avertar
  • approach vt (get closer to) proximeskar ad; (go toward) adirar; advenar; (start to deal with in a certain way) trakteskar || n approaches (mil.) aprocho, -i || adj approachable abordebla; acesebla
  • approbate vt aprobar; sancionar; (fig.) aplaudar
  • appropriate adj (suitable) apta; konvenanta || vt (take for one’s own) proprigar; (purloin) sustraktar; (allocate) [money] asignar; grantar
  • approve vt aprobar; sancionar || n to shout approval aklamar
  • approximate adj (time, space) proxim(igal)a || vt proximigar; (guesstimate) aproximar || vi proximeskar ad
  • appurtenance n adjuntajo; aparten(aj)o
  • apricot n (bot.: Prunus armeniaca, et al.) abrikoto
  • April n aprilo; April fool aprilatraparilo
  • a priori adj aprioriala || adv apriorie
  • apron n (protective garment) avantalo
  • apropos adj apta; konvenanta; oportuna; apropos of koncern(ant)e; okazione di; relate ad
  • apse n (archit.) apsido
  • apsis n (astron.) apsido
  • apt adj (clever, skillfull) habila; (fit, good, suitable) apta; to be apt to esar -ema; inklinar; tendencar || n aptitude (natural ability) talento; (natural tendency) naturala inklineso; temperamento
  • Apulia n Apulia
  • aqua n (pharm.) aquo; aqua fortis (archaic: nitric acid) aquaforto; nitratacido; aqua regia rejala aquo; aquosity (rare) aquozeso; aquamarine (min.) aquamarino; aquatint (art) aquatinto || adj aquatic aquala; aqueous aqua; aquala; aquatra; aquoza
  • aquarelle n aquarelo
  • aquarium n aquario
  • Aquarius n varsero
  • aqueduct n aquedukto
  • aquiline adj aglatra
  • Aquilon n (north wind) aquilono
  • Aquitaine n Aquitania; Aquitanian Aquitano
  • Arab n Arabo; arabesque arabesko; Arabia Arabia || adj Arabian Araba; Arabic Araba
  • arable adj (crops) kultivebla; (land) plugebla
  • arachnoid n (anat.) araknoido
  • Aragon n Aragon
  • Aramea n (hist.) Aramea; Aramean Arameano
  • araneous adj aranetelatra
  • arbalest n (hist.) arbalesto
  • arbitrage n (fin.) arbitrajo || vi (fin.) arbitrajar
  • arbitrary adj (based on random choice or personal whim) arbitriala; arbitrary act arbitrialajo; (despotic) despotala; tiranala
  • arbitrate vt arbitrar || n arbitration arbitro; arbitrator arbitranto; arbitrero; arbitristo
  • arbor n (shaft) shafto; [mandrel] mandrelo; (tree) arboro; arbor vitae tuyo; arboriculture arborkultivado | [bower] laubo; [grove] bosk(et)o || adj arboreal arborala; arborescent arboratra
  • arboretum n arboredukeyo
  • arbutus n (bot.: Ericaceae) [tree] arbutiero; [berry] arbuto
  • arc n (geom., arch., elec.) arko; arc lamp arklampo; arc-boutant apogarko
  • arcade n arkado; (cloister) klostro
  • Arcadia n Arkadia; Arcadian Arkadiano
  • arcane adj arkana || n arcanum arkano
  • arch n (geom., archit.) arko; archer (arm)arkero; (arm)arkisto; archery arkopafado; archway arkizita enireyo; vultizita enireyo; (portal) portalo || vt arkigar || vi arkeskar || adj (roguish) malicatra; petuletanta; petuletatra || afx (chief, principal; preeminent) arki-; archangel arkianjelo; archbishop arkiepiskopo; archchancellor arkikancelero; archdeacon arkidiakono; archduchy (estate) arkidukio; (office) arkidukeso; archduke arkiduko; archpriest arkisacerdoto
  • archaeology n arkeologio; archaeologist arkeologo || adj archaeological arkeologiala
  • archaic adj (of objects) arkaika; (of speech) arkaismala || n archaism arkaismo
  • archetype n primtipo
  • archil n (archaic: orchil) orselo
  • archimandrite n arkimandrito
  • archipelago n arkipelago
  • architect n arkitekto; architecture arkitekturo
  • architrave n arkitravo
  • archive n arkivi; archivist arkivisto
  • archivolt n arkivolto
  • archon n (hist.) arkonto
  • arctic adj arktika || n arktiko
  • Ardennes n Ardeni
  • ardent adj ardoranta; ardoroza; brulanta; to be ardent ardorar; ardent spirits alkoholaji
  • ardor n ardoro; fervoro
  • arduous adj ardua
  • are n (metric) aro
  • area n (surface measurement) areo; (space allocated for special purpose) -eyo; dining area manjeyo | (tract) areo; regiono; terspaco
  • areca n (bot.: Arecaceae) [nut] areko; [palm] arekiero
  • arena n areno || adj arenaceous sablala; sabloza
  • areola n (anat.) areolo
  • Areopago n Areopago
  • Argand lamp n Argandbrulilo; Argandlampo; kombustilo
  • argent adj arjentea; argentiferous arjentoza || n (silver) arjento
  • argentan n (also nickel silver, German silver, new silver, nickel brass, albata, alpacca, electrum) arjentano
  • Argentina n Arjentinia
  • argillaceous adj argil(oz)a
  • Argo n Argo; Argonaut argonauto
  • argol n kruda tartaro
  • Argolis n Argolido
  • argon n (chem.: Ar) argono
  • argot n jargono
  • argue vi (give reasons, evidence in support of something) argumentar; [jur.] pledar; (dispute) disputar || n argument argumento; (dispute) disputo || adj arguable argumentebla
  • aria n ario
  • arid adj arida || n aridity arideso
  • aright adv juste; sen eroro
  • aril n (bot.) arilo
  • arise vi (ascend) acensar; alteskar; (emerge) aparar; emersar; (get up) levar su; staceskar; (happen) eventar; (originate) komencar; naskar; rezultar
  • aristocrat n aristokrato; aristocracy (collect.) aristokrataro; (quality) aristokrateso; (system) aristokratismo || adj aristocratic aristokrat(al)a
  • aristolochia n (bot.: Aristolochia) aristolokio
  • Aristotelian adj Aristotelana, -ala
  • arithmetic n aritmetiko; arithmetician aritmetikisto
  • arithmomancy n aritmomancio
  • arithmometer n aritmomografo
  • ark n archo; ark of the covenant archo di kontrato
  • arm n (anat.) brakio; arm in arm brakii interplektita; at arm’s length ye brakiodisto; with arms folded kun brakii krucumita; with open arms kun brakii apertita; armchair berjero; stulego; armhole brakiotruo; armpit axelo; armful brakiedo | (weapon) armo; arms armaro; armi; by force of arms per koakto di armi; ground arms! abasez l’armi !; in arms armi en manui; to lay down arms depozar l’armi; to manufacture arms armifar; shoulder arms! portez armi !; to take up arms prenar armi; under arms armizita; pronta por kombato; up in arms (fig.) iracoza; kombatanta; revoltanta; side arms flanka armi; small arms (kun)portebla armi || vt armizar || adj (anat.) armless senbrakia; (weapon) armed armizita; armed force armizita trupo; armed from head to foot armizita de kapo a pedi
  • armada n (militala) floto; (militala) navaro
  • armadillo n (zool.: Dasypus) armadilo
  • armament n armequip(ur)o; armiz(ur)o
  • armature n armaturo
  • Armenia n Armenia; Armenian Armeniano
  • armistice n armistico
  • armlet n brakiumo
  • armor n (for people) homarmaro; (plating, as for ships) kuraso; armorer armifisto; armvendisto; armory aresenalo; armifeyo || vt (people) homarmizar; (vehicles) kurasizar || adj armorial (heraldic) blazonala; armorial bearings blazono
  • army n armeo; army corps armeokorpo
  • arnica n (bot.: Arnica) arniko
  • aroma n aromo; aromatic (substance) aromato || adj aromatic aromoza
  • around adv (on every side) cirkume; to turn around (on a point outside its own body) jirar; (on an axis) turnar; (on its own axis) rotacar || prep (on every side of) cirkum; to go around (an obstacle) cirkumirar; (surround) cirkondar
  • arouse vt (awake) vekigar; (stir up) incitar
  • arpeggio n arpejo; to play arpeggios arpejar
  • arquebus n arkabuzo
  • arrack n (also “arak”) arako
  • arraign vt akuzar; sumnar/asignar (ulu) avan tribunalo; (prosecute) persequar
  • arrange vt aranjar; dispozar; (ri)ordinar; to arrange to meet someone aranjar (su) por renkontrar ulu || n arrangement aranj(ur)o
  • arrant adj (dated) absoluta; extraordinara; infama; perfekta; vera
  • array n (display) expozo; kolektajo; (order) aranjo; dispozo; ordino; battle array ordino di batalio || vt (display) expozar; paradar; (dress) vestizar; (order) aranjar; dispozar; ordinar
  • arrears n nepagita debajo; tarda debajo; to be in arrears tardesar (pri, por ulo); to become in arrears tardeskar (pri, por ulo); in arrears tard(eskint)a
  • arrest vt (jur.: seize) arestar; kaptar; [the attention] fixigar; (stop) haltigar || n arest(es)o; to be under arrest arestesar; arrest warrant arestimpero; (written) mandato (o komiso) por aresto || adj arrested person arestito
  • arris n (archit.) aristo
  • arrive vi arivar; parvenar; to arrive at (attain) atingar || n arrival arivo
  • arrogate vt arogar || n arrogance arog(emes)o; superbeso || adj arrogant aroganta; arogema; superba
  • arrondissement n distrikto
  • arrow n flecho; arrowhead flechopinto; (bot.: Sagittaria) sagitario; arrowroot (bot.: Maranta arundinacea) aroruto
  • arsenal n arsenalo
  • arsenic n (chem.: As) arseno
  • arson n incendio premeditita
  • art n arto; art of war militarto; artist artisto || adj artful (crafty) artificoza; ruzoza; (skilled) art(oz)a; artistic (artful) artistic person artemo | (highly) virtuoza; artistic perfection virtuozeso | (relating to art) artala; artistic character artaleso | (relating to the artist) artistala; artless inocenta; kandida; naiva; senartifica
  • artery n arterio; arteritis arteriito || adj arterial arteriala
  • Artesian adj arteza; Artesian well arteza puteo
  • arthritis n artrito || adj arthritic (of disease) artritala; (of persons) artritika
  • arthrodia n (anat.) artrodio
  • arthropod n (zool.: Arthropoda) artropodo
  • artichoke n (bot.: Cynara scolymus) artichoko; Jerusalem artichoke (bot.: Helianthus tuberosus) topinamburo
  • article n (particular item) kozo; objekto; [of clothing] vesto; [of commerce] komercajo; varo; [of faith] kredajo; kredartiklo; [of food] manjajo; nutrivo; [of legal document] klauzo; Articles of War Militala Legaro | [of newspaper] (jurnalala) artiklo; (grammar) artiklo; (definite article) definita artiklo || vt kontratar kom aprentiso; obligar
  • articulate adj (fluent and coherent) eloquenta; klara; articular (relating to joints) artikala; articulated (jointed) artikizita; artikoza; (pronounced, expressed) artikulita || n articulata (arthropod) artropodo; articulation (formation of speech sounds) artikul(ad)o; pronunc(ad)o; (joint) artiko; (movable segment) artro || vt (speech) [express fluently and coherently] klare expresar; [form speech sounds] artikular; [pronounce clearly and distinctly] klare pronuncar; (join together) artikizar
  • artifice n (clever expedient) artifico; (ruse) ruzo; artificer (skilled craftsman) mestieristo || adj artificial artificala
  • artillery n (body of troops) artilerio; (cannons collectively) kanonaro; artillerist artileriano
  • artisan n artizano
  • arum n (bot.: Arum) arumo
  • as adv (comparison) tam; it’s like chocolate, but not as sweet ol saporas quale chokolado, ma ne tam dolce; as ... as tam ... kam; as big again as duople granda kam; as early as possible tam frue kam posible; as fast as possible tam rapida kam posible; as long as tam longa kam; as much/many as tam multa kam; tante quante; as rich as tam richa kam; I want you to hit me as hard as you can me deziras, ke vu frapez me tam forte kam vu povas; they are as alike as two peas li esas tam simila kam du pizi; as far as (time, space) til; as far as possible segun posibleso | (to the extent that) segun quante; as far as I know segun quante me savas; as for pri; relate; as for example exemple; as for me pri me; as for the rest pri la ceteri; as to, as regards pri; relate; as well as (besides) ultre || prep (in the capacity of) as a whole generale; he acted as an expert (which he was) il agis kom experto; he appeared as Hamlet il aparis kom Hamlet; (in the manner of) quale; he acted as an expert (which he was not) il agis quale experto; (while) dum; he died as a prisoner il mortis dum deslibereso; as yet ankore; til nun || conj (because) pro ke; as he looked like an intelligent boy, I hired him as an assistant pro ke la puero aspektis inteligenta, me engajis il kom helpanto; (comparison) as soon as quik kande; tam balde kam; (even though) rich as she is irge quante richa el esas; (in accordance with) segun; as you will segun vua plezuro; he acted as you requested il agis segun vua demando; (like) quale; as is well known quale on bone savas; as you know quale vu savas; (of the same character as) such as they were tala quala li esis; (to the same degree that) I took such as pleased me me prenis ti qui plezis (a) me; as if quale se; as it were (as though) quaze; as long as (while) dum ke; as though quale se; as well as (besides) ultre ke
  • asafetida n (bot.: extract from Ferula assa-fetida) asafetido
  • asbestos n asbesto
  • ascarid n (zool.: Ascaridae) askarido
  • ascend vt acensar || n ascendancy autoritato; dominaco; influo; povo; ascension acenso; Ascension Day acensofesto; ascent acenso; (slope, path) acenseyo || adj ascendant dominaceskanta
  • ascertain vt certigar su; (by observation, experiment) konstatar || adj ascertainable konstatebla; verifikebla
  • ascetic n asketo; asceticism asketeso; asketismo || adj asketala; ascetic act asketajo
  • ascribe vt atribuar; imputar
  • asepsis n (act) aseptigo; (state) asepteso || vt to asepticize aseptigar || adj aseptic asepta
  • asexual adj sensexua; (bio.) agama; (bot.) kriptogama
  • ash n (powdery residue of a burnt substance) cindro; ash tray cindruyo; Ash Wednesday cindromerkurdio | (bot.: Fraxinus) fraxino
  • ashamed adj shamanta; shamoza; (bashful) pudorema; pudoroza; to be ashamed shamar; to make ashamed pudorigar; shamigar
  • ashlar n quadro
  • ashore adv to go ashore irar al tero; to put ashore desembarkar; to run ashore strand(ig)ar
  • Asia n Azia; Asia Minor Anatolia; Avan-Azia; Asian Aziano || adj Asiatic Aziana
  • aside adv flanke; later(al)e; (away) aparte; for; aside from that exter la temo; exter to; to lay, put, set aside eskartar; forpozar; pozar aparte; to turn aside (for protective purpose) garar || n (theat.) aparta vorti
  • asinine adj asnacha; asnatra || n asininity (act) asnalajo; (quality) asnaleso
  • ask vt (inquire of) to ask someone something questionar ulu pri ulo; (put forward) [question] pozar questiono; (request) demandar de; [beg] pregar; (invite) invitar || vi to ask for (request) demandar; (demand) postular; (stipulate) stipular
  • askance adv desfavoroze; desprizante; skeptike; (obliquely) oblique
  • askew adv desrekte; nerekte; oblique
  • aslant adv inklinite; oblique
  • asleep adj dormanta; to be asleep dormar; fall asleep dormeskar
  • asp n (zool.: Haja Naje) aspiko
  • asparagine n (biochem.) asparagino
  • asparagus n (bot.: Asparagus officinalis) asparago
  • aspartame n aspartamo
  • aspect n aspekto; (positioning) house with a southerly aspect domo expozesanta a sudo
  • aspen n (bot.: Populus tremula) tremulo
  • aspergillum n aspersilo
  • asperity n akreso; aspereso; (rough edge) asperajo
  • asperse vt (relig.) aspersar; (rare: defame) difamar; kalumniar || n aspersion difamo; kalumnio
  • asperula n (bot.: Asperula) asperulo
  • asphalt n asfalto || vt asfaltizar
  • asphodel n (bot. Asphodelus) asfodelo
  • asphyxiate vt asfixiar
  • aspirate vt aspirar || n (phon.) aspirajo; aspiration aspir(ad)o
  • aspire vi ambiciar; aspirar; dezirar || n aspirant aspiranto; kandidato; aspiration ambicio; deziro
  • aspirin n aspirino
  • asquint adv (obliquely) oblique; (with narrowed eyes) strabe
  • ass n (zool.: Asinus) asno; (vulg.) kulo
  • assail vt asaltar; atakar; to assail the honor of atentar la honoro di || n assailant asaltanto; atakanto
  • assassin n asasinisto || vt to assassinate asasinar
  • assault vt (attack) asaltar; atakar; (criminally) atentar; violentar || n to carry by assault asalte kaptar; asalte konquestar; criminal assault on a woman atento kontre la pudoro; (rape) violacar homino, muliero
  • assay vt (test) probar; (with a crucible) kruzelagar
  • assegai n (African spear; also “assagai”) zagayo
  • assemble vt (gather together in one place for a common purpose) [persons or things] asemblar; (fit together the the separate component parts of) muntar || vi (persons) kunvenar || n assembly asembl(ur)o; kolekt(ur)o; munt(ur)o
  • assent n asento || vi to assent to asentar
  • assert vt (declare forcefully) asertar; (insist on) [rights] postular; (maintain, defend) defensar; sustenar
  • assess vt (tax) taxar; (value) evaluar; expertizar || n assessment evaluo; (tax) imposto; taxuro; assessor taxisto; (assistant judge) asesoro
  • asset n (com.) aktivo; (property) havajo
  • asseverate vt afirmar (solene o emfazoze); asertar (solene o emfazoze)
  • assiduous adj asidua; diligenta
  • assign vt (allot, designate) asignar; [date] fixigar; (appoint) [person] nominar; (attribute) atribuar; (jur.: transfer) cedar; transferar || n assignation (sekreta) rendevuo (amorala); assignee cedario; (of an insolvent’s estate) sindiko; assignment (task) tasko; (allotment, designation) asigno; [of date] fixigo; (appointment) [of person] nomino; (attribution) atribuo; (jur.) cedo; transfero; assignor cedanto
  • assimilate vt asimilar; (make similar) similigar
  • assist vt helpar || n assistant helpanto
  • assize n (court) kriminala tribunalo superiora
  • associate vt (connect mentally) I always associate that phrase with Arnold Schwarzenegger me sempre asocias ta frazo kun Arnold Schwarzenegger; (join as a partner, ally, or friend) asociar || vi to associate with (keep company with) frequentar; I do not associate with known Esperantists me ne frequentas agnoskata Esperantisti || n asociito; association asociitaro
  • assonate vi asonancar || n assonance asonanco || adj assonant asonancanta
  • assort vt (archaic: classify) asortar || n assortment asort(ur)o || adj assorted asortita; (miscellaneous) mixita
  • assuage vt (mitigate) alejar; diminutar; (pacify) kalmigar; (satisfy, relieve) saturar
  • assume vt (suppose, presume) supozar; (presuppose) presupozar; (adopt) [air] donar a su; [name, attitude, look] adoptar; (take on) to assume an obligation obligar su facar ulo | [power, debts, responsibility] asumar; (unjustly) arogar; proprigar || n assumption supozo; (rel.) asunciono; (archaic: presumption) arogo; prezunto
  • assure vt (person) certigar; (event) certigar; (quiet) kalmigar; quietigar; (secure) sekurigar; (Brit.: insure) asekurar || n assurance (arrogance) arogemeso; prezunto; (certification) certigo; (promise) promiso; (self-confidence) aplombo; sufido || adv assuredly certe; sendubite
  • Assyria n (hist.) Asiria; Assyrian Asiriano
  • astatic adj (phys.) astatika
  • astatine n (chem.: At) astato
  • aster n (bot.: Aster) astero
  • asterid n (zool.: Asteridae) asterio
  • asterisk n asterisko; steleto
  • asterism n asterismo
  • astern adv dope
  • asteroid n asteroido
  • asthenia n (med.) generala debieso; generala desforteso
  • asthma n (med.) astmo || adj asthmatic (pertaining to asthma) astmala; (suffering from asthma) astmika
  • astigmatic adj (med.) astigmata || n astigmatism astigmateso
  • astir adj aganta; mov(esk)anta; (awake) vekinta
  • astonish vt astonar
  • astound vt astonegar
  • astragal n (bot.: Astragalus) astragalo
  • astragalus n (bot.: gum from the sap of Astragalus) tragakanto
  • astrakhan n (pelt, cloth) astrakano
  • astral adj astrala; astratra
  • astray adv ek la justa voyo; en eroro; perdita; to go astray divagar; misirar; to lead astray erorigar; misduktar
  • astrict vt (astringe) astriktar; (clasp) klemar; (compress) kompresar
  • astride prep kavalke sur
  • astringe vt astriktar || adj astringent astriktiva
  • astrolabe n (hist.) astrolabo
  • astrology n astrologio; astrologer astrologo
  • astronaut n astronauto; astronautics astronautiko
  • astronomy n astronomio; astronomer astronomo || adj astronomical astronomiala
  • astrophysics n astrofiziko; astrophyicist astrofizikisto
  • astute adj (sagacious) sagaca; (crafty) ruzoza
  • asunder adv (archaic or lit.) dis-; partigite; separite; to come asunder desligeskar; what God hath joined together let no man put asunder quon do Deo juntis, on ne separez
  • asylum n (place of refuge) azilo; (for infants) infantazilo; (for the blind) blindazilo; (for the insane) dementerio; (for the poor, aged, infirm) hospico; (fig.: part of church containing high altar) santuario
  • asymptote n (geom.) asimptoto
  • at prep (a particular place or position) [contiguous to] an; to sit at a table sidar an tablo | [in] en; at the office en la kontoro | [in the house of] che; breakfast at Tiffany’s dejuno che Tiffany | [on] sur; at sea sur la maro; (a particular rate) at €30 a kilo po 30 € (singla) kilogramo; at 20% interest po 20% de interesto; to go at 100 km per hour irar 100 km (singla)hore/horope; two at a time duope; (a particular state) at a loss (fin.) perde; (puzzled) en dubito; konfuzigita; perplexigita; at a standstill haltigita; interruptita; konfuzigita; at ease komfortoza; nejenata; tranquila; (mil. command) segun volo !; at fault en eroro; kulpoza; at it tre okupata; at war militanta; at work laboranta; okupata | (a particular time) ye; class starts at 9:00 la klaso komencas ye 9:00; at dawn aurore; ye l’auroro; at present nun; prezente; at the moment cainstante; catempe; at the time lor(e); (by means of) at a blow per un stroko; at will segun plezuro; segun volo; at your discretion segun vua judiko; sen kondiciono | (concerning) pri; he’s good at math il esas habila pri matematiko; she’s good at playing the accordion el bone pleas l’akordeono; (in response to) pro; ye; at her cries ye elua krii; at my request ye mea demando; I was shocked at the news l’informo skandalis me; (toward) ad; kontre; vers; angry at iracanta kontre; Anyone can read the news to you. I promise to feel the news at you. Irgu povas lektar l’informi a vi. Me promisas sentar l’informi vers vi. || n at sign (@) arobo
  • ataraxy n (philos.) ataraxio
  • atavism n atavismo
  • ataxia n (med.; also “ataxy”) ataxio; locomotor ataxia ataxio lokomocala || adj ataxic (disease) ataxiala; (person) ataxiika
  • atelier n ateliero
  • atheism n ateismo; atheist ateisto || adj atheistic (doctrine) ateismala; ateismema; ateismoza; (person) ateistala; ateistema
  • Athenaeum n ateneo
  • atheroma n (med.) ateromo
  • athirst adj (archaic) durstanta; durstoza
  • athlete n atleto
  • athwart prep transverse sur || adv transverse
  • Atlantic adj Atlantika || n Atlantiko
  • atlas n (arch.) atlanto; (book of maps) atlaso
  • atmosphere n atmosfero || adj atmospheric atmosferala; atmospheric pressure atmosferopreso
  • atoll n atolo
  • atom n atomo; atomism (philos.) atomismo || vt to atomize atomigar || adj atomic weight atomala pezo
  • atone vi to atone for (compensate for) kompensar; (rel.) expiacar
  • atony n (ling., physiol.) atonio
  • atop prep sur
  • atrabilious adj (lit.) melankolioza
  • atrocious adj (horrifyingly wicked) abomininda; kruelega; (very bad) [film, food, spelling] malega || n atrocity kruelegajo; (quality) kruelegeso
  • atrophy vi (med.) atrofiesar || vt atrofiar || n atrofio
  • atropine n (chem.) atropino
  • attach vt (fasten) adjuntar; atachar; fixigar; ligar; unionar; (attribute) atribuar; (for duty) igar servar; (jur.) embargar; sizar || adj to be attached (married, spoken for) mariajita; to be attached to (have an affection for) afecionar; amar; fervorar pri
  • attaché n (diplo.) atasheo
  • attack vt atakar || n atako; (of fever, etc.) aceso; atako
  • attain vt atingar; (come through to) advenar ad; arivar ad; parvenar ad || n attainment (acquirements) experienco; konocaji; (mentala) atingaji; (reaching) atingo
  • attaint vt (jur.) deklarar kulpinta di statotrahizo; (archaic: infect, corrupt) infektar; koruptar
  • attar n attar of roses rozesenco
  • attempt vt (strive for) esforcar facar; (archaic: try to kill) atentar; to attempt suicide atentar su ipsa; atentar suocido || vi (strive) esforcar; (take steps, measures) demarchar; prenar moyeni || n (effort to kill) to make an attempt on the life of someone atentar la vivo di ulu
  • attend vt (be present at) asistar; [school, etc.] frequentar; (accompany) akompanar; esar eskorto di; to attend to (pay attention) atencar || n attendance (people present) asistantaro; (presence at) asist(ad)o; (regular presence at) frequent(ad)o; (service) serv(ad)o; to be in attendance (on duty) dejurar; attendant (companion) akompananto; kompano; (escort) eskorto; (servant) helpanto; helpero; servisto || adj attendant akompananta; sequanta; (consequent) konsequanta
  • attention n (heed) atenco; attention! atencez !; to call attention to atencigar; to pay attention to atencar | (assiduous) kultivo; (humoring) komplezo; attentions (romantic) kurtezo || adj attentive (heeding) atencema; atencoza; (careful of) sorgema; (courteous) polita; (gallant) galanta
  • attenuate vt (diminish) diminutar; (thin) desdikigar; tenuigar; (thin out) desdensigar; (weaken) febligar
  • attest vt atestar || n attestation (authentication) autentikigo; (evidence) atesto || adj properly attested autentika
  • attic n (low story at top of house) atiko; (under a sloping roof) mansardo; (for hay, etc.) granario
  • Atticism n atikismo; Atticist atikisto
  • attire n kostumo; vestaro || vt vestizar
  • attitude n (way of behaving) atitudo; (position, posture) posturo; to strike an attitude posturar
  • attorney n (business or legal proxy) prokuraciero; (lawyer) advokato; (jurist) legisto; yuristo; attorney general supera statala advokato; power of attorney prokuraco; prosecuting attorney statala advokato
  • attract vt atraktar; (entice, lure) lurar || n attraction (act) atrakt(ad)o; [enticement, lure] luro; (state) atrakteso; (which draws) atraktilo; atraktivo; charmo || adj attractive atraktiva; (charming) charmanta; charmiva; (enticing) luriva; to be attracted (gravitate) gravitar
  • attribute vt atribuar; (impute) imputar || n (gram., log.) atributo; (quality) qualeso || adj attributive (gram.) atributala; (jur.) atribuanta
  • attrit vt (wear down) exkoriar; forfrotar || n attrition (wearing away) exkoriado; forfrotado; (relig.) atric(ad)o || adj attrite (relig.) atricanta
  • attune vt akordigar
  • aubergine n (Brit.: eggplant) berenjeno
  • auburn adj kastanea; klarbruna; redbruna
  • auction n aucion(vend)o; to knock down at auction adjudikar; auctioneer aucionvendisto || vt to auction off aucione vendar
  • audacious adj audacanta; audacoza || n audacity audaco
  • audible adj audebla
  • audience n (people present) asistantaro; audantaro; (reception) audienco
  • audiometer n audiometro
  • audit vt kontrolar; verifikar || n auditor (com.) kontkontrolisto; (hearer) audanto; (tribunal official in some countries) auditoro
  • audition n (hearing) aud(ad)o; audeso
  • auditorium n aud(eg)eyo; audchambro; auddomo; audsalono
  • auditory adj audala
  • auger n lignotrepano
  • aught n irgo
  • augment vt augmentar
  • augur vt (bode) augurar; that doesn’t augur well to ne bone auguras || n augury auguro
  • august adj augusta || n August agosto
  • auk n (any bird of the Alcidae family) alcedo
  • aula n (rare: court, hall) « aula » || adj aulic kortala
  • Aulis n (hist.) Aulido
  • aunt n onklino; great aunt preonklino
  • aural adj (of ear) orelala; (of hearing) audala
  • aureola n (anat.) areolo
  • au revoir inter til rivido
  • auricle n (anat.) aurikulo || adj auricular (of ear) orelala; (of hearing) audala
  • auriferous adj oroza
  • aurist n orelkuracisto
  • aurochs n (zool.: Bos primigenius) uroxo
  • aurora n auroro; aurora borealis auroro boreala
  • auspice n auspicio; under favorable auspices kun auspicii favoroza || adj auspicious bonaurgura; bonauspicia
  • austere adj austera; severa || n austerity austereso; rigorismo; (ascetic act) asketajo
  • austral adj australa || n austro
  • Australasia n Australazia
  • Australia n Australia; Australian Australiano
  • Austria n Austria; Austrian Austriano
  • authentic adj autentika; vera; (authorized) yurizita || n authenticity autentikeso || vt to authenticate autentikigar; garantiar l’autentikeso di/pri; konstatar
  • author n autoro
  • authority n (power or right to give orders) autoritato; with full authority kun plena autoritato o povo o yuro | (person in authority) autoritatozo; (expert; reliable source of information) to have on good authority havar de bona fonto/origino; authorization permiso; yurizo; (official) (legala) sanciono; (written) permisatesto || vt to authorize permisar; yurizar || adj authoritative autoritatema; autoritatoza
  • autism n autismo
  • auto- afx (for scientific and technical terms) auto-; (gen.) su
  • autobiography n autobiografio
  • autochthon n aborijeno
  • autoclave n autoklavo
  • autocrat n autokrato; autocracy (quality) autokrateso; (regime) autokratismo || adj autocratic autocratala; (person) autocrata
  • auto-da-fé n « autodafe »
  • autodidact n autodidakto
  • autograph n autografo
  • autogyro n autogiro
  • automatic adj (self-acting) automata; (relating to an automation) automatala || n automaton automato
  • automobile n automobilo; automobilist automobilisto
  • automorphic adj (math, geol.) automorfa
  • autonomous adj autonoma || n autonomy autonomeso
  • autopsy n autopsio; to perform an autopsy on autopsiar
  • autosuggestion n suhipnotizo; susugest(ad)o
  • autumn n autuno; autumn crocus (bot.: Colchicum) kolchiko
  • Auvergne n Arvernia
  • auxiliary adj (supplementary, reserve) auxiliara; auxiliary verb auxiliara verbo; (accessory) acesora; (helping) helpanta; helpiva || n auxiliaro; (assistant) helpanto; helpero; (things) helpivo
  • avail vt helpar; profitigar; to avail oneself of profitar per; utiligar; uzar || vi utilesar || n of no avail neutila; availablity disponebleso || adj available disponebla; to have available disponar
  • aval n (guarantee) avalo
  • avalanche n avalancho || vi avalanchar
  • avant-courier n anuncanto; prekuranto
  • avant-garde n avanguardo
  • avarice n avareso || adj avaricious avar(ach)a
  • avast inter haltez !; sat !
  • avaunt inter (archaic) for hike !; forirez !
  • avenaceous adj avenala; avenatra
  • avenge vt venjar
  • avenue n avenuo; (garden path) aleo
  • aver vt afirmar; asertar; certigar
  • average n (math) averajo; on the average averaje | (damage to ship or cargo) avario; adjustment of averages dispacho || vt averajigar; averajkalkular || vi averajesar || adj averaja; (mediocre) pasabla; (normal, typical) normala; tipala
  • averse adj desinklinata, -ita; nefavoroza; neinklinata, -ita; rezistema || n aversion antipatio; desinklin(es)o; neinklin(es)o; odio; repugno; to cause an aversion to antipatigar; hororigar; to have an aversion to antipatiar
  • avert vt (turn away) deturnar; eskartar; (avoid) evitar; (prevent) preventar
  • aviary n ucelchambro; uceldometo; uceleyo
  • aviation n aviac(ad)o; aviator aviacero; aviacisto; to practice aviation aviacar
  • avid adj avida || n avidity avideso; with avidity avide
  • avionics n avioniko
  • avocado n avokado
  • avocation n (hobby) hobio; (minor occupation) acesora (o kazuala) okupado o mestiero o profesiono
  • avocet n (zool.: Recurvirostra) avoceto
  • avoid vt evitar; (escape) eludar; eskapar
  • avow vt agnoskar; asertar; deklarar; konfesar || adv avowedly aperte; per/segun lua konfeso ipsa; publike
  • avuncular adj onklulala; onklulatra
  • await vt vartar; (expect) expektar
  • awake vi (cease sleeping) vekar; (fig.) rieciteskar; rikoncieskar; rivivaceskar || vt (cause to stop sleeping) vekigar; (fig.) riecitar; rikonciigar; rivivacigar || adj vekinta; vigilanta; vigilema; to stay awake (watch, sit up) vigilar
  • award vt (prize, medal) premiizar; (jur.) [damages] adjudikar; grantar || n (prize) premio; (adjudgement) adjudikajo || adj award-winning premiizita
  • aware adj (cognizant) koncianta; to be aware konciar; to make aware informar; konciigar | (awake) vekinta
  • awash adj (flooded) inundita, -ata
  • away adv absente; fore; neasistante; neheme; away with...! eskartez... !; forjetez... !; to be away foresar
  • awe n (fear) timo (solena); (reverence) respektego; veneraco; to fill with awe plenigar per timo, teroro, respektego; to stand in awe of timar; to strike with awe frapar per timo, teroro, respektego || adj awestruck timfrapita; awful hororinda; impozanta; impoziva; solenega; teroriganta; terorigiva; timenda || adv awfully (extremely) ecese; extreme; treege
  • aweigh adj (naut.) pendanta
  • awhile adv dum kelka tempo; to wait awhile vartar kelke
  • awl n aleno
  • awn n (bot: stiff bristle) aristo
  • awning n marquizo; storotelo; tegotelo; velego
  • awry adj (amiss) desjusta; nejusta; (askew) desrekta; distordita; nerekta
  • ax n (also “axe”) hakilo; stroke of an ax hakilstroko; axman hakisto || vt hakar
  • axil n (bot.) axelo
  • axilla n (anat.) axelo
  • axis n axo; (anat.) axoido; axis of rotation rotacaxo; to turn on an axis rotacar || adj axial axala
  • axle n axo; axlecase axobuxo; axlepin axostifto; axletree axarboro
  • axolotl n (zool.: Ambystoma mexicanum) axolotlo
  • axon n (bio.) axono
  • axonometry n axonometrio
  • aye inter (affirmation) yes; aye, aye, sir! tre bona, sioro ! || n (affirmation) the ayes and the nays le yes e le no || adv (always) eterne; sempre
  • azalea n (bot.: Rhododendron) azaleo
  • Azerbaijan n Azerbaijan
  • azimuth n azimuto
  • Azores n Acori
  • azote n (chem.: N) natro
  • azure adj azura || n azuro
  • azyme n (archaic: unleavened bread) azimo

B

  • B ltr be; (mus.) B (o si); B-flat (B♭) bes; B-sharp (B♯) bis
  • baba n (French bun) « baba »
  • babble vi (talk rapidly and incomprehensibly) barbuliar; (murmur) babilar; murmurar; (prattle, chatter) babilar
  • Babel n Babel; Tower of Babel Babelturmo
  • babirusa n (zool.: Babyrousa) babiruso
  • baboon n (zool.: Papio) babuino
  • babouche n babucho
  • baby n (human) bebeo; infanteto; baby diaper bebelinji; baby stroller bebevetureto; babyhood bebeeso || vt (treat like a baby) traktar quale bebeo || adj babyish bebeala; bebeatra
  • baccalaureate n bachelereso
  • Bacchus n (myth.) Bako; bacchanal bakanalo; bacchanalian bakanalala; bakanalatra; bacchant(e) Bakan(in)o || adj Bacchic Bakala
  • bacciferous adj berifanta; berportanta
  • bacciform adj beratra; berforma
  • bachelor n (unmarried man) celibulo; (university grad) bachelero (pri cienco, e.c.); bachelor aspirant bachelerokandidato; bachelor’s degree bachelereso
  • bacillus n (bio.) bacilo || adj bacillary bacilala; bacilatra; bacilforma
  • back n (anat.) dorso; back to back dorso an dorso; to break one’s back ruptar la spino; to lean one’s back adosar su; to turn one’s back turnar la dorso | (rear) dop(aj)o; to turn the back of something against adosar ulo ad | (reverse side) reverso; backer (bettor) parianto; (in a duel) sekondanto; (of a check) indosanto; (pol.) partisano; backing (protective layer) futero; (support) helpo; suporto || vt (accompany) [singer] akompanar; (attach backing to) [rug, quilt] futerizar; (bet on) pariar por; (finance) [bills] avalizar; indosar; [loan] garantiar; [person, enterprise] furnisar la pekunio por; (reverse) [vehicle] retroirigar; (support) [motion, resolution] sekondar; [plan, person] apogar; helpar; suportar; sustenar; [warrant, etc.] vistar || vi (go backward) retroirar; retromarchar || adj (earlier) frua; (overdue) nepagita; tarda; (rear) dopa; back door dopa pordo; back room dopa chambro; back shop dopa butiko | (reimbursed) rimborsita; (returned) retroveninta; riveninta; -backed (supported by) apogata da; sustinata da; (with back) kun dorso; (with backing) kun futero; backward kontresinsa; (behind the times) neprogresema || adv (in space) dope; in back of me dop me; stand back! addope !; back and forth adavane e retro; (in time) back in 1907 ja en 1907; some months back kelka monati antee; we spoke back in June ni konversis en la lasta junio; (returned) everything is back to normal omno rivenis a lo normala; there and back again adibe e retro; backward addope; retro; backward compatible retro konciliebla; movement backward and forward movo alternanta; to walk backward and forward iradar e venadar | (with back foremost) dorsavane; kun dorso avane || afx dop; retro-; ri-
  • backbite vt maldicensar pri
  • backboard n dorsapogilo; rektigilo
  • backbone n spino; vertebrala kolono; to lack backbone ne havar forteso di karaktero, di decidemeso
  • backdate vt predatizar
  • backgammon n triktrako
  • background n dopa areo; dopa parto; (of a picture) fundo
  • backhanded adj per la dorso dil manuo; (ambiguous) ambigua; (insincere) nesincera
  • backpedal vi (on a bicycle) kontrepedalagar
  • backside n (buttocks) gluteo; rumpo; (euph.) sedo; (vulg.) kulo
  • backslide vi apostateskar; renegar
  • backstroke n (swimming) retrostroko
  • backwardation n (Brit.: stock exchange) diporto
  • backwater n (stagnant place) senflua aquo
  • backwoods n distanta foresto
  • bacon n lardo
  • bacterium n (bio.) bakterio; bactericide bakteriocidivo; bacteriologist bakteriologisto; bacteriology bakteriologio
  • Bactria n (hist.) Baktria; Bactrian Baktriano
  • bad adj desbona; mala; bad thing, bad part malajo; that is too bad to esas tre regretinda; to esas tro mala; (malicious, evil) maligna; malvolanta; (of health) malada; (putrid) putranta, -inta; (serious) grava; (spurious) falsa || adv badly male || n badness maleso || vt to badmouth maldicensar
  • Baden n (hist.) Badenia
  • badge n insigno
  • badger n (zool.: Meles, Arctonyx, Taxidea and Mellivora) daxo || vt molestar; torment(et)ar; vexar
  • badian n (bot.: Illicium anisatum) [fruit] badiano
  • badinage n jokado; jokoza mokado
  • baffle vt (perplex) perplexigar; (rare: frustrate) abortigar; faliigar; vanigar; (archaic: cheat) dupigar; trompar
  • bag n sak(et)o; (handbag) manusako; bagpipes kornamuzo; to play the bagpipes kornamuzoplear; baggage bagajo; baggage cart furgono; bagging sakstofo; saktelo; (putting in bags) ensakig(ad)o || vt (put in a bag) ensakigar; [steal] furtar
  • bagatelle n (trifle) bagatelo
  • bagnio n (hist.: bath house) balnerio; balneyo; (hist.: Turkish prison) bagno; (archaic: brothel) prostituceyo
  • bah prep ba !
  • Bahamas n Bahama
  • bail n (jur.) kaucion(sum)o; to free on bail liberigar (ulu) per kauciono; to stand bail kaucionizar; bailor kaucionizanto || vt to bail out (boat) vakuigar; (water) eskupar
  • bailiff n (Brit.: deputy sheriff) ushero; (Brit.: king’s officer) balifo; (Brit.: steward) ekonomo
  • bait n esko; lur(iz)ilo || vt (a trap) eskizar; (harry) igar kombatar; molestar; tormentar; (rare: feed animals) nutrar
  • baize n biliardotelo; burelo; serjo
  • bake vt (dry heat) bakar; (bread) panifar || n baker bakanto; bakero; bakisto; panifisto; bakery bakerio; bakeyo; forneyo; paniferio; panifeyo || adj fresh, newly, home baked freshe, nove, heme bakita
  • balance n (equilibrium) equilibro; [mental] mentala equilibro; sudominaco; (counterpoise) kontrepezajo; (remainder) restajo; (scales) balanco; balance due debrestajo; saldajo; balance of power equilibro di potenteso; balance sheet bilanco; balance wheel balanciero || vt (put in equilibrium) equilibrigar; [account] bilancigar; facar bilanco di; saldar; (counterpoise) equilibrigar; kompensar; kontrepezigar; kontrepozar; (weigh) ponderar (per balanco) || vi (be in equilibrium) equilibrar || adj well balanced equilibroza
  • balcony n balkono
  • bald adj (thin-haired) kalva; (totally: body hair) senpila; (totally: head hair) senhara; (unadorned) neornita; (fig.) kruda; literala; meskina; nuda; bald-headed person kalvo; bald spot kalvajo; to become bald kalveskar || n baldness kalveso; senhareso; (med.) alopecio
  • baldachin n baldakino
  • balderdash n (gobbledygook) galimatiaso; (nonsense) sensenca babilado
  • baldric n (hist.) baldrio
  • bale n (bundle) pakego; (archaic: harmful evil) nocivo || adj baleful funesta; maligna; nociva
  • Balearic n Balearic Islands Baleari
  • balk vi (as a horse) haltar e refuzar avancar; kontreagar; to balk at hezitar pri; refuzar; rezistar || vt (frustrate) faligar; frustrar; vanigar; (impede) entravar; impedar; jenar || n (furrow ridge) intersulko; (hindrance) obstaklo; (sports) falsa movo; mismovo; (sudden stop) subita halto; (timber) trabego (quadratala) || adj balky desvoluntanta; hezitanta; nevoluntanta
  • ball n (solid or hollow sphere or ovoid) globo; (for games: hollow, as for tennis, basketball, etc.) balon(et)o; (for games: solid, as for billiards, croquet, etc.) bul(et)o; (game played with a ball) balonludo; bulludo; (geom.) sfero; (of thread, yarn, etc.) peloto; (solid pellet) buleto; (bullet) kuglo; (clod of earth) glebo; (sci.) globo; ball-and-socket joint rotulo | (dance) balo; ball dress balkostumo; ballroom balochambro; danseyo || vt to ball up englobigar; (thread) pelotigar
  • ballad n balado; romanco
  • ballast n balasto; ballast space balasteyo; to discharge ballast desbalastizar; senbalastigar || vt balastizar
  • ballet n baleto; ballet dancer baletisto; ballet master baletdirektisto
  • ballista n (hist.) balisto
  • ballistics n balistiko
  • balloon n balon(eg)o; (aerostat) aerostato; (dirigible) aernavo; ballooning balonnavigado
  • ballot n (voting) voto; (runoff vote) baloto; ballot box elektala urno/buxo || v balotar; votar
  • balm n (ointment) balzamo; balm of Gilead balzamo di Gilead | (bot: Melissa officinalis) meliso || adj balmy (soothing) balzamatra; (warm) varma
  • Baloch n Beludjo; Balochistan Beludjistan
  • balsam n (ointment) balzamo; (bot: Impatiens balsamina) [garden balsam] balzamino || adj balsamic balzamala; balzamatra; balzamoza
  • Baltic adj Baltika; Baltic Sea Baltiko
  • baluster n balustro; balustrade balustrado
  • bamboo n (bot.: Bambuseae) bambuo
  • bamboozle vt (trick) dupigar; trompar; (perplex) mistifikar
  • ban vt anatemar; interdiktar; proskriptar; (exclude, exile) exilar; exkluzar
  • banal adj triviala; vulgar(ach)a
  • banana n (bot.: Musa × paradisiaca) banano; banana tree bananiero
  • band n (strip, loop) [bandage] bandajo; [ribbon] rubando; [strap, belt] gurto; rimeno; [stripe, strip, streak] bendo; [zone] zono; bandsaw rubandosegilo | (archaic: bond) ligilo; (group) bando; trupo; [mus.] muzikkorpo; [informal: orchestra] orkestro || vt (put a band on) bendizar; (strap) gurtagar; gurtizar; gurtligar; [with leather strap] rimenizar; (striate) striizar; (tie) ligar || vi to band together (unite) federar; unionar
  • bandage n bandajo || vt bandajizar
  • bandana n « madras »
  • bandbox n chapeluyo
  • banderole n banderolo
  • bandit n bandito; raptanto, -ero, -isto; banditism banditismo
  • bandolier n bandoliero
  • bandy vt (exchange) donar e recevar; [blows] reciproke batar; [word, figure, idea] interparolar || adj bandy-legged kurvagamba
  • bane n nocivo; (archaic: poison) veneno || adj baneful nociva
  • bang n (sudden loud noise of a blow) bruisego; (sudden loud noise of a gun) fusilpafo; (blow) frapego || vt (open or close violently and noisily) to bang a door shut klozar bruisoze la pordo || inter krak !; plump !
  • Bangladesh n Bangladesh
  • bangle n braceleto
  • banish vt (exile) exilar; (send away) exkluzar; forsendar
  • banister n balustro
  • bank n (fin.) banko; bank account bankokonto; bank clerk bankkomizo; bank holiday legala festo; bank of discount banko di diskonto; bank of issue emisbanko; bank stock bankaciono; banknote bankobilieto; bankbook bankkayero; chekokayero; depozolibreto; sparkasala kayero; banker bankisto; banking bankaferi; bankkomercado | (slope, mass, mound of a particular substance) amaso; kolineto; monteto; [of ocean, shallows] neprofundajo; [of river, etc.] rivo; (dam) digo; (slope downward) pento; (slope upward) rampo; (terrace, raised bank) teraso || vt (a fire) kovrar; (billiards) (ri)saltigar; (money) depozar; (surround with banks) digizar; to bank up amasigar; terasigar || vi to bank with depozar en; havar kom bankisto
  • bankrupt adj (insolvent) faliinta; nesolventa; (leg.) bankrota, -inta; to be bankrupt faliar; (leg.) bankrotar || n bankrotanto, -into; certified bankrupt konkordatala bankrotanto, -into; konkordatario; bankruptcy bankroto; bankruptcy certificate konkordato || vt faliigar; (leg.) bankrotigar
  • banner n (horizontal) standardo; (vertical) banero; [heraldic] gonfalono; [labarum] labaro
  • banns n mariajanunco
  • banquet n festino || vi festinar
  • banter n moketo || vi to banter with moketar
  • banyan n (bot.: Ficus benghalensis) banyano
  • baobab n (bot.: Adansonia) baobabo
  • baptize vt baptar || n baptism bapto; baptistery bapteyo; certificate of baptism baptatesto || adj baptismal font baptala vasko/kuvo
  • bar n (a long piece of something) [barrier] barilo; impedilo; obstaklo; [ingot] lingoto; [of window, cage] (fer)treliso; greto; stangotreliso; [pole, rod] stango; [sand] sablostrato; [stripe] bendo; (jur.) [lawyers collectively] advokataro; [legal profession] advokateso; to be called to the bar advokateskar; divenar advokato; recevar advokateso | [tribunal] judicieyo; tribunalo; prisoner at the bar akuzato; (mus.) mezuro; (place where drinks are sold) drinkerio; drinkeyo; [counter] vendotablo; barkeep drinkeyestro; barmaid servistino (di drinki); barman drinkservisto; barroom drinkchambro; drinksalono || vt (a door, a way) barar; obstruktar; [with bolt] riglagar; rigleklozar; (deprive) privacar; (exclude) exkluzar; (forbid) interdiktar; proskriptar; (hinder) impedar; jenar; (with stripes) bendizar || prep bar(ring) (excepting) ecepte (ke); kun la rezervo ke
  • barb n (of arrow, hook) retrohoko; (horse) Berberiala kavalo; (of harrow) dento; (point) pinto; (thorn) dorno; (fig.: hurtful remark) dardo || vt garnar per pinti || adj barbed wired pintoza metalfilo
  • Barbados n Barbados
  • barbarian n barbaro; barbarism, barbarity (act) barbarajo; kruelajo; (quality) barbareso; krueleso || adj barbara; barbaric, barbarous barbaratra
  • Barbary Coast n Berberia
  • barbel adj (zool.: Barbus) barbelo
  • barber n barbisto
  • barberry n (bot.: Berberis) berberisiero
  • barbette n (naut.) kurasizita parapeto; (hist.) kanonplatformo
  • barbican n (mil. hist.) barbakano
  • barcarole n barkarolo
  • bard n (archaic, lit.) bardo
  • bare adj (naked) nuda; (without concealment) aperta; expozita; necelita; revelita; barefaced senshama | (without usual contents) nemoblizita; neornita; vakua; (without usual covering) deskovrita; expozita; kalva; neshirmita; nevestizita; nuda; barefoot nudpeda; bareheaded nudkapa | (mere) nura; (unsupported) [statement] neatestita; simpla || adv barely (hardly) apene; (just a moment before) jus; (simply) simple; bareback sensele || vt deskovrar; expozar; nudigar
  • barège n barejo
  • barf v vomar
  • bargain n (agreement) interkonsento; (vend)kontrato; into the bargain pluse; super la preco | (cheap thing) bona komprajo; chipajo || vi (negotiate) negociar; to bargain away vendar; to bargain on/for (expect) expektar | [agree] konsentar; [barter] kambiar; [haggle] marchandar; [trade] komercar
  • barge n (lighter) gabaro; kargobatelo; (longboat) granda kanoto
  • baritone n (singer) baritono; (voice) baritonovoco
  • barium n (chem.: Ba) bario
  • bark n (of dog) aboyo; (of tree) [inner] basto; [outer] kortico; (naut.) trimasta brigantino || vt (remove the bark from) deskorticizar; senkorticigar || vi (dog) aboyar
  • barley n (bot.: Hordeum vulgare) [plant] hordeo; [grain] hordeograno; barley sugar hordeosukro
  • barm n (froth) hefospumo; (archaic: yeast) hefo
  • barn n fenchambro; feneyo; garbchambro; garbeyo; barn owl (zool.: Tyto alba) noktuo; strigo
  • barnacle n (zool.: Cirripedia) bernaklomuslo; (zool.: Branta leucopsis) bernaklo
  • barograph n barografo
  • barometer n barometro
  • baron n barono
  • baroque adj baroka
  • baroscope n baroskopo
  • barouche n (hist.) kalesho
  • barracks n kazerno; to quarter troops in barracks enkazernigar
  • barrage n (mil.) barilo (per kanonpafado)
  • barratry n (archaic: fraud by a ship’s master or crew) baratrio
  • barrel n (cask) barelo; barrel of wine barelo de vino; to sell by the barrel vendar barelope; barrel stave duvo | (keg) bareleto; (of cannons) kanontubo; (of machines) cilindro; (of rifles) fusiltubo; barrel organ turnorgeno || vt (to put into a barrel) enbareligar
  • barren adj (producing little) nefertila; neproduktiva; (producing nothing) sterila; (reproducing little) nefekunda; (bleak) austera; (without result) senfrukta
  • barricade n barikado || vt barikadizar; inkluzar (su) per barikado; klozar per barikado
  • barrier n barilo; (city limit) urbolimito; to remove a barrier desbarar
  • barrister n (Brit.: lawyer) advokato
  • barrow n (handcart) manuchareto; manuvetur(et)o; (litter, stretcher) kamilo; (wheelbarrow) brueto; (burial mound) tumulo
  • barter vt (inter)kambiar
  • baryta n (chem.) barito
  • basalt n bazalto
  • bascule n (bridge) levponto (kun baskulilo)
  • base n (lowest part) bazo; (bottom, background) fundo; (foundation) fundamento; (pedestal) piedestalo; basement (archit.) basamento; fundamento; (below ground) subteretajo; (ground floor) subetajo; baseline bazolineo | (basis; mil.; math; geom.; chem.) bazo; to touch base with konsultar; kontaktar; baseball basbalo; baseness desnobleso; shamindeso || adj (ignoble) desestiminda; grosiera; nenobla; shaminda; (archaic: of low social class) di basa origino; baseborn di basa origino; nelegitima | (not made of precious metal) neprecoza; [coin] falsa; baseless senbaza; basic bazala; fundamentala
  • bashaw n (hist.) « pasha »
  • bashful adj modesta; timida; (from sex motives) pudoroza; to feel bashful pudorar
  • basil n (bot.: Ocimum basilicum) bazilo
  • basilic adj basilic vein bazilikveino
  • basilica n (archit.) baziliko
  • basilisk n (myth., heraldry) bazilisko
  • basin n (dock, river, water works; geog., dish) baseno
  • basis n bazo; fundamento
  • bask vi sunizar su; varmigar su; (revel) delektesar (da ulo); juar (ulo)
  • basket n korbo; (carried on back) dorsokorbo; (hamper) korbokesto; basketball basketbalo; basketful korbedo
  • bas-relief n basa reliefo
  • bass n (mus.) bas(part)o; bass viol basviulo; violoncelo; bass voice basvoco; double bass basvoco infra; kontrabaso | (zool.) [perch] perko; [sea bass] barsho
  • basset hound n (zool.) basoto
  • bassinet n ozierbersilo
  • bassoon n (mus.) basono
  • basswood n (bot.: Tilia) Amerikana tilio
  • bast n (bot.) basto
  • bastard n bastardo
  • baste vt (culin.) [a roast] arozar; kovrar (per); (tack with thread) imbastar; (dated: cudgel) bastonagar
  • bastille n karcero; kastelo; (hist.) « Bastille »
  • bastinado n (hist.) (pedo)bastonag(ad)o
  • bastion n bastiono
  • bat n (baseball, cricket) batilo; batter, batsman batilero | (zool.: Chiroptera) vespertilio || v (wield a bat; strike with a bat) batilagar
  • batata n (sweet potato) patato
  • batch n (bundle, group) nombro; quanto; (in an oven) fornedo
  • bate vt (aphetic form of “abate”) diminutar; moderar || adj with bated breath kun haltigita (o retenita) respirado
  • bath n (act of immersing in water for cleaning, refreshment, or pleasure) balno; bath brick polisiva briko; (spending time in water for refreshment or pleasure) bathing balno; bathing machine (hist.) balnocharo; (the city of Bath) bath chair (dated) rulstulo; shovostulo || vt to bathe balnar || vi to bathe balnar
  • bathos n patosacho
  • bathyscaph n batiskafo
  • bathysphere n batisfero
  • batik n batiko
  • batiste n batisto
  • batman n (Brit. mil.) ordonanco
  • baton n baston(et)o; (of chief of orchestra) skandobastoneto; skandovergo; (of command) komandobaston(et)o || vt bastonetagar; bastonetbatar
  • batrachian n (zool.: Anura) batrako
  • battalion n bataliono
  • batten n (wooden strip) lat(eg)o || vt to batten down klozar; kovrar; surpozar lat(eg)o || vi (thrive or prosper) prosperar (per)
  • batter vt (beat) batar; to batter down abatar; (bruise) domajar; kontuzar; to batter in brechizar || n (culin.) farinopasto; battering ram arieto
  • battery n (elec.) [multi-celled] baterio; [primary] pilio; [secondary] akumulatoro; (mil.) baterio
  • battle n batalio; battle array ordino di batalio; battle axe armohakilo; (francisca) francisko; battlefield bataliagro; battleship kurasizita militnavego; battlement krenelo; parapeto || vi bataliar
  • battue n trakochaso
  • bauble n bagatelo; berlokacho; (hist.: marotte) foloceptro
  • Bavaria n Bavaria; Bavarian Bavariano
  • bawd n (archaic: woman in charge of a brothel) prostituceyestro || adj bawdy debochera; obcena; bawdy house prostituceyo
  • bawl vi (shout) [inarticulate] kri(eg)achar; [with words] klamachar; (weep noisily) plorachar; ploregar || vt to bawl out reprimandar
  • bay n (geog.) bayo; (archit.: enclosed area) [alcove] alkovo; bay window alkovfenestro | [area for special purpose] -ayo; [between columns, buttresses] traveo; [compartment] fako; -uyo; (bark) aboyo; at bay en defenso; en shakeso; to keep at bay akular | (bot.: Laurus nobilis) lauro || vi (bark) aboyar || adj (of color) redbruna; light bay izabela
  • bayadère n bayadero
  • bayonet n bayoneto
  • bazaar n bazaro
  • be vi (exist) esar; existar; to be or not to be existar o ne existar; (auxiliary verb) esar; to be loved amesar; esar amata; [usually replaced by simple verb] the Master is coming la Mastro venas; Starbucks was found everywhere except Italy before 2016 Starbucks trovesis omnube ecepte Italia ante 2016; (copular verb: have the state, quality, role specified) esar; to be able povar; to be in good condition standar bone; be so good as to permit voluntez permisar; be yourself esez fidela a vu ipsa; it was said to be ol reputesis; on dicis ke ol esas; it will be found that ol esos trovata ke; on trovos ke; so be it me konkordas | [cost] kustar; how much is it? quante ol kustas ? | [fare] standar; how are you? quale vu standas ? | [have a certain age] evar; I’ll be 47 in March me evos 47 en marto; (occur, take place) eventar; (stay in same place or condition) let it be lasez ol ube ol esas/jacas || n being (entity) ento; existajo; created being kreajo; kreito; kreuro | [human] homo; (existence) -eso; exist(ad)o || adj being (present participle) esanta
  • beach n (pebbly or sandy shore) plajo; (shore) rivo || vt (strand) strandigar
  • beacon n (signal) signalindiko; [fire] signalofairo; [light] signalolumo; [lighthouse light] farlumo; [seamark] baliso
  • bead n globeto; grano (di chapleto, di koliaro, di braceleto); to draw a bead on vizar; to say one’s beads pregar per la rozario; (fig.) dicar la chapleto || vt ornar per globeti, per grani || vi (bubble) ebuliar; gutifar; perlifar
  • beadle n (Brit.) bedelo
  • beak n (zool.) beko; (any beaklike extension) rostro; (prow) pruo; beakiron (anvil horn) beko di amboso; beaker (archaic: large drinking container) gobleto; kalico; kup(eg)o || vt (strike with the beak) bekagar; bekfrapar; bekpik(et)ar; the swan came out of nowhere and beaked me right in the eye la cigno aparis de nulloke e bekagis me direte en l’okulo || adj beak-shaped bekforma
  • beam n (girder) trabo; (any upright) montanto; (naut.: width) larjeso; (of plow, carriage) timono; (of scales) vekto; (ray) lumfasko; radio || vt (radiate) radiar || vi (shine) brilar; lumar || adj beaming radianta; radioza
  • bean n (bot.: Vicia faba, et al.) fabo
  • bear vt (carry) portar; to bear away forportar | (comport) kondutar; tenar su; (endure) subisar; tolerar; (fin.: depress the price of) (plu)basigar la preco di, preci en; (give birth to) genitar; parturar; (give, bring) bear a hand! hastez !; helpez !; quik !; to bear company akompanar; to bear witness to atestar; (have, hold) bear in mind memorez; merkez; to bear sway dominacar; guvernar | (press) presar; to bear down basigar; to bear down upon proximeskar | (produce) -ifar; produktar; to bear apples pomifar; produktar pomi; to bear interest interestifar; (sustain) suportar; sustenar; to bear out justifikar; konfirmar; mantenar || vi (be or head in a specific direction) to bear to the south irar en sudala direciono; to bear away forirar; seglirar; to bear on (relate to) koncernar; relatar; to bear with (have patience) pacientesar || n (zool.: Ursidae) urso; (fin.) basigisto; bearer portanto; portero; portisto; bearing (deportment) suteno; (direction, position) to get one’s bearings orientizar su; to lose one’s bearings desorientizar su | (geom.) direciono; sinso; (heraldic) blazono; (mech.) fricionparto; soporto; (relation) relato; signifiko; (surveying, naut.) orientizo; (sustaining) susteno || adj bearable tolerebla
  • beard n barbo; (wheat) aristo || vt (challege) afrontar; defiar || adj bearded barboza
  • beast n (animal) bestio; beast of burden kargobestio | (savage) bruto
  • beat vt (strike repeatedly) batar; to beat black and blue kontuzar; to beat to death mortigar per bato | [with a stick] bastonagar; bastonbatar; (defeat) vinkar; (be better than) superesar; that beats all to esas la maxim bona; to superesas omno; (flap) [wings] batar (per l’ali); brandisar; (stir vigorously) quirlar; to beat back repulsar; retropulsar; to beat down abatar; [defense, resistance] domtar; [price] marchandar; to beat the woods boskobatar; trakar || vi (pulsate) pulsar; (naut.) bordear; to beat about irar sinistre e dextre; serchar omnaloke; to beat about the bush avancar oblique; hezitar; uzar ambaji; to beat against [waves, rain] plaudar || n (of a policeman) distrikto; posteno; rondiro; (stroke) bato; beater batanto; batemo; batero; (instrument) batilo; quirlilo
  • beatify vt (impart bliss) beatigar; (relig.: declare blissful) beatifikar || n beatification (relig.) beatifiko; beatitude beateso || adj beatific (blissful) beata; (relig.: imparting bliss) beatiganta
  • beau n (dated: sweetheart) amoranto; amorozulo; (dated: dandy) dandio; (dated: ladies’ man) amoristulo; (dated: suitor) kurtezanto; kurtezero || adj beau monde l’eleganta mondumo
  • beauty n beleso || adj beautiful bela
  • beaver n (zool.: Castor) kastoro; beaver cloth kastorodrapo; beaver hat kastorochapelo
  • becalm vt haltigar; kalmigar
  • because conj (for the reason that) pro ke; (for, since, seeing as) nam; because of pro
  • beccafico n (zool.: Sylvia borin) bekafiko
  • bêche-de-mer n (zool.: Holothuroidea) holoturio
  • bechic adj (dated: cough-relieving) bechika
  • beck n (Brit.: brook) rivereto
  • beckon vt facar kaposigno ad; facar manusigno ad
  • becloud vt nubizar; velizar per nubi; (darken) obskurigar
  • become vi (come to be) divenar; -eskar; to become accustomed to kustumeskar ad; to become of divenar; what will become of me? quo esos mea fato ?; quo me divenos ? || vt (suit) esar apta; esar justa; fitar; konvenar; to ill become konvenar male, poke; sarcasm does not become you sarcasmo ne konvenas a vu || adj becoming (coming to be) divenanta, -inta; becoming wiser, he does better (la homo) divenanta plu saja agas plu bone | (decent) decanta; (suitable) apta; konvenanta; that dress is very becoming to her ta robo tre konvenas ad elu
  • bed n (furniture) lito; to be brought to bed akushesar; to be in bed esar enlitigita; bed canopy litocielo; to confine to bed enlitigar; to get out of bed deskushar su; to lie in bed restar en lito; to put to bed kushar; bed clothes litacesori; litkovrili; litkozi; bed frame litoframo; bed linens litlinji; bed ticking litkutio; bedspread litotapiso; bedbug (zool.: Cimex lectularius) cimo; bedcover litkovrilo; bedfellow kundormanto; kunkushanto; bedmaker (Brit.) chambrist(in)o; bedpan litpoto; bedpost litkolono; bedquilt litkovrilo; littegilo; bedroom dormochambro; bedsheet littuko; bedsore litulcero; bedspread litkovrilo; bedstead litoframo; bedtime dormhoro; kushhoro | (place to lie down) jaceyo; kusheyo; (place to sleep) dormeyo; (flowers, etc.) bedo; (foundation, base) bazo; fundamento; bedplate fonduroplako; bedrock bazala petro | (layer, deposit) depozajo; depozeyo; strato; (of river, lake, ocean) lito; talvego; bedding (blankets, sheets) litkovrili; (for animals) litiero || vt (flowers, etc.) enbedigar; plantacar
  • bedaub vt (lit.: smear) indut(ach)ar; (soil) sordidigar; (spot) makulizar
  • bedeck vt dekorar; ornar
  • bedel n (Brit.) bedelo
  • bedevil vt tormentar
  • bedew vt (lit.) rozizar
  • bedim vt (lit.) obskurigar
  • bedizen vt (lit.: decorate gaudily) dekorachar; ornachar; (lit.: dress gaudily) vestizachar
  • bedlam n tumulto; (archaic: insane asylum) dementerio
  • Bedouin n beduino
  • bedraggle vt desnetigar per tranado; fangizar per tranado || adj bedraggled fangizita (o humidigita, desnetigita) per/pro tranado
  • bee n (zool.: Anthophila) abelo; beehive abelkorbo; abeluyo; beesting abelpiko; beeswax abelvaxo; cerato blanka di abeli
  • beech n (bot.: Fagus) fago; beech nut fagofrukto; fagonuco; beech marten (zool.: Martes foina) fuino
  • beef n (cow flesh as food) bovkarno; beef tea (Brit.) bov(karn)buliono; beefsteak bifsteko | (grievance) plendo || vt to beef up (strengthen) plufortigar; it’s never too early to start beefing up your obituary esas nultempe tro frua por komencar plufortigar sua nekrologo || adj beefy bovatra; muskuloza
  • beer n biro; beer glass birglaso; beer house (Brit. hist.) bir(vend)eyo
  • beet n (bot.: Beta) beto; (bot.: Beta vulgaris) betravo
  • beetle n (zool.: Coleoptera) koleoptero; (mallet) lignomartelego || vi (overhang threateningly) saliar minace; superpendar minace || adj beetle-browed kun dika brovi (qui surpendas o salias)
  • befall vt (lit.) eventar ad
  • befit vt decar ad; konvenar ad
  • befog vt nebulizar; (fig.) konfuzigar
  • before prep (place) avan; [in the presence of] koram; (time) ante; before Christ ante Kristo (a.K.); before long balde; before now ante nun | (in comparison) prefere kam; (order) ante || adj (prior) antea; priora || adv (place) avane; (time) antee; before mentioned antee mencionita | (already) ja; (not before, not until, only then) erste; beforehand antee; de ante; (early) frue
  • befoul vt desnetigar; sordidigar; (corrupt) koruptar
  • befriend vt (become friends with) amikeskar kun; (favor) favorar; (dated: help) helpar
  • beg vt (implore) implorar; pregar; suplikar; he begged me to kill him il suplikis me ocidar ilu; (ask for earnestly or humbly) implorar por; pregar por; suplikar por; to beg forgiveness suplikar por pardono | [alms] mendikar; (ask formally for) demandar; I beg to inform you me havas la honoro informar vu; to beg pardon demandar pardono; to beg the question (evade the issue) evitar la punto, la problemo; (presuppose the truth of an unproven point) presupozar la pruvotajo; to beggar exhaustar; povrigar; ruinar || n beggar (mendicant) mendikanto, -ero, -isto; beggary mendikado; mendikereso; povregeso || adj beggarly (deplorably bad) mizeroza; (petty) meskina
  • beget vt (lit.: bring into existence through reproduction) naskigar; parturar; [as the father] genitar; (lit.: give rise to) efektigar; -ifar; produktar
  • begin vt (perform or undergo the first part of an action; constitute the first part of something) -eskar; komencar; to begin upon entamar; (initiate) iniciar || n beginner debutanto; komencanto; novico; beginning komenco; from the beginning de komence; in the beginning komenc(ant)e | (origin) fonto; origino
  • begone inter (lit.) departez !; for !; forirez !
  • begonia n (bot.: Begonia) begonio
  • begrudge vt (envy the possession of) envidiar (ulu pri ulo, ulo ad ulu); (give reluctantly or resentfully) donar rankore, kontrevole
  • beguile vt (charm) charmar; (deceive) trompar; (dated: while away) pasar (la tempo)
  • Beguine vt (nun) begino
  • behalf n intereso; on behalf of en la nomo di; por (l’interesto, l’avantajo, e.c.)
  • behave vi (well or badly) kondutar; to behave toward traktar (ulu) || n behavior konduto; manieri
  • behead vt kaptranchar; senkapigar
  • behest n (lit.) impero
  • behind prep (in space) dop; Behind the Green Door Dop la verda pordo | [beyond] preter; (in time, order) pos; those behind us in technology li pos ni pri teknologio; (supporting) suportanta; the corporation behind the bill la korporaciono suportanta la legoprojeto || n (buttocks) sedo || adj behindhand tarda || adv (in space) dope; it came from behind lu venis de dope; not to be left behind por ne restar dope; (in time, order) pose; [late] tarde; behind with tard(eskint)a (pri, por ulo)
  • behold vt (archaic, lit.) regardar; vidar; behold! regardez !; videz !; yen ! || adj beholden to debar; obligesar ad
  • behoove adj (be incumbent on) esar devo di; (befit) konvenar ad
  • beige adj beja
  • belay vt fixigar; ligar; (naut.: stop) belay that! cesez to !
  • belch vi (burp) ruktar
  • beldam n (archaic: crone) oldinacho
  • beleaguer vt siejar
  • belemnite n (zool.: Belemnoidea) belemnito
  • belfry n kloshturmo
  • Belgium n Belgia; Belgian Belgo
  • belie vt (prove false) dementiar; (contradict) kontredicar; (misrepresent) false reprezentar
  • belief n (acceptance that something is true or exists) kred(aj)o; past belief nekredebla | (opinion) opiniono
  • believe vt kredar; (opine) opinionar || adj believable kredebla; kredinda; probabla
  • belittle vt minvalorigar
  • Belize n Belize
  • bell n (inverted cup-like object that sounds a clear musical note when struck) klosho; to ring the bell kloshsonigar | [small bell, as of a house] klosheto; [without a clapper, struck from outside, as on a clock] timbro; bell pull kloshokordono; bell steeple kloshturmo; bell-ringer kloshsonigisto | (small, round, with ball inside, as a sleigh bell) sonalio || adj bell-shaped kloshatra; kloshforma
  • belladonna n (bot.: Atropa belladonna) beladono
  • belle n belino (chefa)
  • bellflower n (bot.: Campanula) kampanulo
  • bellicose adj kombatema; militema
  • belligerent adj (warlike) atakema; militema; (at war) (inter)militanta; (quarrelsome) disputema
  • bellow vi (make a deep, loud roar) mujar; [animals] bramar; (make inarticulate noise) kriegar; (words) klam(eg)ar || n bellows (forj)suflilo
  • belly n (anat.) ventro; (paunch) grosa ventro; (sci.) abdomino; (rumen) pancho; bellyache gastralgio; ventrodoloro; bellyband [of children] ventrozono; [of horses] subventra rimeno; bellyful ventredo || vi to belly out bufar
  • belong vi apartenar || n belongings apartenaji; posedaji || adj belonging apartenanta
  • beloved adj afecionata; amata; kar(eg)a; (romantically) amorata
  • below prep (underneath) sub; (in rank, etc.) inferiora ad; (unworthy of) ne valoranta; nedigna de || adv (underneath) sube; (at the bottom) base; infre; (further down on the same general level) advale
  • belt n zono; (leather strap) rimeno || vt (put a belt on) zonizar; (encircle, gird) zonizar
  • belvedere n belvedero
  • bemire vt (archaic: cover with mud) fangizar; (archaic: stick in mud) enfangigar
  • bemoan vt jemar pri; lamentar pri; plendar pri
  • bench n (long wooden seat) benko; (workman’s table) labortablo; (jur.) [judge’s seat] judiciala sidilo; judicieyo; [judges collectively] judiciistaro; [tribunal] korto; tribunalo; (raised bank) bermo
  • bend vt (curve or angle something straight) kurvigar; [arch] arkigar; [brows] frunsar; kontraktar; [head, body] inklinar; [limb, joint] flexar; (direct, apply) [efforts, energy] direktar; [oneself] aplikar su; (subdue) domtar || vi kurveskar; (head, body) to bend down inklinar | (limb, joint) flexar || n (of a road, river, etc.) kudo; (sinuosity) sinuo; bent (natural talent or inclination) -emeso; inklin(es)o; talento; tendenco || adj bent (curve-shaped) hokatra; kurva; (sharply curved or having an angle) flexita; (tilted) inklinata; (determined to do or have something) to be bent on doing something aspirar facar; obstinar facar; serchar facar
  • beneath prep (next under) sub; (in rank, etc.) inferiora ad; (unworthy of) ne valoranta; nedigna de || adv (next under something) sube; (at a lower level) infre
  • benedick n (or “benedict”; rare) nova spozulo
  • Benedictine n (monk) benediktano; (liqueur) benediktanoliquoro; Benedictine convent kunvento di benediktani
  • benediction n benediko; to pronounce benediction on benedikar
  • benefaction n (donation) donacajo; (good deed) bonfaco; benefactor bonfacanto, -emo, -ero
  • benefice n benefico; beneficiary beneficiero || adj beneficial (advantageous) avantajoza; profitoza; utila; (beneficent) bonfacanta; (healthful) salutara
  • beneficent adj bonfacanta, -ema, -era; (remedy) bonefikanta || n beneficence bonfacado; bonfacemeso
  • benefit n (advantage) avantajo; profito; (help) helpo; benefit performance benefico || vt avantajizar; helpar; plubonigar || vi ganar; profitar
  • benevolent adj bonvolanta; bonvoloza; (beneficent) bonfacanta, -ema, -era; (of institutions) karitatema; karitatoza || n benevolence bonvolo
  • Bengal n Bengal; Bengal finch (zool.: Lonchura striata domestica) Bengalucelo; Bengalese Bengalano
  • benighted adj (ignorant) [knowing nothing] nulsavanta; [not knowing] nesavanta
  • benign adj (kind; mild) benigna
  • Benin n Benin
  • benison n (lit.) benediko
  • benumb vt torporigar; (from cold) frostetigar
  • benzene n benzeno
  • benzine n benzino
  • benzoate n (chem.) benzoato
  • benzoic acid n (chem.) benzoatacido
  • benzoin n (bot.) benzo
  • benzol n benzolo
  • bequeath vt legacar
  • bequest n legac(aj)o
  • berate vt reprimandegar
  • Berber n Berbero
  • bereave vt privacar || n bereavement (loss) perdo; (sorrow) chagreno
  • beret n beredo
  • bergamot n (bot.: Citris bergamia) [tree] bergamotiero; [extract] bergamotesenco; [fruit] bergamoto
  • berkelium n (chem.: Bk) berkelio
  • berlin n (carriage) berlino
  • berm n bermo
  • Bermuda n Bermudi
  • berry n (bot.) bero || adj berry-producing berifanta
  • berth n (anchorage place) ankrageyo; [for ship at dock] dokplaso; warfplaso; (fixed bed on a ship, train, etc.) kabinetlito; navlito; (position in an organization or event) ofico; plaso; to give a wide berth pasar fore; tenar ye disto fore || vt (anchor, moor) ankragar
  • beryl n (min.) berilo
  • beryllium n (chem.: Be) berilio
  • beseech vt (lit.) implorar; suplikar
  • beseem vt (archaic) konvenar ad
  • beset vt (attack) asaltar (sencese); (besiege) siejar; (surround) cernar; cirkondar
  • beside prep (at the side of) apud; beside oneself (with anger) fola (pro iraco) | (in addition to) ultre; (apart from) aparte de; ecepte; exter; (in comparison to) kompare ad; what is that beside victory? quo esas to kompare a vinko ?; besides (in addition to) ultre; besides Hello Kitty: Island Adventure, he also plays World of Warcraft ultre Hello Kitty : Island Adventure, il ludas anke per World of Warcraft || adv besides (moreover) cetere; plue; pluse; it’s a silly language, and besides, no one speaks it ol esas linguo stulta, e pluse, nulu parolas olu
  • besiege vt siejar
  • besmear vt (bedaub) indutar; (lit.: besmirch) fangizar; sordidigar; striizachar
  • besmirch vt deshonorizar; fangizar; sordidigar; striizachar
  • besmut vt karbonizar
  • besom n vergbalayilo
  • besotted adj brutigita; foligita; stupidigita; stuporigita
  • bespatter vt fangizar; makulizar; spricizar
  • bespeak vt (indicate) indikar; (order in advance) prekomendar || adj bespoke (Brit.: made to order) facita segun komendo
  • besprinkle vt (lit.: with liquids) arozar; (lit.: with seeds) dissemar; trasemar
  • Bessarabia n (hist.) Besarabia
  • best adj maxim bona; to have the best of it havar l’avantajo (o profito); to put the best construction on donar la maxim bona senco ad; to think it best judikar, ke esas (plu) saja; best man (at a wedding) honorkompan(ul)o || adv maxim bone; I like it best of all me maxime prizas ita || n la maxim bon(aj)o; lo maxim bona; to act for the best agar maxim bone (posible); at best admaxime; the best of the way la plu granda parto dil voyo; it’s all for the best omno esas (o standas) maxim bone (posible); to the best of my ability facar (od agar) segun posibleso; to the best of my knowledge segun mea savo (o konoco); to the best of my recollection segun quante me povas (ri)memorar || vt (defeat) ganar l’avantajo relate; vinkar
  • bestial adj bestiala; bestiatra || n bestiality bestialeso; brutaleso; (sexual intercourse between man and animal) zoofilio
  • bestiarius n (hist.) bestiario
  • bestir vt (oneself) esforcar; moveskar su
  • bestow vt (as a gift) donacar; (confer) grantar; (give) donar; to bestow a favor facar favoro, servo (ad ulu)
  • bestrew vt (lit.) dissemar; trasemar
  • bestride vt sidar kavalke sur; stacar kun gambi forkatre, eskartita; (fig.: dominate) dominacar
  • bet vt pariar; he bet €1,000 that the world would end in 2012 il pariis 1.000 € ke la mondo cesos en 2012; to bet for/against something pariar por/kontre ulo
  • betake vt (lit.) to betake oneself irar ad
  • betel n (bot.: Piper betle) betelo; [chewable stimulant] betelajo
  • bethink vt to bethink oneself (archaic: remind) (ri)memorigar su
  • betide vi (lit.) eventar || vt (lit.) eventar ad
  • betimes adv (lit.) fru(temp)e
  • betoken vt (lit.) esar signo/averto di; indikar; signifikar
  • beton n (concrete) betono
  • betony n (bot.: Stachys officinalis) betonio
  • betray vt (play false) trahizar; (inform on) denuncar; (reveal) revelar || n betrayal perfidajo; trahizo
  • better adj plu bona; better and better sempre plu bona; better late than never plu bona tarde kam nultempe; to get better pluboneskar; (of health) konvalecar; risaneskar || adv plu bone; all the better that tale plu bone ke; better off en plu bona situeso; so much the better tante plu bone || n la plu bono; lo plu bona; (in rank) superioro; betters superiori; to get the better of ganar l’avantajo relate; vinkar; in lack of better en manko di (ulo) plu bona; betterment (plu)bonigo || vt plubonigar
  • between prep (time, space) inter; between times intertempe; ye intervali || n between decks interferdeko || adv to be in between interjacar; to come between intereventar; interkurar; intervenar; to place between interpozar
  • betwixt prep (archaic: between) inter
  • bevel n bizelo || vt bizelizar
  • beverage n drinkajo
  • bevy n grupo; trupo
  • bewail vt lamentar pri; plorar pri
  • beware vi (be cautious and alert to the dangers of) gardar su; (distrust) desfidar
  • bewilder vt konfuzigar; perplexigar
  • bewitch vt (cast a spell on) sorcar; (fascinate, spellbind) facinar; (charm, delight) charmar || adj bewitching charm(eg)anta; ravisanta; ravisiva
  • beyond prep (in space) [further than] preter; he lives a little beyond the church il habitas kelke preter la kirko; ten miles beyond London dek milii preter London | [on the other side of] trans; beyond the sea trans la maro; (in time) pos; beyond the hour pos la horo; (apart from) ecepte; ultre; (surpassing, exceeding) super; beyond all praise super omna laud(ad)o; beyond measure nemezurebla; beyond one’s means (beyond one’s income) he lives beyond his means il spensas plu multo kam sua revenuo; beyond reach neatingebla || adv (across, on the other side) transe; (besides, in addition) pluse; ultre; (further off) plu distante; plu fore; (past) pretere
  • bezel n kastono
  • bezique n bezigo
  • bezoar n (bio.) bezoaro
  • biannual adj (occurring twice a year) miyarala
  • bias vt influar; inklinar; predispozar || adj biased predispozita; (partisan) partisema
  • bib n bavotuko
  • Bible n biblo || adj Biblical biblala; Biblical passage biblocitajo
  • bibliography n bibliografio; bibliographer bibliografiisto || adj bibliographic bibliografiala
  • bibliomania n bibliomanio; bibliomaniac bibliomaniko
  • bibliophile n bibliofilo
  • bibulous adj (formal: person) drinkema; (formal: thing) absorbema; absorbiva
  • bicephalous adj bikapa
  • biceps n (anat.) bicepso
  • bicker vi disputachar; let’s not bicker and argue over who killed who ni ne disputez e diskutachez pri qua ocidis qua
  • bicolored adj bikolora
  • biconcave adj bikonkava
  • bicornous adj bikorna
  • bicuspid adj bikuspida
  • bicycle n biciklo; (tall, old-fashioned) biciklego; bycyclist biciklero; biciklisto || vi biciklirar
  • bid vt [price for something] ofrar; (say) dicar; to bid farewell adiar | (archaic: invite) invitar; (archaic: order) imperar; (mil.) komandar || vi to bid for aucionar; (tender for a public contract) submisionar || n (at auction, etc.) ofro
  • bide vi (archaic: wait; remain, stay) restar; (archaic: dwell) lojar || vt (archaic: await) vartar; to bide one’s time vartar paciente | (archaic: endure) tolerar
  • bidentate adj bidenta
  • bidet n bideto
  • biennial adj (happening every two years) duyarala; (lasting two years) duyara
  • bier n mortkamilo
  • bifurcate vi bifurkar || n bifurcation (act) bifurko; (place) bifurkeyo || adj bifurcated bifurkita; forkatra
  • big adj (of considerable size, extent, or intensity) granda; to make bigger plugrandigar | [bulky] masiva; [pregnant] (archaic) gravida; [thick] dika; a big woman grosa muliero | [thick and long] grosa; big-bellied ventroza; big-breasted mamega; mamoza | (generous) jeneroza; (of considerable importance or seriousness) grava || n bigness grandeso
  • bigamy n bigameso; bigamist bigamo || adj bigamous bigama
  • bight n (geog.) [of a river] riverflexo; riversinuo; (small bay) bayeto
  • bigot n bigoto; piacho
  • bilateral adj bilatera
  • bilberry n (bot.: Vaccinium myrtillus) [fruit] mirtelo; [shrub] mirteliero
  • bile n bilo || adj biliary (med.) bilala; bilious biloza
  • bilge n (naut.) bilgo; (nonsense) sensencajo; (of a barrel) barelventro
  • bilingual adj bilingua
  • bilk vt eskrokar
  • bill n (invoice) fakturo; kalkulo; bill payable on sight fakturo pagenda ye vido; bills payable fakturi pagenda; receipted bill fakturo (o bilieto) quitigita; billhead fakturokapo | (account) konto; bills payable konti pagenda | (banknote) bilieto; bill broker bilietokurtajisto; diskontisto; bill of credit letro di kredito; bill payable on demand bileto pagenda ye prizento; bill payable to bearer bilieto pagenda al portanto; to make bill payable to facar bilieto (o trato) pagenda ad | (declaration) atesto; deklaro; bill of divorce edikto di divorco; bill of entry dogandeklarajo (od atestajo) (di komercaji); bill of health atesto di salubreso; bill of rights deklaro di yuri | (draft of a law) legoprojeto; to pass a bill votar legoprojeto (od edikto); to throw out a bill forjetar (o refuzar) legoprojeto | (draft, bill of exchange) kambioletro; trato; to draw a bill on tratar | (list) listo; bill of costs (Brit.) legala kusti; spensokonto; bill of fare (dated) menuo; bill of lading konosmento | (notice) afisho; post no bills afishi interdiktita; billboard afisheyo; afishtabelo; billposter afishisto; billposting afishglutin(ad)o; afishig(ad)o; handbill anuncofolio | (zool.: beak) beko; billhook (tool) serpo || vt (com.) [person] fakturizar; [sum] enfakturigar
  • billet n (mil.) lojbilieto; (firewood) leni(et)o; lignoblok(et)o; billet-doux amorletro || vt (mil.) akantonar || vi lojar
  • billiards n (game) biliardo
  • billion card (10⁹) miliard; A million dollars isn’t cool. You know what’s cool? A billion dollars. Milion dolari ne impresas. Ka vi savas quo impresas ? Miliard dolari.
  • billow n ondego; to rise in billows ondifar || adj billowy ond(eg)oza
  • billy n (club) mazo; billy witch (zool.: Melolontha) melolonto
  • bilobate adj (bot.) biloba
  • bimanous adj (bio.) bimanua
  • bimetallic adj bimetala; bimetallism (hist.) bimetalismo
  • bimonthly adj (occurring every two months) dumonata; (occurring twice a month) mimonata
  • bin n kofro; -uyo; wine bin vinuyo
  • binary adj binara
  • bind vt (tie) kordizar; kordligar; ligar; to bind fast ligar ferme; to bind together kunligar | [with a strap] gurtizar; gurtligar; [with bandage] bandajizar; [with chains] katenizar; katenligar; [with strips of paper, etc.] bendizar; bendligar; (fix together and enclose in a cover) [books] (karton)bindar; (hold together) koherigar; [unite] unionar; (impose an obligation on) [compel] koaktar; obligar; [cramp] konstriktar; [hinder] impedar; jenar; [indenture an apprentice] obligar ulu kom aprentiso; [jur.] to bind over obligar aparar (o prezentar su) (per kortala edikto); obligar pagar (per kortala edikto) || n (dilemma) dilemo; embarasita stando; bindweed (bot.: Convolvulus) konvolvulo; binder (of books) bindisto; bindery binderio; (leather) binding (books) (ledra) binduro || adj binding (obligatory) obligata; bound up (in a subject) absorbata
  • binnacle n (compass box) busolobuxo; habitaklo
  • binocular adj binokulara || n binoculars binoklo
  • binomial n binomio || adj binomiala
  • biochemist n biokemiisto; biochemistry biokemio
  • biodynamics n biodinamiko
  • biogenesis n biogenezo
  • biography n biografio; biographer biografiisto || adj biographical biografiala
  • biology n biologio; biologist biologiisto
  • biomass n biomaso
  • bionic adj bionikala || n bionics bioniko
  • biophysics n biofiziko
  • biopsy n biopsio
  • biorhythm n bioritmo
  • biosphere n biosfero
  • biotechnology n bioteknologio
  • bipartisan adj dupartisala; dupartisana
  • bipartite adj duparta || n bipartition dupartigo
  • biped n bipedo || adj bipedal bipeda
  • biplane n biplano
  • biquadrate n (math) biquadrato || adj (math) biquadrata
  • birch n (bot.: Betula) birko; birchwood birkoligno | (rod) vergo || vt vergagar
  • bird n (zool.: Aves) ucelo; as the bird flies ucelire; to kill two birds with one stone facar du kozi per una stroko; bird nest (ucelo)nesto; bird of paradise paradizucelo; bird of prey ucelo raptera; bird’s eye view ucelvido; vido desupre; birdie flugbalono; birdlime arborgluo
  • bireme n (hist.) biremo
  • biretta n bireto
  • birth n (emergence of a baby from its mother’s body) [act of being born] nasko; blind from birth naske blinda | [begetting] genito; [parturition] parturo; to give birth to naskigar; parturar; birthday naskodio; birthmark naskocikatro; naskomakulo; (mole) nevuso; birthplace naskeyo; naskolando; naskoloko; birthright heredyuro; senioresyuro; birthwort (bot.: Aristolochia) aristolochio | (origin) komenco; origino
  • Biscay n Biskaya
  • biscuit n (small cake of shortened bread leavened with baking soda) paneto; (Brit.: crisp wafer) bisquito
  • bisect vt bisekar
  • bisexual adj bisexuala; (bio.) bisexua
  • bishop n (relig., chess) episkopo; bishop’s chair episkopokatedro
  • bismuth n (chem.: Bi) bismuto
  • bison n (zool.: Bison bison) bizono
  • bisque n (soup) bisko
  • bissextle adj bisextila
  • bister n (pigment) bistro
  • bistoury n bisturio
  • bisulfate n (chem.) bisulfato
  • bisulfite n (chem.) bisulfito
  • bit n (small piece or part of something) pec(et)o; bit by bit pec(et)ope; pokope; every bit integro; omna parti; not a bit tote ne; not a bit of dignity tote nula respektindeso; not a bit tired tote ne fatigita | (binary digit) bito; bitcoin () bitmoneto | (horse’s) morso; to take the bit between one’s teeth furieskar | (mouthful) bokedo; (tool) borilo
  • bitch n (female dog) hundino
  • bite vt (use teeth to cut into something) mordar; to bite off demordar | (chew) mastikar; (pinch) pinchar; (snap at) snapar; (sting) pikar || vi (be duped) dupeskar; (fish) mordar || n (act) mordo; (result) morduro; (mouthful) bokedo; (of a tool) mordo || adj biting (literal, fig.) mordanta; mordema; (fig.) bitra; kaustika; pikanta
  • Bithynia n (hist.) Bitinia
  • bitt n (naut.) bito
  • bitter adj bitra; bitter as gall bitra quale bilo; to make bitter bitrigar; bitter almonds (bot.: Prunus dulcis var. amara, et al.) bitra mandeli; bitter vetch (bot.: Vicia ervilia) ervo; bittersweet akradolca || adv to cry bitterly bitre plorar || n (something bitter, esp. beer) bitrajo; bittercress (bot.: Cardamine) kardamino; bittersweet (bot.: Solanum dulcamara) dulkamaro; bitterness bitreso
  • bittern n (zool.: Botaurinae) butoro
  • bitumen n bitumo || adj bituminous bituma, -ala, -atra, -oza; bituminous coal bitumoza karbono; terkarbono
  • bivalve n bivalvo || adj bivalva
  • bivouac n bivakeyo || vi bivakar
  • biweekly adj (every two weeks) dusemana; (twice a week) misemana
  • bizarre adj bizara; stranja
  • blab vt (divulge) divulgar || vi (gossip) babilar
  • black adj (of color) nigra; black currant (Brit.: blackcurrant — bot.: Ribes nigrum) kasiso; black letter gotika litero; black locust (bot.: Robinia pseudoacacia) robinio; black oak (bot.: Quercus velutina) quercitrono; black pudding sangosociso; Black Sea Nigra Maro; deep black nigrega; to dye black nigrizar; tintar nigre; (livid) black and blue livida; black eye kontuzita okulo; (archaic: evil) black arts nekromancio; blackguardly (dated) grosiera; insultoza; kanalia || adv to look black at regardar desfavore || n (color) nigro; (person) negro; blackberry (bot.: Rubus) [fruit] rovbero; [shrub] rovo; blackbird (zool.: Turdus merula) merlo; blackboard nigra tabelo; blackdamp explozgaso; karbongaso; mefito; blackguard (dated) grosierego; kanalio; raskalo; blackhead komedono; blacklead grafito; blacksmith forjisto; blackthorn (bot.: Prunus spinosa) pruneliero; blacking cirajo; blackness nigreso || vt (blacken) nigrigar; (damage or destroy) to black the character of denigrar; (polish) cirajizar; (put black on) nigrizar; to blacken nigrigar; to blackball refuzar per voti; repulsar per voti; to blackguard insult(eg)ar; invektivachar; to blackmail extorsar || vi to blacken nigreskar
  • bladder n veziko; bladder senna (bot.: Colutea arborescens) [shrub] koluteo; bladdernut (bot.: Staphylea) [fruit] stafilo; [shrub] stafiliero
  • blade n (of a knife, sword) lamo; (flat portion) platajo; (of a propellor) alo; (of an oar, paddle-wheel) paleto; (of grass, etc.) stipeto; (of straw) festuko; (dated: gallant) galantulo; (gaya) kerlo
  • blague n jokmentio
  • blame vt blamar || n (act) blamo; (fault) kulpo || adj blamable blamebla; blaminda; kulpinta; kulpoza; blameless inocenta; neblamebla; senkulpa
  • blanch vt blankigar; paligar; (hort.) etiolar || vi blankeskar; paleskar
  • blancmange n kremojeleo
  • bland adj insipida
  • blandish vt flat(ach)ar || n blandishment flat(ach)(ad)o
  • blank adj (bare, empty, or plain) nuda; vakua; [cartridge] senkugla; [paper] senskribura; [fig.] blanka; (complete, absolute, unmixed) [despair, refusal] absoluta; (showing incomprehension or no reaction) senexpresa; vakua; blank verse senrima verso || n (cartridge) kartocho sen kuglo; (in lotteries) vakua bilieto
  • blanket n (for bed) lana kovrilo || vt envelopar; envolvar
  • blare vi sonar laute; sonegar
  • blarney n flatacho; flatego || vt flatachar; flategar; parolar flatoze / flatachante ad
  • blasé adj blazita; to be blasé blazesar
  • blaspheme vi blasfemar || n blasphemy blasfemo || adj blasphemous blasfemoza
  • blast n (explosion) [of bomb] exploz(eg)o; [of gun] paf(eg)o; (gust of wind or air) strokego di vento; suflego; blast engine suflomashino; blast furnace fornego | (blare) sonego; (informal: reprimand) reprimandego; reprochego || vt (by lightning, excommunication) fulminar; (destroy) destruktar; ruinar; (rend) fendar; (informal: reprimand) reprimandegar; reprochegar; (lit.: wither or blight) velkigar || vi (explode) [bomb] exploz(eg)ar; [gun] paf(eg)ar; (gust) suflegar; (blare) sonegar
  • blastema n (bot.) blastemo
  • blatant adj evidenta; flagranta
  • blaze n fairo; flagro; flamego; (of buildings) incendio; (shine) brilo || vt (mark or cut a path) markizar; (proclaim) proklamar; publikigar || vi brular; flagrar; to blaze up flameskar; flamifar; (be ardent) ardorar; (shine) brilar; (shoot continuously) pafadar; pafar kontinue
  • blazon vt proklamar || n (armorial bearings) blazono
  • bleach vt (see “blanch”)
  • bleak adj glaciatra; kolda; (prospect) dezolanta; dezoliva; (without shelter) senshirma || n (zool.: Alburnus, Chalcalburnus) ableto
  • blear vt (archaic) nebulizar || adj bleary nebuloza; bleary-eyed nebulokula
  • bleat vi (re any animal) bramar; (cow) mujar; (sheep) mutonbramar
  • bleed vi (lose blood) sangifar; to bleed from the nose sangifar del nazo; to bleed to death mortar de sangekfluo; (of fluid) [flow out] ekfluar; [leak out] likar; [seep out] exudar || vt (draw blood from) sangtirar; to bleed someone tirar sango de ulu; veinsekar ulu | (leak) likar || n bleeding sangifado; (hemorrhage) sangekfluo || adj bleeding heart kordio afliktita / chagrenanta
  • blemish n defekto; deformuro; lezajo; neperfektajo; (moral) deshonor(aj)o; (stain) makulo || vt (damage) domajar; (stain, etc.) makulizar
  • blend vt (inter)mixar; kunfuzar
  • blende n (sphalerite) blendo
  • bless vt benedikar; bless my soul! Deo benedikez me !; ho ! ho !; to bless oneself facar la krucosigno || n blessing benediko || adj blessed (beatific) beata; blessed are the cheesemakers beata esas la fromajifisti | (endowed) fortunoze dotita; to be blessed with esar fortunoze dotita per; havar la feliceso di; havar la fortuno di; juar | (fortunate) felica; (Virgin, etc.) santa
  • bletonism n (dowsing) hidroskopio; bletonist hidroskopo
  • blight n (plant disease) golpo; rusto; (wilt) velko; (plague) pesto || vt (afflict with plant disease) rustizar; (wither) velkigar; (plague) pestizar; (ruin) ruinar
  • blind adj (unable to see) blinda; to become blind blindeskar; blind person blindo; born blind naske blinda; an eye for an eye makes the whole world blind okulo pro okulo igas la tota mondo blinda; [lacking in perception, awareness, or discernment] blind enthusiasm blinda entuziasmo; blind loyalty blinda loyaleso; (closed or concealed) blind alley sakostrad(et)o || n (for window) storo; Venetian blind jelozio | [shutter] shutro; Persian blind persieno; (means of concealing one’s real intentions) subterfujo; (of a carriage) postigo; (screen) shirmilo; blindman’s bluff blindludo; blinder (of a horse) okulklapo; okulshirmilo; blindness blindeso || vt (render unable to see) blindigar; to blindfold bandajizar l’okuli; (dazzle) she blinded me with science! el dazlis me per cienco !
  • blink vi (shut and open the eyes quickly) palpebragar; (sparkle) cintilifar
  • bliss n (blessedness) beateso; (great happiness) felicegeso || adj blissful felicega
  • blister n (on skin) ampulo; (vesicle) veziketo || vt veziketigar || vi veziketeskar
  • blithe adj (happy or joyous) gaya; joyoza
  • blizzard n nivegoza tempesto
  • bloat vt bufigar; inflar || vi bufar; inflesar || adj bloated bufanta; inflita
  • block n (solid piece of hard material) bloko (ligna, fera, papra, e.c.); wooden block, block of wood lignobloko; (firewood) leni(et)o | [for hats, etc.] chapelformacilo, -muldilo; (obstacle) blockade blokuso; blockhouse blokhauso | (pulley) pulio || vt (obstruct) [block up, block off] barar; obstruktar; [blockade] blokusar; [burden or clutter] inkombrar; [hinder] impedar; (shape or reshape a hat) formacar; muldar
  • blog n blogo
  • blond(e) adj blonda || n blonde blondino; blondness blondeso
  • blood n (bio.) sango; blood heat animalkaloro; sangovarmeso; varmeso di sango; blood poisoning (med.) septicemio; blood red karnoredo; blood vessel sangovaskulo; to draw blood (med.) tirar la sango; rush of blood to the head acenso (od aceso) di sango a (en) la kapo (o cerebro); to spit blood sangosputar; bloodhound chas-hundo; bloodletting (med.) veinoseko; bloodstone hermitato; bloodsucker sanguisugo | (family background; lineage) parenteso; raso; blood horse kavalo di bona raso; kavalo di pura sango; next of blood (maxim) proxima parento; to run in the blood preexistar en la raso, la parenteso | (temperament; state of the passions) temperamento; bad blood enemikeso; in cold blood en (dum) sangokalmeso, -koldeso; in hot blood ecitite; en (dum) iracego; to make one’s blood run cold glaciagar la sango; terorigar; to stir one’s blood emocigar su | (violence involving bloodshed) sango; bloodguilt krimino di ocido; bloodshed ekfluo di sango; varso di sango | (dated, Brit.: gallant) eleganto; galanto || adj bloodless (pale) pala; (without violence or bloodshed) nesangoza; sensanga; bloody sangoza; blood-red karnoreda; bloodshot injektizita; bloodthirsty kruela; sangoamanta; sangodurstanta
  • bloom n (flower) floro; (time of beauty, freshness, and vigor) in the full bloom of youth en la floro di yuneso || vi florifar
  • blossom n floro; to shed blossoms senfloreskar; (bud) burjono || vi florifar; (bud) burjonifar
  • blot n (spot, stain; fig.) makulo; (ink spot) inkmakulo; blotting paper absorbiva papero || vt (mark or stain) makulizar; (blacken) nigrigar; (dirty) desnetigar; fangizar; sordidigar; (discredit) deskreditizar; (disgrace) deshonorizar; (dry with absorbent material) sikigar; to blot out (darken) obskurigar; (efface) efacar; (exterminate) exterminar; (obscure) celar; to blot up (dry) sikigar
  • blotch n makulo; (on skin) erupt(ur)o; makulo || vt makulizar || adj blotchy makuloza; (with rosacea) kuperosika
  • blouse n (woman’s) korsajo; (soldier’s) tuniko; (workman’s, peasant’s) bluzo
  • blow vi (create an air current) suflar; the wind is blowing la vento suflas; to blow hot and cold vacilar | (be windy) ventar; it’s blowing ventas; it’s blowing a gale tempestas | (expel air) suflar; You do know how to whistle, don’t you? Just put your lips together and blow. Vu ya savas siflar, ka no ? Nur kunigez la labii e suflez.; to blow on one’s coffee suflar (a) sua kafeo | (explode) explozar; (of wind instrument) sonar; (pant) anhelar; (archaic: bloom) florifar; to blow over [storm] preterpasar || vt (propel air through) [one’s nose] mungar su; [wind instrument] sonigar; (inflate) inflar; (propel with air) suflar; (bungle) fushar; to blow away [wind + leaves, trash, etc.] forpulsar; to blow down abatar (per vento); renversar (per vento); to blow out eksuflar; [brains] pafar ye la kapo; [candle] extingar || n (act of blowing) suflo; (powerful stroke) frapo; [with a fist] pugnofrapo; [with a stick] batonfrapo; (misfortune) desfortun(aj)o; at one blow per un sola stroko; to come to blows kombateskar; exchange of blows interbatado; knock-down blow falfrapo; return blow refrapo; retrofrapo | (strong wind) tempesto; ventego; (zool.: fly eggs) ovaro di musho; (informal: cocaine) kokaino; (archaic: bloom) florif(ad)o; blowfly (zool.: Calliphoridae) karnomusho; blowgun serbatano; blowpipe (tool) shalmo
  • blowsy adj desneta
  • blubber n graso; (of whale) balenlardo || vi (cry) plorachar
  • bludgeon n asomilo || vt asomar; bastonegagar
  • blue adj (of color) blua; (clear blue) klarblua; (dark blue) obskurablua; (livid) livida; (sky-blue, azure) azura; cielblua; (ultramarine) ultramarea; bluish bluatra; bluema | (depressed) melankolioza; trista; Blue Peter (nav.) departsignalflago || n (color) bluo; [blueness] blueso; bluing bluajo; blukolorizilo; bluebell (bot.: Campanula) kampanulo; bluebottle (bot.: Centaurea cyanus) aciano; bluestocking pedantino || vt bluigar; blutintar; (linens) bluetigar || vi blueskar
  • bluff n (deception) fanfarono; bluffer fanfaronanto, -ero | (escarpment) [sloping] eskarpajo; [steep] abruptajo; (headland) promontorio (abrupta) || vi fanfaronar || adj (brusque) bruska
  • blunder n (stupid or careless mistake) asnalajo; (egregious mistake) eroracho; erorego; (fault) kulpo; (misstep) mispazo; (mix-up) quiproquo || vi (grope along) tastar
  • blunderbuss n (hist.) eskopeto; funelfusilo
  • blunt adj (not sharp) obtuza; senpinta; (outspoken) abrupta; bruska; senceremonia || vt (dull) obtuzigar; senpintigar; (weaken) amortisar
  • blur vt nebulizar || adj blurred nebulizita; blurry desneta; nebulatra; nebuloza; nedicernebla; neklara
  • Blu-ray disk n Blu-ray-disko
  • blurt vt dicar senpense (o nereflekteme, subite)
  • blush vi (vango)redeskar; (feel embarrassed, ashamed) shamar || n (vango)redesko; (vango)redkoloro; to put to blush (shame) shamigar
  • bluster vi fanfaron(ach)ar; furiar; rodomonteksar; simular audaco; (winds) bruisar; tempestar; ventegar || n blusterer bravacho; fanfaronanto, -ero; rodomonto || adj blusterous tumultoza
  • boa n (zool.: Boidae) boao; (garment) boafuro
  • boar n (zool.: Sus scrofa) apro; (zool.: male pig) porkulo
  • board n (long, thin, flat piece of wood or other hard material) planko; [cardboard] kartono; the boards (informal: the stage of a theater) ceneyo | (executive body) administrantaro; direktistaro; (food) manjajo; nutrivaro; (feeding) manjado; nutrado; room and board (cost) pension(ad)o; above board aperte; necelate; on board ennave; boarder (in boarding house) pensionato, -ero; (in school) interno; (of an enemy’s ship) abordanto; asaltanto; boarding house pensioneyo, -erio; boarding school internerio || vt (go aboard) abordar; embarkar; irar en (o sur); (provide food for) nutrar; (with planks) plankizar || vi (lodge and take meals) esar pensionato; lojar en pensioneyo, -erio
  • boast vi fanfaronar || vt (possess a feature that is a source of pride) fiere posedar; ostentar; (sculpting: shape roughly) esbosar || n boaster fanfaronanto; fanfaronemo; (false bravado) rodomonto; boasting tool esbosilo || adj boastful fanfaronema
  • boat n batelo; (barge) kargobatelo; (dinghy, punt, skiff, wherry) [for river, coast] barko; [for sea] kanoto; (ship) navo; boat captain batelestro; boat race regato; boathook gafo; boathouse batelhangaro; boatman batelisto; boatful bateledo; boating kanotvehado
  • bob vi (up and down) saltetadar; [curtsy] reverencar || vt (hair, horse’s tails, etc.) kurtigar; rekortar || n (up and down) salteto; [bobber] flotacajo; korkajo; [curtsy] reverenco; (hair, horse’s tails, etc.) kurtigajo; (weight) [pendant] pendajo; [pendulum] pendulo || adj bobtailed kun kaudo kurtigita
  • bobbin n bobino
  • bobby n (Brit. informal: police officer) policist(ach)o
  • bode vi augurar
  • bodice n korsajo; pektorvesto
  • bodkin n (lac)agul(eg)o; lacotirilo; (type.) puncilo
  • body n (physical frame) korpo; body linen korpala linjaro; bodyguard (one) korpogardisto; (troop) korpoguardo | (corpse) kadavro; bodysnatcher ekterigisto di kadavri | (hull) (nav)korpo; (informal, dated: person) persono; (chief part) chefa parto; fundo; precipua parto; (as distinct from appendages) [nave] navo; [stalk] stipo; [torso] torso; [trunk] trunko; (coherent group) -aro; [of matter] maso; [of people] asociitaro; korporaciono; personaro; in a body amase; entote; integre; public body korporaciono | (organization) organizuro; societo; (material entity) korpo; objekto; heavenly body astro; cielala korpo | (consistency) fermeso; korpo; solideso; to give one’s hair body donar volumino al hararo | (geom.) solido; (substance) substanco || adj -bodied -korpa; thick-bodied dikkorpa; bodiless nekorpala; senkorpa; bodily (concerning the body) korpala; (material) materiala; materioza; reala || adv bodily (as one body) amase; entote; integre; the audience moved bodily to the front l’audantaro movis amase til l’avano
  • Boeotia n Beotia; Boeotian Beotiano
  • bog n (mire) [peat] torfeyo || vt to bog down enfangigar; intrikar || adj boggy torfoza
  • bogey n (bogeyman) fantomacho; terorigilo; (military slang) enemiko
  • boggle vi (informal: be astonished or overwhelmed when trying to imagine something) astonesar; to boggle at (hesitate) hezitar pro, ye; konsternesar pro, ye || vt (informal: cause to be astonished or overwhelmed) astonar
  • bogio n (Brit.: RR mech.) bogio
  • bogus adj (fake) falsa; kontrafaktita; (poor quality) mala; Bill and Ted’s Bogus Journey La mala voyajo di Bill e Ted
  • Bohemia n Bohemia; Bohemian Bohemiano
  • bohrium n (chem.: Bh) boriumo
  • boil vi (reach a temperature that causes bubbling and vaporization) boli(esk)ar; to boil over erupter; exterfluar; superboliar; to boil slowly (also fig.) boliar dolce (o lente); bolietar; (bubble) ebuliar || vt boliigar || n (med.) furunklo; boiler (culin.) boliokaldrono; double boiler mariabalno | (mech.) kaldiero; boiler room kaldiereyo; boiling boli(ad)o; boiling point boliopunto || adj boiled beef boliokarno; boiling hot boliovarma
  • boisterous adj impetuema; petuloza; tumultoza; (of wind, weather, water) sturmema; tempestema; violentema; violentoza
  • bold adj (courageous) audacoza; brava; kurajoza; riskema; sentima; to be so bold as audacar; permisar a su; prenar la libereso | (striking) frapanta; (dated: presumptuous) prezuntema; prezuntoza; (dated: shameless) senpudora; senshama
  • bole n (arbor)trunko
  • bolero n (dance) « bolero »
  • bolete n (bot.: Boletus) boleto
  • boletus n (bot.: Boletus) boleto
  • bolide n (astron.) bolido
  • Bolivia n Bolivia; Bolivian Boliviano
  • bollard n (naut.) amarofost(eg)o
  • bologna n mortadelo
  • bolster n (pillow) transversa (o lit)kuseno; (support) apogilo; subtenilo || vt (prop up) to bolster up apogar; subtenar; (fig.) helpar; sustenar
  • bolt n (metal pin or bar) [of a lock] lango di seruro; [of firearms] perkutbolto; (deadbolt) riglo; (long iron pin) bolto; (peg) stifto; (spring bolt) resortlango; (crossbow arrow) flecho; (of cloth) rulajo; (of lightning) fulmin(strok)o; (archaic: sieve) blutotelo; filtroetamino || vt (join by bolts) boltagar; (lock) [a door, etc.] riglagar; rigle klozar; to bolt in inkluzar per riglago | (swallow without chewing) glutachar; glutar rapide; glutar sen mastikar; glutegar; (archaic: sift flour, powder, etc.) blutar; sivagar || vi (flee) forfugar; forkurar; (rush) hastar; to bolt in enirar impetuoze || adv bolt upright tote rekte
  • bolus n (lump) maseto; (med.: combined dosage) dozego; (med.: large pill) pilulego
  • bomb n bombo; bomb maker bombifisto; bombproof bombespruva || vt bombagar
  • bombard vt bombardar || n bombardier bombardisto, -ero; bombardment bombard(ad)o
  • bombast n deklamachajo; fanfaron(ad)o; grandioza parol(ad)o; patosacho || adj bombastic deklamacha; patosacha
  • bona fide adj autentika; certa; reala; sincera; vera || n bona fides fidindeso
  • bonbon n bonbono
  • bond n (tie) ligilo; a bond of friendship ligilo di amikeso; bonds (fetters) kateni; the bonds of wedlock are so heavy that it takes two to carry them — sometimes three la kateni di mariajeso esas tante pezoza ke li necesigas du por portar li — kelkafoye tri | (handcuffs) manoti; bondage (captivity) kaptiteso; (serfdom) serfeso; (slavery) sklaveso; (com.) to put goods into bond depozar vari en doganmagazino; to take goods out of bond ektirar vari de doganmagazino; (fin.) obligaciono; [surety] garantio; bondholder obligacioniero; bondsman garantianto; responsanto | (jur.) [bail] kauciono; [contract] kontrato || vt (join) adherigar; ligar; (com.) depozar en doganmagazino; (fin.) obligacionizar; obligar (su, ulu) asumar obligacioni pagar; (Scot.: mortgage) hipotekizar || vi (join) adherar; ligesar || adj (com.) bonded en doganmagazino; bonded warehouse doganmagazino
  • bone n (anat.) osto; bone black ostokarbono; bone of contention temo di desputo; to make no bones ne havar skrupuli; boner (erection) erektajo; (stupid mistake) asnalajo; eroracho || vt desostizar; senostigar; (vulg.) *futuar || adj ost(al)a; boned desostizita; senostigita; boned turkey dindo desostizita; boneless senosta; bony ostoza; (lean) magra; (of fish) plena de aristi
  • bonfire n lignofairo en libera aero; (festive) festofairo
  • bonhomie n afableso
  • bon mot n espritajo
  • bonnet n (hat) [rimless cap] boneto; [woman’s, child’s] chapelo (hominala, puerala); kofio; (protective cover) [engine] kapoto
  • bonnie adj (Scot., Brit.: beautiful, attractive) bela; dolca; (Scot., Brit.: merry) gaya
  • bon ton n eleganta mondumo
  • bonus n extraajo; (money) [on commission] gelto; [on wages] extrapago; (Brit.: fin., insur.) premio
  • bon vivant n bonvivero
  • bonze n bonzo
  • booby n (fool) stulto; stupido; (informal: breast) *tito; boob (Brit.: mistake) asnalajo; eroracho
  • book n libro; book of fiction romano; bookbinder bindisto; bookbindery binderio; bookcase biblioteko; (with glazed glass) biblioteko vitrizita; bookmark markorubando (por libri); bookseller librovendisto; bookshelf planko di biblioteko; bookshop librovenderio; bookstall libroechopo; libroestaleyo; bookworm (insect) libromilbo; (person) libroamero; librofervoranto, -ero; booklet libreto | (register) registro; bookkeeper kontisto; registristo; bookkeeping kontado; registragado; bookmaker (bookie) bukmakero; booking (purchase of tickets) kompr(ad)o di bilieto; (record of arrival) enregistrag(ad)o; (reservation) rezerv(ad)o; booking clerk bilietisto; booking office bilietkontoro || vt (buy a ticket) komprar bilieto; (make a record of) enskribar; registragar; (order goods, an appointment) komendar (antee); (reserve) rezervar || adj bookish studiema
  • boom n (loud, deep, resonant sound) [bells] sonego; [cannon; roar, rumble] grondo; [wind, sea] mujo; (flourishing) kreskego; prospero; (movable or pivoting beam, pole) [naut.: floating barrier] estakado; flotacbarilo; [naut.: spar] masteto || vi (make a loud, deep, resonant sound) [bells] sonegar; [cannon; roar, rumble] grondar; [wind, sea] mujar; (flourish) kreskegar; prosperar
  • boomerang n bumerango
  • boon n avantajo; benediko; granda help(il)o; (archaic: favor) favoro || adj (close, intimate, favorite) intima; preferata; boon companion kompano neseparebla
  • boor n grosiero; rustik(ach)o || adj boorish desjentila; grosiera; nejentila
  • boost vt (help increase or improve) [augment] augmentar; [lift] levar (o pulsar) de sube; [stimulate] stimular; [support] patronesar; (informal: steal) furtar || n booster augmentilo; augmentivo; (encouragement) stimulo; (supporter) patrono; booster shot rivacinizo | (informal: thief) furtisto, -ero
  • boot n (footwear) boto; pair of boots paro de boti; bootblack shunetigisto; bootblacking shucirajo; bootjack botdesmetilo; bootlace laco (di shuo, di boteto); bootshop botvenderio; to boot pluse || vt (put boots on) botizar; metar (sua) boti || adj bootless (useless) neutila; senprofita; vana
  • booth n (shed) barako; (stall) echopo; (tent) tendo
  • booty n ganajo; kaptajo; raptajo; spoliuro
  • booze n drinkajo; ebriigivo || vi drinkar; (excessively) drinkachar; drinkegar
  • bo-peep n (game) celotrovo
  • borage n (bot.: Borago officinalis) boracho
  • borax n (min.) boraxo
  • borborygmus n (med.) borborigmo
  • border n (limit, boundary) limito; [of a country] frontiero; border town urbo frontierala; (edge) bordo; (edging, trimming) bordumo; (margin) marjino || vt (be adjacent to) tushar; vicinesar; (edge, hem) bordizar; garnisar la bordo; the palm trees that border the pool la palmieri qua bordizas la nateyo; (fig.: graze) frolar || vi to border on (resemble) similesar; vicinesar; I can only express puzzlement that borders on alarm me povas nur expresar perplexeso qua vicinesas timo || adj bordering apuda; kontigua; limitizanta; vicina
  • bore vt (drill) [gen., surg.] trepanagar; to bore a tunnel tunelifar | [hollow out] exkavar; kavigar; [ream] alezar; [with rotation] borar; to bore through parborar; traborar | [without rotation] perforar; truifar; (weary from dullness or inaction) enoyigar; (weary from tedium, repetition, overlong presence) tedar || n (annoyance) enoyiganto, -ero; tedanto, -ero; (hole) boruro; truo; [of a gun] interna diametro; kalibro; (tidal) barofluxo; boredom enoyo; tedeso || adj bored enoyanta; tedata; to be bored enoyar; tedesar; boring enoyiganta, -iva; tedanta, -iva
  • Boreas n (myth.) Boreas; boreas (obsolete, poetic: north wind) boreo || adj boreal boreala
  • born adj (existing as a result of birth) naskinta; born after posnaskinta; born again rinaskinta; born dead naske mortinta; (having a natural ability for something) born salesman naske vendisto | (perfectly suited for) destinita ad (o por); born to rule destinita (por) guvernar
  • Borneo n Borneo
  • boron n (chem.: B) borono
  • borough n (district) municipala distrikto; (Brit.: chartered town) municipo; (hist.: bourg) burgo
  • borrow vt pruntar || adj borrowed pruntita; borrowed name falsa (o fiktiva) nomo
  • bosh n (informal) absurdajo; sensencajo
  • bosk n bosk(et)o
  • Bosnia n Bosnia; Bosnian Bosniano
  • bosom n (woman’s breasts) mami; (woman’s chest) sino; (anat.: chest) pektoro; to press to one’s bosom presar a sua sino (o kordio, pektoro); (fig., of the church, et al.) kordio; sino || adj (intimate) intima; bosom buddy intima amiko; intimo; bosomy mamoza
  • boss n (person in charge or control) chefo; [director] direktisto; [foreman] submastro; [manager] jeranto, -isto; [owner, employer] mastro; (protuberance) gibo; konvexajo; bossage (archit.) bosajo
  • boston n (hist.: game and dance) bostono
  • botany n botaniko; botanist botanikisto || vi to botanize botanizar || adj botanical botanikala
  • botch vt fushar
  • both adj amba; (ni, vi, li) du; omna; both young ladies amba (o la du, omna du) damzeli; in both forms en amba (o la du, omna du) formi; they both went li amba (o du, omna) iris; we both agree amba ni (o ni du, omna du) konkordas || adv both you and I saw it vu ed anke me vidis lo; we were both hungry and thirsty ni samtempe hungris e durstis || prn ambi; la du; (ni, vi, li) du; omna du; both were drunk ambi (o la du, omna du) esis ebria
  • bother vi (take the trouble) penar; (worry oneself about) desquieteskar pri, pro || vt (worry, disturb, or upset) desquietigar; (annoy) iritar; molestar; tormentetar; (hinder, inconvenience) jenar
  • Botswana n Botswana
  • bottle n botelo; to sell by the bottle vendar botelope; bottle blonde blondacho; bottleful boteledo || vt enboteligar
  • bottom n (the deepest point or part) [of the inside of a container, heart; of sea, river; of question, matter] fundo; to be at the bottom of esar la chefa instiganto, -into; to go to the bottom sinkar a fundo; to touch bottom tushar la fundo; (the lowest level or part) [of garment] infrajo; [of list, class] lasto; (base) bazo; infrajo; at the bottom infre; from top to bottom de supre ad infre; del fundo til la tekto; to the bottom (with movement) adinfre | (foundation) bazo; fundamento; to probe the bottom examinar la bazo (dil questiono); serchar la kauzi, la fakti; (underside) [of foot] plando; [of ship] kareno; [of shoe] suolo; (informal: buttocks) sedo || adj (in the lowest position) (maxim) infra; [of competition or ranking] lasta; bottomless senfunda
  • botulism n (med.) botulismo
  • boudoir n buduaro
  • bough n brancho; The Golden Bough L’orea brancho
  • bought adj (p.p. of “buy”) komprata; komprita; to be bought for (cost) kustar
  • bougie n (med.) bujio
  • boulevard n bulvardo
  • bounce vi (ri)saltar || vt (ri)saltigar
  • bound vi (leap) saltar; to bound forward springar; to bound out of bed springar del lito; (dated: rebound) risaltar || vt (limit) limitizar; [with markers] terminizar || n (leap) salto; springo; (limit) limito; his power became his agony, his power knew no bounds ilua potenteso diventis ilua angoro, ilua potenteso ne konocis limiti | (boundary) termino; (frontier) frontiero; to keep within bounds (moderate) moderar; to set bounds limitizar; [with markers] terminizar; boundary limito; (frontier) frontiero; (marker) termino || adj (heading toward) to be bound for havar por skopo; irar ad | (morally) koaktata, -ita; obligata; (physically) bendizita; ligita; [books] bindita; [surrounded] cirkondata, -ita; bounden duty sakra devo; boundless nelimitizita; nemezurebla; senlimita
  • bounty n (abundance) abundo; (generosity) jenerozeso, -ajo; (gift) donacajo; (reward) premio; rekompenso || adj bounteous, bountiful abundanta, -oza; jeneroza
  • bouquet n buketo
  • bourg n (fortified town) burgo
  • bourgeois adj (person) borgeza; (thing) borgezala || n bourgeoisie borgezaro
  • bourse n (fin.) borso; bourse crash borsokrako
  • boustrophedon n (hist.) bustrofedo
  • bout n (short period of intense activity of a specified kind) [of drinking] krapulo; [of illness] atako; [of wrestling, boxing] kombato
  • bovine adj (relating to cattle) bovala; (slow-moving, dull-witted) bovatra
  • bow n (anything bent or curved) [for violin] arketo; (arc) arko; bow window rotondfenestro | (bend) flex(ur)o; inklino; kurvo; (greeting) saluto; (knot tied with two loops and two loose ends) nodo; (obeisance) reverenco; deep bow profunda reverenco; salutego | (weapon) armarko; bowman (arm)arkisto, -ero, -iero; bowstring (arm)arkkordo; strangulkordono; (debut) debuto; to make one’s bow debutar | (of ship) avana parto; pruo; bowline bulino; bowsprit busprito || vt (bend) flexar; (lower) [head] abasar; inklinar || vi (assent) asentar; (in obeisance) reverencar; to bow out retretar || adj bowed (curved) kurva; (stooping) inklinita; with bowed head kun kapo inklinita; bow-legged kurvagamba
  • bowel n (anat.) [intestine] intestino; [viscus] vicero; bowel movement fekifo; bowel pain kolik(et)o; bowels intestinaro; viceraro; to void the bowels fekifar | (fig.) internajo; profundajo
  • bower n (covered passageway) laubo; (of leaves) folioshirmo
  • bowl n (dish) bolo; (sport) [lawn bowl] bulo; to play at bowls ludar bulludo; bowling (cricket) servo, lanso, jeto (del bulo); (pin bowling) kegloludo; bowling alley kegloludeyo; bowling pin keglo | (target bowling) bulludo; bowling green bulludeyo; gazonbedo || vt (roll) rular; to bowl over (knock down) asomar; (informal: astonish) astonegar | (sport) [cricket] servar, lansar, jetar (la bulo) || vi (roll) rular; to bowl along movar rapide
  • box n (container) buxo; box cover buxokovrilo; cardboard box kartonbuxo | [chest] kest(et)o; [trunk] kofro; (small structure or building for a specific purpose) [theat.] lojio; box office bilietokontoro; box coat (hist.) kariko; (bot.: Buxus) box tree buso; boxwood busligno; (sport) boxer boxisto, -ero; boxing glove boxgantego; boxing match boxkombato || vt (put in boxes) enbuxigar; enkestigar; (slap) to box someone’s ears orelfrapar ulu; (spar) boxar
  • boy n (to seven years) infantulo; (seven to fifteen) puerulo; (young man) adolecantulo; yunulo; (dated: gamin) bub(ach)ulo; boyhood adolec(temp)o; infanteso; yuneso || adj boyish infant(ul)ala; puer(ul)atra
  • boyar n (hist.) boyaro
  • boycott vt boikotar || n boikoto
  • Brabant n Brabant; Brabantian Brabantano
  • brace n (device for clamping together or supporting) [prop] apogilo; suportilo; [breast drill] maniveldrilo; [naut.] braco; braces (masonry) armaturo; (Brit.: suspenders) breteli | (pair) paro; (typ.: { }) embracilo || vt (fortify) fortigar; (prop) apogar; suportar; (naut.) bracagar || adj bracing fortiganta, -igiva; sanigiva
  • bracelet n braceleto
  • brachial adj (anat.) brakiala
  • brachiopod n (zool.: Brachiopoda) brakiopodo
  • brachycephaly n (pathol.) brakicefaleso || adj brachycephalic brakicefala
  • bracken n (bot.: Pteridium) filiko
  • bracket n (typ.: [ ]) krampono; (category) kategorio; klaso; (support) traverseto; [corbel] korbelo || vt kramponizar
  • brackish adj salozeta; salsapora
  • bract n (bot.) brakteo
  • brad n kloveto senkapa
  • brag vi fanfaronar || n braggart fanfaronemo; rodomonto
  • Brahman n (dated: Brahmin) bramano; Brahmanism bramanismo
  • Brahmin n (Hindu caste) bramano
  • braid n (interlaced strands of any flexible material) plektajo; treso; [hair] hartreso; (galloon) galono; (passement) pasmento || vt (interlace multiple strands of) plektar; tresigar; (interlace together) interplektar; (trim with braid) galonizar; pasmentizar
  • brain n (anat.) cerebro; to blow one’s brains out pafar a su en la kapo; brain fever cerebrala febro; did you eat a brain tumor for breakfast? ka vu dejunis cerebrala tumoro ?; softening of the brain debilesko dil mento | [head] kapo; [skull] kranio; (mind) intelekto; mento; to rack one’s brains parexplorar la mento (o memoro) || vt ruptar la kranio; come back here so that I may brain thee! rivenez adhike por ke me ruptez la kranio a tu ! || adj brainless neinteligenta; stulta; stupida
  • braise vt brezagar; brezkoquar
  • brake n (for wheel, etc.) freno; to apply the brake frenagar; to release the brake desfrenagar; brakeman frenisto | (hist: shooting-brake, wagonette) breko || vi frenagar
  • bramble n rovo
  • bran n brano; bran bread branpano
  • branch n brancho; (twig, small branch) ramo; (conceptual subdivision of something, esp. a family, group of languages, or subject) fako; (local or special function division or office of a large business or organization) fako; filialo; branch bank filialo di banko || vi (produce branches) branchifar; to branch off (roads) bifurkar (kun, ek)
  • branchia n (zool.) brankio
  • branchiopod n (zool.) brankiopodo
  • brand n (commercial) fabrikmarko; [kind, quality] qualeso; sorto; (mark burnt in) brulmarko; branding iron fera brulmarkizilo | (burning wood) brando; (lit.: torch) torcho; (stigma) stigmato; (lit.: sword) espado || vt (mark with a branding iron) (brul)markizar; (stigmatize) stigmatizar || adv brand new tote nova
  • brandish vt brandisar
  • brandy n brandio || adj brandied brandiizita
  • brass n (alloy) latuno; brass band (mus.) orkestro kun instrumenti latuna | (informal: effrontery) insolenteso
  • brassard n (armband) brakiumo
  • brat n bubeto; infantacho
  • bravado n defio; fanfarono; out of bravado por defiar
  • brave adj (courageous) kurajoza; be brave! kuraje !; kurajez !; (courageous with aplomb) brava; (daring) audacoza; (lit.) eleganta; splendida || n (person) bravo; bravery (act) bravajo; (quality) braveso || vt afrontar; (challenge) defiar
  • bravo inter brave ! || n (assassin) asasinanto -ero; (desperado) bandito; (mercenary) mercenary
  • bravura n bravur(ari)o
  • brawl n (fight) kombat(ach)o; (quarrel) interdisputacho || vi (fight) kombat(ach)ar; (quarrel) disputachar; (lit.: flow noisily) bruisar
  • brawn n muskulo; vigoro || adj brawny muskuloza; vigoroza
  • bray vi (of a donkey) (asno)bramar || vt (crush) [with a pestle] pistar
  • braze vt brazar || n brazuro
  • brazen adj audacanta; audacoza; senpudora; senshama; (lit.: made of brass) latuna || vt to brazen it out persistar senshame
  • brazier n (for fire) brezbaseno; brezuyo; kaloraparato; (portebla) fairokorbo; (for cooking) brezkoquilo; (worker in brass) latunfabrikisto
  • Brazil n Brazilia; Brazilian Braziliano
  • breach n brecho || vt brechizar
  • bread n (loaf) pano; two loaves of bread du pani | [soft part] krumo; [unleavened] azima pano; azimo; piece of bread panopeco; slice of bread panloncho; stale bread pano nefresha; breadcrumb panopeceto; breadstuff cerealo; farino | (food in general) manjajo; nutrivo; (informal: money) pekunio
  • breadth n larjeso; transverseso; (amplitude) ampleso
  • break vt (cause to separate into pieces as a result of shock or strain) ruptar; [code] dechifrar; [seal] dessiglar; (breach) brechizar; (burst) krevar; (force open) forsar; (shatter) frakasar; (crush the strength, spirit, or resistance of) [animal: subdue] domtar; [animal: tame] amansar; [animal: train] dresar; [habit] emendar; (bankrupt) bankrotigar; (enfeeble) debiligar; febligar; (mitigate) moderar; temperar; (disclose) [news] divulgar; (fail to observe) [law, oath, Sabbath] violacar; [promise] faliar; (interrupt) interruptar; to break apart disruptar; to break off (separate) separar; (tear away) arachar; to break up disruptar; dissolvar; [army, state] dislokar || vi (separate into pieces as a result of shock or strain) ruptesar; [waves] plaudar; (burst) krevar; (stop) haltar; to break down (machine) paneeskar; to break in (with great power or numbers) iruptar; to break off (stop) cesar; to break out [fire, epidemic, rash] eflorecar; to breakfast (midday) dejunar || n (separation into pieces as a result of shock or strain) rupt(ur)o; [gap or opening] aperturo; brecho; lakuno; (arrival) break of day auroro; jornesko; (change) [in print] alineo; [of the voice] vocmuo; [of the weather] chanjo; (failure) falio; nesuceso; (interruption) interrupto; [pause] pauzo; [sudden decrease in force] amortiso; (hist.: wagonette) breko; breakdown (machine) pane(esk)o; breakfast (midday) dejuno; breakfast time dejunhoro; breakwater ondegruptilo; (dyke, dam) digo; (jetty) moleo; breakage rupt(ad)o; rupteso; breaker ruptanto, -ero; Breaker of Chains Ruptanto di Kateni | [of law, oath] violacanto, -ero; (device) ruptilo; (tamer) [of animals] amansero, -isto; dresero, -isto; (wave) ondego spumifanta || adj breakable frajila; ruptebla; breakneck danjeroza; kapruptanta, -ema; kolruptanta, -ema
  • bream n (zool.: Abramis brama) bremo
  • breast n (anat.: of a woman) mamo; (anat.: chest) pektoro; breast drill maniveldrilo; breastbone sternumo; breastpin (archaic) brochopinglo; breastplate kuraso | (anat.: lung) pulmono; (plastron) plastrono; (fig.) kordio; sino; to make a clean breast of it tote konfesar lo; breastwork parapeto || vt afrontar; fronte opozar
  • breath n (respiration) respir(ad)o; to take one’s breath away (subite) konfuzigar; under one’s breath en/per susuro; milaute; mivoce | (air breathed) respirajo; (exhalation) expiro; for hate’s sake I spit my last breath at thee! pro odio me sputas mea lasta expiro a tu !; until one’s last breath til expiro | (inhalation) aspiro; (panting) to be out of breath anhelar; to catch one’s breath rekuperar la respirado; short breath kurta respirado; (puff) (ek)suflo; breath of air aersuflajo; breathing [of breath] respirado; (gram.) aspiro || vt to breathe (exhale) expirar; (inhale) aspirar; inhalar; (respire) respirar; (sigh) sospirar; (whisper) susurar || vi to breathe (blow) [of wind] suflar || adj breathless anhelanta
  • breech n (back part) dopajo; [of gun] kulato; breech-loader fusilo kulate charjebla | (archaic: buttock) gluteo; kulo; sedo; breeches (short trousers) bracho; (informal: trousers) pantalono; breechclout sedotelo
  • breed vt [animals] edukar; (bring up, raise) edukar; (cause) efektigar; genitar; produktar || vi (reproduce) riproduktar || n (stock) raso; of pure breed de pura raso; breeding (upbringing) edukado; politeso || adj bred genitita; (brought up) edukita; ill bred male edukita
  • breeze n (gentle wind) brizo; vent(et)o; fresh breeze (Beaufort level 5) fortatra vento; gentle breeze sufleto; zefiro; (Beaufort level 3) feblatra vento; light breeze (Beaufort level 2) febla vento; moderate breeze (Beaufort level 4) pasabla vento; strong breeze (Beaufort level 6) forta vento | (residue of burnt coal) eskarbilo; (zool.: gadfly) tabano || adj breezy brizoza; (casual) neformala; (cheerful) gaya; vivaca; (nonchalant) gaye indiferenta; sensorga
  • brelan n (hist.: game) brelano
  • brethren n (archaic: brothers) frati
  • Breton n Bretono
  • brevet n (hist., mil.) atesto pri kapableso; examenatesto
  • breviary n breviaro
  • brevity n kurteso; (conciseness) koncizeso; [laconism] lakonikeso
  • brew vt (beer) birifar; (mix ingredients; fig.) brasar; (plot) mashinacar || vi (ferment) fermentacar; (storm) preparar || n brewer birifisto; brewery biriferio
  • bribe vt subornar; koruptar || n subornajo; bribery suborno || adj bribable subornebla
  • bric-a-brac n ornivacharo
  • brick n briko; brickbat brikpeco; bricklayer brikomasonisto; bricklaying brikomasonado || vt brikizar || vi kakegar || adj brika; ek briki
  • bride n (after wedding) spozino; (before wedding) fiancitino; bridegroom (after wedding) spozulo; (before wedding) fiancitulo; bridesmaid honordamzelo; bridesman honorkompanulo || adj bridal mariajala
  • bridewell n karcero; punisdomo
  • bridge n ponto; moveable bridge levponto; ponto turnebla | (of nose) nazosto; (of ship) pontoferdeketo; (of stringed instruments) trest(et)o
  • bridle n brido; bridle bit morso; bridle path kavalvoyeto || vt (curb with) bridagar; (put on) bridizar || vi asumar digna mieno; (ri)rektigar la kapo
  • brief adj (of short duration) kurta; (concise) konciza; (undetailed) sendetala; briefless (Brit., jur.) senprocesa || adv brief spoken lakonika || n (instructions) instrukto; (jur.) procesdokumentaro; (papal) brevo; (summary) epitomo; rezumo; briefness koncizeso; kurteso; briefcase kayeruyo || vt (instruct or inform in preparation for a task) informar; preparar; (summarize) rezumar
  • brier n (also “briar”) dornoza busho; espino; (blackberry bush: Rubus) rovo; (sweetbrier: Rosa rubiginosa) hegroziero odoroza; (wild rose: Rosa canina) hegroziero
  • brig n (ship) brigo; (ship’s prison) karcero di navo
  • brigade n brigado; brigadier general brigadgeneralo || vt (associate something with) asociar; (form into a brigade) enbrigadigar
  • brigand n bandito; brigandage (act) banditajo; (quality) banditeso
  • brigantine n (ship) brigantino
  • bright adj (shining) brilanta; lumanta; (full of light) lumoza; (sunny) sunoza; (cheerful, lively) gaya; vivaca; (clever) espritoza; inteligenta; (promising) bonaugura; favoroza; to be bright brilar; esar inteligenta || n Bright’s disease morbo di Bright; renala albuminurio; brightness brilo; (cheerful liveliness) gayeso; vivaceso; (intelligence) inteligenteso; (luminosity) lumozeso || vt to brighten plubriligar; plulumigar; (cheer up) gayigar; (polish) polisar || vi to brighten plubrilar; plulumar; (cheer up) gayeskar
  • brill n (zool.: Pleuronectiformes) pleuronekto
  • brilliant adj (of light or color; fig) brilanta; briloza; brilliant style brilanta stilo; (exceptionally clever) [person] injenioza, -ema; tre talentoza; [thing] injeniita; (outstanding, impressive) glorioza; impresanta; splendida; (Brit.: excellent) bonega; ecelanta; splendida; to be brilliant brilar || n (diamond) brilianto; brilliance brilo; (luminosity) lumozeso
  • brim n (projecting edge of a hat) rebordo; (upper edge of a container) bordo; full to the brim plenigita reze dil bordo; over the brim super la bordo || vi esar plenega; to be brimming with self-confidence esar plenega de sufido || adj brimful plenega; tote plenigita
  • brimstone n (archaic: sulfur) sulfo
  • brindle adj (also “brindled”) buntizite (o striizite, makulizite) bruna
  • brine n salaquo; to pickle (soak) in brine trempar en salaquo
  • bring vt (take to a particular place) [object] adportar; [person] adduktar; (cause to be in a particular state) to bring nearer kurtigar (o diminutar) la disti; proximigar; to bring to action entraprezar proceso; to bring to bed akushigar; to bring to perfection perfektigar; (induce) igar; to bring someone to do something igar ulu facar ulo; to bring to pass (lit.) efektigar; eventigar; to bring about (cause something to happen) efektigar; eventigar; produktar; (naut.: change a ship’s direction) jirar; to bring back (cause something to return) [object] ri-, retroportar; [person] ri-, retroduktar; (cause to remember) igar memorar; to bring down (cause to descend) decensigar; (diminish, lessen) diminutar; (humble) humiligar; (lower) abasar; to bring forth (archaic, lit.: give birth to) genitar; parturar; produktar; to bring forward avancigar; to bring in (introduce) enduktar; to bring into fashion enduktar la modo; iniciar modo; to bring into question pozar kom questiono; to bring into trouble implikar en malajo; to bring on (cause) atraktar; efektigar; produktar; to bring out (cause to exit) ekirigar; (reveal) aparigar; expozar; It’s not wise at all to make fun of me like that. It brings out the worst in me. Esas nule prudenta mokar me tale. Aparigas lo maxim mala en me. | (take out) ekportar; ektirar; bring out your dead! ekportez vua mortinti !; to bring over [object] transportar; [person] adduktar; (convert) konvertar; to bring to (naut.) haltigar; (revive) [unconscious person] rikonciigar; to bring together (assemble) [objects, people] asemblar; [people] kunvokar; (join) [immaterial sense] unionar; [material sense] juntar; kunpozar; (reconcile) rikonciliar; to bring under (defeat) vinkar; (subdue) represar; [animal] domtar; (subjugate) submisar; to bring up (mention) mencionar; (raise) [child] edukar; [object] levar; (vomit) vomar
  • brink n bordo; you’ve alluded, you’ve insinuated, you have tiptoed to the brink of impropriety vu aludavas, vu insinuavas, vu iravas pedpinte al bordo di desdeco
  • brioche n briocho
  • briquette n briketo; karbonbriko
  • brisk adj (active, fast, energetic) briska; energioza; vivaca; (brusque) bruska
  • brisket n pektoro
  • bristle n pilo || vt (one’s hair or fur) heris(ig)ar || vi (become angry) iraceskar; (become defensive) defensemeskar || adj bristly dikhara; herisita; piloza
  • Briton n Britaniano; (hist.) Britano; Britain Britania; Briticism Angla idiotismo; Anglajo; Brittany Bretonia
  • Brittany n Bretonia
  • brittle adj frajila; ruptebla
  • broach vt (begin upon) enduktar; entamar; komencar; (pierce, open) [bottle] apertar; [cask] borar
  • broad adj (wide) larja; broad as it is long (fig.) la sama kozo; tote sama; broad foot larja pedo; broad in the shoulders di larja shultri | [ample] ampla; [large] granda; [thick] grosa; [vast] vasta; broad-chested larjapektora | (wide-ranging; vast) ampla; vasta; (diffuse) difuzita; (accent) bone pronuncita; forta; klare artikulita; (coarse) grosiera; nedecanta; (liberal) liberala; tolerema; broad church liberala eklezio; broad-minded liberala; tolerema | (unsubtle) [hint] (sat) klara; broad daylight plena jorno; broadcast (radio, television) difuzita; (scattered) omnaloka; broad-chested di larja pektoro || adv broadly ample; larje; (generally) generale; (unsubtly) klare; broadwise segun la larjeso; broadside (on the side) flanke || n (informal: woman) kerlino; broadness ampleso; larjeso; (coarseness) grosiereso; broadaxe (battle axe) armhakilo; broadside (naut.: shots) flankala salveo; (naut.: side of ship) navoflanko; broadsword sabro || vt to broaden extensar; (plu)ampligar; (plu)larjigar; to broadcast (scatter) dissemar larje (o hazarde); (transmit) [radio] radiodifuzar; [television] televiziondifuzar
  • brocade n brokato || vt brokatizar
  • brocatel n brokatelo
  • broccoli n (bot.: Brassica oleracea italica) brokolikaulo; broccoli raab, broccoli rabe (bot.: Brassica rapa rapifera) rapo
  • brochure n broshuro
  • brogue n Irlandana, Skota pronunco
  • broil vt brezkoquar; grilar || n broiler (device) brezkoquilo; grililo
  • broke adj (out of money) ruinita; senpekunia; (bankrupt) bankrotinta; broken (damaged and no longer in one piece or in working order) [ruined] destruktita; ruinita; ruptita; broken-hearted di kordio afliktita; di kordio chagrenanta | [shattered] frakasita; ruptita; broken piece fragmento | [weakened] debila; febla; kaduka; (emotionally, spiritually crushed) domtita; [humbled] humiligita; (having breaks in continuity) intermitanta; interruptita; [language] to speak broken Ido parolar mala Ido | (having uneven and rough surface) neplana; broken country neplana tereno | [plowed] plugita
  • broker n kurtajisto, -ero; brokerage (business) kurtajo; (fee) kurtajprofito; kurtajtaxo
  • bromide n (chem.) bromido
  • bromine n (chem.: Br) bromo
  • bronchus n (anat.) bronkio; bronchia (rare) bronkii; bronchitis bronkito || adj bronchial bronkiala
  • brontosaurus n (paleo.) brontosauro
  • bronze n (metal) bronzo; cast in bronze bronze gisita || vt bronzizar || adj (bronze-colored) bronzea
  • brooch n brocho
  • brood n (hatched) kovyunaro; (informal: offspring) infantaro || vt (sit on eggs) kovar || vi (cheerlessly meditate) morbe meditar; morbe revar || adj brooding (of a hen) kovanta; brooding hen kovantino; koverino; broody (of a hen) kovema; (thoughtful and unhappy) morbe meditema; morbe revema
  • brook n rivereto; brooklet mikra rivereto || vt (tolerate) permisar (nula); tolerar (nula)
  • broom n (for sweeping) balayilo; broomstick shafto (o mancho) di balayilo | (bot.: Genisteae) ginesto
  • broth n buliono
  • brothel n prostituceyo, -erio; (hist.) lupanaro
  • brother n (gen., relig.) fratulo; brothers and sisters (ge)frati; brother member kunfrat(ul)o; brotherhood (brotherliness) (kun)frat(ul)eso; (organization) (kun)frat(ul)aro; brother-in-arms armofrat(ul)o; brother-in-law bofratulo || adj brotherly fratala; fratatra
  • brougham n (hist.) kupeo
  • brow n (eyebrow) brovo; (of hill) kresto || vt to browbeat timidigar
  • brown adj (of color) bruna; brown owl (zool.: Strix aluco) hueto; (containing dark-colored ingredients, esp. molasses) brown bread griza pano; brown coal lignito; brown sugar kruda sukro; (gloomy) brown study profunda meditado; brownish brunatra; brunema; brown-yellow izabela || n (color) bruno; brownie (folk.) koboldo || vt brunigar; (burn lightly) bruletar; brunigar; (culin.) risoligar || vi bruneskar; (culin.) risolar
  • browse vi (graze) pasturar || vt (graze) devorar
  • bruise vt kontuzar; (crush) pistar
  • bruit vt divulgar; proklamar; publikigar
  • Brunei n Brunei
  • Brunswick n (hist.: Duchy) Brunsvig
  • brunt n (worst part or chief impact) (la precipua) shoko, violento, furio, spenso; to bear the brunt of something asumar la spensi; responsar pri la chefa parto di
  • brush n (tool) brosilo; [for painting] pinselo; brushstroke broso; pinselago; pinselstroko | (bot.) [shrubs] (dornoza) bushi, -aro; (slight and fleeting touch) [skirmish] kombateto; skarmucho || vt [hair] brosar; [with paintbrush] pinselagar; (graze) frolar; (sweep) balay(et)ar; to brush away [tears] sikigar; vishar; to brush up (clean) netigar || vi to brush past frolar; pasar rapide; to brush up on (renew skill) rilektar; ristudiar
  • brusque adj bruska
  • brute n (savagely violent animal or person) bruto; (animal as opposed to human) bestio; brutality brutalajo; brutaleso; kruelajo; krueleso || vt to brutalize (dehumanize) brut(al)igar; deshumanigar || adj brutal brutala; kruela; nehumana; brutalizing (dehumanizing) brutiganta
  • bubble n (aero)buleto; bubbling ebuli(ad)o; bubbly [champagne] champanio || vt (make produce bursting bubbles, as of boiling water) ebuliigar || vi (produce bursting bubbles, as of boiling water) ebuli(esk)ar; (effervesce) [phys., fig.] efervecar || adj bubbly ebulioza
  • bubo n (med.) bubono || adj (med.) bubonic plague bubonala, -oza pesto; bubonpesto
  • buccaneer n (hist.) pirato
  • buck n (male of some animals) -ulo; (currency: dollar) dollar; (archaic: dandy) elegantulo; (archaic: gallant) galantulo; buckshot grosa plombograni; buckskin daimofelo; buckthorn (bot.: Rhamnus) ramno; buckwheat (bot.: Fagopyrum esculentum) saraceno || vt (resist) rezistar || vi buck up! kuraje !; kurajez !
  • bucket n (container) sitelo; by the bucket sitelope; bucketful siteledo | (compartment in waterwheel) trogo
  • buckle n buklo || vt (fasten) buklagar || vi (bend under pressure) arkeskar; flexar; kurveskar; to buckle down laborar energioze (o diligente)
  • buckler n (hist.) shildo
  • buckram n bugrano
  • bucolic adj (idyllically rustic) bukolikatra; (lit.) bukolikala || n (lit.) bukoliko
  • bud n burjono || vi burjonifar
  • budge vi movetar || vt movetigar
  • budget n (fin.) budjeto
  • buff n (color) chameo; light buff izabelo; buffer (but)bufro; butilo
  • buffalo n (zool.: Bubalus, Syncerus caffer, or Bison) bufalo; buffalo robe bufalfelo (o -ledro)
  • buffet vt (batter) batar; (afflict repeatedly) afliktadar; sukusar || n (shock or misfortune) desfortuno; shoko; (dated: blow of the hand or fist) (pugno)frapo; (serve-yourself eatery) bufeto
  • buffoon n bufono; to act the buffoon bufonesar; facar la bufonaji; buffoonery arlekinajo; bufonajo, -i || adj buffoonish bufonala, -atra
  • bug n (zool.: any small insect) insekt(et)o; (zool.: true bug of order Hemiptera) [bedbug] cimo; (defect) defekto; eroro; (germ) mikrobo; viruso; (minor illness) maladeteso; (informal: obsessive interest) mani(et)o; bugbear (folk.) terorigilo || vt (annoy) molestar; vexar || adj buggy (faulty in operation) eroroza
  • bugger vt *bugar
  • buggy n (hist.: cabriolet) (Angla) kabrioleto; (hist.: four-wheeled) (Amerikana) faetono; (hist.: two-wheeled) (Amerikana) kalesho
  • bugle n (flugelhorn) buglo; (hunting horn) chaskorno; (mil.) klariono
  • build vt (construct) konstruktar; [with brick, stone] masonar; (fashion, shape) fasonar; (comp.: compile) kompilar; to build up (amass) amasigar; (develop) developar; (establish) [impression] krear; [organization] fondar; (increase) augmentar; (propagandize) propagandar || n konstrukto; (make, cut) fasonuro; building konstrukturo; (edifice) edifico; (house) domo; (structure) strukturo
  • Bukhara n Bukharia
  • bulb n (bot., anat.) bulbo; (ampulla, ampoule) ampulo || adj bulbous bulbatra; bulboza
  • bulge n (protuberance) konvexuro; (swelling) bufuro || vi bufar; konvexeskar
  • bulimia n (med.) bulimio
  • bulk n (size, mass) grandeso; maso; volumino; (majority) plumulteso; [of countable things] majoritato; in bulk (aggregate) bloke; bulkhead parieto || vi to bulk large (be important) graveskar; importar || adj bulky gros(eg)a; masiva; voluminoza
  • bull n (male bovine) bovulo; tauro; to take the bull by the horns afrontar (od asaltar) quik l’obstaklo | (fin.) altigisto; (papal) bulletro; bullbaiting taurokombato kontre hundi; bulldog buldogo; bulldozer buldozero; bullfight taurokombato; bullfighter toreadoro; bullfinch (zool.: Pyrrhula) buvrelo; bullfrog rano; bullseye (lantern) eklipsolanterno; (of target) skopopunto; [shot] centropafajo; (window) bovokulo; ronda luko (o fenestro) || vt (fin.: raise the price of) (plu)altigar la preco di, preci en; to bulldoze koaktar || adj bullheaded obstinegema
  • bullet n kuglo || adj bulletproof kuglespruva
  • bulletin n (periodical publication) buletino; (placard) afisho (oficala); bulletin board afishtabelo; informtabelo
  • bullion n (crude ore) kruda oro od arjento; (ingot) ora (od arjenta) lingoto
  • bullock n (castrated bull) bovulo kastrita
  • bully n bravacho; rodomonto; tirano || vt esar disputema ad; koaktar; rude (o male) traktar; tiranesar ad || adj bullying brutala; tiranala || inter (informal: very good) bully for you! bonege !
  • bulrush vi (biblical: Cyperus papyrus) papiro
  • bulwark n (rampart) remparo; (bastion) bastiono; (fig.) defensajo; muro || vt remparigar; bastionizar; plufortigar
  • bum n (vagrant) vagantacho; (beggar) mendikistacho; (loafer) nulfacero || vt to bum out depresar || vi to bum around ociar || adj (false) bum rap falsa akuzo | (worthless) senvalora
  • bumble vi vacile marchar || n bumblebee (zool.: Bombus) burdono
  • bump n (blow) frapo; shoko; (collision) koliziono; (jostle) shokopulso; (protuberance) konvexajo; saliajo; [hump, mound] gibo; [knot, knob, node] tubero; [swelling] bufuro || vt frapar; kontrebatar; shokar; (jostle) shokopulsar; to bump up (informal: increase) augmentar; (informal: promote) promocar || vi (collide) intershokar; kolizionar (kun); to bump into (meet) hazarde renkontrar
  • bumpkin n rustikacho
  • bumptious adj aroganta; prezuntema
  • bun n (culin.) dolca paneto; (hair) chiniono; buns (informal: buttocks) gluteo
  • bunch n (collection of similar things growing or fastened together) [bundle] fasko; pako; [of feathers] penacho; [of flowers] buketo; [of keys] klefaro; [tuft] tufo; (informal: a large number or quantity) [assortment] asortajo; [crowd] turbo; [group] grupo; [heap] amaso; [mass] maso; best of the bunch maxim bona de omni; bunch of multa || vt to bunch together enfaskigar; grupigar
  • bund n kunfederuro; Bundesrat Federala Konsilistaro
  • bundle n (pack) pak(et)o; (sheath, stack) fasko; (fig.) amaso; grupo; kolekturo; ligajo || vt enfaskigar; enpakigar; (wrap) envolvar
  • bung n stopilego; bunghole barelboko
  • bungle vt agar (o facar) deshabile; fushar; mis- || n bungler deshabilo; fushanto, -ero
  • bunk n (bed) (nav)liteto; (bunkum) ostentodiskurso (o -parolado); sensencajo
  • bunt vt (baseball) batetar; (head-butt) kapobatar
  • bunting n (zool.: Emberiza) emberizo; (flags) flagi, -aro; (material) (flag)etamino
  • buoy n boyo; (beacon) baliso; buoyancy (of floating object) flotacemeso; (of mood) gayeso; optimismo; (of step) lejereso || vt (make float) flotacigar; sustenar sur l’aquo; (mark with buoys) balisizar; (support with buoys) boyizar || adj buoyant (floating) flotaciva; (mood) gaya; optimista; (step) lejera
  • burbot n (zool.: Lota lota) lotao
  • burden n (load) kargajo; portajo; the burden of proof lies with him da il lo esas pruvenda | (encumbrance) imped(iv)o; inkombrajo; (weight) pezajo; (weight: tonnage) kapaceso; konteno; tunaro; (chief theme) chefa temo; [of a song or complaint] refreno || vt charjar; (oppress) opresar || adj burdensome pezoza; (costly) kustanta, -oza; (oppressive) opresanta, -iva; (tedious) tedanta
  • burdock n (bot.: Arctium) bardano
  • bureau n (chest of drawers) komodo; (department) kontoro; ministerio; (office) kontoro; (Brit.: writing desk) skribtablo; bureaucracy (bureaucrats, collectively) burokrataro; (system) burokratismo; bureaucrat burokrato
  • burette n bureto
  • burgeon vi burjonifar
  • burgess n (hist.: representative) reprezentisto; (hist.: town magistrate) (lokala) judiciisto; (archaic: inhabitant of a borough) distriktano; municipano
  • burgh n (Scot.: chartered town) municipo; (Scot.: district) municipala distrikto; (hist.: borough) municipala distrikto; municipo; (hist.: market town) burgo
  • burglar n ruptofurtisto, -ero; to burglarize, burgle ruptofurtar; burglary ruptofurt(ad)o
  • burgomaster n urbestro
  • burgrave n (hist.) burgravo
  • Burgundy n Burgundia; Burgundian (modern) Burgundiano; (hist.) Burgundo
  • burlesque n burleskajo || vt (parody) burleske travestiar; parodiar
  • burly adj grandkorpa; robusta
  • Burma n Burma; Burmese Burmano
  • burn vi (be consumed by fire) brular; (be ardent) ardorar; (blaze) flagrar; (flame) flamifar; (sunburn) (sun)bruneskar; sunbrular || vt (consume by fire) brular; [arson] incendiar; (cauterize) kauterizar; (scorch) bruletar; (tech.) [a CD-ROM] registragar (sur); [combust] kombustar || n (act) brulo; (result) brul(vund)uro; (Scot.: small stream) rivereto; burn mark nevuso flamea; burner brulilo; burning brul(ad)o; burning lens brullenso; fairolenso; burning mirror brulanta spegulo; burning point inflamopunto || adj burning brulanta; (chem.) kaustika; (feverish) febroza; (inflamed) inflamoza; (fig.) ardoranta, -oza; burnt brulita; (burnt down) incendiita; (combusted) kombustita; (mildly) bruletita; burnt offering holokausto; (victim) viktimo
  • burnish vt (polish) briligar; polisar; (enhance, perfect) plubonigar
  • burnous n (also “burnoose”) burnuso
  • burr n (uvular trill) kartavo || vi kartavar
  • burrow n tunelo || vi tunelifar; borar; kavigar; truifar
  • bursar n kasisto; bursary (scholarship) stipendio; (treasury) kaso
  • burst vi (split open) krevar; (erupt) eruptar; (explode) explozar; (spring forth) springar; to burst into tears ploreskar; to burst out laughing rid(eg)eskar; to burst with laughing krevar pro rido; ridegar || vt (break apart) disruptar; (shatter) frakasar; to burst open [door, safe, etc.] forsar || n (split) krevo; (eruption) erupto; (explosion) explozo; burst of activity subita aktiveso (od agiveso); burst of applause erupto di aplaud(ad)o; spontana aplaudo; burst of laughter lauta rid(eg)o; burst of noise frakasbruiso; burst of passion aceso di iraco; burst of tears lakrimotorento
  • Burundi n Burundi
  • bury vt (cover in ground) enterigar; [a corpse] sepultar; (a knife in the body) plunjigar; sinkigar; (cover) kovrar; (hide) celar; (overwhelm) aplastar; to bury oneself (engross oneself in) esar absorbata || n burial enterigo; [of a corpse] sepulto; (funeral) funero; (non-religious) laika enterigo; (religious) ekleziala sepulto; to prepare for burial sepulteskar; burial ground enterigeyo; sepulteyo; tombo; (cemetery) tombeyo; (large) nekropolo; burial service funerala oficio
  • bus n (large passenger vehicle) autobuso; omnibuso
  • busby n kalpako
  • bush n arbusto; (thicket) busho; densajo; kopso; bushland bushagro; busheyo; bushlando || adj bushy bushatra; bushoza; (of hair, etc.) densa; tufatra
  • bushel n bushelo
  • bushing n metala insertringo, -tubo
  • business n (commerce) afero, -i; komerco; to do business with komercar kun; relatar komercale kun; to do good business facar bona komerco; prosperar en sua komerco; extensive business granda aferi (o komerco); in business en l’aferi (od en komerco); on business por l’aferi; run of business fluo di aferi (o komerco); that is bad business to esas mala afero | (company, firm) firmo; kompanio; established business anciena firmo | (profession) profesiono; (job, work) laboro; (trade, craft) mestiero; to understand one’s business komprenar sua fako | (task, duty, concern) afero; devo; fako; koncerno; ofico; responso; to make it one’s business asumar to; (sola) sorgar to; mind your own business! atencez pri vua propra aferi !; that’s not your business to koncernas nur me; to ne esas vua fako; to ne koncernas vu | (affair, matter) afero; it’s a nasty business ol esas afero leda; business agent aferagento; businessman aferisto; komercanto, -ero, -isto || adj business-like aferatra; aferema; praktikema
  • busk n (hist.) [for corset] busko
  • buskin n (hist.) koturno
  • bust n (anat.: chest) pektoro; [in art] busto; (bosom) mami; sino; (arrest) aresto; (bankruptcy) bankroto || vt (arrest) arestar; (bankrupt) bankrotigar; (burst) see “burst”; (demote) degradar; (hit) frap(eg)ar || vi (burst) see “burst” || adj busty mamoza
  • bustard n (zool.: Otididae) utardo
  • bustle vi hastar; movar rapide (o hastoze); tumultar || adj bustling agema; agiva
  • busy adj okupata; (active) agema, -iva; (diligent) diligenta; (employed) employata; (industrious) laborema || adv busily agive, -eme; diligente; tre okupate || n busybody afanono; enmixemo; omnotushemo || vt to busy oneself with okupar su pri
  • but conj (contrasting) ma; a fool, but an honest fool stulto, ma stulto honesta; grant me chastity and continence, but not right away donez a me chasteso e kontinenco, ma ne quik; (unless) ecepte ke; se...ne; sen ke; (yet, in time) ankore || adv (only) nur || prep (except) ecept(int)e; ultre
  • butane n (chem.) butano
  • butcher n buchisto, -ero; butcher shop karnerio; karnvendeyo; (slaughterhouse) bucherio; bucheyo; butcher’s broom (bot.: Ruscus aculeatus) rusko; butchery buchado; (carnage) masakro; butcherbird (zool.: Laniidae) lanio || vt buchar
  • butler n chefservisto
  • butt vt (head-butt) kapobatar; kapobutar; kapofrapar; to butt in (interrupt) interruptar; (meddle) mixar su en || vi to butt up against (abut) abutar ad; (bump) pulsar kontre || n (head-butt) kapobato; kapobuto; kapofrapo; (archery) [target] skopoplako; to be the butt of someone’s joke subisar joki (o moki) da ulu; (cask) barelego; fudro; (end) [of a pistol] kroso; (buttocks) sedo; (vulg.) kulo; (stump, stub) stumpo; (thicker end) grosa extremajo (o fino); butt joint butjunturo; butts (shooting range) pafagro; pafeyo
  • butter n butro; artificial butter margarino; butterball grasozo; buttercup (bot.: Ranunculus) ranunkulo; butterfly (zool.: Rhopalocera) papiliono; buttermilk butrolakto
  • buttocks n (anat.) glutei; [of a horse] gropo; (fam.) sedo; (vulg.) kulo
  • button n butono; buttonhole butontruo; buttonhook butonagilo; butontirilo || vt butonagar; (cover with) butonizar
  • buttress n (archit.) kontraforto; (abutment) abutmento; (support) suportilo; flying buttress apogarko
  • buxom adj (busty) mamoza; (plump) graseta
  • buy vt komprar; (bribe) subornar; (informal: believe) I don’t buy that explanation me ne kredas ta expliko; to buy back retrokomprar; rikomprar; (fig.: redeem) redemtar || n kompro
  • buzz n (as of insects) zum(ad)o; (murmuring) murmur(ad)o; (whispering) susur(ad)o; (informal: gossip) babil(ad)o || vi zumar
  • buzzard n (zool.: Buteo) buzardo
  • by prep (agent) da; loved by all amata da omni; sent by God sendita da Deo; signed by him signatita da lu; a translation of Pushkin by Nabokov traduko de Pushkin da Nabokov; the tree was sprinkled with water by the gardener l’arboro esas aspersita per aquo dal gardenisto; who is this book by? da qua esas ca libro?; (means) per; by all means (certainly) certe; by chance hazarde; incidente; (possibly) forsan; posible; by hand per la manuo; by mail per posto; by no means nule; tote ne; by railway per la fervoyo; by reason of insanity pro dementeso; by sight per vido; ye vido; by stealth celite; sekrete; written by a pencil skribita per krayono | (according to) segun; time by your watch kloko segun vua poshhorlojo | (in oaths) per; by God per Deo; by Grabthar’s hammer per la martelo di Grabthar; (measurement) [difference] by far greater multe plu granda; [in units of] by degrees, by steps gradope; by halves duime; little by little pokope; (space) [near] apud; proxim; by the way apud la voyo; incidente; latere; okazione; in a van down by the river en furgoneto infre proxim la rivero; [past] I passed by him me preteriris ilu; (time) [deadline] by this time ja; come by two o’clock venez ante du kloki; by oneself aparta; senhelpa; sola; by the by incidente || n bylaw regulo; statuto; byproduct laterala produktajo (o fabrikuro); bystander asistanto; spektanto; byway nedireta voyo; byword dicajo populara; proverbo || adj bygone pasinta || adv (space) [near] proxime; [past] pretere; in time gone by dum pasinta tempo; by and by balde; pos kurta (o kelka) tempo
  • byssus n (hist.) biso
  • byzantine adj (fig.) bizantina

C

  • C ltr ce; (mus.) C (o do); C-flat (C♭) ces; C-sharp (C♯) cis
  • cab n (taxi) taxi(metrofiakr)o; (of a truck, etc.) kabino; (hist.: four-wheeled) fiakro; cab horse fiakrokavalo | (hist.: two-wheeled) kabrioleto
  • cabal n komplotantaro; (political) konspirantaro
  • cabala n kabalo; cabalist kabalisto || adj cabalistic kabalala, -atra
  • cabbage n (bot.: Brassica oleracea) kaulo; (bot.: Brassica oleracea var. capitata) kapkaulo; cabbage rose (bot.: Rosa × centifolia) centifolio; cabbage soup kaulosupo
  • caberet n kabareto
  • cabin n (naut., aero., etc.) kabino; cabin boy moso | (hut) kabano
  • cabinet n (furniture) (display case) (kolektaj)vetrino; (small closet) kabineto; (small cupboard) armoreto; cabinetmaker menuzisto | (pol.) ministraro; cabinet member ministr(aran)o | (archaic: small private room) kabineto
  • cable n (rope, wire) kablo; kordego; (hawser; lashing) amaro; cablegram (hist.) kablotelegramo || vt (moor) amaragar; to cablegram kable telegrafar; kablotelegrafar
  • caboose n (informal: woman’s buttocks) sedo; (archaic: ship’s kitchen) koqueyo
  • cabriolet n (auto.; hist.: buggy) kabrioleto
  • cacao n (bot.: Theobroma cacao) [beans and drink] kakao; [tree] kakaiero
  • cachalot n (zool.: Physeter macrocephalus) kashaloto
  • cachexia n (med.) kakexio
  • cackle vi (as a bird) klukar || n klukado
  • cacophony n kakofonio
  • cactus n (bot.: Cactaceae) kaktuso
  • cad n kanalio; raskalo
  • cadastre n kadastro
  • cadaver n kadavro || adj cadaverous kadavratra
  • cadence n kadenco || vt kadencar
  • cadet n (mil.) kadeto
  • cadmium n (chem.: Cd) kadmio
  • cadre n kadro
  • caduceus n kaduceo
  • caecum n (anat.) ceko
  • Caesar n Caesar; caesarean section cezarala operaco; histerotomio
  • caesium n (chem.: Cs) cesio
  • caesura n (poetry) cezuro
  • café n kafeerio; (restaurant) restorerio
  • caffeine n kafeino
  • caftan n kaftano
  • cage n kajo || vt enkajigar
  • caiman n (zool.: Caimaninae) kaimano
  • cairn n tumulo
  • caisson n (archit., engin.) kasono; (mil. hist.) municionfurgono
  • cajole vt flat(ach)ar; karezachar
  • cake n kuko; let them eat cake! li manjez briocho !; cake shop kukeferio | (brick) bloko; briko || vt (cover with) kovrar per || vi (agglomerate) aglomeresar; (coagulate) koagular; (harden) hardeskar
  • calabash n (bot.: Crescentia cujete) gurdo
  • Calabria n Kalabria; Calabrian Kalabriano
  • calamine n kalamino
  • calamite n (bot.: hist.) kalamito
  • calamity n kalamitato
  • calamus n (bot.: Acorus calamus) akoro; (bot.: Calamus) kalamo; (hist.: pen) kalamo
  • calash n (hist.) kalesho
  • calcaneus n (anat.) kalkaneo
  • calcareous adj kalkoza
  • calcify vt kalkigar; petrigar
  • calcine vt kalcinar
  • calcium n (chem.: Ca) kalcio
  • calculate vt (determine) [amount, number, distance, etc., mathematically] kalkular; [effects, risk, etc.] evaluar; kalkular || vi to calculate on (factor in) egardar; (rely on) expektar; fidar ad; intencar; projetar || n calculation kalkulo; error in calculation kalkuleroro; calculator kalkulilo || adj calculable kalkulebla; (countable) kontebla; calculated (determined) calculated risk kalkulita risko | (intended) intencita, -ata
  • calculus n (math) kalkulo; (med.) kalkolo; konkreciono
  • calefaction n kalefakt(ad)o
  • calendar n (of dates) kalendario; (of people and things) listo; tabelo; (almanac) almanako
  • calender n kalandrilo || vt [cloth] glacar; kalandrar; [paper] kalandrar
  • calends n (hist.) kalendi
  • calenture n (path.) kalenturo
  • calf n (young of certain large animals) [cow] bovyuno; [deer] cervyuno; calfskin bovyunledro | (anat.) suro
  • caliber n (quality) qualeso; (capability) kapableso; (level) nivelo; (measure) interna diametro; kalibro || vt to calibrate (measure caliber of) kalibrokompasagar; kalibromezurar
  • calico n (chintz) indieno; (cretonne) kretono; (muslin) kaliko
  • California n Kalifornia; Californian Kaliforniano
  • californium n (chem.: Cf) kalifornio
  • caliph n kalifo; caliphate kalifio
  • calisthenics n gimnastikala exerci
  • call vt (by name) nomar; they call me MISTER Tibbs! on nomas me SIORO Tibbs !; what is that called? quale on nomas to ? | (claim, pronounce) deklarar; (give name to) she shall call her son Emmanuel el nomizos sua filiulo Emmanuel; (refer, consider, or describe as being) I call that being tricked by a business me nomas to esar trompita da fermo; (announce) anuncar; (predict) predicar; (attempt to contact) vokar; [by telephone] telefonar; (summon) advokar; [a witness] sumnar; (convoke) kunvokar; (suspend) (sport) suspensar; to call attention to atencigar; to call back retrovokar; rivokar; to call forth ekvokar; (incite) provokar; to call into question kontestar; to call out ekvokar; to call to mind (ri)memorigar; to call together asemblar; kunvokar; to call up (conjure) konjurar || vi (shout) klamar; (bleat) bramar; (summon) vokar; (at a port) eskalar; to call for (demand) postular; (request) demandar; to call on (appeal) apelar ad; demandar; (visit) vizitar || n (cry) krio; [of animals] bramo; (to summon) voko; the call of Cthulhu la voko da Cthulhu; the call of the sea la voko dal maro; (decision) it’s your call esas vua decido; (invitation) invito; (reason, need) there’s no call for alarm esas nula motivo pavorar; (request) demando; (demand) postulo; (summons) sumno; (visit) vizito; calling (profession) profesiono
  • calligraphy n (act) kaligrafado; (result) kaligrafuro; calligrapher kaligrafero, -isto || vt to calligraph kaligrafar
  • calliper n (or “callipers”) calibrokompaso
  • callous adj (insensitive, cruel) kruela; nesentiva; senkompata; calloused kaloza || n callosity (med.) kal(aj)o
  • callow adj (immature) nematura; novica; senexperienca; (unfledged) senpluma; (archaic: bald) senhara
  • callus n kal(aj)o
  • calm adj (still) kalma; (unruffled) kalma; tranquila || n kalmeso; (Beaufort level 0) kalma vento || vt kalmigar || vi kalmeskar
  • calomel n kalomelo
  • caloric adj kalorala || n (hist.) kaloriko
  • calorie n kalorio
  • calorimeter n kalorimetro; calorimetry kalorimetrio
  • calotte n kaloto
  • calque n kalqu(ur)o; “vakuonetigilo” is a calque of English vacuum cleaner « vakuonetigilo » esas kalquo dil Angla vacuum cleaner || vt kalquar
  • calumniate vt kalumniar || n calumny kalumnio
  • Calvary n kalvario
  • calve vt parturar (bovyuno)
  • Calvinism n Kalvinanismo; Calvinist Kalvinano
  • calx n (archaic) kalko
  • calyx n (bot., zool.) kalico
  • cam n (mech.) kamo; camshaft kamarboro | (short for “camera”) kamero
  • camail n (hist.) kamalio
  • camaraderie n kamaradeso
  • camarilla n kamarilio
  • camber n kambreso || vt kambrar
  • Cambodia n Kambodja; Cambodian Kambodjano
  • cambric n batisto
  • camel n (zool.: Camelus) kamelo; (zool.: Camelus bactrianus) Baktriana kamelo
  • camellia n (bot.: Camellia) kamelio
  • camelopard n (archaic: giraffe) jirafo
  • cameo n (jewelry) kameo
  • camera n (phot.) fotografilo; kamero; (cine.) cinekamero; camera obscura (hist.) kamerobskura; lensochambr(et)o | (chamber) chambro; in camera private
  • camerlengo n (eccl.) kamerlingo
  • Cameroon n Kamerun
  • camisole n kamizolo
  • camlet n kamloto
  • camouflage vt kamuflar
  • camp n (temporary accommodations) kampeyo; (barracks) kazernaro; (tents) tendaro; to break camp deskampar; camper (person) kampero; (vehicle) kampoveturo | (pol., etc.) bando; partiseto || vi kampar || adj (affected, theatrical) afektacema
  • campaign n kampanio || vi kampaniar
  • Campania n Kampania
  • campanile n kloshturmo
  • campanula n (bot.: Campanula) kampanulo
  • campeachy wood n (bot.: Haematoxylum campechianum) kampeshligno
  • camphor n (chem.) kamforo || vt to camphorate kamforizar
  • campus n skolotereni; universitatotereni
  • can v (be able) povar; do what you can agez (o facez) segun posibleso; (expressing possibility) you could have told me! vu povabus dicar lo a me!; (know how) savar; he can speak Ido il savas parolar Ido; (may) darfar; can I speak with you a moment? ka me darfas parolar kun vu dum un instanto ?; can I use your phone? ka me darfas uzar vua telefonilo ?; cannot (help) but ... ne povar ne ... || vt (hermetically seal) hermetike siglar; (preserve in a can) konservar; (informal: fire) desengajar || n (canister) buxeto; metala kesteto; -uyo; [for oil, etc.] bidono || adj canned goods konservitaji
  • Canaan n (hist.) Kanaan; Canaanite Kanaanano
  • Canada n Kanada; Canadian Kanadano
  • canaille n populacho
  • canal n kanalo; canal boat kanalbatelo | (anat.) tubo; vaskulo || vt to canalize [a field] kanalizar; [a river] kanaligar
  • canard n falsa informo; informacho; rakontacho; raportacho
  • canary n (zool.: Serinus) kanario; serino; Canary Islands Kanarii
  • cancel vt (annul) anular; [insurance policy] ristornar; (by marking) [postage, check, ticket] obliterar; (cross out) trastrekizar; (erase) efacar; (extinguish, pay) [debt] amortisar; extingar; (repeal) abrogar
  • cancer n (med.) kancero; karcinomo; (astron., astrol.) kankro
  • candelabrum n kandelabro
  • candid adj (frank) kandida; (informal, unrehearsed) neformala
  • candidate n kandidato; to be a candidate for something kandidatesar; prizentar su kom kandidato pri (o por); candidacy kandidateso
  • candle n kandelo; (for church) cero; (of wax) bujio; candle power kandelintenseso; lumiziveso di un bujio; candlestick kandeliero; Candlemas kandelfesto
  • candor n kandideso
  • candy n (any sugary, sweet food) bonbono; konfekto; rock candy (crystallized sugar) kandio || vt (coat with crystallized sugar) kandiizar; (preserve with sugar syrup) konfitar; candied kandiizita; (preserved) [fruits] konfitita
  • cane n (bot.: reed) kano; (bot.: rush) junko; (for walking) bastono; (rod, wand) vergo; cane-sword espadobastono || vt (beat) [with a stick] bastonagar; [with a switch] vergagar; (furnish with cane) [chair] kanizar
  • canicular adj (astron.) kanikulala
  • canine adj hundala || n (dog) hundo; (tooth) kanina (dento)
  • canister n (can) bux(et)o; metala kesteto; -uyo; canister shot mitralio
  • canker n (med.: aphtha) afto; bokulcereto || vt (corrode) korodar; (ulcerate) ulceretizar || adj cankerous (causing cankers) ulceretiziva; (infected with cankers) ulceretoza
  • cannibal n kanibalo; cannibalism kanibaleso; kanibalismo || vt to cannibalize (disassemble) desmuntar
  • cannon n kanono; (howitzer) obuskanono; cannon shell obuso; cannon shot kanonpafo; cannonade kanonagado; cannoneer (hist.) kanonisto; cannonball kuglego || vi to cannonade kanonagadar
  • cannula n (surg.) kanulo
  • canoe n kanoo; (pirogue) pirogo
  • canon n (jur., mus., relig.) kanono; (church dignitary) kanoniko; canonicals sacerdotala vestaro; canonicity kanonaleso; canonist kanonyuristo || vt to canonize kanonizar || adj canonical (thing) kanonala
  • canopy n (of a bed, throne) baldakino; (awning) tend(et)o; (of heaven) cielo || vt [a bed, throne] baldakinizar
  • cant n (hypocritical, sanctimonious talk) hipokritajo; piachajo; (jargon) slango; [slang] jargono; (slope) inklinajo; inklineso || vt inklinar || vi inklinesar
  • cantabile adj (mus.) kantabila || adv kantabile || n kantabilo
  • cantaloup n (bot.: Cucumis melo, var. cantalupo) kantalupomelono
  • cantankerous adj disputema
  • cantata n (mus.) kantato
  • canteen n (water bottle for soldiers or campers) bidono; (restaurant for soldiers, etc.) kantino
  • canter n galopeto || vt galopetigar || vi galopetar
  • canticle n (mus.) kantiko
  • cantilena n (mus.) kantileno
  • cantilever n (archit.) modiliono; cantilever bridge modilionponto
  • canton n (district) kantono; canton flannel moltono; cantonment akantoneyo || vt (billet) akantonar
  • cantor n kantoro
  • canvas n (for sails, tents) kanvaso; under canvas (mil.) en tendi; (nav.) kun segli hisita | (for painting) piktotabelo; piktotelo; [the painting itself] pikturo
  • canvass vt [votes, support] solicitar; [opinions] inquestar; sondar; (discuss) debatar; diskutar || vi to canvass for [votes] solicitar || n (for votes, support) solicito; (for opinions) inquesto; sondo
  • canyon n ravinego
  • caoutchouc n kauchuko
  • cap n (any brimless hat) boneto; [beret] beredo; [biretta] bireto; [coif] kofio; [czapka] shapko; [kepi] kepio; [toque] toko; [visored] kasqueto; (percussion cap) amorcilo; kapsulo; (protective lid) kovrilo; [stopper] stopilo; (fig.) kapo; kolmo; krono; somito || vt (put a lid on) kovrar; [stopper] stopar; (complete) kompletigar; (limit) limitizar; (provide a fitting end or climax for) and to cap it all, he... e por la kolmo, il...; (put a hat on) kapvestizar; (surpass) ecesar; superirar
  • capable adj kapabla; (competent) kompetenta || n capability kapableso; (competence) kompetenteso
  • capacious adj ampla; kapaca || n capacitor (elec.) kondensatoro; capacity (ability) habileso; kapableso; kompetenteso; povo; (authority) autoritato; (role, function) ofico; rolo; in the capacity of kom | (volume) kapaceso || vt to capacitate kapabligar
  • caparison n kavaltegilo; shabrako || vt shabrakizar
  • cape n (short cloak) manteleto; [hist.: pelerine] pelerino; (geog.) kabo; Cape Colony Kablando; Cape of Good Hope Kabo di Bon Espero; Cape Verde Kabverdo
  • caper vi kapriolar; saltet(ad)ar || n kapriolo; (bot: Capparis spinosa) [bud] kapero; [shrub] kaperiero
  • capercaillie n (zool.: Tetrao urogallus) urogalo
  • capias n (jur.) arestomandato
  • capillary n (anat.) kapilara tubo (o vaskulo) || adj kapilara
  • capital n (city) chefurbo; (fin.) kapitalo; to make capital out of explotar | (letter) mayuskulo; (archit.) kapitelo; capitalism kapitalismo; capitalist kapitalisto; capitalization [of letters] mayuskuligo; (fin.) kapitaligo || vt to capitalize [letters] mayuskuligar; (convert to capital) kapitaligar || vi to capitalize on explotar || adj (chief) chefa; precipua; (liable to the death penalty) [crime] mortopunisebla; capital punishment mortopuniso | (pertaining to the head) kapala; (dated: British) bonege !; ecelanta !; tre bone !; capitalist kapitalismala; kapitalista
  • capitation n (census) kont(ad)o; (poll tax) personala imposto
  • capitulate vi kapitulacar
  • capitulum n (anat., bot.) kapitulo
  • capon n kapono
  • caponier n (mil., hist.) kaponiero
  • Cappadocia n (hist.) Kapadocia
  • caprice n kaprico || adj capricious kapricema; kapricoza
  • Capricorn n kaprikorno
  • capriole n (caper) kapriolo
  • capsicum n (chili pepper) papriko
  • capsize vt kulbutigar || vi kulbutar
  • capstan n kapstano
  • capsule n kapsulo
  • captain n (mil., nav.) kapitano; komandanto; (of ship) navestro; (of team) chefo; captaincy kapitaneso
  • captious adj blamema; kritikema || n captiousness kritikemeso
  • captive n kaptito; captivity kaptiteso; nelibereso || vt to captivate (charm) charmar; (delight) delektar; (enrapture) ravisar; (fascinate) facinar || adj kaptita; captive balloon nelibera balonego
  • capture vt kaptar; (arrest) arestar; (seize) sizar || n (act) kapto; (person) kaptito; (thing) kaptajo
  • Capuchin n (friar) kapucino
  • car n automobilo; (RR) vagono
  • carabineer n (hist.) karabiniero
  • carabus n (zool.: Carabus) karabo
  • caracole n karakolo || vi karakolar
  • carafe n karafo
  • caramel n karamelo
  • carapace n kurasosto
  • carat n karato
  • caravan n (hist.: company of travelers) karavano; caravansary karavanserayo
  • caravel n (hist., naut.) karavelo
  • caraway n (bot.: Carum carvi) karvio
  • carbide n (chem.) karbido
  • carbine n karabino
  • carbolic acid n fenolo
  • carbon n (chem.: C) karbo; (impure: coal, charcoal, etc.) karbono; carbon dioxide karbobioxo; carbon paper karbopapero; carbonate karbato || vt to carbonate karbatizar; to carbonize (carburize) karburar; (coat with carbon) karbonizar; (convert to carbon) karbonigar || adj carbonaceous karb(oz)a; carbonic acid karbatacido; carboniferous (containing carbon) karbonoza
  • Carbonaro n (hist.) karbonaro
  • carboy n damijano
  • carbuncle n (med., min.) karbunklo
  • carburet vt karburar || n (dated: carbide) karbido; carburator karburatoro
  • carburize vt (add carbon to) karbizar; (react with carbon) karburar; (turn into carbon) karbigar
  • carcass n (dead animal) bestiokadavro; (derog.: person’s body, living or dead) korpacho
  • carcinoma n (path.) karcinomo
  • card n karto; to lay down the cards pozar la karti; cardboard kartono | (device for combing and cleaning wool) kardilo; [machine] kardatoro || vt [wool] kardar
  • cardamine n (bot.: Cardamine) kardamino
  • cardamom n (bot.: Elettaria cardamomum) kardamomo
  • cardan joint n kardano
  • cardiac adj kordiala || n (med., informal: person with heart disease) kordiiko
  • cardinal n (church dignitary) kardinalo; (number) nombro kardinala || adj (number) kardinala; (primary) chefa; esencala; fundamentala; kardinala
  • cardioid n (math) kardioido
  • cardiology n kardiologio
  • cardoon n (bot.: Cynara cardunculus) karduno
  • care n (anxiety, worry) sucio; [psych.] anxio; full of cares anxioza; sucioza | (carefulness) sorgo; [attentiveness] atenco; [caution] presorgo; [diligence] diligenteso; to have a care (be cautious) esar prudenta; presorgar; to take care (be cautious) esar prudenta; presorgar; take care! atencez !; to take care not to sorgar (o gardar su) ke on ne -ez; sorgar ne -ar; take care not to fall sorgez ne falar; to take care to sorgar -ar (o ke on -ez) | (charge) sorgo; [guardianship] gardo; (of minor) flegado; [med.] flegado; to be in the care of Dr. Kevorkian esar flegata da Dro Kevorkian | [responsibility] charjo; responsiveso; to take care of (look after) havar sorgo pri; sorgar; [child, med.] flegar; caregiver (of child, med.) flegisto; caretaker (of building) edificosorgisto; (of child, med.) flegisto || vi (feel concern or interest in) all he cares about his money lo unika qua interesas (od importas ad) il esas pekunio; I don’t care (not worried) me ne sucias; to care to volar (o dezirar) -ar; to care for (like) amar; I don’t care for coffee me ne amas kafeo; I don’t much care for him me ne multe amas ilu; [love] I care very much for her me multe amoras elu | (look after) sorgar; [child, med.] flegar || adj careful (attentive) atencema; (cautious) atencema; presorgema; careful, man! there’s a beverage here! antencez, kerlo ! me havas drinkajo enmanue ! | (diligent) diligenta; (prudent) prudenta; (solicitous) sucioza, -ema; careless (negligent) neglijanta, -ema; nesorgema; carefree nesuciema; sensucia; careworn konsumita da sucio; sorgolacerita
  • careen vt [ship for repair] carenreparar || vi (of a ship: tilt) inklinesar; (speed unstably) vacile kurar
  • career n (working life) kariero; (history) historio || vi (careen) vacile kurar
  • caress vt karezar || n karezo
  • carex n (bot.: Carex) karico
  • cargo n kargajo
  • caribou n (zool.: Rangifer tarandus) karibuo
  • caricature n karikaturo || vt karikatar; (bad imitation) imitachuro
  • caries n (med.) kario; to have caries (said of tooth) kariar
  • carillon n (collection) klosharo; (tune) kloshario; kloshmuziko
  • Carinthia n Karintia
  • cariole n (carriage) chareto
  • Carmelite n (friar or nun) karmelito
  • carmine n (pigment) karmino || adj karminea
  • carnage n buchado; masakro; (corpses, gore) kadavraro
  • carnal adj karnala; mondumala; sensuala || n carnality sensualeso || vt to carnalize sensualigar
  • carnation n (bot: Dianthus caryophyllus) dianto; (color) karnoredo || adj karnoreda
  • carnelian n (min.) kornalino
  • carnify vt karnigar || vi karneskar
  • carnival n karnavalo
  • carnivore n karnivoro; karnomanjero || adj carnivorous karnivora; karnomanjera
  • carob n (bot.: Ceratonia siliqua) [tree] karubiero; [bean] karubo
  • carol n Kristonaskala kantiko (o kansono)
  • carom n (billiards) karambolo || vt karambolar
  • carotid adj (anat.) karotida || n karotido
  • carouse vi debochar; drinkegar; krapular || n carousal debocho; drinkegado; festinego; krapulo
  • carousel n (merry-go-round) mashino di lignokavali; (hist.: tilting tournament) karuselo
  • carp n (zool.: Cyprinus carpio) ciprino; karpo || vi to carp about diskutachar; kritikachar; to carp at kritikachar; reprochadar
  • carpal adj karpala
  • Carpathians n Karpati
  • carpenter n karpentisto; (joiner) menuzisto; carpentry (activity) karpentado; (work made) karpentajo || vt karpentar
  • carpet n tapiso || vt tapisizar
  • carpus n (anat.) karpo
  • carrion n (bestio)kadavro
  • carronade n (hist.) karonado
  • carrot n (bot.: Daucus carota subsp. sativus) karoto || adj carroty karotea; (of hair) rufa
  • carry vt (support and move from one place to another) portar; [bring] adportar; [in a conveyance] vehigar; veturagar; [transport] transportar; (support the weight of) subtenar; suportar; sustenar; [assume responsibility or blame] aceptar; asumar; [be pregnant with] esar gravida ye; [be responsible for the effectiveness or success of] to carry the day obtenar la vinko | [financially] entratenar; (extend) [idea, activity] extensar; plulongigar; to carry something too far agar nesagace; (have, offer) havar; tenar; to carry weight (have importance) importar | [in magazine, newspaper] editar; imprimar; prizentar; [meaning] expresar; havar; [stock] havar; tenar; we no longer carry the Today sponge ni ne plus havas la sponjo Today; (math: transfer) transferar; (pol.) [approve by majority of votes] adoptar; aprobar; [gain state or district in election] ganar; [persuade to adopt one’s policy] igar adoptar; igar aprobar; (transmit) [broadcast] havar; prizentar; [publish] havar; imprimar; prizentar; to carry away forportar; to carry forward (continue with) durigar; persistar -ar; (fin.) avanportar; transferar; to carry in portar en; to carry off forportar; forprenar; (abduct) raptar; (kill) mortigar; (succeed in doing something difficult) sucesar en/pri; (win) ganar; to carry on (engage in activity) okupar su pri; to carry oneself (behave) kondutar; (stand or move in a particular way) tenar su; to carry out (effectuate) efektigar; exekutar; facar; to carry over (make remain) restigar; (postpone) ajornar; to carry through (accomplish) kompletigar; (par)facar; (par)finar; (sustain) sustenar || vi to carry on (be debauched) debochar; (behave badly) miskondutar; (continue) [doing] durigar -o; ne cesar -ar; persistar -ar; plus -ar; [existing] durar; (make a fuss) ecitesar; folludetar; (manage) administrar; direktar || n carriage (means of conveyance) veturo; to keep carriage havar veturo (o kalesho) | [horse-drawn vehicle] fiakro; kalesho; karoso; [of gun] afusto; [RR] vagono; (bearing, deportment) konduto; marchomaniero; mieno; suten(ad)o; (transportation) transporto; [cost] transportokusto; transportopreco; carriage paid afrankita; carrier portanto; portero; portisto; [means] portilo; (conduit) konduktilo; (conveyor of goods or people) [person] transportisto; [vehicle, device] transportilo; carrier pigeon kolombo voyajera; carrying pole vekto || adj carried away (by emotion) tro emocigita
  • cart n char(et)o; veturo; (handcart) manuveturo; cartload charedo; veturedo; cartage veturago; carter charisto || vt char(et)agar; vehigar; to cart off forchar(et)agar
  • carte n (menu) menuo; (dated: visiting card) nomkarto; vizitkarto; carte blanche plenipotenco; plenlibereso; carte de visite (hist.) nomkarto; vizitkarto
  • cartel n (com.) *kartelo; (hist.: letter of challenge) kartelo
  • Cartesian adj karteziana; Cartesian diver, devil karteziandiablo; kartezianplunjanto; ludiono
  • carthamin n (chem.) kartamino
  • Carthusian n (monk, nun) kartuziano || adj kartuziana
  • cartilage n kartilago
  • cartography n kartografio; cartographer kartografiisto
  • cartomancer n kartomanciisto; cartomancy kartomancio
  • carton n (container) kartonbuxo; kartonkesto
  • cartoon n (art) [animated film] *kartuno; [caricature] karikata skisuro (o desegnuro)
  • cartouche n kartusho
  • cartridge n kartocho; cartridge pouch kartochuyo
  • cartulary n chartaro; (person) chartisto
  • caruncle n (med., bot.) karunkulo
  • carus n (med.) komatego
  • carve vt (hard material) [chisel] cizelar; [engrave, etch] grabar; (wood) xilografar; [gems] gliptar; [sculpt] skultar; (meat, etc.) dispartigar; dispecigar; distranchar; to carve to form taliar || n carving -(ad)o; -ajo; -uro
  • caryatid n (archit.) kariatido
  • cascade n kaskado
  • case n (example, individual matter) exemplo; kazo; get off my case! lasez me tranquila !; ne tormentez me !; such being the case en tala kazo; according to the case segun la kazo; in any case omnakaze; omnasupoze; in case of kaze di; in case (that) en la kazo ke; kaze ke; por la kazo ke; in no case nulkaze; in that case takaze | (instance, occurrence) evento; eventualo; kazo; (jur.) [arguments] pledo; [basis, grounds] bazo; [lawsuit] proceso; (ling., gram.) kazo; (container) [box] buxo; [cabinet] armoro; [chest] kesto; [flat box] etuyo; [for something specific] -uyo; [glass showcase] vetrino; [suitcase] valizo; [trunk] kofro; (typ.) lower case minuskulo; upper case mayuskulo; casement (window) postigo; (lit.) fenestro; casing cirkumajo; envelopilo; kovrilo; (of window, door) framo; kadro || vt to case-harden cementacar
  • casein n kazeino
  • casemate n (hist.) kazemato
  • caseous adj kazeatra
  • casern n kazerno
  • cash n (ready money) kontanto; cash balance enkasa sumo; kasostando; kontantobilanco; cash book kasolibro; kontantoregistro; cash in hand enkasa sumo; kasostando; cash register kasoregistragilo; for cash, in cash kontante; to be in cash havar pekunio; to collect in cash inkasar (pekunio); cashbox kaso; cashier kasisto, -ero || vt (convert to cash) konvertar a moneto; [a check] inkasar; to cashier (rare: dismiss in disgrace) degradar
  • cashmere n kashmiro
  • casino n kazino
  • cask n barel(eg)o; (tun) fudro
  • casket n (jewel case) juveluyo; (small box) kesteto; kofreto; (coffin) sarko
  • Caspian adj Caspian Sea Kaspia
  • cassation n (jur.) kasaco; (mus.) serenado
  • casserole n (saucepan) kasrolo
  • cassette n kaseto
  • cassia n (bot.: Cassia) [fruit] kasio; [tree] kasiero
  • cassock n (priest’s soutane) sutano; (hist.: musketeer coat) kazako
  • cassowary n (zool.: Casuarius) kazuaro
  • cast vt (throw) jetar; lansar; to cast headlong precipitar; (direct) to cast a glance lansar regardo | (discard) forjetar; [clothes] desmetar; to cast aside forjetar; renunciar; to cast off abandonar; forjetar; [clothes] desmetar; [spouse] repudiar; to cast out ejektar; (let down) to cast anchor ankragar; jetar l’ankro | (project) [shadow] projektar; [spell] sorcar; (register a vote) to cast one’s vote votar | (shape, arrange) [clay, wax, metal] gisar; [lots] lotriar; [print] klishar; stereotipar; (theat.) [actor] asignar (rolo ad); [role] asignar; (twist) [fabric] tordar; to cast something up to (reproach) reprochar ulo ad ulu; to cast up (math) sumigar || vi to cast about for konsiderar; serchar; to cast on (knitting) trikoteskar || n (throw) jeto; lanso; (appearance) aspekto; mieno; (mold) muldilo; [molded object] gisajo; (squint) strabeso; (theat.) l’aktori; cast iron gisfero; castaway naufrajinto; caster (cruet) kondimentuyo; (on furniture) roteto; casting jetado; lansado; (molded object) gisajo, -uro; mulduro; (of actors) la distributo dil roli; casting vote decidanta voto
  • castanet n kastanyeto
  • caste n kasto
  • castellate vt krenelizar
  • castigate vt (punish) punisar; bastonagar; flogar; (reprimand) reprimandar
  • Castile n Kastilia; Castilian Kastiliano
  • castle n kastelo; (chess: ♜) turmo; castles in the air kasteli en aero; kimera kasteli || vi (chess) roquar
  • castor n (beaver hat) kastorchapelo; castor bean (bot.: Ricinus communis) [plant] ricino; castor oil ricinoleo
  • castrate vt kastrar
  • casual adj (informal) neformala; [occasional] neregulala; sporadika; [offhand] nekonsiderita; senpensa; (fortuitous) kazuala || n casualty (accident) acidento; (dead) mort(int)o; (loss) perdo; (victim) acidentito; (wounded) vundito
  • casuist n kazuisto; casuistry kazuistiko
  • cat n (zool.: Felis catus) kato; to let the cat out of the bag expozar sekretajo; like cats and dogs desharmonioza; disputema; quale la kato e la hundo; catfish (zool.: Siluriformes) siluro; catgut katguto; catnap dormeto; cat-o’-nine-tails nonopla flogilo || vi to caterwaul miaul(ach)ar || adj catlike felinatra; katatra
  • catachresis n katakrezo
  • cataclysm n kataklismo
  • catacomb n katakombo
  • catafalque n katafalko
  • catalepsy n (med.) katalepsio || adj cataleptic katalepsiika
  • catalog n katalogo || vt katalogizar
  • Catalonia n Katalunia; Catalonian Kataluniano
  • catalpa n (bot.: Catalpa) katalpo
  • catalysis n (chem.) katalizo; catalyst katalizivo || vt to catalyze katalizar || adj catalytic katalizala; kataliziva
  • catamaran n (boat) katamarano
  • cataplasm n (med.) kataplasmo
  • catapult n (hist.) katapulto
  • cataract n (waterfall; med.) katarakto
  • catarrh n (path.) kataro
  • catastrophe n katastrofo
  • catch vt (intercept and hold) kaptar; to catch the eye kaptar l’atenco; renkontrar l’okulo | (seize) prenar; sizar; (capture) arestar; haltigar; kaptar; [fish] peskar; (contact, get a hold of) catch you later! til la rivido !; I can never catch him at home me nultempe sucesas kontakteskar kun il heme; (contract) [disease] kaptesar (o prenesar) da; (hear or understand) audar; komprenar; (hit) the bullet caught him in the arm il recevis la kuglo en la brakio; la kuglo atingis il en la brakio; I caught my head on the beam la trabo shokis a me la kapo; me frapis la kapo kontre la trabo; (reach in time) [train, bus, flight] arivar justatempe por; (receive) her eyes caught the light elua okuli reflektis la lumo; this room catches the morning sun ca chambro recevas la suno dil matino; (see, hear, visit) [concert, exhibition] irar ad; [radio show] askoltar; audar; [TV show, film] spektar; vidar; (take by surprise) surprizar; to catch someone doing something surprizar ulu facanta ulo; you’ve caught me at a bad time vu trovis me en mala instanto; (trap) enkaptiligar; kaptar per kaptilo (o ruzilo); I caught my fingers in the door mea fingri kaptesis en la pordo; I caught my hair in the thorns mea hararo intrikesas en la dorni; to catch one’s breath cesar anhelar || vi to catch on (become popular) populareskar; (understand) komprenar; to catch up with (overtake) rajuntar || n (seizure) kapto; preno; sizo; (fish) peskajo; (snare) kaptilo; (hidden disadvantage) kaptilo; [ruse] trompilo; (latch) klinko; (spring catch) kliko; (stopping mechanism) freno; haltigilo; (unevenness of voice) halteto; catchword (catchphrase) populara frazo (o vorto); repetvorto; catcher (baseball) bulrijetanto, -ero || adj catching (med.) infektema; kontagiema; caught up in (involved in, entangled in) implikita en; catch-all generala; por omno; catchpenny chipacha; naivokaptiva
  • catechism n katekismo || vt to catechize katekizar
  • catechu n (also “cutch”, “cashoo”) kachuo
  • catechumen n katekumeno
  • category n kategorio || vt to categorize klasifikar || adj categorical (absolute) absoluta; (unambiguously explicit and direct) certa; ferma; klara; (logic, gen.) kategorika
  • catenoid adj katenoida
  • cater vt (provide food) (manjo)provizar || vi to cater for (chiefly Brit.) (manjo)provizar; to cater to (provide with what is needed) to cater to someone’s needs sorgar la bezoni di ulu; (try to satisfy need or demand) this magazine caters to tweens ca revuo esas direktata a preadolecanti || n caterer provizanto, -ero, -isto
  • caterpillar n (zool.) raupo
  • catharsis n (med., fig.) purgo || adj cathartic purgiva
  • cathedral n katedralo
  • catheter n (med.) katetero
  • cathetus n (geom.) kateto
  • cathode n katodo
  • catholic adj katolika; (universal) universala; (wide-ranging) multsorta || n katoliko; Catholicism katolikismo; catholicity katolikeso; (diversity) difero; (universality) universaleso
  • cation n (chem.) kationo
  • catkin n (bot.) amento
  • catoptrics n katoptriko
  • cattle n bovi; cattle pen bovfakeyo; cattle rustler bovfurtisto; cattle shed boveyo; bovstablo
  • Caucasus n Kaukazo; Caucasia Kaukazia; Caucasian Kaukaziano
  • caucus n (pol.) [U.S.] privata (o preliminara) kunveno politikala; [Brit.] direktanta komitato politikala
  • caudal adj kaudala; kaudatra
  • cauldron n kaldrono
  • cauliflower n (bot.: Brassica oleracea, group Botrytis) florkaulo
  • caulk n (or “calk”) stupo || vt kalfatar; stupizar
  • cause n (that which gives rise to an action, phenomenon, or condition) kauzo; first cause prima kauzo | (affair) afero; (jur.) afero; proceso; (motive) motivo; cause to believe motivo por supozo; to show cause expozar la neceseso (o motivo); without cause senmotive | (origin) origino; (purpose) skopo; to make common cause with federar su kun | (undertaking) entraprezo; causality kauz(al)eso; causation efektigo; kauzigo || vt (bring into existence) efektigar; produktar; provokar; (cause to be done) facigar (ulo da ulu); igar (ulu facar ulo); (cause to do) igar (ulu facar ulo); obligar (ulu facar) || adj causal, causative kauzala; kauziganta; causeless senkauza; senmotiva
  • causeway n choseo
  • caustic adj (chem.) kaustika; (fig.) kaustika; korodiva; mordema; sarkasma || n (phys.) kaustiko; (substance) kaustikajo; korodivo; lunar caustic (chem., archaic: silver nitrate) arjentonitrato
  • cautery n kautero || vt kauterizar
  • caution n (care to avoid danger) presorgo; [prudence] prudenteso; [warning] averto; (bail) kaucion(sum)o || vt (warn) avertar || adj cautionary avertema; exhortema; cautious cirkonspekta; presorganta, -ema, -oza; to be cautious presorgar | [prudent] prudenta
  • cavalcade n kavalkantaro
  • cavalier n (hist.: supporter of Charles I) monarkiisto; (archaic: cavalryman) kavalkanto, -ero, -isto; (archaic: courtly gentleman) galanto; (archaic: escort) akompananto || adj (arrogant) aroganta; superba; (offhand) desprizosa; indiferenta; senkonsidera; sensorga
  • cavalry n kavalrio; cavalryman kavalriano
  • cavatina n (mus.) kavatino
  • cave n kaverno; caveman kavernano; troglodito || vi to cave in falar; krular; sinkar; (fig.) cedar
  • caveat n averto
  • cavern n kaverno || adj cavernous kavernatra
  • caviar n kaviaro
  • cavil vi diskutachar; frivole objecionar; rezonachar
  • cavity n foso; kavajo; sinkuro; truo; (anat., bot.) alveolo; (tooth decay) kario
  • caw vi kroasar
  • cayenne n (bot.: Capsicum annuum ‘Cayenne’) kayeno; (spice) papriko
  • cease vi cesar; the work ceased la laboro cesis || vt cesigar; to cease working cesar laborar; cesigar la laboro || adj ceaseless sencesa
  • cedar n (bot.: Cedrus) cedro
  • cede vt cedar
  • cedilla n (¸) cedilio
  • cedrate n (bot.) cedrato
  • cedula n cedulo
  • ceiling n plafono
  • celebrate vt (with ceremony) celebrar; (with party) festar pri || n celebrant celebranto; celebrity (fame) famo; (famous person) famozo; gloriozo || adj celebrated [rites] celebrita; (famous) famoza
  • celerity n rapideso
  • celery n (bot.: Apium graveolens, var. dulce) celerio
  • celestial adj cielala; celestial army cielala armeo
  • celibate adj (chaste) chasta; (unmarried) celiba || n celibacy celibeso; chasteso
  • cell n celulo; (compartment) celulo; faketo; (elec. battery) pilio; (for prisoner) celulo; karcerchambreto; (in honeycomb) abelcelulo; alveolo; celluloid celuloido; cellulose celuloso || adj cellular celulala; celuloza
  • cellar n kelero; subter-etajo
  • cello n violoncelo
  • cellophane n celofano
  • cement n cemento; (concrete) betono; cementation (geo., metall.) cementaco || vt (attach with cement) cementagar; (cover with cement) cementizar; (geo., metall.) cementacar
  • cemetery n enterigeyo; tombeyo; (necropolis) nekropolo
  • cenobite n cenobito
  • cenotaph n cenotafio
  • cense vt incensizar || n censer incensizilo
  • censor n censuristo, -anto, -ero; (hist.) censoro; censorship censuro || vt (prohibit all or part of a book, movie, etc.) censurar || adj censorious kondamnoza; kritikoza
  • censure vt kondamnar; reprimandar || n kondamno; reprimando || adj censurable kondamninda; reprimandinda
  • census n kontado; nombrizo; to take a census of kontar; nombrizar
  • cent n (coin) « cent »; (every 100) cento; two per cent du po cento
  • centaur n (myth.) centauro; centaury (bot.: Centaurea) centaureo
  • centenarian n centyaro
  • centenary n centesma aniversario
  • centennial n centesma aniversario
  • center n (middle) centro; mezo; (focus of action or process) centro; center of gravity baricentro || vt (concentrate) [on or around a concern or theme] koncentrar; (put in center) [text] centrigar; to centralize centraligar || vi gravitar; koncentrar || adj central centrala; (principal) chefa
  • centesimal adj centezimala
  • centi- afx centi-
  • centiare n (square meter) centiaro
  • centigram n centigramo
  • centiliter n centilitro
  • centimeter n centimetro
  • centipede n (zool.: Chilopoda) skolopendro
  • cento n (rare) centono
  • centrifuge n centrifugatoro || vt centrifugar || adj centrifugal centrifugala
  • centripetal adj centripetala
  • centuple adj centopla || vt centopligar
  • centurion n (hist.) centuriono
  • century n yarcento; (hist.) centurio
  • cep n (bot.: Boletus edulis) cepo
  • cephalic adj kapala
  • cephalopod n (zool.) cefalopodo
  • ceramic adj terakota; (glazed) fayenca || n ceramics (art) ceramiko, -arto; (objects) ceramikaji
  • cerate n (pharm.) cerato
  • cerberus n cerbero
  • cereal n (grain) cerealo
  • cerebellum n (anat.) cerebelo
  • cerebrum n (anat.) cerebro; cerebration cerebrag(ad)o || vi to cerebrate cerebragar || adj cerebral cerebrala
  • cerecloth n (hist.) sparadrapo; vaxotelo
  • cerement n (hist.) sepultotuko; (hist.: shroud) sudario
  • ceremony n cermonio; to stand on ceremony facar la ceremonii || adj ceremonial ceremoniala; ceremonious ceremoniema; ceremonioza
  • cerise n cerizkoloro || adj cerizea
  • cerium n (chem.: Ce) cerio
  • certain adj (convinced) certa; to be certain of esar certa pri; to become certain certeskar | (definite but unknown) ula; a certain day ula dio; a certain Mr. Smith called today ula s-ro Smith telefonis cadie; in a certain place ulaloke; (definite but unspecified) certena; a certain relative of yours stopped by certena vua parento vizitis; certain things should not be discussed in public certena aferi on ne diskutez publike; people of a certain age homi kelke evoza; (sure, definite) certa; infalibla; death is certain mortar esas infalibla; to make certain of certigar || adv certainly (assuredly) certe; sendubite || n certainty (quality) certeso; (sure thing) certajo
  • certify vt (confirm as authentic or certain) certifikar; [a check] garantiar; [after investigation] konstatar; (officially recognize as meeting certain qualifications) diplomizar; [authorize] yurizar || n certificate atest(ur)o; certifik(ur)o; certificate of birth naskala atesto; certificate of health atesto di salubreso; certificate of marriage mariajatesto | [univ., etc.] diplomo; certification atesto; certifiko || adj certified certifikita; (authorized) aprobita; yurizita; [check] garantiita; (in profession) diplomizita
  • certitude n certeso; complete metaphysical certitude certeso absoluta e metafizikal
  • cerulean adj azuratra; azurea; azuroza; cielblua; (artificially) azurizita
  • cerumen n (med.) cerumeno
  • ceruse n (archaic: white lead) ceruzo
  • cervix n (anat.: cervix uteri) *uterkolo; (tech.: the neck) kolo
  • cessation n ces(ig)o; halto
  • cession n cedo; cessionary cedario
  • cesspool n (or cesspit) absorboputeo; latrinfoso; (sewer) kloako
  • cestus n (hist.) cesto
  • cetacean n (zool.: Cetacea) cetaceo
  • chafe vt (irritate) iritar; [cables, etc.] lacer(et)ar; [fig.] iracetigar; (med.: excoriate) exkoriar || n chafing dish pladvarmigilo
  • chafer n (zool.: Melolontha) melolonto
  • chaff n (husk) brano; shelo; [worthless bits, trash] palioreziduo (o -forjetajo); (banter) joka moko; moketo; (straw used as fodder) forejo
  • chaffer vi (archaic: haggle) marchandar || n (archaic: haggling) marchand(ad)o
  • chaffinch n (zool.: Fringilla coelebs) finko
  • chagrin n despito || vt despitigar; (vex) vexar
  • chain n (literal and fig.) kateno; (surveyor’s) mezurkateno; chain gang (laboranta) forcati katenizita; chain link katenringo; chain mail (armor) mashkuraso (o -kuto, -tuniko); (mesh) katenmasho; chain of events kateno di eventi || vt (fetter) katenizar; katenligar; (link together) katenigar
  • chair n (furniture) sidilo; stulo; [speaker’s] katedro; chairman, chairperson prezidanto, -ero, -isto || vt (preside over) prezidar
  • chaise n (hist.) kalesheto; chaise longue longa stulego
  • chalaza n (bio.) chalazo
  • chalcedony n (min.) kalcedono
  • Chaldea n (hist.) Kaldea; Chaldean Kaldeano
  • chalet n ligna dom(et)o; (montala) kabano; Suisiana dom(eto)
  • chalice n kalico
  • chalk n (calcium carbonate) kreto; (hydrated calcium sulfate; gypsum) gipso; (for writing) kretokrayono; chalkboard nigra tabelo || vt to chalk something up to atribuar ulo ad || adj chalky kreta, -oza, -atra
  • challenge n (dare) [to competition, fight, etc.] defio; [written, as to duel] kartelo; (dispute) kontesto; [by sentry] la « qua hike »; [jur.: objection] objeciono; [jur.: recusal] rekuzo; challenger defianto; (jur.) rekuzanto || vt (dare) [to competition, fight, etc.] defiar; (dispute) kontestar; [as sentry] klamar « qua (iras) hike »; [jur.: object to] objecionar; [jur.: recuse] rekuzar || adj challenging defianta; provokanta; (difficult) desfacila; (stimulating) stimulanta
  • chalybeate adj feroza
  • chamade n (mil.) chamado
  • chamber n chambro; (of gun) fusilchambr(et)o; Chamber of Deputies chambro di deputati; chamber pot noktovazo; chambermaid chambristino; servistino
  • chamberlain n (hist.) chambelano
  • chameleon n (zool.: Chamaeleonidae) kameleono
  • chamfer vt (archit.) bizelizar || n bizelo
  • chamfron n (hist.: also chaffron, chamfrein, chanfron, shaffron, et. al.) (kaval)chanfrenkuraso
  • chamois n (zool.: Rupicapra rupicapra) chamo; chamois leather chamofelo
  • chamomile n (bot.: Matricaria chamomilla, Chamaemelum nobile, et al.) kamomilo
  • champagne n Champania; champanio
  • champignon n (agaricus campestris) champiniono
  • champion n championo; champion boxer boxochampiono; championship championeso; (defense of cause) defens(ad)o || vt defensar; kombatar por
  • chance n (fortuitous occurrence) hazardo; do not trust to chance ne fidez a hazardo; by chance hazarde; kontingente | (opportunity) okaziono; oportunajo; to miss one’s chance perdar l’okaziono | (probability of success, good or bad) chanco; he never stood a chance il havis nula chanco; I can’t lie to you about your chances, but you have my sympathies me ne povas mentiar a vu pri la chanci, ma vu havas mea kompato; (risk) risko; to take a chance konfidar su al hazardo; probar la chanco; riskar su || vt (risk) riskar; to chance upon renkontrar (o parvenar) hazarde || adj (fortuitous) hazardala; chancy (risky) riskoza; (unpredictable) hazardoza
  • chancel n santuario
  • chancellery n (place) kancelereyo; (rank) kancelereso
  • chancellor n kancelero; Chancellor of the Exchequer (Brit.) ministro di financo; Lord High Chancellor (Brit.) granda kancelero; chancellorship kancelereso
  • chancery n (Brit.: chancellor’s court) kancelerokorto
  • chancre n (med.) chankro
  • chandelier n lustro
  • change vt (alter) altrigar; [order] permutar; (for the worse) alterar; (modify) modifikar; (transform) transformar; the prince was changed into a frog la princo esis transformita a rano; (exchange) kambiar; (take or use another instead of) chanjar; to change clothes chanjar vestaro; to change color chanjar koloro; to change one’s mind pensar altre; to change trains chanjar treno; prenar altra treno || vi (alter) altreskar; [seasons] alternar; (for the worse) altereskar; (vary) variar || n (alteration) altero; change of life menopauzo | (substitution) chanjo; two changes of underwear du rezervopeci di subvesto | [coins] moneti; [exchange] kambio; changeling infanteto substitucita; changer [of money] kambiisto || adj changeable chanjanta, -ema, -ebla; variema; (inconstant) nekonstanta; changeless nevariebla; senchanja
  • channel n (watercourse, TV channel) kanalo; The (English) Channel Kanalo | [strait] marala stretajo; [stream bed] lito; (groove) [archit.; rifling] kanelo; [furrow] sulko; [joinery] ranuro; (of communication) voyo || vt [region; spirit] kanalizar; (canalize) [river] kanaligar; (direct) direktar; (groove) [archit.; rifling] kanelizar; [furrow] sulkizar; [joinery] ranurizar
  • chanson n kansono
  • chant vt (plan)kantar
  • chanterelle n (bot.: Cantharellus cibarius) kantarelo
  • chaos n kaoso || adj chaotic kaosatra
  • chap vi (of the lips) (dermo)krevisar; divenar aspera e fendetoza || vt (the lips) krevisar || n krevisuro; (Brit: lad) puerulo; (Brit: man) kerlo; (yuna) homulo; I say, old chap! askoltez, kerlo !
  • chapeau n chapelo
  • chapel n kapelo
  • chaperone n dueno; protektantino || vt akompanar; duenagar; protektar
  • chapfallen adj (archaic: dejected) depresoza; (archaic: exhausted) exhaustita
  • chaplain n armeokleriko; kapelisto; militnavala kleriko
  • chaplet n chapleto
  • chapter n (of book) chapitro; (of church) kanonikaro; (of society) branchsocieto; societo filiala
  • char vt (scorch) bruletar
  • charabanc n (hist.) benkoveturo
  • character n (distinctive nature) karaktero; person of good character persono di bona karaktero | [moral fortitude] forteso etikala; [quality] genero; qualeso; speco; tipo; [reputation] reputeso; (person) karaktero; What sort of character is she? She is a bad character Quala muliero esas elu ? El esas mala muliero (o havas mala karaktero).; [interesting or amusing individual] he’s quite a character il esas vera originalo; [theat., cine.] main character protagonisto | [theat., cine.: role] rolo; in the character of kom; (typ.) litero; signo; characteristic distingivo; karakterizivo; karaktero; proprajo; traito; (math) karakteristiko; characterization distingo; karakterizo || vt to characterize distingar; karakterizar; qualifikar || adj characteristic (distinguishing) distingiva; karakteriziva; (typical) tipala || adv characteristically karakterizive; tipale
  • charade n (absurd pretense) farso; charades (game) sharado
  • charcoal n lignokarbono; charcoal pencil (art) fuzenkrayono; charcoal sketch fuzendesegnuro
  • charge vt (fin.) [ask for sum] postular; [debit sum, item purchased] debetigar; [make pay] pagigar; (assault) asaltar; (entrust) komisar; konfidar; (jur.) [accuse] akuzar; [impute] imputar; (load, fill) [battery, gun, etc.] charjar || n (fin.) [cost] kusto; preco; [debit] debeto; free of charge gratuita; senpaga | (assault) asalto; to sound the charge sonigar por asalto | (burden) kargajo; portajo; (entrustment) komiso; (jur.) [accusation] akuzo; [imputation] imputo; (order) impero; instruciono; komando; (responsibility) devo; gardo; ofico; responsiveso; to be in charge responsar; who’s in charge here? qua responsas hike ?; to be in charge of direktar; gardar; (mil.) komandar | (shot) kartocho; pafajo; charger (device) charjilo; (person) asaltanto; (hist.: fast warhorse) kavalriokavalo || adj chargeable (fin.) [sum] debetigebla; (jur.) [offense] imputebla; [person] akuzebla
  • chargé d’affaires n legato
  • charily adv cirkonspekte; presorgante; prudente
  • chariot n charo; (light carriage) karoso; charioteer char(dukt)isto
  • charisma n karismo
  • charity n (alms) almono; (benevolence) bonfacemeso; bonvolo; karitato; (leniency) indulgemeso; klementeso || adj charitable almonema, -oza; (benevolent) bonfacema; karitatema, -oza; (lenient) indulgema; klementa; nesevera
  • charlatan n sharlatano
  • charlock n (bot.: Sinapis arvensis) sinapo sovaja
  • charm n (delightfulness) charmo; to turn on the charm charmeskar; (pleasantness) agreableso; (attractiveness) atraktiveso; (fascination) facino; (magic) [amulet] amuleto; [bewitchment] sorco; [enchanted item] sorcilo, -ajo; [talisman] talismano; (ornament for necklace, bracelet, etc.) berloko; charms (feminine) seduktili; (pleasant side) agreablaji || vt (delight) charmar; delektar; (enchant) ravisar; sorcar; (fascinate) facinar || adj charming charmanta, -iva; facinanta; ravisanta, -iva; sedukanta, -iva
  • charnel house n osteyo
  • chart n (sheet of information) [diagram] diagramo; [schema] skemo; [table] tabelo; (map) mapo; (plot) [course] trasar
  • charter n (authorization) charto || vt (grant a charter to) chartizar; (reserve, hire) [ship] fretar
  • chartreuse n (liqueur) kartuzioliquoro
  • chary adj (wary) cirkonspekta; prudenta; sorgema; (sparing) sparema
  • chase vt persequar; to chase away forpulsar; (hunt) chasar; (engrave metal) boselar; cizelagar; grabar || n (hunt) chas(ad)o; (Brit.: place reserved for hunting) chaseyo; (archaic: hunted animal) chasajo; (of gun) fusto
  • chasm n abismo; brechego; profundajo
  • chassis n fram(ar)o
  • chaste adj chasta || n chastity chasteso
  • chasten vt (humble) humiligar; (archaic: punish) punisar
  • chastise vt (rebuke) reprimandar; (dated: punish) flogar; punisar
  • chasuble n chazublo
  • chat vi konversetar || n (conversation) konverseto; (discussion) diskuto || adj chatty babilema; konverema; parolema
  • château n (manor house) domendomo; (mansion) domego; (palace) palaco; (castle) kastelo
  • châtelain n kastelmastro; châtelaine (dated) (kastel)mastrino; (hist.: belt chains) zonokatenaro
  • chattel n (movebla) posedajo
  • chatter vi (people, animals, or machines) babilar; (teeth) klakar || n babilado; (of teeth) klakado; chatterbox babilemo
  • chauffeur n automobiloduktisto; motorservisto
  • chauvinism n shovinismo; chauvinist shovinisto || adj chauvinist shovinista
  • chaw n (informal: chewing) mastikado; (informal: something chewed) mastikajo
  • cheap adj (inexpensive) chipa; (contemptible) desestiminda || n cheapskate (informal) avaro || vt to cheapen (make inexpensive) chipigar; (debase) desnobligar
  • cheat vi [in exam, test, game] fraudar; to cheat on (be unfaithful) trompar || vt (deceive) trompar; (defraud) fraudar; (swindle) eskrokar || n (person) fraudanto, -ero; [scoundrel] fripono; (act) fraudo; trompo
  • check vt (control by examining) kontrolar; [informal: look at] regardar; (consign) [coat] depozar; [luggage] registragar; (curb, restrain) bridagar; frenagar; haltigar; moderar; (in chess) shakar; to checkmate mortshakar | (mark or click on) kontrolmarkizar; to check in (at hotel, etc.) enregistrigar; to check off kontrolmarkizar; to check out (look at) regardar; yen !; check out the big brain on Brett! yen la granda cerebro en Brett ! | [examine] examenar; [investigate] explorar; inquestar; (ring up purchases) [customer] pagar || vi to check in (at hotel, etc.) enregistreskar; to check on (examine, verify) kontrolar; verifikar; (investigate) explorar; inquestar; to check out (agree) [stories, alibis] konkordar; to check up on (investigate) explorar; inquestar; [person, story] kontrolar || n (examination, verification) kontrolo; (bank) cheko; checkbook chekkayero | (curbing, restraint) brid(ag)o; fren(ag)o; haltigo; modero; in check bridagata | (in chess) shako; checkmate mortshako | (square) quadrato; check mark kontrolmarko; checker (verifier) [device] kontrolilo; [person] kontrolisto; checkers (game) dami; checking (examination, verification) kontrol(ad)o; checking account chekokonto; checklist kontrollisto; checkroom depozeyo di bagajo; enskribeyo di bagajo; checkup kontrolo; (by doctor) exameno || adj checkered quadratizita
  • cheek n (anat.) vango; (informal: gluteus) gluteo; cheekbone zigomato | (informal: impertinence) impertinenteso || adj cheeky (impertinent) impertinenta
  • cheep n pipio || vi pipiar
  • cheer vi (shout in joy or praise or encouragement) vivklamar; to cheer up (become less miserable) konsolacesar || vt (acclaim) aklamar; vivklamar; (encourage) kurajigar; to cheer up (console) konsolacar; (gladden) gayigar; joyigar || n (mood) [cheerfulness] gayeso; (shout) vivklamo; [acclaim] aklamo || adj cheerful, cheery gaya; cheerless trista
  • cheese n (culin.) fromajo; (informal: obvious sentimentality) sentimentachajo; cheesemaker fromajifisto
  • cheetah n (zool.: Acinonyx jubatus) gepardo
  • chef n (head cook) chefkoquisto
  • chef d’œuvre n maestroverko
  • chemical adj kemiala || n kemiajo
  • chemise n kamizo; chemisette kamizeto
  • chemist n kemiisto; (Brit.: pharmacist) apotekisto; farmaciisto; chemistry kemio
  • cherish vt (protect and care for lovingly) flegar; protektar; sorgar; (hold dear) amar; apreci(eg)ar; priz(eg)ar; [hope] nutrar; sustenar; [memory] konservar; [person] afecionar
  • cherry n (bot.: Prunus) cerizo; cherry brandy cerizratafio; cherry laurel (bot.: Prunus laurocerasus) cerizlauro; cherry tree ceriziero || vt to cherry-pick selektar
  • cherub n (myth.) kerubo || adj cherubic kerubatra
  • chervil n (bot.: Anthriscus cerefolium) cerfolio
  • chess n shakludo; to play chess shakludar; chessboard shakplanko; chessman shako(peco)
  • chest n (anat.) pektoro; (box) kesto; chest of drawers komodo
  • chestnut n (bot.: Castanea) kastano; chestnut tree kastaniero; sweet chestnut (bot.: Castanea sativa) marono || adj kastanbruna; kastanea
  • cheval glass n personspegul(eg)o
  • chevalier n kavaliero
  • chevron n (mil., heraldry: 𝝠) chevrono
  • chew vt mastikar; (ruminate) ruminar || n (tobacco; dog toy) mastikajo
  • chiaroscuro n (art) klarobskuro
  • chiastolite n (min.) maklo
  • chic adj chika; segunmoda || n chikeso; segunmodeso
  • chicane n (chicane) obstaklo; (archaic: chicanery) shikan(ad)o; chicanery shikan(ad)o || vt (archaic: trick) shikanar || vi (archaic: employ chicanery) shikanar
  • chick n (baby bird) ucelyuneto; [baby chicken] hanyuneto; (informal: woman) kerlino; chickweed (bot.: Stellaria) stelario
  • chickadee n (zool.: Poecile) paruo
  • chicken n (zool.: Gallus gallus domesticus) hano; [as food] hankarno; [hen] hanino; [rooster] hanulo; chicken coop handometo; haneyo | (informal: coward) poltrono; chickenpox varioleto || adj (informal: cowardly) poltrona; timida
  • chickpea n (bot.: Cicer arietinum) garbanzo
  • chicory n (bot. Cichorium intybus) cikorio
  • chide vt reprimand(et)ar
  • chief n (leader) chefo; estro; chieftain (klan)estro || adj (in rank) chefa; chief engineer chefinjenioro | (principal) precipua || adv chiefly (principally) precipue || afx -in-chief chef-; chefa; commander-in-chief chefkomandanto
  • chiffchaff n (zool.: Phylloscopus collybita) chifchafo
  • chignon n chiniono
  • chigoe n (zool.: Tunga penetrans) chigo
  • child n (minor) [baby] infanteto; [of 1-7 years] infanto; [of 8-15 years] puero; [preadolescent] preadolecanto; [teenager] adolecanto; childhood infanteso; puereso; childishness (act) infantalajo; pueralajo; (state) infantaleso; pueraleso | (offspring) filio; -ido; with child gravida; childbed (archaic) parturo; childbirth parturo; child-in-law bofilio; children (minors) infanti; pueri; (offspring) filii || adj childish infantala, -atra; puerala, -atra; childless seninfanta; childbearing fekunda; childlike infantatra; inocenta; naiva; childproof infantespruva; puerespruva
  • Chile n Chili; Chilean Chiliano
  • chill n (coldness) kold(et)eso; (pathol.) katareto; chilblains (med.) frostinfluro || vt frostetigar; (plu)koldigar; (refrigerate) frigorizar; to chill out (calm down and relax) quietigar || vi to chill (out) (calm down and relax) quieteskar; (pass time without particular aim) pasar la tempo; to watch Netflix and chill spektar Netflix e laxeskar || adj chilly (feeling cold) koldosentema; (making cold) koldiganta
  • chime n (bell or set of bells) klosh(ar)o; (music) kloshario; kloshmuziko || vi kloshsonar; (Brit.: be in harmony) harmoniar
  • chimera n (myth.) kimero
  • chimney n kameno; chimney flue kamentubo; chimney pot kamentubmitro; chimney stack korpo di kameno; chimneysweep kamenoskrapisto
  • chimpanzee n (zool.: Pan) chimpanzeo
  • chin n (anat.) mentono; chinstrap mentonumo
  • China n Chinia; (porcelain) porcelano; Chinese (person) Chiniano; (thing) Chinianajo || adj Chinese aster (bot.: Callistephus chinensis) astero Chiniana; Chinese lantern iluminolampo; lampiono; paperlanterno
  • chinchilla n (zool: Chinchilla) chinchilo
  • chine n fileto; spin(aj)o; spinpeco; (Brit.: ravine) ravino
  • chink n (crack, slit) fend(et)uro; kreviseturo; (sound) tinkletado || vt tinkletigar || vi tinkletar
  • chintz n indieno
  • chip n (fragment) fragmento; spano; (hole or mark) brecheto || vt (break off) spanigar; (make a break on the edge or surface of) brechetizar; haketar; ruptetar || vi (break off) spaneskar; (break on the edge or surface) brechetifar; ruptetesar
  • chiragra n (med.) kiragro
  • chiromancy n kiromancio; chiormancer kiromanciisto
  • chiropter n (zool.: member of Chiroptera) kiroptero
  • chirp vi pipiar; [re small birds] gorgear || n pipi(ad)o; [of small birds] gorge(ad)o
  • chirurgery n (archaic: surgery) kirurgio
  • chisel n cizelilo || vt cizelar
  • chit n (note) noto; [ticket] bilieto; [voucher] atesturo; deb-atesto; kupono; recevatesto; (girl) bubino; (spout) jermo
  • chitchat n babilado
  • chitin n (biochem.) chitino
  • chivalry n (quality) kavaliereso; [courage] kurajo; [gallantry] galanteso; (hist.: knights collectively) kavalieraro || adj chivalrous kavalieratra, -ala; (courageous) kurajoza; (gallant) galanta
  • chives n (bot.: Allium schoenoprasum) ciboleto
  • chlamys n (hist.) klamido
  • chlorate n (chem.) klorato
  • chloric acid n (chem.) kloratacido
  • chloride n (chem.) klorido
  • chlorine n (chem.: Cl) kloro || vt to chlorinate klorizar
  • chloroform n (chem.) kloroformo || vt kloroformagar, -izar
  • chlorophyll n (biochem.) klorofilo
  • chlorosis n (bot., med.) kloroso || adj chlorotic (affected by chlorosis) klorosika; (pertaining to chlorosis) klorosala
  • choana n (anat.) choano
  • chock n (wedge) konio || vt (wedge) koniagar
  • chock-full adj tote plenigita
  • chocolate n chokolado || adj chokolada; (in color) chokoladea
  • choice n (act) selekto; (option) selekteblo; [alternative] alternativo; (preference) preferajo; (thing chosen) selektajo || adj (selected) selektita; [goods, food] bonega; preferinda; selektinda; [remark, example] apta; bone selektita; konvenanta
  • choir n koro; korkantantaro; (place) koreyo; choirboy korista puero; choirmaster korestro
  • choke vt (suffocate) [obstruct the throat] sufokar; in a voice choked with emotion per voco sufokata da emoco | [strangle] strangular; [tech.] asfixiar; (obstruct) obstruktar; a street choked with traffic strado obstruktita da trafiko | [stop up] stopar; to choke back [tears, feelings] represar; sufokar || vi (suffocate) sufokar; [tech.] asfixiesar || n chokedamp mefito
  • choler n (archaic: anger, irascibility) irac(emes)o || adj choleric (bad-tempered) iracema
  • cholera n (path.) kolero
  • cholerine n (path.) kolerino
  • chomp vi mastik(ach)ar; [horse’s bit] rodar
  • choose vt selektar; (elect to office) elektar
  • chop vt hakar; to chop off (de)hakar; (de)tranchar || n (act) hako; trancho; (part cut off) hakuro; tranchajo; [cutlet] kotleto; [slice of food] loncho; chopper (tool) hakokultelo; [axe] hakilo; [cleaver] fendilo; hakokultelo; [for mincing] hachilo; [hatchet] hakileto; (vehicle) [helicopter] helikoptero; [motorcycle] motorbiciklo; chophouse manjerio; restorerio; chopstick manjobastoneti || adj choppy [sea] ondagitata; ondplaudoza; tumultetoza; [wind] chanjema; variema
  • chord n (mus.) akordo; [string] kordo; (anat., geom.) kordo
  • chore n task(et)o
  • chorea n (med.) koreo
  • chorister n (choir member) korano; korkantisto; (choir leader) kantoro; korkantestro
  • choroid n (anat.) koroido
  • chorus n (choir) korkantaro; koro; (refrain) refreno; chorale (choir) koro; (mus.) korkanto || adj choral korala
  • chrestomathy n (formal) krestomatio
  • chrism n krismo
  • Christ n Kristo; Christian Kristano; Christianity (doctrine) Kristanismo; (quality, state) Kristaneso; Christology Kristoteologio; Christmas Kristonasko; Christmas gift Kristonaskala donacajo; Christmas tree Kristonaskala arboro || adj Christian Kristana; Kristanala; Christian name baptala nomo; prenomo
  • christen vt (baptize) baptar; (name) prenomizar || n Christendom (members) Kristanaro; (world) Kristanmondo
  • chromatic adj (mus., color) kromatika
  • chromatography n kromatografio
  • chrome n kromo; chrome yellow kromflavo (o -koloro)
  • chromium n (chem.: Cr) kromo
  • chromolithography n (hist.) kromolitografado; chromolithograph (hist.) kromolitografuro
  • chromosome n (bio.) kromosomo
  • chromotype n (dated) kromotipuro
  • chromotypography n (dated) kromotipografado
  • chronic adj (persisting for a long time) kronika; (habitual, inveterate) [liar, smoker] kustumala; persistanta
  • chronicle n kroniko || vt kronikigar; raportar; registrar
  • chronology n kronologio || adj chronological kronologiala
  • chronometer n kronometro
  • chrysalis n (bio.) krizalido
  • chrysanthemum n (bot.: Chrysanthemum) krizantemo
  • chubby adj (plump) graseta; repleta; [cheeks] vangoza
  • chuck vt (throw) jetar; lansar; [discard] forjetar; [give up, abandon] abandonar; renunciar || n (tech.) inkastrajo; [of drill] mandrino; (wedge, chock) konio; (informal) [food] manjajo
  • chuckle vi guturoridar; ridar represe
  • chum n amiko; kamarado || adj chummy amika
  • church n (building) kirko; (institution) eklezio; church-goer ekleziano; churchyard kirkokorto; tombeyo
  • churl n (rude person) despolito; grosiero; (mean person) meskino; (unpleasant person) desafablo || adj churlish (rude) despolita; grosiera; (mean) meskina; (unpleasant) desafabla
  • churn n butrifilo || vt (make butter) butrigar; (stir) agitar; quirlar || vi (stir) agitesar; quirlesar
  • chute n longa trog(eg)o inklinita
  • chyle n (physiol.) chilo
  • chyme n (physiol.) chimo
  • ciao inter (bye!) chao !
  • cibol n (obsolete: chive) cibolo
  • ciborium n (eccl.: container for hosts) ciborio
  • cicada n (zool.: Cicadoidea) cikado
  • cicatrix n (or “cicatrice”) cikatro || vt to cicatrize cikatrigar || vi to cicatrize cikatreskar
  • cicerone n guidisto
  • cicisbeo n (married woman’s lover) cicisbeo
  • cider n cidro
  • cigar n sigaro; cigar box sigarbuxo; sigaruyo; cigar holder sigariero; cigar maker sigarifisto; cigarette sigareto
  • cilice n (hair shirt) cilico
  • Cilicia n (hist.) Cilicia
  • cilium n (bio., anat.) cilio || adj ciliary ciliala
  • cimmerian adj (poetic) tenebroza
  • cinchona n (bot.: Cinchona) quino
  • cincture n (lit.: belt) zono
  • cinder n (ash) cindro; to reduce to cinders cindrigar; (embers) brezo; [of coal] eskarbili
  • cine-camera n cinekamero
  • cinema n (movie theater) cinemo; (art, industry) cinematografado
  • cinematography n cinematografado; cinematograph (hist., chiefly Brit.) cinematografilo
  • cineraria n (bot.: Cineraria; Pericallis × hybrida) cinerario
  • cinerary adj cindrala, -oza
  • cinnabar n (min.) cinabro
  • cinnamon n (bot.: Cinnamomum.) [spice] cinamo; [tree] cinamiero
  • cipher n (written figure) cifro; (secret code) chifro; (dated: zero) zero || vt (encode) chifrar || vi (archaic: do arithmetic) kalkular
  • cippus n (hist., archit.) cipo
  • Circassia n Cirkasia; Circassian Cirkasiano
  • circinate adj (bot.) circinata
  • circle n (geom.) cirklo; [any round shape] rond(aj)o; [round mark] eyes with blue circles okuli blucernita; circlet cirkleto; [worn on arm] brakiumo; [worn on finger] ringo; [worn on head] diademo | (set of people) amikaro; grupo; [milieu] medio; mondo; circular (encyclical) encikliko; (flyer) buletino; cirkulero || vt (surround) cirkondar; [beset] cernar; (hoop) ringizar; to circularize (distribute flyers) forsendar cirkuleri; (make circular) cirkligar || vi (move in a circle) jirar; rondirar; (rotate) rotacar; turnar || adj circular cirkla; (round) ronda
  • circuit n (line, route, or movement that starts and finishes at the same place) cirkuito; rondiro; turo; [revolution] jiro; rotaco; turno; (elec.) cirkuito; (group of venues) [Brit., jur: district] distrikto || adj circuitous cirkuita; nedireta; (of speech) perifrazoza, -ema
  • circulate vi cirkular; rondirar || n circulation cirkul(ad)o; rondiro; [of money] to put money into circulation monetigar | (number of copies sold) nombro de exempleri vendita
  • circumambient adj (lit., formal) cirkondanta; media
  • circumcise vt cirkoncizar || n circumcision cirkoncizo || adj circumcised person cirkoncizito
  • circumference n cirklokurvo; cirkuito; periferio
  • circumflex n cirkonflexo
  • circumjacent adj (archaic: surrounding) cirkumvicina (o jacanta)
  • circumlocution n perifrazo
  • circumnavigate vt cirkumnavigar
  • circumpolar adj cirkumpola
  • circumscribe vt (limit) limitizar; restriktar; (geom.) cirkumskribar
  • circumspect adj cirkonspekta
  • circumstance n cirkonstanco; in easy/poor circumstances (economic situation) en bona / mala pekuniala stando; under any circumstances omnakaze; under no circumstances nulkaze || vt to circumstantiate konfirmar || adj circumstantial (jur.) cirkonstancala; (detailed) detaloza
  • circumvallate vt (mil.) cirkonvalacionizar || n circumvallation cirkonvalaciono || adj cirkonvalacionizita
  • circumvent vt (avoid) evitar; (go around) cirkumirar
  • circumvolution n cirkonvoluciono
  • circus n cirko
  • cisalpine adj cisalpa
  • cissoid n (geom.) cisoido
  • Cistercian n (monk) cisterciano
  • cistern n cisterno
  • citadel n citadelo
  • cite vt (quote) citar; (jur.: summon) sumnar; (mention) mencionar || n citation (quote) [act] cito; [author cited] citato; [text cited] citajo; (jur.: summons) sumno
  • citizen n (legally recognized subject or national of a state) civitano; (resident) habitanto; citizenry civitanaro; citizenship civitaneso
  • citrate n (chem.) citrato
  • citron n (bot.: Citrus medica) cedrato
  • citrus n (bot.: Citrus) citruso
  • cittern n (hist.) citaro
  • city n urbo; city hall urbodomo; city state civito
  • civet n (zool.: Viverridae) civeto
  • civic adj [rights, duties] civitanala; [spirit] civismala; civic spirit civismo; (municipal) [authorities] urbala || n civics (study) cienco di urbala guvernado
  • civil adj (civilian, in contrast to mil. or relig.) civila; civil code civila kodexo; civil engineer konstruktoinjenioro; civil marriage civila mariajo; civil servant statoficisto; civil service civila statoserv(ad)o; civil war interna (o civila) milito | (polite) afabla; jentila; polita || n civility (act) politajo; (quality) politeso
  • civilian n civilo || adj civila
  • civilize vt civilizar || n civilization (act) civiliz(ad)o; (state) civilizeso || adj civilized civilizita; humanigita; kulturigita
  • civism n (citizenship) civitaneso
  • clack vi klakar || n klako
  • clad adj vestizita || vt tegar
  • claim vt (assert, affirm) asertar; deklarar; [right, ownership, authorship] pretendar; both sides claimed victory amba partisi pretendis vinko; (demand) postular; [what is owed] reklamacar; [what was taken] revendikar; (take) prenar; suicide claims more lives than war, murder, and natural disaster combined la suocido prenas (o kustas) plu multa vivi kam la milito, l’asasino, e la naturdizastri ensemble || n (assertion) [of right, ownership, authorship] pretendo; to stake a claim, lay claim to pretendar | [of truth] aserto; to make a claim asertar; (demand for one’s due) reklamaco; (patch of land, as for mining) parcelo; claimant (jur.) reklamacanto; (to throne) pretendanto
  • clairvoyant n klarvidanto; clairvoyance klarvido
  • clamber vi klimar desfacile
  • clammy adj (damp) humida e kolda; (sticky) viskoza
  • clamor n klam(ad)o || vi to clamor for klamar por; klame vokar (o postular) || adj clamorous klamoza
  • clamp n (tool) krampono || vt kramponagar || vi to clamp down on (suppress or prevent) supresar
  • clan n klano; (gens) gento; clansman klanano || adj clannish klanema
  • clandestine adj celita; sekret(ach)a
  • clang vi kliktar || n klikt(ad)o; clangor klikt(ad)o
  • clank n klikt(ad)o || vi kliktar
  • clap vi (applaud) aplaudar; (make a noise by striking two surfaces together) klakar || vt (close) klozar rapide; (place) pozar quik (o rapide); (slap) (manu)frap(et)ar || n (applause) aplaudo; claptrap absurda (o fola) parolo | (noise from striking two surfaces together) klako; [of thunder] tondrostroko; clapper (of bell) klakoplanko | (informal: gonorrhea) gonoreo
  • claque n (of a theatre) (lokacita o pagita) aplaudistaro
  • claret n klara vino; vino di Bordeaux
  • clarify vt [statement, etc.] klarigar; [liquid, butter] purigar
  • clarinet n klarineto
  • clarion n (chiefly hist.) klariono
  • clash n (conflict) [of armies, personalities] konflikto; shoko; (confrontation) afronto; Clash of the Titans Shoko inter la Titani | [of colors] desakordo; [of dates] koincido; [of interests, opinions] konflikto; (loud, jarring sound) klikto || vt [cymbals, swords] kliktigar || vi [personalities, interests] intershokar; konfliktar; [colors] desakordar; [dates, events] koincidar; (disagree) desakordar; [argue] disputar; [mil.] afrontar su; renkontrar su
  • clasp vt (grip tightly) klemar; to clasp hands presar (o juntar) manui | (archaic: fasten) agrafagar || n (fastener) agrafo; (embrace) embraco; [grasp or handshake] (manu)preso; [grip] klemo; clasp knife kultelo faldebla; poshkultelo
  • class n (category) klaso; kategorio; [bio.: taxonomic grouping] klaso; [sociol., econ.] class struggle klaslukto; working class klaso laboristala; classic klasiko; a classic is something everybody wants to have read, but no one wants to read klasiko esas ulo, quan omni deziras lektir, ma nulu deziras lektar; classicist klasikano | (group of students taught together) klaso; [course in school] kurso; classmate skolokamarado; universitatokamarado; classroom lernochambro; skolochambro || vt klasifikar; (qualify, characterize) qualifikar; to classify klasifikar; (designate as secret) klasifikar kom sekreta; (qualify, characterize) qualifikar || adj classic(al) (timeless; exemplary) klasika; classless senklasa
  • clatter n klakado; kliktado; (noise of any sort) bruisado || vi klakadar; kliktadar; (make noise of any sort) bruisadar
  • clause n (article, stipulation, proviso) klauzo; (gram.) membro di frazo
  • clavichord n klavikordo
  • clavicle n (anat.) klavikulo
  • claw n (anat., zool.) ungl(eg)o; [of crab, lobster] pinco || vt skrachar (o gratar, lacerar) (per ungli)
  • clay n argilo; (ceramic) kaolino; (oil-based) plastilino
  • clean adj (free from dirt, marks, stains, irregularities, corrections, etc.) neta; clean hands neta manui; clean water, air neta (o pura) aquo, aero; a clean copy neta kopiuro; a clean cut neta trancho; Drop the “The”. Just “Facebook”. It’s cleaner. Forigez la « The. » Nur « Facebook . » Lo esas plu neta.; (fresh, unused) [paper] senskribura; (morally) (fair) honesta; yusta; (not indecent) clean living sana vivado | [film, life] decanta; [joke] inocenta || adv (informal: completely) tote; cleanly nete || n cleaner (device) netigilo; (person) netigisto, -ero; cleanliness neteso || vt netigar; [hands, dishes] lavar; [wound] abstersar; (purify) purigar
  • cleanse vt netigar || n cleanser netigilo
  • clear adj (free of ambiguity, doubt) [understandable] klara; you’ll do as I say, is that clear? vu facos quon me dicas a vu, ka klara ?; [understood] do I make myself clear? ka me explikis bone ? | [certain] certa; klara; [lucid] lucida; [obvious] evidenta; klara; (free of anything that darkens) [distinct, sharp] distingata; klara; [free of cloud, mist, or rain] klara; serena; [light-colored] klara; [transparent] diafana; klara; [unblemished] senmakula; [unclouded, shining] brilanta; [vivid] brilanta; (free of impediment) [quits] quita; saldita; (unobstructed) [road, space] klara; libera; (untroubled) [conscience] neta; (without commitments) [day, schedule] libera; (net) neta; clear-cut (unambiguous) bone definita; di klara konturo; exakta; klara; neambigua; clear-eyed (sharp-eyed) klarvidanta; kun penetrema okuli; clear-headed lucida; nekonfuza; (shrewd) sagaca || adv (away from) aparte de; (completely) komplete; tote; clear to (all the way to) la tota voyo ad; til; clearly klare; (obviously) evidente || n in the clear (out of debt) quita; saldita; clearance (act of clearing) klarigo; [road] desinkombro; desobstrukto; (authorization) [to leave] departpermiso; [to pass] paspermiso; clearing (in forest, etc.) senarboreyo; clearinghouse (fin.) bankala liquidacokontoro; kompensochambro (bankala) || vt (make free of impediments) desobstruktar; klarigar; to clear one’s throat tusetar | [blood] purigar; [conscience] descharjar; [debtor] quitigar; [liquid] klarigar; [table] deprenar la dishi; forprenar la tabloutensili; (empty) vakuigar; (unclutter) desinkombrar; (acquit) absolvar; (approve, authorize) aprobar; permisar; yurizar; I’ll have to clear it (with the boss) me devas aprobigar ol (dal chefo); (earn as net profit) ganar (exter la spensi); (obstruction) forigar; (pass) pasar; [by jumping] supersaltar; transsaltar; [without touching] pasar senkontakte; (satisfy the requirements to pass through) [customs] pasar; to clear away forigar; forprenar; to clear out (empty) vakuigar; to clear up (cure) risanigar; (remove ambiguity, doubt) klarigar; [explain] explikar; [solve] solvar; (tidy up) ordinar || vi klareskar; (fog) dispersesar; to clear off (informal: go away) forirar; to clear out (informal: go away) forirar; forkurar; to clear up klareskar; (be explained, solved) explikesar; solvesar; (disappear) desaparar; [disease] risaneskar; [fog, clouds] dispersesar
  • cleat n (naut.) tako
  • cleave vt fendar; (min.) klivar || vi (lit.) adherar || n cleavage (split) fenduro; cleaver fendilo; (butcher’s) hakokultelo
  • cleft adj fendita || n aperturo; fend(et)uro; krevisuro
  • clematis n (bot.: Clematis) klematido
  • clement adj (mild) [weather] dolca; (compassionate) kompatanta, -oza, -ema; [God] mizerikordioza, -ema; (lenient) indulgema; (merciful) klementa || n clemency (mildness) dolceso; (compassion) kompato; [divine] mizerikordio; (leniency) indulgemeso; (mercy) klementeso
  • clench vt (close into a tight ball) [fist] klozar (la pugno); (press tightly together) [teeth] kunpresar; (grasp tightly) klemar (en la manuo); tenar ferme
  • clepsydra n (hist.: water clock) klepsidro
  • clergy n klerikaro; clergyman kleriko
  • cleric n kleriko; clericalism klerikismo || adj clerical (pertaining to clerks) komizala; clerical error skriberoro | (pertaining to the clergy) klerikala
  • clerk n kontoristo; oficokontisto; oficoskribisto; (accountant) kontisto; (of notary, lawyer) klerko; (secretary) sekretario; (writer, copyist, salesperson) komizo; (formal: clergyman) kleriko
  • clever adj (intelligent) inteligenta; (ingenious) injenioza; (witty) espritoza; (skillful) habila || n cleverness injeniemeso
  • clew n (ball of thread) peloto; (archaic: clue) indico || vt (naut.) volvar
  • cliché n klishuro
  • click n klikteto || vt kliktetigar || vi kliktetar; to click with (become friendly or intimate with) amikeskar kun
  • client n (com., jur., comput., hist.) kliento
  • clientele n klientaro
  • cliff n (geol.) eskarpajo; [along coast] klifo; [precipice] precipiso
  • climacteric n krizala (periodo, evento) || adj krizala
  • climate n klimato; climatology klimatologio || adj climatic klimatala
  • climax n (high point) kolmo; (orgasm) orgasmo
  • climb vt klimar; (ascend) acensar
  • clime n (chiefly lit.) [climate] klimato; [region] regiono
  • clinch vt (secure) fixigar; [with nail] klovagar; [with rivet] rivetagar; (settle decisively) [argument, debate] decidar; [deal] konkluzar; [game, competition, victory] certigar || vi (grapple) [boxing] luktar || n (scuffle at close quarters) [boxing] lukto; (embrace) embraco
  • cling vi (adhere) adherar; akrochar su ad
  • clinic n klliniko || adj clinical kllinikala
  • clink n tinkleto; (informal: prison) karcero; clinker (slag) skorio || vi tinkletar || adj clinker-built klinita
  • clinometer n (surveying) klinometro
  • clip n (fastener) [paper clip] (letro-, foli-)pinchilo; (cut) trancho; [shearing] tondo; [trim] rekorto; clipper (naut.) klipero; clippers [for hair, nails] rekortilo; [for wool] tondilo; clipping detranchajo; [paper] jurnalextrakturo, -ajo || vt (cut) tranchar; [shear, cut close] tondar; [trim] rekortar; (abridge) abreviar; kurtigar
  • clique n bandacho
  • clitoris n (anat.) klitorido
  • cloaca n (zool., anat.) kloako; (archaic: sewer) kloako
  • cloak n mantelo; (mil.) [capote] kapoto; cloakroom vesteyo; (RR) depozeyo; pakeyo || vt mantelizar; (hide, cover, disguise) celar; maskar; velizar || adj cloak-and-dagger sekret(ach)a; spionala, -atra
  • clock n horlojo; clock tower kloshturmo; clockwork horlojala mekanismo || vt (measure time taken by) kronometragar; (attain) [time, speed] atingar; (informal: hit) frapar || adj clockwork horlojala; A Clockwork Orange Mashinatra Oranjo || adv clockwise segunhorloje
  • clod n glebo; (informal: stupid person) stupido; clodhopper (yokel) rustikacho
  • clog n (wooden shoe) ligna shuo; (wooden soled shoe) galosho; (overshoe) surshuo; (obstruction) [act] obstrukto; [agent] obstruktajo || vt obstruktar
  • cloisonné n emalio parietoza
  • cloister n (covered walk in a monastery, cathedral, or college) klostro; (monastery or convent) kuvento; monakeyo || vt enklostrigar; (fig.) inkluzar; izolar
  • close vt (shut) klozar; (block up) obstruktar; stopar; (end) finar; konkluzar; [account] liquidacar; to close down (stop) cesigar; to close off [road, access] obstruktar || vi (shut) klozesar; (become nearer) proximeskar; (end) finar; to close down (stop) cesar; to close in on proximeskar ad || n closer (finale) finalo; closure (act) klozo; (thing that closes) klozilo || adj (near) proxima; [next to] apuda; [of haircuts] reza; (almost equal) pasable egala; (dense) [handwriting, weave] densa; kompakta; (exact, detailed) [examination, study] detaloza; [surveillance, control] atencema; strikta; [translation] exakta; fidela; preciza; (intimate) [friend] intima; a close circle of friends intima amikaro; strikta grupo di amiki | [relative] proxima; [ties] forta; (miserly) avara; sparegema; (reticent) tacema; (stuffy) [atmosphere, room] stagnanta; sufokanta; [weather] opresanta, -iva; at close quarters tre proxime; close to (about to) esar quik -onta; she came very close to slapping him el divenis quik fraponta ilu; el preske frapis ilu; closed (enclosed) inkluzita; (shut) klozita; closed season (hunting) interdiktosezono; close-fitting strikta || adv close by apuda; proxima
  • closet n (small room) [for storage] kabineto; [with shelves] armoro; [private] chambro privata; konsileyo; [Brit.: W.C.] latrino || vt (shut in) inkluzar || vi (confer, have discussion) konferar (kun ulu private)
  • clot n grumelo; koagulajo || vt grumeligar; koagular || vi grumelifar, -eskar; koagular
  • cloth n (any woven fabric) stofo; [linen, cotton, etc.] telo; [woolen, etc.] drapo; cloth trade drapokomerco; (for specific purpose) tuko; [billiard table] tapiso; the cloth (the clergy) la klerikaro; clothes vestaro; vesti; (ready-to-wear) konfecionuro; (worn-out, old, or secondhand) fripo; clothes bag vestosako; clothes brush vestobrosilo; clothes dryer sikigomashino; clothier (maker) drapifisto; vestifisto; vestotaliisto; (merchant) drapvendisto; vestvendisto; clothing vestaro; vesti; clothespress vestoarmoro || vt to clothe metar (vesto); vestizar
  • cloud n nubo; cloudburst subita pluvego || vt (make cloudy) nubizar; (make unclear) konfuzigar || adj cloudless sennuba; cloudy nuboza, -atra, -ema; (unclear) konfuza
  • clout n (informal: influence or power) influo; potenteso; (informal: heavy blow) frapego; (archaic: cloth) telo; (archaic: patch) rapecuro || vt (informal: hit hard) frapegar
  • clove n (bot.: Syzygium aromaticum) kariofilo; [tree] kariofiliero
  • cloven adj fendita
  • clover n (bot.: Trifolium) trifolio
  • clown n klauno || adj clownish klaunatra
  • cloy vt esar repugnante dolca ad || adj repugnante dolca
  • club n (association) klubo; (heavy stick) mazo; [cards] trefo; clubfoot (med.) stumpa pedo || vt bastonagar, -batar
  • cluck vi klukar || n kluko
  • clue n guidsigno; indico; indikajo || vt to clue in informar
  • clump n (compact mass) amaso; [of earth] glebo; terbulo; (compact group) grupo || vi (form into a clump) amaseskar; glebeskar; [group up] grupeskar; (walk with a heavy tread) marchar pezoze
  • clumsy adj (awkward) [person, action] deshabila; negracioza; [remark] nedelikata; [tool] desfacile uzebla; (crudely done, made) rude (o neexperte) facita
  • cluster n [trees, houses, people, stars] grupo; [fruit] grapo; cluster pine (bot.: Pinus pinaster) pinastro || vi grupeskar; (convene) asemblesar; kunvenar
  • clutch vt (catch hold of) sizar; (grip tightly) tenegar; [squeeze] klemar || n (claw) unglego; (grip) tenego; [act of grasping] sizo; [auto.] embragilo; [critical situation] krizo; [rapacious, evil grasp] to fall into someone’s clutches falar aden l’unglegi di ulu | [squeeze] klemo; (of chickens) [brood] kovyunaro; [eggs] kovajo
  • clutter vt (crowd untidily) inkombrar; (disorder) desordinar || n inkombrajo; desordinajo
  • clyster n (archaic: enema) klistero
  • coach n (carriage) karoso; [fiacre] fiakro; [stagecoach] dilijenco; coachman fiakristo; veturisto | (RR) vagono; (trainer) entrenisto || vt (train) entrenar || adv (in economy class) [airline] en duesma klaso; The Bundys don’t fly coach. We fly first class or we don’t fly. Le Bundy ne flugas en duesma klaso. Ni flugas en unesma klaso o ni ne flugas.
  • coactive adj (obsolete: coercive) koaktanta, -iva
  • coadjutor n koadjutoro
  • coagent n kunaganto; kunagento
  • coagulate vi koagular || vt koagular || n coagulant koagulanto (od -ivo); coagulum koaguluro
  • coal n karbono; to haul (or rake) someone over the coals (severe) reprimandar; (red-hot piece of coal) live coals brezo; eskarbili; coal boat karbonbatelo; coal bunker karbonomagazino, -fako, -uyo; coal mine karbonmineyo; coal oil (kerosene) keroseno; coal tar koaltaro; coaldust karbonpulvero; coalfish (zool.: Pollachius virens) karbonario; coalheaver karbonportisto; coalhod karbonsitelo || vt karbonizar
  • coalesce vi (merge, blend) kunfuzesar; (join together) uneskar || vt (merge, blend) kombinar; kunfuzar; (join together) unigar || n coalition koalis(ur)o; Coalition of the Willing Koalisuro di Voluntanti; to form a coalition with koalisar kun
  • coaming n (naut.) bordomureto
  • coarse adj (rough) [construction] desdelikata; ruda; [sand, powder, weave, feathers] grosa; [texture] aspera; [manners] desdelikata; ruda; (vulgar) grosiera; [joke] laciva; malgusta || vt to coarsen desdelikatigar; [sand, powder, weave, feathers] grosigar; [texture] asperigar; [manners] grosierigar || vi to coarsen desdelikateskar; [sand, powder, weave, feathers] groseskar; [texture] aspereskar; [manners] grosiereskar
  • coast n (shore) marbordo; rivo; coast guard rivoguardo; coastline litoro || vi (sail along the coast) rivnavigar
  • coat n (long outdoor garment) paltoto; surtuto; [of peasant] kuto; coat of arms blazono; coat of mail (hist.) mashkuto; coattail basko | (animal’s) felo; furo; (layer) strato; [covering] kovrajo; [of oil, grease, paint] induturo || vt kovrar; (with grease, oil) indutar; [anoint] uncionar
  • coax vt persuadar gradope; (cajole) flat(ach)ar
  • cob n (of corn) sengrana maizspiko; (hazelnut) avelano; (male swan) cignulo
  • cobaea n (bot.: Cobaea) kobeo
  • cobalt n (chem.: Co) kobalto
  • cobbler n shureparisto
  • cobblestone n pavo
  • cobweb n araneotelo (o -reto)
  • coca n (bot.: Erythroxylaceae) kokao
  • cocaine n kokaino
  • coccyx n (anat.) kocigo
  • Cochinchina n (hist.) Koshinchinia; Cochinchinese Koshinchiniano
  • cochineal n (dye) kochenilo; (zool.: Dactylopius coccus) kochenilo
  • cochlea n (anat.) kokleo
  • cock n (male bird) maskulo; [rooster] hanulo; cockcrow (lit.: dawn) frua matino; cockfight hankombato; cockpit (for cockfighting) hanokombateyo (od -areno); cockscomb hanokresto | (of gun) hano; at full cock (hano) partensita; at half cock mitensita | (tap) robineto; (vulg.) *picho; cockhorse (archaic: rocking horse) (ligna) kavaleto || vt [gun] tensar (la hano); [head] (ri)erektar; trusar || adj cocked [gun] partensita; cocked hat trikorna chapelo; cocky aroganta; bravacha; fieracha; importantacha; vanitatoza; cock-and-bull story fantaziala (o fola) rakonto; cockeyed (absurd) absurda; (askew) desrekta; nerekta; obliqua; (cross-eyed) straba; (drunk) ebria
  • cockade n kokardo
  • cockatoo n (zool.: Cacatuidae) kakatuo
  • cockatrice n (myth., heraldry) bazilisko
  • cockchafer n (zool.: Melolontha) melolonto
  • cockerel n yuna hanulo
  • cockle n (bot.: Lolium temulentum) lolio
  • cockneyism n Londonidiotismo
  • cockroach n (zool.: Blattodea) blato
  • cocoa n (bot.: Theobroma cacao) [bean, powder, or drink] kakao; cocoa butter kakaobutro
  • coconut n (bot.: Cocos nucifera) kokoso; [tree] kokosiero; coconut milk kokoslakto
  • cocoon n kokono
  • cod n (zool.: Gadus) gado; cod liver oil oleo ek moruhepati; dried and salted cod sika salmoruo; Atlantic cod (zool.: Gadus morhua) moruo
  • coddle vt dorlotar
  • code n (any system of word substitution) [cipher] chifr(ur)o; (comput., genetics; laws, conventions) kodexo || vt to codify kodexigar
  • codeine n kodeino
  • codex n (ancient manuscript in book form) unciala manuskripto (o libro); (pharm.) kodexo
  • codger n (informal, derog.) oldachulo; originalulo
  • codicil n kodicilo
  • coeducation n komuna edukado
  • coefficient n (math, phys.) koeficiento
  • coequal adj egala; samvalora
  • coerce vt koaktar || n coercion koakto || adj coercive koaktanta, -iva
  • coessential adj (theol.) samesenca
  • coeternal adj (theol.) kuneterna
  • coeval adj samepoka; samtempa
  • coexist vi kunexistar || adj coexistent kunexistanta
  • coffee n (drink) kafeo; how slow the moments go when all I do is pour black coffee quante lente pasas la tempo kande omno quon me agas esas varsar kafeo nigra; (bot.: Coffea) [seed, bean] kafeo; [tree, shrub] kafeiero; coffee bean kafegrano; coffee break kafepauzo; coffee cup kafetas(et)o; coffee grinder kafemuelilo; coffee grounds kafeoreziduo; coffee pot kafekrucho; coffee table kafetablo; coffeehouse kafeerio || adj coffee-colored kafeea
  • coffer n kofro; (funds) [cashbox] kaso; [treasury] trezoreyo; (fisc) fisko; cofferdam (archit.) kasono
  • coffin n sarko || vt ensarkigar
  • cog n rotdento; (wheel) dentoroto; [pinion] piniono; cogset pinionaro || adj cogged dentizita
  • cogent adj forta; konvinkiva; potenta
  • cogitate vi meditar; pensar; reflektar
  • cognac n konyako
  • cognate adj analoga; relatanta; samfamilia (o -speca)
  • cognize vt (formal) [become aware of] koncieskar; [by intellect] intelektar; [by learning] savar; [by senses] konocar || n cognition (by intellect) intelektesko; (by learning) savesko; (by senses) konocesko; cognizance (awareness) koncio; (competence) kompetenteso; (jur.) resortiso; (knowledge) savo; (recognition) rikonoco || adj cognizable (ri)konocebla; (jur.) resortisebla; cognizant koncianta; to be cognizant of konciar; savar
  • cognomen n (hist.) familionomo; surnomo; (nickname) surnomacho
  • cohabit vi kunhabitar; kunvivar
  • coheir n kunheredanto
  • cohere vi koherar || n coherer (hist., radio) koherilo || adj coherent koheranta, -iva, -ema; konsequanta
  • cohesion n kohero || adj cohesive koheriva
  • cohort n (hist.) kohorto; (companion) kamarado; kompano
  • coif n (cap) kofio; (coiffure) hararanjo; kuafuro || vt kuafar
  • coiffure n hararanjo
  • coign n angulo; coign of vantage avantajoza stando (o situeso)
  • coil n (roll) volvajo; [of smoke] ondo; [spool] spulajo; (single ring or loop) ringo; [of hair] lokleto || vt volvar || adj coiled spring helicoresorto
  • coin n moneto; (money generally) pekunio; coiner (hist.) (falsa)monetifisto; coinage (coins collectively) monetaro; (minting) monetifo; (invention) invento || vt (make into coins) monetigar; (invent) inventar; I’m sorry for coining the phrase “Manic Pixie Dream Girl” me regretas ke me inventis la frazo « Maniika fea revpuerino »
  • coincide vi koincidar; (agree) konkordar || n coincidence koincido
  • coir n kokosfibro
  • coition n koito
  • coke n (fuel) koko; (informal: cocaine) kokaino || vt (convert coal into coke) kokigar
  • cola n (bot.: Cola; also “kola”) kolanuciero; cola nut kolanuco
  • colaborer n kunlaboranto, -ero
  • colander n kribleto
  • Colchis n (hist.) Kolchido
  • colcothar n (chem., obsolete: Fe₂O₃) kolkotaro
  • cold adj (lacking heat) kolda; from my cold, dead hands! ek mea manui kolda e mortinta !; cold cream koldkremo; cold forging kolda forjado; maleado; cold rolling embotado; cold turkey abrupte; cold war kolda milito | (lacking affection or emotion) kolda; to be cold to someone relatar kolde kun ulu; cold comfort poka konsolaco; cold reception kolda acepto; cold shoulder kolda indiferenteso; cold Vulcan logic kolda logiko Vulkaniana; cold-blooded senkompata | (of color, light) kolda || adv (completely, entirely) tote || n (lack of heat) koldeso; [tech.] frigoro; (path.) katareto; to catch a cold, take cold prenesar da katareto; cold sore labioulcereto (o -veziketo); to give a cold donar katareto
  • coleopter n (zool.: Coleoptera) koleoptero
  • colic n (med.) koliko; to have a colic kolikar
  • collaborate vi kunlaborar; laborar kun || n collaborator kunlaboranto, -ero
  • collagen n (biochem.) kolageno
  • collapse vi (fall apart) krular; (fold) faldesar; (med.) prostacar || n krul(ad)o; (complete failure) faliego; fiasko; (financial crash) krako; (med.) prostraco || adj collapsible desmuntebla; faldebla
  • collar n (of a shirt) kolumo; [collarette] kolareto; [standing] kolumo stacanta; [stiff] kolumo rigida; [turn-down] kolumo jacanta; (of a dog, cat) kolario; (colored mark around neck) kolario; (tech.) kolario; ringo; zono; collarette kolareto; collarbone (anat.) kavikulo
  • collate vt (order) [pages before binding] kolacionar; ordinar; (compare and analyze) [texts, data] kolacionar; “any suggestions from you or MOTHER?” “no, we’re still collating” « kelka konsilo da vu o da MATRO ? — ne, ni ankore kolacionas » || n collation kolaciono; (formal: light informal meal) repasteto
  • collateral n (fin.) acesora garantiajo (o hipotekajo); (geneol.) kolateralo || adj (accessory) acesora; (geneol.) kolaterala
  • colleague n kolego; kunasociito
  • collect vt (gather together, accumulate) kolektar; [dust, water] akumular; (call for, pick up) [donation] questar; [money due] inkasar; to collect oneself ordinar sua pensi; rekolecar; tranquiligar su || vi (gather together, accumulate) kolektesar; [dust, water] akumulesar || n (short prayer) (liturgiala) pregeto; collection (accumulation) akumulajo; (anthology) antologio; (thing collected) kolektajo; [donation] questajo; [money due] inkasajo; collectivism kolektivismo; socialismo; collector kolektanto, -ero, -isto || adj collected kolektita; (complete) kompleta; the collected works of Kata Kärkkäinen la kompleta verki da Kata Kärkkäinen | (not perturbed) kalma; tranquila; collectible (worth collecting) kolektinda; collective kolektala, -iva; (aggregate) ensembla; entota
  • college n (university) universitato; [public] kolegio; (special professional body) kolegio; collegian kolegiano; universitatano || adj collegiate (composed of colleges) kolegiara; (pertaining to college) kolegiala; universitatala
  • collide vi kolizionar; (inter)shokar || n collision koliziono
  • collie n (dog) (Skota) mutonhundo
  • collier n (Brit.: coal miner) karbonministo; (Brit.: coal ship) karbonnavo; colliery (Brit.: coal mine) karbonmineyo
  • collimator n kolimatoro
  • collodion n kolodiono
  • colloid n (anat., med.) koloido || adj koloida
  • colloquial adj familiara; koversatra; colloquialism familiara dicajo
  • colloquy n (formal: conversation) konverso; (obsolete: formal conference) konfero
  • collude vi koluzionar || n collusion koluziono
  • collyrium n (dated, med.) kolirio
  • colocynth n (bot.: Citrullus colocynthis) koloquinto
  • cologne n (short for “eau de cologne”) parfumaquo
  • colon n (punct.) bipunto; (anat.) kolono
  • colonel n kolonelo
  • colonnade n kolonaro
  • colony n kolonio; colonial koloniano; colonist (colonizer) koloniisto, -ero; (inhabitant) koloniano; colonization koloniigo, -izo || vt to colonize koloniigar, -izar || adj colonial koloniana, -ala
  • colophony n (rosin) kolofono
  • color n koloro; (colored object) kolorajo; (complexion) karnaciono; (dye, paint, pigment) farbo; fardo; kolormaterio; pigmento; (of country, team) [flag] to salute the colors salutar la standardo; (race) raso; I try not to see color me probas ne vidar la raso; colorant kolorizilo; coloration, coloring koloraro; (adding color) kolorizo; [state] kolorizeso; tinto; no artificial coloring sen kolori artifical | (hue) kolorito || vt kolorizar; (dye, tint) tintar; (illuminate) [book, map] enluminar; (paint) farbizar; [face] fardizar; (variegate) buntigar, -izar; (influence) influar || adj colored (dated, offensive) negr(atr)a; colorful koloroza; (picturesque) pitoreska; colorless senkolora; [style] nebrilanta; neinteresanta; color-blind daltonismika; colorfast nedeskolorizebla
  • coloratura n (mus.) [voice, style] koloraturo; [singer] koloraturisto
  • colossus n koloso || adj colossal kolos(atr)a
  • colostomy n (med.) kolostomio
  • colporteur n kolportisto, -ero
  • colt n kavalyuno; coltsfoot (bot.: Tussilago farfara) tusilajo
  • coluber n (zool.: Coluber) kolubro
  • columbarium n (funerary) kolumbario
  • Columbia n Kolumbia; Columbian Kolumbiano
  • columbine n (bot.: Aquilegia) aquilegio
  • column n (pillar; anat.; any line of objects one behind or under another) kolono; (of print) kolumno || adj columnar kolonatra, -ala
  • colure n (astron.) koluro
  • colza n (bot.: Brassica napus subsp. napus) kolzo; colza oil kolzoleo
  • coma n (med.) komato || adj comatose komat(atr)a
  • comb n pektilo; (bird crest) kresto; (honeycomb) vabo || vt [hair] pektar; [wool] kardar; (search) police combed the city for him la polico serchis il tra la tota urbo
  • combat n kombato; (battle) batalio; (duel) duelo; combatant kombatanto; militanto || vt kombatar; (fig.) luktar kontre || adj combative kombatema; militema
  • combine vt (unite, merge) kombinar; (immaterial sense) unionar; (material sense) juntar || vi (unite, merge) kombinesar; (immaterial sense) unionesar; (material sense) juntesar || n (com.) asociitaro; asociuro; [cartel] *kartelo; combination kombino, -uro; (of events) konjunturo; combinatorics (math) kombinatoriko || adj combined effort ensembla esforco
  • combust vt kombustar || vi kombustesar || n combustibility kombustebleso; combustion kombust(ad)o || adj combustible kombustebla
  • come vi venar; come and take them! venez e prenez li !; come with me if you want to live venez kun me se vu deziras vivar; (become) divenar; -eskar; the button came loose again la butono itere desligesis; his dreams finally came true ilua revi fine realeskis; (eventually do) fine; come to think of it nun ke me pensas pri lo; I came to believe that ... me fine kredis ke ...; it came to pass that ... (fine) eventis ke ...; (exist) existar; these don’t come cheap ci ne esas chipa; they don’t come any better than that plu bona ne existas; (happen) eventar; come what may eventez quo povos; irgo quo eventos; how come? pro quo ?; how comes it that ...? quale eventas ke ... ?; (in phrases) come now! nu !; to come about (happen) eventar; to come across (find by chance) hazarde (od incidente) trovar; renkontrar; (make an impression) impresar; to come after (follow) [after] sequar; [behind] dopirar; (hunt down) persequar; (succeed) sucedar; to come at (attack) atakar; come at me, bro! atakez me, fratulo !; to come away (become detached) separesar; (leave) departar; forirar; to come back (reply) respondar; [retort] replikar; (return) retrovenar; rivenar; to come between intervenar; to come by (obtain or acquire) aquirar; obtenar; (pass) pasar; preterirar; (visit) vizitar; to come down (be transmitted) [heirloom] pasar; [tradition] esar tradicionita; (collapse) [building] krular; (demolition) esar demolisita; (descend) decensar; [crash] falegar; [rain] falar; to come down against (oppose) dekarar su esar kontre; to come down on (reproach) reprochar; to come down to (be dependent on) dependar de; (be necessary) esar necesa; if it comes down to it, we can always move to Canada se esos necesa, ni povos translojar a Kanada | (be summarized in short by) esar reduktebla ad; to come down with (become sick with) maladeskar pro; to come forward (advance) avancar; (volunteer) ofrar su volunte; propozar su; to come in (arrive) [tide] fluxar; [train] arivar; (enter) enirar; come in! enirez ! | [become active, useful] ageskar; efikeskar; (finish) [in race] finar; to come into (be involved in) esar parto di; (inherit) heredar; to come into being existeskar; to come of (be descended from) decendar de; (result from) rezultar de; to come off (acquit oneself) kondutar; (become detached) desfixeskar; desligar su; separesar; [button] defalar; [stain] efacesar; (cease, give up) come off it! cesez to ! | (happen) eventar; [end up] finar; [turn out] rezultar; (succeed) sucesar; to come on (find by chance) hazarde (od incidente) trovar; renkontrar; (progress) progresar; (start) komencar; [light] acendesar; [to arrive] venar; [to happen] eventeskar; (theat.) enirar (sur la ceneyo); to come on to (start discussing) pasar ad; to come out (be removed) [dye] destintesar; [hair] falar; [stain] efacesar; (emerge) ekirar; emersar; [appear on market] aparar; editesar; [become known] divenar savata; saveskar; [declare oneself for or against something] deklarar su; [happen as a result] rezultar; [in first appearance] debutar; [news] esar divulgita (o revelita); [qualities] manifestar su; montrar su; [stars] aparar; (open) [flower] apertar; burjoneskar; (turn out) these photos came out well ca fotografuri rezultis bone; you always come out well in photos vu sempre aspektas bone en fotografuri; [math] that comes out to 42 to esas solvite 42; to come out with (bring out) aparigar; [produce] produktar; [publish] editar; (say) deklarar; dicar; to come over venar; (begin to affect) [feelling] prenar; sizar; what’s come over you? quo eventis a vu ?; to come round (change one’s mind) adoptar l’opiniono di altru; konvinkesar; (recover consciousness) koncieskar; riganar koncio; (recur) rieventar; (return) riaparar; rivenar; (visit) vizitar; to come through (arrive) arivar; venar; (recover) saneskar; (survive) postvivar; to come to (amount to) amontar; esar sume; to come to the same thing egalvalorar | (recover consciousness) koncieskar; riganar koncio; to come together (assemble) asemblar su; kunvenar; to come under (be classified as) esar klasifikata kom; (become subject to) [influence] falar sub; (become subjected to) [attack] sufrar; to come up (ascend) acensar; (happen) eventar; (present itself) [in conversation] mencionesar; to come up against (be faced with) esar afrontata da; to come up to (reach) atingar; extensesar til; to come up with (find) [money] renkontrar; trovar; (produce) produktar; [idea, plan] propozar; sugestar; to come upon (find by chance) hazarde (od incidente) trovar; renkontrar || n coming veno; (approach) adveno; proximesko; (arrival) arivo; [of Christ] advento; coming of age majoresko; comeback (reaction) reakto; (return) reveno; (informal: response) repliko; [redress] apelo; come-on (enticement) lurilo || adj coming (approaching) venanta; (due to come) venonta; (occurring next) sequanta; (promising) famozeskanta; qua tendencas esar famoza
  • comedy n (genre) komedio; (humor of situation) komikeso; comedian (comic) komediisto; (comical person) komiko
  • comely adj atraktiva; bela
  • comestible n manjajo
  • comet n kometo
  • comfit n drajeo
  • comfort n (physical ease; freedom from pain or constraint) komforto; (solace) konsolaco; comforter (blanket) ederduna kovrilo; (consoler) konsolacanto, -ero; (dated: woolen scarf) kravatego; lana kolsharpo || vt (console) konsolacar; (give ease) komfortigar || adj comfortable komfortoza; make yourself comfortable aranjez vu komode (o komforte) | [temperature] agreabla; (financially) to be in comfortable circumstances esar richeta; comfortless deskomforta; (inconvenient) deskomoda; (without consolation) senkonsolaca
  • comfrey n (bot.: Symphytum) konsoldo
  • comic adj komika; comical komika
  • comitia n (hist.) komico
  • comity n (inter)amikeso; (inter)konkordo; comity of nations (inter)konsento di nacioni
  • comma n (punct.) komo; (mus.) komao
  • command vt (order) imperar; (be in control of) [soldiers, army] komandar; (deserve and get) [attention] ganar; [respect] impozar; inspirar; (have a view of) [overlook] dominacar; (have at one’s disposal) [resources, money, services] disponar || n (order) impero; at the command of segun l’impero di; (comprehensive knowledge or skill) to have a good command of High Valyrian havar granda facileso dil alt-Valiriana; (control) autoritato; [domination] dominaco; [mil.] komando; to be in command chefesar; (mil.) komandar; (disposal) at your command segun vua dispono (od arbitrio); commandant (mil.) komandisto, -ero; commander (mil.) komandanto, -ero, -isto; commandeur (in knighthood) komandoro; commandment impero, -uro, -ajo; The Ten Commandments la dekalogo; commander-in-chief generalisimo; (nav.) chefadmiralo || adj commanding [appearance] impozanta, -iva; [lead] dominacanta; [tone] autoritatoza; komandala; [view] dominacanta
  • commandeer vt (requisition) requizitar; (expropriate) expropriar; (recruit) rekrutar; (seize) prenar; sizar
  • commeasurable adj egala; kunmezurebla; proporcionala
  • commemorate vt (celebrate) celebrar; (serve as a memorial) memorigar || n commemoration aniversario (mortala, e.c.); memorfesto; memorigo; in commemoration of por memorigo di || adj commemorative memorigiva, -ala
  • commence v komencar
  • commend vt (praise) laudar; (entrust) konfidar; (recommend) rekomendar; (archaic) commend me to the king memorigez me favore al rejo; prizentez mea homajo al rejo || adj commendable laudinda
  • commensurate adj egala; kunmezurebla; proporcionala; salary commensurate with experience salario segun experienco
  • comment n komento, -uro, -ajo; commentary komentaro; komenturo || vi komentar; you might very well think that — I couldn’t possibly comment certe vu povas kredar to — neposibla esas a me komentar; to comment on komentar; to commentate (Brit.) komentadar
  • commerce n komcerco; commercial (advertisement) anunco; reklamo; commercialism komcercismo || vt to commercialize komercaligar || vi to commercialize komercaleskar || adj commercial komcercala
  • commingle vi (lit.) intermixesar
  • commiserate vi (with someone) kondolar (ulu)
  • commissar n komisario (di polico, di provizuro); commissariat komisarieyo; (mil.) intendanco; provizfako; commissary (person) komisario (di polico, di provizuro); provizintendanto; (place) militala provizeyo
  • commission n (mandate) komiso; (mil.: position) komiso; (mil.: warrant) prokuraco; (order for work) komsiono; (committee) komisitaro; komitato; (payment) [to salesman] komisiongelto (o -pago); (perpetration) [of crime] exekuto; faco; (service) servo; commissioner (member of a committee) komisito; komitatano; (official) komisario; (temporary delegate) komisito || vt donar autoritato ad; komisar; [a ship] equipar (o prontigar) por aktiva servado; (dated) [an attorney] donar prokuraco ad || adj commissioned officer oficiro
  • commissure n (anat.) komisuro
  • commit vt (carry out) exekutar; facar; to commit a crime, offense deliktar; kriminar; to commit adultery adulterar; (pledge) obligar; promisar; [dedicate] dedikar; (send) livrar; sendar; [in trust] konfidar; [resources] asignar; destinar; to commit someone to prison enkarcerigar; to commit something to memory lernar memore || n committment (pledge) promiso; [dedication] dediko; devoteso; (obligation) devo; obligo; family commitments familial obligi
  • committee n (board) komitato; (commission) komisitaro
  • commode n (toilet) [room] latrino; tualeteyo; [Brit.] truostulo; (hist.: chest of drawers) komodo
  • commodious adj (formal: roomy) ampla; spacoza; (archaic: convenient) komoda
  • commodity n komercajo; varo
  • commodore n komodoro
  • common adj (usual, prevalent) ordinara; common soldier simpla soldato | (frequent) ofta; (shared) komuna; Common Prayer anglikana liturgio; common property komunajo; common sense ordinara (o komuna) raciono (o sajeso); greatest common denominator maxim komuna dividanto; in common komune | (general) generala; (gram.: of either sex) common noun komuna nomo | (public) publika; (vulgar) vulgara; common people plebeyi; common law (based on precedent) jurisprudenco; (established by custom) kustumala legaro; commonplace (ordinary) ordinara; (trite) triviala || n (land for public use) komonala domeno (od agri); (Brit. pol.) the Commons la chambro dil nenobeli; commonage (Brit.: common people) plebeyaro; (Brit.: pasturing rights) pastur- (od agro-)yuro; commonality komuneso; commonalty (chiefly hist.) basa (o vulgara o nenobela) populo; plebeyaro; commoner nenobelo; plebeyo; commonweal publika prospero; commonwealth republiko; stato
  • commotion n tumulto
  • commune n (local political division) komono; communion (fellowship) relati (amikala); (relig.) [denomination] komuniono; [sacrament] komunio; Communion cup kalico; to give Communion komuniigar | (sharing) komuneso; communism komunismo; communist komunisto || vt to communize (rare) komunistigar || vi (confer) konferar; (relig.: be in close spiritual contact with) [oneself] rekolecar; (relig.: receive the sacrament) komuniar || adj communal (pertaining to a commune) komonala; (shared) komuna; communist komunismala, -istala
  • communicate vt (convey, transmit) [thoughts, information] komunikar; [disease] komunikar; transmisar || vi (have communication with) komunikar (kun ulu, inter su); (grant passage to) [doors, passageways] komunikar (ad ulo); (have passage to) [rooms] komunikar (kun ulo, inter su); (relig.: receive Communion) komuniar || n communicant [relig.] komunianto, -ero; [archaic] komunikanto; communication [of disease] komuniko; transmiso; [of thoughts, information] komuniko; to be in communication with komunikar kun | (missive) komunikajo || adj communicable komunikebla; [disease] kontagia, -ema; transmisebla; communicating door komunikopordo; communicative (able to communicate) komunikiva; (pertaining to communication) komunikala
  • communiqué n komunikajo
  • community n (neighborhood) vicineyo; (society) socio; (being in common) komuneso
  • commute vi (jur.: reduce a sentence) reduktar; (math) komutar || vt to commutate (elec.) komutar || n commutator (elec.) komutilo
  • compact adj kompakta; compact disc CD || n (agreement, contract) konvenciono; pakto; (cosmetic) pudruyo || vt kompaktigar; densigar
  • companion n (accompanying person) kompano; [comrade] kamarado; [escort] akompananto, -ero; companionship kamaradeso; kompaneso; companionway (naut.) kabineskalero || adj companionable agreabla; sociema
  • company n (com., mil.) kompanio; [firm] firmo; (companionship) kompaneso; [guest] gasto; vizitanto; are you expecting company? ka vu expektas gasti ?; to have company havar gasti; (group gathered for a particular purpose) asembluro; asistantaro; kompanaro; [band, gang, troop, troup] trupo; to part company (with) separar su (de); present company excepted ecepte la prezenti
  • compare vt komparar (ulo ad altro) || n beyond compare nekomparebla; comparative (gram.) komparativo; comparison (gen.; gram.) kompar(ad)o; in comparison with kompare (o kontraste) ad || adj comparable komparebla; (similar) analoga; simila; (worthy of comparison) komparinda; comparative (involving comparison) komparala; (relative) relativa || adv comparatively (relatively) relate; (using comparison) komparale
  • compartment n fako
  • compass n (naut.) busolo; compass card busolokarto (o -plako); ventorozo; compass case busolbuxo; busoluyo; habitaklo | (for drawing circles) kompaso; (range, scope) atingo(disto); extensajo; [voice] ampleso || vt (archaic: go around) rondirar; (archaic: surround) cirkondar
  • compassion n kompato; to feel compassion for kompatar || adj compassionate kompatanta, -ema, -oza; (relig.: merciful) mizerikordioza
  • compatible adj konciliebla; kongruema || n (comput.) koncilieblo; compatibility konciliebleso; konkordo
  • compatriot n samlandano; sampatriano
  • compeer n (formal: equal) egalo (segun rango); (archaic: companion, associate) asociito; kamarado; kompano
  • compel vt (force or oblige) [by violence] forsar; [by violence or threats] koaktar; [morally, legally] obligar; (lit.: drive forcibly) pulsar
  • compendium n kompendio || adj compendious kompendia, -atra
  • compensate vt (recompense, indemnify) indemnizar || vi to compensate for something (make up for, offset) kompensar ulo || n compensation (counterbalance for something undesirable) kompenso; (indemnity) indemno
  • compete vi (in business) konkurencar; (in games) konkursar || n competition (in business) konkurenc(ad)o; rivaleso; (in games) konkurs(ad)o || adj competitive (in business) konkurencema, -ala, -iva; (in games) konkursema, -ala, -iva
  • competent adj kompetenta; (satisfactory) [work, performance] aceptebla || n competence, competency kompetenteso; [capability] kapableso; [suitability] apteso; (jurisdiction) resortiso; (dated: sufficient income) sufico
  • compile vt kompilar || n compilation (act) kompil(ad)o; (result) kompiluro; compiler kompililo
  • complacent adj sukontenta || n complacence sukontenteso
  • complain vi plendar || n complaint plendo; (med.) maladeso; morbo
  • complaisant adj komplezanta, -ema || n complaisance komplezo, -emeso
  • complement n (completing part) komplemento; full complement kompleta nombro (o quanto) || vt kompletigar || adj complementary komplementa, -ala; kompletigiva
  • complete adj (having all necessary parts) kompleta; [entire, whole] integra; [finished] (par)finita; (par)laborita; perfekta; [total] tota || adv completely komplete || n completion (act) kompletigo; (state) kompleteso || vt kompletigar; [a form] plenigar
  • complex adj (composed of many different parts) komplexa; [difficult] komplikita || n complexity komplexeso
  • complexion n (natural color, texture, appearance of one’s skin) karnaciono; (general aspect) aspekto; (obsolete, med.: physiological temperament) komplexiono
  • complicate vt komplikar || n complication (act) kompliko; (result) komplikuro; (state) komplikeso || adj complicated (complex) komplexa; komplikita; (difficult) komplikita
  • complicit adj komplica || n complicity kompliceso
  • compliment n komplimento; compliments komplimenti; with the author’s compliments kun la komplimenti (o bonvolo o respektoza homajo) di l’autoro | (greetings) saluto; compliments of the season kun bondeziri por vu; por vua prospero || vt komplimentar || adj complimentary komplimentema, -oza; (free) gratuita
  • compline n (relig.) kompletorio
  • complot n (archaic: conspiracy) komploto || vi (archaic: conspire) komplotar
  • comply vi (act in accordance) [with orders, rules] obediar; you have 30 seconds to comply vu havas 30 sekundi por obediar; (meet standards) konformigar su (ad) || n compliance (conformity) konformeso; in compliance with konforme ad | (obedience) obedio || adj compliant konforma; obedianta; (inclined to comply) obediema; [acquiescent] cedema; komplezanta, -ema; konsentema
  • component n elemento; ingrediento; konstitucanto, -ivo || adj konstitucanta
  • comport vt (formal: behave) [oneself] kondutar || vi to comport with (archaic: accord with) kongruar ad; konkordar kun; konvenar ad
  • compose vt (create, put together) [literature, music, etc.] kompozar; (constitute) konstitucar; [chemical compounds] kompozar; (set up in type) kompostar; (settle, calm) [oneself, thoughts] kalmigar; quietigar; tranquiligar || n composer [book] autoro; [music] kompozisto, -ero; composing stick (typesetting) kompostilo; composite kompozito, -ajo; composition kompozo, -ajo, -ito, -uro; (constitution) konsisto; (typesetting) kompost(ur)o; compositor kompostisto, -ero; composure kalmeso; tranquileso || adj composed kompozita; (calm) kalma; tranquila; composite kompozita; compositional (composed of various elements) kompozita; (relating to production of creative work) kompozala
  • compos mentis adj di sana mento
  • compost n dungo || vt (make into compost) dungigar; (treat with compost) dungizar
  • compote n kompoto
  • compound n kompozajo, -uro; [combination] kombinajo, -uro; [mixture] mixajo; (word) vorto kompozita || vt kompozar; [in a predetermined order] kombinar; [without a predetermined order] kunmixar; (worsen) plugravigar || adj kompozita; (tech.) compound engine kompunda motoro
  • comprehend vt (understand) komprenar; [by intellect alone] intelektar; (include) inkluzar; kontenar || n comprehension kompreno; [intellection] intelekto || adj comprehensible komprenebla; [by intellect alone] intelektebla; comprehensive (complete) kompleta; (vast) vasta; (archaic: relating to understanding) komprenala
  • compress vt (reduce volume by pressing) kompresar; [text] koncizigar; (press together) kunpresar || n (med.) kumpreso; compression kompreso; compressor kompresilo
  • comprise vt (consist of) konsistar en, ek; (include) inkluzar; kontenar
  • compromise n (agreement) transakto; (concession) konceso; (weakening, endangerment) kompromiso || vt (weaken, endanger) kompromisar || vi (reach an agreement) aranjar per konceso; transaktar
  • comptroller vt (chefa) kontrolisto
  • compulsion n (force) [by violence] forso; [by violence or threats] koakto; [moral, legal] devo; oblig(es)o || adj compulsory (coercive) koaktanta, -iva, -ema; (required) deva; obligata
  • compunction n kompunciono; to feel compunction kompuncionar; remorsar; sentar kompunciono; without compunction senkompuncione
  • compute vt kalkular; to computerize informatikizar || n computation kalkulo; computer *komputero (o *komputoro o *komputatoro); to be in computers laborar en informatiko; to be into computers okupar su pri informatiko; computing informatiko
  • comrade n kamarado
  • con vt (deceive) trompar; [swindle] fraudar; (archaic: study attentively, learn by heart) parstudiar || n (disadvantage) the pros and cons le por e le kontre; (fraud) fraudo; con man fraudisto | (informal: prisoner) karcerano
  • concatenate vt kunkatenigar || n concatenation katenigo, -ajo
  • concave adj konkava
  • conceal vt [object, news] celar; [thoughts, emotions] disimular
  • concede vt [a point in an argument] koncesar; [game, territory] cedar; (jur.) [right, privilege] grantar || n concession (act) konceso; [of franchising] koncesiono; [of granting] granto; [of yielding] cedo; (preferential allowance or rate) rabato; (thing conceded) [a point] koncesajo; [game, territory] cedajo; [right to use property for specified purpose] koncesiono; to grant a public concession to someone koncesionar ulu | [right, privilege] grantajo; concessionaire koncesionario
  • conceit n (vanity) fieracheso; superbeso; vanitato
  • conceive vt [child] konceptar; [idea] imaginar; konceptar || vi (become pregnant) gravideskar || adj conceivable imaginebla; konceptebla
  • concentrate vt koncentrar; [liquid] pludensigar || vi (focus one’s attention) koncentrar su (sur); koncentresar (sur) || n concentration koncentr(ad)o
  • concentric adj samcentra
  • concept n koncepturo; ideo; conception [of child] gravidesko; koncepto; [of idea] koncepto; (idea itself) koncepturo; (imagination) imagino; imajo; (notion) nociono; (plan) projeto; (understanding) kompreno || vt to conceptualize konceptar || adj conceptual konceptala
  • concern vt (relate to) koncernar; my question concerns money mea questiono koncernas pekunio | [affect] afektar; [interest] interesar; [matter to] importar ad; (worry, make anxious) desquietigar; you’re obviously upset, and that concerns me vu esas evidente perturbita, e to desquietigas me || n (anxiety, worry) desquieteso; sucio; it’s a matter for concern that... esas motivo por desquieteso ke...; (business, firm) entraprezo; firmo; (matter of interest or importance) [affair] afero; koncerno; that’s no concern of yours to ne koncernas vu | [importance] importo; it’s of no concern to me lo ne importas a me | [interest] intereso; my main concern is... mea precipua intereso esas...; out of concern for the public’s safety pro la publika sekureso || adj concerned (interested, affected) as far as I’m concerned koncerne me; segun quante lo koncernas me; (opinion) segun me | (worried) desquieta; concerning (worrying) desquietiganta, -ema, -iva || prep concerning koncern(ant)e; pri; relate
  • concert n (musical performance) koncerto; concert hall koncerteyo; to give a concert koncertar | (agreement) interkonsento; konkordo; in concert with konsente kun || adj concerted (coordinated) kombinita; komuna; (strenuously carried out) forta
  • concertina n (mus.) akordeoneto
  • concerto n (mus.) koncertopeco
  • conch n (zool.: Strombus, et al.) konko; conchoid (math) konkoido; conchology konkologio
  • concierge n pordisto
  • conciliate vt (placate) pacigar; (make compatible, harmonious) konciliar || adj conciliatory cedema; koncilianta, -ema, -iva; pacigiva
  • conclave n konklavo
  • conclude vt (bring to an end) finar; [formally settle] konkluzar; (infer) inferar; (dated: decide to do something) rezolvar || n conclusion (end) fino; konkluzo; in conclusion konkluze | (inference) infero || adj concluded (finished) finita; [formally settled] konkluzita; conclusive (convincing) decidiganta, -iva; konkluzanta, -iva; pruviva
  • concoct vt [drink, plot] brasar; [lie, story] inventar || n concoction brasuro; inventuro; mixachajo; mixuro
  • concomitant adj akompananta || n akompanajo
  • concord n (agreement, harmony) konkordo; [fig.] harmonio; [treaty] pakto; (gram.) interakordo; korespondo; (mus.) [consonance] konsonanco; [harmony] harmonio; concordance konkordo; korespondo; (index, book) indexo || adj concordant (in agreement) konkordanta; (in harmony) harmonianta
  • concordat n konkordato
  • concourse n (open space) kunveneyo; [indoor] halo; (crowd or assembly) asembl(ur)o; turbo
  • concrete adj (not abstract) [number, term] konkreta; (made of cement) betona; concrete masonry betona masonuro || n (cement) betono; reinforced concrete armaturizita (o ferizita) betono; concreting (act) betonizo; (result) beton(iz)ajo; concretion (med.) konkreciono
  • concubine n konkubino; concubinage (being a concubine) konkubineso; (keeping a concubine) konkubinato
  • concupiscent adj konkupicencanta, -ema || n concupiscence konkupicenco
  • concur vi (agree) konkordar; [mutually] interkonsentar; (happen at the same time) koincidar || n concurrence (agreement) interkonsento; konkordo; (coincidence) koincido; [of events] konjunturo || adj concurrent samtempa
  • concussion n (shock) shoko
  • condemn vt kondamnar || n condemnation kondamno; condemned (person) kondamnito || adj condemnable kondamnebla, -inda
  • condense vt [vapor] kondensar; (plu)densigar; [food] kompresar; koncentrar; [text] abreviar; rezumar || n condensation [act] kondens(ad)o; [product] kondensuro, -ajo; [state] kondenseso; condenser kondensilo; [elec.] kondensatoro
  • condescend vi degnar
  • condign adj (formal) [punishment] meritita; yusta
  • condiment n kondimento
  • condition n (state) stando; in good condition en bona stando; sendomaja | [circumstance] cirkonstanco; situeso; [disease] maladeso; [archaic: social class or rank] klaso; rango; (stipulation) kondiciono; stipulo; on condition that ... kondicione ke...; conditional (gram.) kondicionalo || vt (influence) influar; [train, accustom] kustumigar; (set prior requirements on) kondicionizar; limitizar; [make conditional upon something else] kondicionar || adj conditional (gen., gram.) kondicionala; conditioned (subject to conditions) kondicionita
  • condole vi (with) kondolar (ulu) || n condolence kondolo
  • condominium n (pol.) [joint control] kondominio; [state controlled jointly by other countries] kondominio
  • condone vt (accept, allow) aceptar; permisar; [approve] aprobar
  • condor n (zool.: Vultur gryphus, Gymnogyps californianus) kondoro
  • conduce vi (formal) to conduce to duktar ad; favorar; helpar; kontributar ad || adj conducive avantajoza; kontributiva; utila
  • conduct n (behavior) konduto; [of business, etc.] direktado; manuagado; (archaic: leadership) duktado; conduction (elec.) kondukt(ad)o; conductivity (elec.) konduktiveso; conductor [of a train] konduktoro; (elec.) [material] konduktivo; [wire] konduktilo || vt (lead, guide) duktar; guidar; (organize and carry out) facar; [business] direktar; I don’t like the way they do business a me ne plezas la maniero segun qua li komercas | [campaign, musical performance] direktar; (transmit) [heat, electricity] konduktar; to conduct oneself (behave) kondutar
  • conduit n (channel) kanalo; [person] mediacanto; (duct) konduktilo; konduktotubo
  • condyloma n (path.) fiko
  • cone n (geom., bot.) kono; conoid (geom.) konoido || adj conical kona, -atra
  • coney n (Brit.: rabbit) kuniklo; [fur] kuniklofelo
  • confect vt brasar || n confection (concoction) brasuro; (sweet) konfekto; confectioner konfektifisto
  • confederate adj (joined by agreement or treaty) (kun)federita; (pertaining to a confederation) (kun)federala || n (accomplice) komplico; confederacy, confederation (kun)federuro || vt (kun)federar
  • confer vt (give formally) grantar || vi (have discussions) konferar || n conference konfero
  • conferva n (bot.: Cladophora) konfervo
  • confess vt konfesar; (declare) deklarar || n confession konfeso; to go to confession irar por konfesar su; to receive the confession of konfesigar; confessional konfeseyo; confessor (one who confesses) konfesanto; (priest) konfesiganto, -ero || adj confessed agnoskita; konfesinta
  • confetti n konfeto; “ konfetti ”
  • confide vt (tell) [secret] konfidencar (sekreto ad ulu); (dated: entrust) konfidar || vi to confide in (trust enough to tell a secret) konfidencar ad (ulu) || n confidant konfidencario; confidence (secret) konfidencajo; (trust) fido; to have every confidence in someone havar plena fido pri ulu | [in someone’s reliability] konfido; [with secrets] konfidenco; in confidence konfidence; to take someone into one’s confidence konfidencar ad ulu; confidence man (con man) fraudisto || adj confident (self-assured) aplomba; certa (pri su); sufideganta; to be confident of success esar certa pri la suceso; confidential [information, remark] konfidenc(al)a; privata; [secretary] fidinda; konfidencaria; [tone of voice] konfidencanta
  • configure vt (shape or form) figurizar || n configuration figur(iz)o; form(iz)o
  • confine vt (enclose, shut in) inkluzar; (limit) limitizar; restriktar || n confinement (limit) limito; (shutting in) inkluzo; (dated, med.) parturo; confines limiti || adj to be confined (dated, med.) esar parturanta, -onta
  • confirm vt (verify, validate; relig.) konfirmar || n confirmation konfirmo || adj confirmed konfirmita; (inveterate) kustumala; persistanta
  • confiscate vt konfiskar
  • confit vt (preserve) [food] konfitar || n confiture konfitajo
  • conflagrate vi flagregar || vt incendiegar; conflagration flagrego; incendiego || adj conflagrant flagranta
  • conflict n konflikto; (armed struggle) [battle] batalio; [fight] kombato; to come into conflict with konflikteskar kun || vi (be in contradiction) [ideas, evidence, statements, etc.] kontredicar (l’una l’altra); (clash) [interests] konfliktar
  • confluent adj kunfluanta; to be confluent kunfluar || n confluence kunflueyo
  • conform vi konformesar; (begin to conform) konformeskar; konformigar su || vt konformigar || n conformation formo; strukturo; conformity konformeso; konkordo; in conformity with konforme ad; segun; sequante
  • confound vt (perplex) konfuzigar; perplexigar; (stun, amaze) astonegar; stuporigar; surprizar; (abash) shamigar; (defeat) [plan, hope] deceptar; (disprove) refutar; (mix up) intermixar; [identify wrongly, mistake] konfundar; [jumble] konfuzigar; (dated: damn) confound him! la diablo kaptez ilu !; confound it! diable !
  • confraternity n kunfrataro, -eso
  • confrère n kolego
  • confront vt (face against) afrontar; Go, confront the problem. Fight! Win! Irez, afrontez la problemo. Kombatez ! Ganez !; (force someone to consider or deal with something) konfrontar; please don’t confront me with my failures ne konfrontez me a mea falii, me pregas || n confrontation afronto; konfronto
  • confuse vt (perplex) konfuzigar; perplexigar; (identify wrongly, mistake) konfundar (ulo ad altro); (intermix) intermixar; [jumble] konfuzigar; (make more complex) komplikar || n confusion (perplexity) perplexigo, -eso; (intermixture) intermixo, -eso; (jumble) konfuzigo, -eso; (mistake) konfundo || adj confused (perplexed) perplexa; (intermixed) intermixita; (jumbled) konfuza; (wrongly identified) konfundita
  • confute vt refutar || n confutation refuto
  • congeal vi (solidify or coagulate) koagular; solideskar; [by cooling] konjelar; (coalesce) uneskar
  • congener n samgenerano; samspecano || adj congeneric samgenerana; samspecana
  • congenial adj [person] simpatioza; [thing] agreabla
  • congenital adj kunnaskinta; naskala
  • conger n (zool.: Conger) kongro
  • congeries n amaso (senforma); agreguro
  • congest vt inkombrar; obstruktar; troplenigar; (med.) konjestionar || n congestion inkombro; obstrukto; troplenigo; (med.) kongestiono
  • conglomerate n aglomerajo; (geol.) konglomerato; [pudding stone] pudingo; conglomeration (act) aglomer(ad)o; (result) aglomerajo || vt aglomerar
  • conglutinate vt kunglutinar
  • Congo n Kongo; Congolese Kongano
  • congratulate vt gratular || n congratulation gratulo || adj congratulatory gratuloza
  • congregate vi asemblesar; kunvenar || n congregation asemblitaro; (relig.) [of cardinals, monks, etc.] kongregaciono; [of worshippers] eklezio || adj (communal) komuna
  • congress n (meeting, convention) [of delegates] kongreso; to hold a congress kongresar; [of anyone] sexual congress sexuala kunveno; congressperson kongresano, -anto, -ero || adj congressional kongres(al)a
  • congruent adj kongruanta; to be congruent kongruar; (coincide) koincidar || n congruence kongruo
  • conifer n (bot.: Pinophyta, aka Coniferophyta, Coniferae) konifero || adj coniferous konifera
  • conjecture n konjekto || vt konjektar || adj conjectural konjektala
  • conjoin vt (formal) [immaterial sense] unionar; [material sense] kunjuntar || adj conjoint komuna; kunjuntita; unionita || adv conjointly kune
  • conjugal adj mariajala; spozala
  • conjugate vt (gram.) konjugar || n conjugation konjug(ad)o
  • conjunct adj asociita; kombinita; komuna || n conjunction (gram.) konjunciono; (immaterial sense) uniono; in conjunction with kun | (material sense) kunjunto; conjunctiva (anat.) konjuntivo; conjunctivitis (med.) konjuntivito; conjuncture [of events] konjunturo
  • conjure vt [spirits] konjurar; (adjure) adjurar; (lit.: beseech) suplikar || vi (practice black magic) nekromanciar; (prestidigitate) eskamotar || n conjuror, conjurer konjuranto, -ero; (Brit.: prestidigitator) eskamotanto, -ero
  • connate adj (congenital) kunnaskinta; naskala; (cognate) analoga; relatanta; samfamilia (o -speca)
  • connect vt (join) kunjuntar; kunligar; [caller] pozar en komuniko; [families] aliancar; parentigar; [immaterially] unionar; [rooms, buildings, towns] komunikigar; (elec.) konektar; (mech.) [pinions] embragar; [RR car, piece of equipment] kuplar; (associate) asociar; kunligar; relatigar; [with a crime] implikar; (install) [cooker, telephone] instalar; konektar || vi (join) [rooms, buildings, towns] komunikar; (elec.) konektesar; (mech.) [pinions] embragesar; [RR car, piece of equipment] kuplesar; (be related) relatar; (hit) her fist connected with my jaw elua pugno atingis mea mandibulo; (relate well) bone komunikar || n connection (kun)junturo; liguro; [joining piece] kunjuntilo; (affinity) afineso; (elec., mech.) konektajo; [joining piece] konektilo; (kinsman) parento; (relation) relato; in connection with relate (ad); in this connection pri ica afero; relate ad ico; connectivity konektiveso; connector (elec., mech.) konektilo || adj connected (related) relatanta; connecting [rooms, etc.] komunikanta; connecting rod bielo; connective [tissue] konektiva
  • connive vi (secretly condone) konivencar; (conspire) esar komplico; konplotar || adj conniving konplotanta, -ema
  • connoisseur n experto
  • connubial adj mariajala; spozala
  • conquer vt (overcome and take control of) [territory, nation, etc.] konquestar; (overcome, defeat) [fear, enemy] vinkar || n conqueror konquestanto, -ero; conquest (act) [of fear, enemy] vinko; [of territory, nation, etc.] konquesto; (result) konquesturo; vinkuro; (thing conquered) konquestajo; vinkajo
  • conquistador n « conquistador »
  • consanguineous adj (also “consanguine”) samparenta; sampatra || n consanguinity samparenteso
  • conscience n koncienco || adj conscientious konciencoza
  • conscious adj koncianta; to be conscious of konciar || n consciousness koncio
  • conscript vt konskriptar || n konskriptito; conscript father (hist.) senatano
  • consecrate vt (dedicate) [church, book] dedikar; [one’s life, money, time] konsakrar; (anoint, crown) [king] sakrigar; (ordain) [priest, minister] ordinacar; (transubstantiate) konsekracar || n consecration (dedication) konsakro; (anointment) sakrigo; (ordainment) ordinaco; (transubstantiation) konsekraco
  • consecutive adj (inter)sequanta || adv consecutively (inter)seque; sucedante
  • consensus n opiniono (o konsento) generala || adj consensual [involving consent] konsentita
  • consent vi konsentar (ad ulo) || n konsento
  • consequent adj konsequanta; (archaic: logically consistent) logikala; consequential konsequanta; resultanta; (important) importanta || adv consequently konseque; (so) do || n consequence [act] konsequo; [result, effect] konsequantajo; to be the consequence of konsequar (o rezultar) de; in consequence of konseque de; pro | (importance) graveso; importo; of consequence importanta; this is of no consequence to nule importas
  • conserve vt (keep, save) konservar; (preserve) [food] konfitar; konservar || n conservation konserv(ad)o; (environmentalism) ekologismo; (environmentalist) ekologisto; conservator [of minor] kuratanto, -ero, -isto; [of museum] administristo; conservatory (college for the arts) konservatorio; (greenhouse) teplico || adj conservative konservema; (cautious) [approach, estimate] presorganta; prudenta; (conventional) kustumala; ordinara; (pol., soc.) konservema
  • consider vt (think carefully about) examenar; konsiderar; he should consider resigning il konsiderez demisionar; (regard as) konsiderar; regardar; to consider someone a friend konsiderar ulu kom amiko; (take into account) enkalkular; konsiderar (anke); [importance of someone, something] egardar || n consideration (careful thought) konsidero; under consideration examenata; explorata; konsiderata; [factor] her age was an important consideration elua evo esis faktoro importanta | [thoughtfulness] egardo; to take into consideration egardar | (remuneration) pagajo; rekompenso; (archaic: importance) importo || adj considerable (meriting consideration) konsiderinda; (notably large in size, amount, or extent) granda; multa; considerate bonkordia; jentila; sorgema; (archaic: showing careful thought) atencema; konsideranta || adv considerably grande; multe; considering konsiderante; [importance] egardante
  • consign vt (transfer into someone’s custody) [dispatch] expediar; [entrust] konfidar; [for resale] konsignar; [hand over] transdonar; [send to a final destination] to consign to oblivion sepultar (o relegar) aden oblivio || n consignee konsignario; consignment (act) konsigno; (goods) konsignajo; consignor expedianto; konsignanto
  • consist vi (be composed of) konsistar (ek); (have as an essential feature) konsistar (en) || n consistency (coherence) [of argument] konsequo; logikozeso; their statements lack consistency lia dekari ne konkordas | (compatibility) konciliebleso; konformeso; kongruo; konkordo; (constancy) konstanteso; uniformeso; (viscosity) viskozeso; consistory konsistorio || adj consistent (cohesive) koheranta, -ema; konsequema; logikala; (compatible) konciliebla; konforma; kongruanta; konkordanta; (constant) konstanta; uniforma
  • console vt (comfort, soothe) konsolacar || n (archit.: ornamental wall bracket) konsolo; [corbel] korbelo; consolation konsolaco || adj consoling konsolacanta, -iva
  • consolidate vt (strengthen) plufermigar; plufortigar; plusolidigar; [defenses] fortifikar; (combine) kombinar; koncentrar; kunfuzar; [bus.] amalgamigar; [fin.] agregar || n consols (Br.: consolidated annuity) konsoliditi
  • consommé n (culin.) konsomeo
  • consonant n konsonanto; consonance (harmony) [of opinion, action] konkordo; [of sound] konsonanco || adj (in harmony) konkordanta; [sound] konsonancanta; (phon.) konsonanta; consonantal konsonanta
  • consort n (companion) kompano; [partner] asociito; konsorto; [spouse] spozo; [spouse of a monarch] konsorto; Prince Consort princospozulo || vi to consort with asociar su kun
  • conspectus n rezumo
  • conspicuous adj (manifest) evidentega; klare videbla; saliema; [flagrant] flagranta; ostentanta, -oza; [noteworthy] remarkinda
  • conspire vi (make secret plans) komplotar; [against the state] konspirar; [collude] koluzionar || n conspiracy komploto; (against the state) konspiro; (collusion) koluziono; conspirator komplotanto; (against the state) konspiranto; (colluder) koluzionanto
  • constable n (jur.; hist.) konestablo; (Brit.: police officer) policisto; constabulary (administration) polico; (collectively) policistaro
  • constant adj konstanta; (continual) kontinua; (faithful) fidela; loyala || n konstanto; constancy konstanteso; (faithfulness) fideleso; loyaleso
  • Constantinople n Konstantinoplo
  • constellation n stelaro
  • consternate vt konsternar || n consternation konsterno, -eso
  • constipate vt konstipar || n constipation konstipo, -eso
  • constitute vt konstitucar || n constituency (district) distrikto elekteral; (people) elekteraro; constituent (component) elemento; ingrediento; konstitucanto; parto; constitution (physical make-up; pol.) konstituco, -uro, -eso; (physiological state) konstituciono; constitutional (walk) promeno; constitutionality konstitucaleso || adj constituent konstitucanta; constitutional konstitucala; (physiol.) konstitucionala
  • constrain vt (restrict) limitizar; restriktar; [hamper] jenar; [lit.: confine] inkluzar; (compel) obligar; [force] koaktar || n constraint (restriction) limito; restrikto; (compulsion) koakto; obligo
  • constrict vt konstriktar; (inhibit) inhibar; (restrict) restriktar || n constrictor (anat.) muskulo konstriktiva
  • constringent adj konstriktiva
  • construct vt konstruktar || n konstrukturo; construction (building) [act] konstrukt(ad)o; construction site konstrukteyo; under construction konstruktata | [result] konstrukturo; (interpretation) interpreto; (ling.) konstrukto || adj constructive (jur.) [fraud, liability] implicita; (useful) [criticism] konstruktiva
  • construe vt interpretar; (dated: analyze syntax) konstruktar; (dated: translate) tradukar
  • consubstantial adj samsubstanca
  • consul n konsulo; consulate (function) konsuleso; (place) konsuleyo || adj consular konsulala; if this is a consular ship, where is the ambassador? se co esas navo konsulal, ube esas l’ambasadisto?
  • consult vt (seek information or advice from) konsultar; if your erection lasts more than four hours, consult a physician se vua erekturo duras plu longe kam quar hori, konsultez mediko || vi (have discussions) konferar || n konsulto; consultant konsilanto, -isto; consultation konsulto; hours for consultation hori di audienco; konsulthori | (conference) konfero || adj consultative konsiliva
  • consume vt konsumar || n consumer konsumanto, -ero; consumption konsum(ad)o; not fit for human consumption ne apta por konsumo homal | (dated: wasting disease) deperiso; ftizio; galloping consumption galopanta ftizio; tuberkloso || adj consuming [passion] brulanta; dominacanta; consumptive (dated) ftizika
  • consummate adj ecelanta; kompleta; perfekta || vt kompletigar; parfinar; perfektigar
  • contact n kontakto; to get into contact with kontakteskar kun; to put into contact with kontaktigar kun; (personal connection) relato; business contacts aferala relati; contact breaker (elec.) interruptilo || vt kontakteskar kun
  • contagion n kontagio; contagiousness kontagiemeso; kontagiiveso || adj contagious kontagiiva, -ema
  • contain vt (hold inside) kontenar; (hold back, control) represar; restriktar; retenar || n container kontenantajo; kontenilo; -uyo; content(s) kontenajo
  • contaminate vt kontaminar || n contaminant kontaminantajo; contamination (act) kontamino; (thing) kontaminajo
  • contemn vt desestimar; desprizar
  • contemplate vt kontemplar; (consider) konsiderar || n contemplation kontempl(ad)o; medit(ad)o; pens(ad)o || adj contemplative kontemplema, -ala
  • contemporaneous adj samtempa
  • contemporary adj (contemporaneous) samtempa; (current) nuntempa; [modern] moderna || n samtempano
  • contempt n desestimo; desprizo || adj contemptible desestiminda; desprizinda; contemptuous desestimanta, -ema, -oza; desprizanta, -ema, -oza || adv contemptuously desestime; desprize; to treat contemptuously konsputar
  • contend vi (compete) konkurencar; [in games] konkursar; (struggle) [with/against] kombatar; luktar || v (affirm) afirmar; (assert) asertar || n contender konkurencanto; [in games] konkursanto; I coulda been a contender! me povus esar konkursanto !; contention (assertion) afirmo; aserto; (dispute) disputo; kontesto || adj contentious (controversial) disputata; kontestata; (tending to dispute) disputema
  • content adj (satisfied) kontenta; (subject matter) kontenajo || n contentment kontenteso; content(s) kontenajo; contents kontenajo; [of book] tabelo di kontenajo (o materii) || vt kontentigar
  • conterminous adj komunlimita; kontigua
  • contest n (competition) konkurenco; [with rules, judges, etc.] konkurso; (dispute) kontesto; [quarrel] disputo; contestant konkursanto || vt konkurencar por; (dispute) kontestar; [hotly] disputar
  • context n (circumstances; surrounding text) kuntexto
  • contiguous adj kontigua; apuda; vicina; to be contiguous vicinesar || n contiguity kontigueso
  • continent n (geog.) kontinento; continence kontinenco || adj (of bowels, bladder) kontinencanta, -oza; (sexually) abstinencanta; chasta; continental kontinentala
  • contingent adj (possible) [depending on uncertain circumstances] eventuala; contingent on/upon dependanta de | (philos.: true without logical necessity) kontingenta || n (mil.) kontingento; contingency (state) eventualeso; [philos.] kontingenteso; (thing) eventualo; [philos.] kontingentajo
  • continue vt (keep doing, not stop; resume; make remain) ne cesar; continue! durigez !; to continue eating durigar la manjo; ne cesar manjar; “So,” he continued « Nu, » durigis ilu; (extend) [in space] prolongar; [in time] plulongigar; (make last) durigar || vi (go on, not stop; resume; remain) durar; ne cesar; the beatings will continue until morale improves la batado ne cesos til ke l’entuziasmo pluboneskos; to continue in office restar en sua ofico; to continue on one’s way durigar sua voyajo; (extend) [in space] the road continues for 10 km la voyo prolongesas ye du km pluse | [in time] plulongeskar; (last) durar || n continuance (duration) duro; (postponement) ajorno; continuation dur(ig)o; continuity kontinueso || adj continual kontinua; (ceaseless) sencesa; (frequently recurring) oftega; continued duranta; to be continued duronta; pluso (o fino) sequos; continuous kontinua
  • contort vt (deform by twisting) [features, limbs] tordar; [words] deformar || n contortion tord(esk)o; [gesture] gesto (o posturo) tordita
  • contour n konturo || vt konturizar
  • contraband n kontrabandajo || adj kontrabanda
  • contrabass n (mus.) kontrabaso
  • contract n (agreement) kontrato; contractibility kontraktebleso; contraction (process of becoming smaller) kontrakt(es)o; contractor entraprezisto || vt (shrink or shorten) kontraktar; [constrict] konstriktar; [muscle, word] kontraktar; (acquire) [debt] asumar; [disease] aquirar; (make a contract with) kontratar kun; [hire] engajar; [undertake] entraprezar; to contract something out kontratar facar ulo exter la kompanio || vi (shrink or shorten) kontraktesar; [constrict] konstriktesar; (make a contract) kontratar || adj contractual kontratala
  • contradance n (or “contredanse”) kontradanso
  • contradict vt kontredicar; (declare to be wrong) dementiar || n contradiction kontredic(aj)o; (oxymoron) antilogio; (paradox) antinomio; (refutation) dementio || adj contradictory kontredicanta, -iva, -oza; (oxymoronic) antilogia; (paradoxical) antinomia
  • contradistinction n kontrasto
  • contralto n (voice or singer) kontralto; (part written for a contralto) kontraltajo
  • contrapose vt (log.) kontrapozar
  • contrary adj kontrea; (inclined to oppose or be opposite) kontreagema; obstinanta, -ema; (reverse) inversa || n kontreajo; contrariness kontreagemeso; kontredicemeso; (unpleasant behavior) desagreablaji; on the contrary kontraste; kontree
  • contrast n kontrasto || vt kontrastigar || vi kontrastar
  • contratemps n desoportunajo
  • contravene vt kontravencar || n contravention kontravenco
  • contribute vt kontributar; (aid) helpar; kunlaborar kun; (Brit.: regularly give money to a cause) suskriptar || n contribution (act) kontributo; suskripto; [aid] helpo; (object) donajo; kontributajo; quoto; suskriptajo; [article] artiklo (en jurnalo); contributor kontributanto, -ero; korespondero; kunredaktero || adj contributory kontributiva; [insurance, pension] suskriptata
  • contrite adj kontricanta; repentanta || n contrition kontrico; (repentance) repento; to feel contrition kontricar; repentar
  • contrive vt (invent) [plan, scheme] injeniar; inventar; to contrive a means of doing something trovar moyeni por facar ulo; (manage, arrange) sucesar; to contrive to do something aranjar por facar ulo | [with sinister intent] mashinacar || n contrivance (arrangement) aranj(ur)o; [artifice] artific(ach)o; mashinaco; ruzo; [scheme] injeni(ur)o; invent(ur)o; (device) aparato; mashino; contrived artifica; nenaturala
  • control n (direction, rule) direkt(ad)o; dominac(ad)o; administr(ad)o; guvern(ad)o; [of army] komand(ad)o; [fig.] imper(ad)o; (influence or authority over) dominac(ad)o; (limit of the level, intensity, or numbers of) limitiz(ad)o; repres(ad)o; restrikt(ad)o; [crowd, fire] reten(ad)o; [emotion] dominac(ad)o; guvern(ad)o; reten(ad)o; (regulation) [of machine] regul(ad)o; controls regulilo | (verification) kontrol(ad)o; controller (comptroller) kontrolisto; (comput.) adaptilo || vt (direct, rule) direktar; dominacar; administrar; guvernar; [army] komandar; [fig.] imperar; (limit the level, intensity, or numbers of) limitizar; represar; restriktar; [crowd, fire] retenar; [emotion] dominacar; guvernar; retenar; (maintain influence or authority over) dominacar; (regulate) regular; (verify) kontrolar || adj controlled (regulated) regulata; controlled economy ekonomio direktata | (restrained) retenata; (restricted) controlled substance substanco restriktita; controlling [factor] determinanta; [interest] majoritata
  • controversy n kontroverso; polemiko || adj controversial kontroversata; polemikala
  • controvert vt (deny the truth of) kontredicar; negar; (argue about) debatar; kontroversar
  • contumacy n (archaic) obstinegemeso; refraktareso; [law] kontumaceso || adj contumacious (archaic) obstinegema; refraktara; [law] kontumaca
  • contumely n (contumely) desestimo; insulto
  • contuse vt (med.) kontuzar; contusion kontuz(ur)o || adj contused kontuzita
  • conundrum n (jok)enigmato
  • convalesce vi konvalecar; risaneskar || n convalescence konvaleco; convalescent konvalecanto || adj convalescent konvalecanta; risaneskanta
  • convect vt (phys.) konvektar || n convection konvekto
  • convene vi (assemble) kunvenar; asemblesar || vt (convoke) kunvokar; asemblar
  • convenient adj (suited or favorable to one’s comfort, purpose, or needs) komoda; this place is not convenient for us ca loko ne esas komoda a ni; (accessible) acesebla; bone situita; komoda; proxima; (occurring at a suitable or advantageous time) oportuna; a convenient excuse oportuna exkuzo || n convenience (amenity) komodajo; (comfort) komodeso; give me convenience, or give me death! donez a me komodeso, o donez a me morto ! | (opportunity, chance) okaziono; at your convenience segun vua arbitrio (o konveno)
  • convent n kuvento; monak(in)eyo || adj conventual kuventala
  • conventicle n (hist.) konvento
  • convention n (custom) kustumo; (agreement) konvenciono; (assembly) asemblo; kongreso || adj conventional konvencionala; kustumala; tradicionala; conventional medicine medicino tradicionala (o konvencionala); conventional weapon armo konvencionala; conventional wisdom opiniono konvencionala | (unoriginal) konformista
  • converge vi konvergar || adj convergent konverganta, -ema
  • conversazione n (literaturala o societala) asemblo
  • converse vi konversar; interparolar || n (math, log.) reciproko; (reverse) inverso; conversation interparolado; konverso || adj (math, log.) reciproka; (reverse) inversa; conversant erudita; exercita; experta; familiara; instruktita; konocanta; to be conversant in havar experienco pri; konocar; conversational konversala; [style, tone] familiara
  • conversion n (relig., fin., gen.) konvert(ad)o; (exchange) kambi(ad)o; (log.) inversigo; (transformation) transform(ad)o
  • convert vt (relig., fin., gen.) konvertar; (exchange) kambiar; (log.) inversigar; (transform) transformar || n (relig.) konvertito; converter (device) konvertilo; convertible (auto) kabrioleto
  • convex adj konvexa || n convexity konvexeso
  • convey vt (carry) [as pipe, tube, wire] konduktar; [goods, passengers] transportar; (escort) akompanar; duktar; (transmit) [knowledge, energy, signal] transmisar; (communicate) [meaning] dicar; expresar; signifikar; [message, opinion, idea] expresar; komunikar; words cannot convey my contempt la parolado ne povas tradukar mea desestimo; (jur.) [property] transferar || n conveyance [as pipe, tube, wire] kondukt(ad)o; [escort] akompan(ad)o; dukt(ad)o; [of goods, passengers] transport(ad)o; (transmission) [of knowledge, energy, signal] transmis(ad)o; (communication) [of meaning] dic(ad)o; signifik(ad)o; [of message] komunik(ad)o; (jur.) [act] transfer(ad)o; [document] transferatesto; (vehicle) vehilo
  • convict vt kondamnar || n kondamnito; conviction (belief) kredo; [being firmly convinced] konvinkeso; (jur.) kondamno
  • convince vt konvinkar || adj convincing konvinkanta, -iva, -oza; pruvanta, -iva, -oza
  • convivial adj (atmosphere) agreabla; festinala; gaya; (person) agreabla; gaya; sociema || n conviviality agreableso; festinaleso; gayeso; sociemeso
  • convoke vt kunvokar || n convocation kunvoko; (assembly) asembluro; [eccl.] sinodo
  • convolute vt volutatrigar; volutozigar || n convolution cirkonvoluciono; envolvajo, -eso || adj convoluted volutatra, -oza
  • convolvulus n (bot.: Convolvulus) konvolvulo
  • convoy n (procession) karavano; [organized, usually with military escort] konvoyo || vt (accompany) [as armed escort] eskortesar ad; [as fellow transporter] konvoyar
  • convulse vi konvulsar || vt konvulsigar; [country] agitar || n convulsion konvulso; (upheaval) tumulto || adj convulsive konvulsala, -atra
  • coo vi rukular
  • cook vt (culin.) koquar; to cook a meal koquar (o preparar) manjajo; (informal: falsify) falsigar; to cook the books falsigar la konti; to cook up [dish] preparar; [excuse, story] inventar; [plan] brasar || vi (cullin.) koquesar; (informal: happen) what’s cooking? quo eventas ? || n koquisto; cooker koquilo; cookery koquarto; cookbook koquolibro
  • cool adj koldeta; (aloof) [distant] apartema; [indifferent] indiferenta; (calm) kalma; neecitita; tranquila; [coolheaded] aplomba; (informal: acceptable) aceptebla; (informal: comfortable with ordinarily upsetting circumstances) komfortoza; [at peace] are we cool? ka ni pacas ? | [empathetic] empatioza; [trustable to not rat one out to the authorities] fidebla; (informal: fashionably attractive or impressive) segunmoda; (informal: good, excellent) bon(eg)a; cool story, bro! (sarcastic) bona rakonto, frato ! | [impressive] impresiva; [ingenious] injenita; [interesting] interesanta; interesoza; cooling koldiganta; (refreshing) freshiganta; (refrigerating) frigorifanta; frigoriziva || n cooler (for fresh water) (fresh-aquala) frigorizilo; coolness (of person) [calmness] neeciteso; tranquileso; [self-assurance] aplombo; (temperature) kold(et)eso || vt (plu)kold(et)igar; [something hot] desvarmigar; (tech.) frigorizar; to cool down (fig.) kalmigar; [tone down] moderar || vi (plu)kold(et)eskar; [something hot] desvarmeskar; to cool down (fig.) kalmeskar; paceskar
  • coolie n « kuli »
  • coom n (grease) unto
  • coon n (zool.: Procyon lotor) ratono; (informal, offensive) negracho
  • coop n haneyo, -uyo; pultrokajo || vt to coop up (cage) enkajigar; (confine) inkluzar strete
  • cooper n barelisto || vi barelifar
  • cooperate vi kunlaborar; (work in a cooperative) kooperar || n cooperative (organization) koopereyo || adj cooperative kunlaboranta; (econ.) kooperala, -anta
  • cooperative n kooperativo
  • co-opt vt (elect fellow member) kooptar; (absorb, assimilate) absorbar; (commandeer) proprigar
  • coordinate vt koordinar || n (geom.) koordinito; coordination koordin(ad)o || adj koordinita
  • coot n (zool.: Fulica) fulko; (informal: fool) stulto
  • copaiba n (bot.: Copaifera) [resin] kopaivo; [tree] kopaiviero
  • copal n kopalo
  • copartner n (kun)asociito; copartnership asocio, -uro; egala partopreno
  • cope vi (deal with something difficult) sucese traktar (o luktar kontre) || n (relig. dress) chapo; coping (archit.) chapo; mursuprajo
  • copernicium n (chem.: Cn) kopernicio
  • copious adj abundanta
  • copper n (chem.: Cu) kupro; coppersmith kupromestieristo || adj (color) kuprea; (made of copper) kupra
  • coppice n kopso
  • copra n kopro
  • coprolite n koprolito
  • copse n bosketo
  • copula n (log., gram.) kopulo
  • copulate vi (engage in sexual intercourse) [humans] koitar; [non-humans animals] kopulacar
  • copy n (duplicate) kopiuro; [exact copy] faksimilo; (matter to be printed) imprimmaterio; (imitation) imituro; (single specimen of a book, paper, engraving, etc.) exemplero; copier fotokopiilo; copy machine fotokopiilo; copyist kopiisto, -ero, -anto; (imitator) imitanto, -ero; copybook (education) kayero; copycat imitanto, -ero; copyeditor redaktisto; copyreader korektigisto; copyright autoryuro || vt (make a duplicate of) kopiar; (imitate) imitar || adj copyright (or copyrighted) this is copyrighted riprodukto (esas) interdiktita
  • coquet vi (rare: behave flirtatiously) flirtar; koketesar || n (dated: a flirtatious man) flirtemulo; koketulo; coquetry koketeso, -ajo; coquette (a flirtatious woman) flirtemino; koketino || adj coquettish koketa, -atra
  • coral n koralio
  • corbel n (archit.) korbelo; [S-shaped] konsolo
  • cord n (thick string) kordo; [cable] kablo; [for fastening or moving a specified object] kordono; umbilical cord umbilikala kordono | [section, segment] brino; cordage amararo; kordegaro
  • cordate adj (bot., zool.) kordioforma
  • cordial adj kordiala || n (liqueur) liquoro; cordiality kordialeso
  • Cordilleras n Kordilieri
  • cordite n kordito
  • cordon n kordono; cordon sanitaire epidemiala kordono
  • corduroy n kotonveluro
  • core n kerno; (fig.) centro; esenco; fundo; kordio || vt senkernigar
  • coreligionist n samreligiano
  • corespondent n (jur.) komplico; kundefensanto
  • coriander n (bot.: Coriandrum sativum) koriandro
  • cork n (substance) korko; (stopper) stopilo; corkscrew korkotirilo || vt [bottle] korkizar; stopar
  • cormorant n (zool.: Phalacrocorax) kormorano
  • corn n (bot.: Zea mays) maizo; [individual kernel] grano; corn on the cob maizospiko; cornmeal maizfarino | (med.: callus) kal(aj)o; (Brit.: chief cereal crop of a district) cerealo; cornflower (bot.: Centaurea cyanus) aciano | (informal: sentimentality) sentimentemismo || adj corned beef salizita bovkarno; [in tins] buxokarno; konservita karno; corny sentimentem(ach)a
  • cornac n kornako
  • cornea n (anat.) korneo
  • cornel n (bot.: Cornus) korneliero
  • corner n angulo; to fold the corners of angulfaldar; nobody puts Baby in a corner! nulu pozez Baby en angulo ! | [of street] stradangulo; he lived in a neighborhood called “The Three Corners of Death” ni rezidis en vicineyo nomata « La Tri Anguli dil Morto » | (difficult situation) akuleyo; desfacila situeso; (remote area) [nook] anguleto; (com.: monopoly) akaparo; monopolo; cornerpiece angulpeco, -moblo; cornerstone angulpetro; fundamento(petro) || vt (drive to a corner) akular; enanguligar; (com.) akaparar
  • cornet n (mus.) [brass instrument] korneto; (paper cone) papera korneto
  • cornice n (archit.) kornico
  • cornucopia n abundokorno
  • Cornwall n Kornwal
  • corolla n (bot.) korolo
  • corollary n (log., math) korolario
  • corona n (astron.) cirklo lumoza; halono; (anat.) [of tooth] krono; coronation kronizo
  • coroner n *koronero; mortinquestisto, -ero
  • coronet n kroneto; (diadem) diademo
  • corporal n (mil.) kaporalo || adj (mil.) korpala
  • corporate adj korporacionala || n korporaciono; corporation (com.) korporaciono; (pol.) [of city] municipala konsilantaro; (dated: paunch) pancho
  • corporeal adj (concerning the body) korpala; (material) materiala
  • corps n (mil.) (arme)korpo; (body of people engaged in the same activity) trupo; diplomatic corps diplomatistaro
  • corpse n kadavro
  • corpulent adj (fat) grasoza; (stout) korpulenta || n corpulence korpulenteso
  • corpuscle n (bio.) korpuskulo; [of blood] globulo
  • corpus delicti n (jur.) materio dil delikto
  • corpus juris n « corpus juris »
  • correct adj (free from error) [answer, number, term, estimate, information] korekta; senerora; the correct answer is “the Moops” la korekta respondo esas « la maupi » | (exact) [time, change] exakta; (not mistaken in opinion or judgment) justa; (most appropriate for situation or activity) justa; the correct weight for your height and build la justa pezo por vua alteso e korpulenteso; (proper) decanta; justa; konvenanta; corrected emendita; korektigita; to stand corrected agnoskar sua eroro; corrective korektigiva; punisala || n correction [act] korektigo; to speak under correction ofrar sua personala opiniono; parolar segun sua informajo (o savo) pri l’afero | [result] korektiguro; (punishment) puniso; correctness korekteso || vt [fault] emendar; [person, text] korektigar; (punish) punisar
  • correlate vi korelatar || vt korelatigar || n correlation korelat(ig)(ad)o; correlative korelativo || adj correlative korelativa, -anta
  • correspond vi (have a close similarity) [agree] konkordar (kun); that does not correspond with what you said to ne konkordas kun quon vu dicis | [be equivalent to] egalesar (ad); her job corresponds roughly to mine elua ofico egalesas proxime al mea | [relate, match] interrelatar (ad); konformesar (ad); (by letters) korespondar (kun) || n correspondence (agreement) konkord(ad)o; [match] konformeso; [relation] interrelato; (exchange of letters) korespond(ad)o; correspondent korespondanto, -ero, -isto || adj corresponding (complemental) kompletigiva; (equivalent) analoga; equivalanta
  • corridor n koridoro
  • corrigible adj korektigebla
  • corrode vt korodar || n corrosion (act) korodado; (result) koroduro || adj corrosive korodiva, -anta; (caustic) kaustika
  • corrugate vt (wrinkle) rugizar; [brow] frunsar; (shape into alternate ridges and grooves) [iron, cardboard] ondizar, -igar; corrugated iron ondatra (od ondizita) fer-tolo || n corrugation (result) kanelizuro; ondizo; rugizuro
  • corrupt adj (phys., moral) koruptita; deshonesta; [text, file] koruptita; (archaic: rotten) putranta || n corruptibility koruptebleso; corruption (act) korupt(ad)o; (state) deshonesteso; korupteso; (archaic: decay) putrado; [pus] puso || vt (phys., moral) koruptar; [bribe] subornar; (archaic: putrify) putrigar
  • corsage n (bodice) korsajo
  • corsair n (archaic: privateer) korsarnavo; (archaic: privateersman) korsaro
  • corselet n (armor) (pektor)kuraso
  • corset n korseto; corset stay busko
  • Corsica n Korsika; Corsican Korsikano
  • cortège n (procession) procesiono; (retinue) eskorto; sequantaro
  • cortex n (anat., bot.) kortico || adj cortical korticala
  • cortisone n (biochem.) kortizono
  • corundum n (min.) korundo
  • coruscate vi (lit.) cintilifar
  • corvée n (hist.) korveo; to do the corvée korvear
  • corvette n (naut., hist.) korveto
  • Corvus n (astron.) korvo
  • Corybant n (hist.) koribanto
  • corymb n (bot.) korimbo
  • coryphaeus n (theat., hist.; fig.: leader of a party or interest) korifeo
  • coryphée n korifeo
  • cosecant n (math) kosekanto
  • cosine n (math) kosinuso
  • cosmetic adj kosmetikala || n (product) kosmetikajo; cosmetics kosmetiko
  • cosmopolitan adj kosmopolita || n kosmopolito
  • cosmos n kosmo; cosmogony kosmogonio; cosmographer kosmografo; cosmography kosmografio; cosmonaut kosmonauto || adj cosmic kosmala
  • Cossack n kozako
  • cosset vt dorlotar
  • cost vt kustar; to cost someone their life kustar de ulu sua vivo || n kusto; (expense) spens(ad)o; (price) preco; at any cost po irga preco; ye irga risko; at the cost of po; to my cost ye mea detrimento (o domajo); cost of making fabrikpreco (o -kusto) || adj costly chera; kustoza; precoza
  • costal adj (anat., zool.) kostala
  • Costa Rica n Kostarika
  • costermonger n (Brit. dated) stradala (frukto)vendisto
  • costume n [of country, class, period, occasion] kostumo; costumer kostumisto, -vendisto, -lugisto
  • cot n liteto
  • cotangent n (math) kotangento
  • coterie n partiseto; sekteto
  • cotillion card kotiliono
  • cottage n (rurala) dometo; cottager (cottage dweller) dometano
  • cotter n kelo; cotter pin fendita splinto
  • cotton n (bot.: Gossypium) (wool) kotono; [goods] kotonajo; cotton gin mashino por sengranigar kotono; cotton lavender (bot.: Santolina chamaecyparissus) santolino; cotton spinner kotonfilifisto; cotton wadding, padding vato; cotton waste kotonburo (o -reziduo); cotton weaver kotonfabrikisto
  • cotyledon n (bot.) kotiledono
  • cotyloid cavity n (anat.) kotiloida kavajo; kotiloido
  • couch n (sofa) sofao; (canapé) kanapeo; (divan) divano || vt (express) expresar
  • couchant adj (heraldry) (su)kushanta
  • couch grass n (bot.: Elymus repens) hundoherbo
  • cougar n (zool.: Puma concolor) pumao
  • cough vi tusar || vt to cough up [blood, phlegm] sputar; (med.) [blood, phlegm] expektorar || n cough drop tusopastilo; coughing tus(ad)o; coughing fit tusaceso || adj cough-relieving bechika
  • could v (was able) povis; (will be able) povos; (would be able) povus
  • coulisse n (theat.) kuliso
  • council n (advisory or deliberative body) konsilantaro; [ecc.] koncilo; town council komonala konsilantaro; councilman konsilanto, -ero
  • counsel n (advice) konsil(aj)o; to keep one’s own counsel gardar la sekretajo (od aferi); to take counsel demandar konsilo (de ulu) pri ulo; konsultar (ulu) pri ulo | (adviser) konsilanto, -ero; (lawyer) advokato; counselor (adviser) konsilanto, -ero; (lawyer) advokato; [jurisconsult] juriskonsulto || vt (advise) [gen., med., psych., etc.] konsilar; (recommend) rekomendar
  • count vt (determine amount) [by counting] kontar; [by mathematics] kalkular; (consider) judikar; konsiderar; count yourself lucky konsiderez vu kom fortunoza; (include) kontar; not counting the children nekontante la pueri || vi (be significant) importar; every second counts singla sekundo importas; (be valid) esar valida; that doesn’t count to ne esas valida; to count on (expect) expektar; I hadn’t counted on this me ne expektis co | (rely on) fidar ad || n (total) konto; (calculation) kalkulo; counter (for counting things) [apparatus] kontilo; [person] kontanto, -ero; (in games) ficho; kontomarko; ludomarko; (in shop) vend-, serv-, pagotablo; (position in post office, bank) gicheto; countinghouse (hist.) kontoro | (jur.) akuzpunto; (point for consideration) [aspect] punto; you’re wrong on both counts vu eroras pri amba punti | [reason] motivo; (title) komto; countess komtino; county (division of U.S. state or Canadian province) statodistrikto; (province) provinco; (hist.: land ruled by a count) komtio || adj countless nekontebla; sennombra
  • counter vt (counteract) kontreagar; (respond to) respondar ad || adv counter to kontre; to run counter to kontreagar; kontreesar || afx kontre-
  • counteract vt kontreagar; (neutralize) neutrigar
  • counterbalance n kontrepezajo; (fig.: compensation) kompenso || vt kontrepezar; (fig.: compensate) kompensar; (fig.: neutralize) neutrigar
  • counterblow n kontrefrapo; kontreshoko
  • countercharge n kontrea (od opozanta) akuzo; kontreakuzo
  • countercheck n riverifiko || vt kontreagar
  • countercurrent n kontrefluo || adv kontreflue
  • counterfeit adj kontrafaktita; falsa || n kontrafakturo || vt kontrafaktar
  • counterfoil n (Brit.: stub) kontrolfolio
  • counterirritant n (med., hist.) revulsivo
  • countermand vt [order] revokar; [person] kontreimperar ad; (declare invalid) anular || n [of order] revoko; [of person] kontreimpero; (declaration of invalidity) anulo
  • countermarch vi kontremarchar || n kontremarcho
  • countermark n (hist.) kontrolmarko; [in theater] kontrolbilieto
  • countermine n (mil.) kontremineyo; (fig.) kontreintrigo || vt (mil.) kontreminar; (fig.) kontreintrigar
  • counterpane n (dated: bedspread) litkovrilo (stebita)
  • counterpart n (complement) komplemento; (equivalent) equivalant(aj)o; kontreparto; (jur.) kopiuro
  • counterplea n (jur.) kontrepledo; repliko
  • counterplot n kontrekomploto, -ruzo || vi kontrekomplotar, -ruzar
  • counterpoint n (mus., fig.) kontrapunto || vt kontrapuntizar
  • counterpoise n kontrepez(aj)o; (equilibrium) equilibro || vt kontrepezar
  • counterpoison n kontreveneno
  • counterscarp n kontreskarpo
  • countersign vt kontresignatar
  • countertenor n (mus.) kontralto
  • country n (homeland) lando; naskolando; patrio; (region) lando; regiono; (rural district) ruro; country dance (contradance) kontradanso; country house (Brit.: manor) domendomo; kasteleto | (terrain, land) tereno; countryman (person from rural area) rurano; [rustic] rustiko; (person from same country) samlandano; sampatriano || adj countrified rustika
  • coup n (pol.) statostroko; (successful stroke or move) suceso; coup de grâce mortofrapo (o -pafo); coup de théâtre stroko teatrala
  • coupé n (auto) kupeo; (hist.: brougham) kupeo
  • couple n (pair) duo; paro; [of rafters] trabochevrono; (informal: indefinite small number) kelka; just a couple of minutes nur kelka minuti; (partners) [in dance, game] parteneri; [married] spozi; coupler (mech.) kuplilo; coupling (mech.) kuplilo; coupling pin kuplostango; coupling rod kuplobielo | (pairing of two items) parigo; (sexual intercourse) kopulaco || vt (combine) kombinar; [connect] kunjuntar; [mech.] kuplar || vi to couple up pareskar; (dated: to have sex) kopulacar
  • couplet n (prosody) kupleto
  • coupon n (voucher) kupono
  • courage n kurajo; to give courage to someone kurajigar ulu; to have courage kurajar; to take courage kurajeskar; to take one’s courage in both hands kolektar sua tota kurajo || adj courageous kurajoza, -ema || inter kuraje !
  • courgette n (Brit.: zucchini) zukino
  • courier n kuriero
  • Courland n Kurlando
  • course n (route) voyo; to go off course deviacar de sua voyo; set your course for Alderaan! pozez la voyo ad Alderaan !; to stay the course mantenar la voyo | [of planet] orbito; [of river] fluo; parkuro; [of wound] parkuro; (action) moyeno; we have to decide on the best course of action ni devas decidar qua esas la maxim bona moyeno | [direction] direciono; sinso; to change the course of history alterar la direciono di historio | [duration, process] duro; evoluciono; irado; progreso; sucedo; in due course en (justa) ordino; pos ula (o konvenanta) tempo; in the course of dum; to let events run their course lasar l’eventi evolucionar naturale | (area) [golf course] golfagro; golfeyo; [racecourse] hipodromo; lico; (series) serio; [of lessons] kurso; [of treatments] kuracado; [row] rango; (archit.) [layer of bricks, etc.] strato; (culin.) [dish forming part of a meal] disho; meal with three courses repasto kun tri dishi; of course komprenende; sendubite; to esas || vt (pursue with greyhounds) chasar (per hundi) || vi [water, air] kurar
  • court n (jur.: tribunal) korto; tribunalo; court martial militala tribunalo (o judicio o konsilantaro); court of honor honorkorto; court of inquiry judiciala (o kortala) exameno (od inquesto) | (archit.) [courtyard] korto; [for basketball, tennis] tereno; [small street with no outlet] sakostrado; (royal) [establishment, retinue, and residence] korto; courtier kortano; courtship (amor)kurtez(ad)o || vt [woman] kurtezar; [disaster] expozar su; invitar; (flatter) flatar; (solicit) solicitar; to court-martial judiciar avan militala tribunalo || adj courtly (obsequious) flatema; (polished) eleganta; galanta; gracioza; jentila; polita
  • courteous adj polita
  • courtesan n amor(vend)istino
  • courtesy n (politeness) politeso; (polite act) politajo; (favor) favoro amikala
  • couscous n kuskuso
  • cousin n kuzo; first cousin primara kuzo; second cousin sekundara kuzo
  • cove n bayeto; golfeto
  • coven n (group) bando; (meeting) kunveno
  • covenant n (jur.: agreement) konvenciono; pakto; (theo.) kontrato || vi konvencionar; paktar
  • cover vt kovrar; to cover in mud kovrar per fango; to cover one’s eyes (against the sun) shirmar sua okuli; (when crying) kovrar sua okuli; to cover oneself with glory gloriizar su; kovrar su per glorio | (envelop) envelopar; (hide) [feelings, facts, mistakes] disimular; velizar; to cover one’s tracks efacar sua traci | [noise] dronar; (protect) kovrar; protektar; shirmar; the soldiers covered our retreat la soldati shirmis nia retreto | [coat, line, wrap] tegar; [with insurance] asekurar; her computer is not covered against water damage elua komputero ne esas asekurata kontre domajo da aquo; (deal with) diskutar; traktar pri; the book covers only his later life la libro traktas nur ilua vivo proxim la fino | [press: report on] raportar; (include) inkluzar; kontenar; (point gun at) apuntar; (travel) [distance] parirar; parkurar; trairar; trakurar; we covered 15 miles in an hour ni pariris 15 milii en un horo; to cover for (protect) protektar; (temporarily replace) suplear || n kovrilo; [bell jar] klosho; [cap, lid] kovrilo; [coating, lining, wrapping, paneling] tegilo; [of furniture] futero; (blanket) (lana) kovrilo; [bedspread] litkovrilo; litotapiso; (concealment) (falsa) pretexto; under cover of (while pretending to do) kun pretexto di; pretextante | (envelope) [of letter] kuverto; [of package] envelopilo; under separate cover en altra kuverto (od envelopilo) | (shelter) shirmilo; [refuge] refujeyo; to take cover shirmar su; (hide) celar su; under cover (indoors) sub tekto; under cover of darkness shirmata da tenebro; sub (o per) la protekto (o shirmo) di tenebro; covering kovrilo; coverlet litotapiso; littegilo, -kovrilo; coverage kovr(ad)o; (insurance) asekuro; (reportage) raport(ad)o; trakt(ad)o
  • covert adj [action, surveillance] celita; sekreta; [attack] nedireta || n (shelter) shirmilo; [thicket] kopso; repozeyo (di uceli, animali)
  • covet vt dezir(eg)ar; avidesar de (o pri); we begin by coveting what we see every day ni komencas deziregante quon ni vidas omnadie || adj covetous avida; deziroza
  • covey n trupo
  • cow n (zool.: Bos taurus) [female] bovino; [male or female] bovo; cowberry (bot.: Vaccinium vitis-idaea) reda vacinio; cowboy bovgardisto, -duktisto; cowcatcher (RR) ston-eskartilo; cowhide bovfelo; cowpat bovofeko; cow pie bovofeko; cowpox (path.) vacino; cowslip (bot.: Primula veris) primulo; cowyard bov(in)eyo || vt (intimidate) timidigar; [subdue] domtar
  • coward n poltrono; senkurajo; cowardice poltroneso || adj cowardly poltrona
  • cower vi blotisar (timante)
  • cowl n kapuco
  • cowling n kapoto
  • cowrie n (zool.: Cypraeidae) kaurio
  • coxa n (anat.: ilium) iliako
  • coxalgia n (med.) koxalgio
  • coxcomb n (dated: dandy) dandiacho
  • coxswain n bateloguvernisto
  • coy adj (coquettishly shy) kokete modesta (o timida); (evasive) evitema; rezervema; tacema
  • coyote n (zool.: Canis latrans) koyoto
  • cozen vt (lit.: deceive) dupigar; (lit.: defraud) fraudar
  • cozy adj komfortoza; [relationship, conversation] intima; (suspicious) [relationship, transaction] komoda || n (for teapot) tekruchokuseneto (o -kovrilo)
  • crab n (zool.: Brachyura) krabo; (astron., astrol.) kankro; crab apple (bot.: Malus) [not domestica] pomo sovaja || adj crabbed [person] akrahumora; des-, neafabla; [writing] nedechifrebla; crabby akrahumora; des-, neafabla
  • crack n (split) fend(et)uro; [on surface only] krevisuro; [slight opening] aperteturo; (noise) [of crunching] krako; [of firearm] detono; [of thunder] tondrostroko; crack of doom lasta judicio | [of whip] klako; (informal: attempt) probo; let me take a crack at it lasez me probar lu; (informal: blow) frapo; a crack on the head is what you get for not asking un frapo sur la kapo esas quon vu recevas pro ne demandar; (informal: joke) espritajo; joko; cracker (crisp wafer of unsweetened dough) bisquito; crackdown harda (o severa, represanta) moyeni; crackpot folo; stulto || vt (split) fend(et)ar; [break] ruptar; [burst] krevar; [open slightly] apertetar; [surface only] krevisar; (cause to make a sudden sharp or explosive sound) to crack the whip klakigar la flogilo; (solve) [problem, case] solvar; (tell joke) dicar espritajo; jokar || vi (split) fend(et)esar; [break] ruptesar; [burst] krevar; [on surface only] krevisar; [open slightly] apertetesar; (change vocal pitch) krakar; [boy’s] muar; (make a crunching, breaking noise) krakar; (make a sudden sharp or explosive sound) klakar; (yield, break down) cedar; krular; to crack down on frenagar; prenar severa moyeni kontre; to crack up (crash) kolizionegar; (laugh) ridegar; (mentally) [go mad] foleskar || adj (very good) bonega; crack shot bonega pafero, -isto; cracked fend(et)ita; krevisita; (insane) dementa; fola; crack-brained fola || inter krak !
  • crackle vi kraketar; krepitar
  • cracknel n (culin.) kraknelo
  • cradle n (bed) bersilo; cradle song bersokanto | (framework) [for phone, ship] suportilo || vt (hold gently and protectively) [with rocking] bersar
  • craft n (trade) mestiero; the Craft (brotherhood of Freemasons) la framasonaro; (witchcraft) sorcado | (cunning) artific(ach)o; ruzo; (skill) habileso; [handicraft] mestiero; (vehicle) [boat] batelo; [plane] aeroplano; aviono; [ship] navo; craftsman mestieristo; [independent] artizano; craftsmanship artaleso; habileso || adj crafty (clever) artificoza; (cunning) artificachoza; ruzoza
  • crag n rokajo eskarpa || adj craggy abruptajoza; eskarpajoza; rokajoza
  • crake n (zool.: Crex crex) ralo
  • cram vt (fill) [receptacle, space] (tro)plenigar; to cram one’s mouth with food (tro)plenigar la boko per manjajo; (force into a space) (tro)plenigar per; to cram food into one’s mouth (tro)plenigar la boko per manjajo || vi (study intensively) studiegar
  • cramp n (med.) krampo; to have a cramp havar krampo; writer’s cramp skribkrampo; (tool) [clamp] skrubokrampono; [cramp-iron] krampono; crampfish (zool.: Torpedo torpedo) torpedo || vt (inhibit) inhibar; jenar; restriktar; your broken leg is cramping my party style vua gambo ruptita jenas me; (fasten with a cramp) kramponagar || adj cramped [conditions, space] strikta; [writing] mikracha; mikreta
  • cranberry n (bot.: Vaccinium oxycoccos) oxikoko
  • crane n (tech.) krano; levmashino; (zool.: Gruidae) gruo; cranefly (zool.: Tipula) tipulo || vt [heavy object] kranagar; [one’s neck] tensar
  • cranium n (anat.) kranio
  • crank n (mech.) manivelo; crankcase kartero; crankshaft manivelarboro | (eccentric person) fantaziemo; [obsessed with a particular subject] manietozo; monomaniiko; (ill-tempered person) iracemo; neagreablo; (informal: methamphetamine) *metamfetamino || vt [engine, music box] manivelagar; to crank out (produce regularly) produktadar; to crank up [sound, volume] plualtigar; (intensify) [campaign, bombing] pluintensigar || adj cranky (eccentric) fantaziema; kapricoza; (ill-tempered) iracema; neagreabla
  • cranny n fend(et)uro; krevisuro
  • crapulent adj (lit.) krapulanta, -oza; ebriega, -esema; to live a crapulent life krapular
  • crash vi (have accident) [collide] kolizionegar; [fall violently] falegar; (fin.) krakar; (informal: sleep) dormar; pasigar la nokto || vt (informal: enter uninvited) intruzar su en || n (accident) [collision] kolizionego; [fall] falego; (fin.) krako; (noise) frakasbruiso; krakego || inter krak !
  • crasis n (gram.) krazo
  • crass adj (coarse) grosiera
  • crate n ajuroza (o framizita) kesto
  • crater n (geol.) kratero
  • cravat n kravato
  • crave vt (greatly desire) avidesar pri; (dated: beg for) implorar pri (o por); suplikar pri (o por) || n craving dezirego; (greediness) avideso
  • craw n (dated: crop of a bird or insect) kropo
  • crawfish n (zool.: Astacoidea, Parastacoidea) kankro; (zool.: Palinuridae) langusto
  • crawl vi (drag oneself) reptar; to crawl away forreptar | (climb) klimar; to make one’s skin crawl donar ad ulu gansopelo || n crawler reptero
  • crayfish n (zool.: Astacoidea, Parastacoidea) kankro; marine crayfish (zool.: Palinuridae) langusto
  • crayon n pastelo
  • craze n (fad) manieto; (fashion) modo; craziness [act] folajo; freneziajo; [state, quality] foleso; frenezio; crazy [person] demento; folo; freneziozo, -iko || adj crazed [look, person] dementa; fola; frenezioza; crazy (insane) fola; (delirious) deliranta; (demented) dementa; (frenzied) frenezioza, -ika; to drive crazy foligar; to go crazy foleskar | [angle] danjeroza; minacanta; [price, height, etc.] absurda; (keen) to be crazy about someone amoregar ulu || adv crazy (extremely) I’ve been crazy busy me esas extreme okupata
  • creak vi (crack) [shoes, joints] kraketar; (grate) [hinge, bedsprings] grincar; stridar || adj creaky stridanta, -oza
  • cream n (on milk) kremo; (color) kremeo; (lotion) lociono; cream cheese (krem)kazeo; creamery butrerio; (dated: dairy) lakterio || vt (culin.) [add cream] kremizar; [remove cream] senkremigar; [work butter] quirlar; (rub lotion on) locionar; (informal: defeat heavily) aplastar || adj (cream-colored) kremea; (made with cream) krema; creamy (containing a lot of cream) kremoza; (resembling cream) krematra
  • crease n (line or ridge produced by folding) falduro; (wrinkle) rugo || vt (fold) faldar; (wrinkle) rugizar; (graze) frolar
  • create vt krear; (invest with new title) he was created a baronet on facis il baroneto || n creation (act) kre(ad)o; (result) kreajo; kreuro; [creature] kreito; [relig.: all creatures] kreitaro; [relig.: universe] universo; creator kreanto, -into, -ero; (author) autoro; (producer) produktanto; creature (being) ento; [animal] animalo; bestio; creatures of the deep maral animali | [pej.: dependent] dependanto, -ero; protektato; [pej.: tool] instrumento; [person] persono; you poor creature! kompatindo ! | [relig.: divinely created] kreito, -ajo; creature comforts komforto material || adj creative kreanta, -iva
  • crèche n (Brit.: day care center) infantazilo; infantsorgeyo
  • credence n (belief) kredo; to give credence to kredar | (credibility) kredebleso; kredindeso; (table) kredenco
  • credentials n (identifying papers) [of diplomat] akreditfidoletro
  • credible adj kredebla, -inda; credibility kredebleso; kredindeso
  • credit n (fin.: privilege of delayed payment) kredito; credit account kreditokonto; letter of credit kreditoletro; to sell on credit kredite vendar | (accounting: entry in right-hand column of account book) kredito; credit entry kreditajo | (acknowledgment) atribuo dil honori; to give someone credit for something atribuar ad ulu la honori di ulo; to take credit for something atribuar a su la honori di ulo; Aleksandr Sakharovsky took credit for the invention of aircraft hijacking Alexander Sakharovskiy atribuas a su la honori di inventar l’avionraptado | (attribution) atribuo; (credence) kredo; I gave you credit for more sense me kredis ke vu havis bona judiko; (honor) honoro; to be a credit to, do credit to honorizar | (reputation) bona reputo; (trust) fido; to give someone credit fidar (o kreditar) ulu; creditor (person or company to whom money is owed) kreditanto, -ero || vt (accounting: add to the right-hand column of account book) [person, account] to credit an account Ᵽ10,000,000 in ransom money kreditar konto per 10.000.000 Ᵽ ransone; (attribute) Clyde Tombaugh is credited with the discovery of Pluto on atribuas a Clyde Tombaugh la deskovro de Pluto; (Brit.: believe) kredar; the president said the crowd looked like a million-and-a-half people, but it’s hard to credit that la prezidero dicis ke l’audantaro semblas quale milion e kinacent mil homi, ma esas desfacila kredar to || adj creditable estiminda; honoroza; konsiderinda; laudinda; meritoza
  • credulous adj kredema
  • creed n kredo; (article of belief) dogmataro; kredartiklo; kredendajo; kredformulo
  • creek n rivereto; (Brit.: inlet) golfeto
  • creel n fishkorbo, -uyo
  • creep vi (move slowly) irar lente; [plant] klimar (od avancar, alteskar) lente; [traffic] avancar lente (o pokope); (sneak) irar furtatre; to creep out (sneak out) ekirar furtatre; to creep up klimar (od avancar, alteskar) lente; to creep up on avancar pokope (o repte) || n creeper (bot.) klimanta planto; liano || adv creepingly lente; repte
  • cremate vt kremacar || n cremation kremac(ad)o; crematory (apparatus) kremacforno; (facility) kremaceyo, -erio
  • crenel n krenelo; crenellation (act) krenelizo; crenellations (battlements) krenelaro
  • Creole n kreolo; (language) la kreola || adj kreola
  • creosote n (chem.) kreozoto
  • crêpe n (fabric) krepo
  • crepitate vi krepit(ad)ar
  • crepon n krepono
  • crepuscule n (rare: twilight) krepuskulo || adj crepuscular (pertaining to twilight) krepuskulala; (resembling twilight) krepuskulatra
  • crescendo n (mus.) kreskantajo || adj kreskanta || adv kreskante
  • crescent n krecento; to cut in the form of a crescent sesgar || adj (lit.: growing) kreskanta; crescent moon miluno
  • cress n (bot.: Barbarea verna, Lepidium sativum, Nasturtium officinale, et al.) kreso
  • crest n [of bird, wave, hill, helmet] kresto; (heraldry) blazono || adj crested krestizita; (heraldry) blazonizita; crestfallen depresita
  • cretaceous adj kretoza, -atra
  • cretin n (med., pej.) kretino; cretinism (med.) kretinismo
  • cretonne n kretono
  • crevasse n fendeguro
  • crevice n fenduro
  • crew n (naut.) kruo; navanaro; navtrupo; crewman kruano; navano | (team, squad) esquadro; (informal: gang) band(ach)o
  • crib n (barred container or rack) [child’s rocking bed] bersilo; [manger] kripo; manjotrogo; (timber framework) trabaro; (informal, schol.: illicit copy) plaji(ur)o; (informal, schol.: translation) traduk(ur)o; (informal: residence) habiteyo || vt (informal, schol.: illicitly copy) plajiar; (archaic: restrain) represar; (archaic: steal) furtar
  • cribble n kriblo || vt kriblagar
  • crick n kramp(et)o; crick in one’s neck / back tortikolo / lumbago
  • cricket n (zool.: Gryllidae) grilio; (sport) kriketo; cricket bat kriketbatilo; cricket ground kriketagro, -eyo; cricketer kriketisto, -ero; kriketludanto
  • crier n (town crier) klamero, -isto
  • crime n (punishable offense) (infraction) kontravenco; (misdemeanor) delikto; (felony) krimino; to commit a crime deliktar; kriminar; criminal kriminanto, -ero, -ozo; to make a criminal out of kriminigar; criminality kriminozeso; criminologist kriminexperto; criminology krimincienco || adj criminal [act, thing] kriminala; [person] kriminanta, -inta, -oza; (re law, court, etc.) criminal court korto kriminala; criminal lawyer kriminalisto
  • crimp vt (compress into small folds or ridges) [hair] frizar; krispigar; [edge] enfaldetar; (informal: restrict) jenar; limitizar; restriktar || n [of hair] frizajo; frizlokleto; krispajo; [of edge] enfaldeturo; (informal: restriction) jeno; limito; restrikto
  • crimson adj karmezina || n karmezino || vi karmezineskar
  • cringe vi [from embarrassment, disgust, fear] kontraktesar pro shamo (o repugneso, timo); [dated: servilely] blostisachar; facar (o sentar) humile
  • crinkle vi (wrinkle) rugifar; [leaves, etc.] krispeskar; (crackle) krepitar || vt (wrinkle) rugizar; [leaves, etc.] krispigar; (make crackle) krepitigar
  • crinoline n (fabric or petticoat) krinolino
  • cripple vt (maim) kripligar; (paralyze) paralizar || n (maimed) kriplo; (disabled person) infirmo; (invalid) invalido; (lame) klaudikero, -anto
  • crisis n krizo
  • crisp adj (fresh, crunchy) krakema; [fruit, vegetable] fresha; [linen] amilizita; [paper, banknote] tote nova; (brisk) [tone, reply] sika; (having tight curls) [hair] krispa; (succinct) [statement, phrase] konciza
  • crisscross n interkrucumado || vt interkrucumadar
  • criterion n kriterio
  • critic n kritikanto, -ero, -isto; (fault-finder) blamemo; kritikachanto, -ero, -isto; criticism kritik(ad)o; (unjust) kritikach(ad)o || vt to criticize kritikar; (fault-find) blamar; kritikachar || adj critical (censorious) kritikacha; (analytical) analizala, -ema; kritikala, -ema; critical explanation (text, scripture) exegezo | (decisive) [moment, stage] decidiganta, -iva; krizala; (perilous, serious) krizala; criticizable blamebla; kritikebla
  • croak n (deep, hoarse sound) [of crow, frog] kroaso || vi [as a crow, frog] kroasar; [as a person] “rise, my apprentice,” he croaked « levez vu, mea aprentiso », il dicis per rauka voco; (informal: die) mortar
  • Croatia n Kroatia; Croatian Kroatiano
  • crochet n kroch(ad)o; krochuro || vt krochar
  • crock n (earthenware pot or jar) krucho; terpoto; crockery fayenco; (dishes generally) vazaro | (old, feeble, and useless person) kaduko; oldacho || vt (Brit.: injure) lezar
  • crocodile n (zool.: Crocodylinae) krokodilo
  • crocus n (bot.: Crocus) safrano
  • cromlech n (megalithic altar-tomb) dolmeno
  • crone n oldachino
  • crony n (informal: close friend) intima kamarado (od amiko); intimo
  • crook n (hooked staff) pastorbastono; (bend) angulo; kudo; kurvo; (informal: dishonest or criminal person) deshonesto; eskrokanto, -ero, -isto; kriminanto, -ero, -isto; raskalo; well I’m not a crook nu me ne esas ya eskrokero || vt (bend) arkigar; flexar; kurvigar || adj crooked (bent or twisted) kurva; tordita; (informal: dishonest or criminal) deshonesta (o nehonesta); kriminoza
  • croon vi kant(et)ar per basa voco
  • crop n (cultivated plant) [grown] kultivajo; plantacajo; [reaped] koliajo; rekoltajo; crop rotation kultivalterno (o -permuto) | (anat.) [of birds] kropo; (fig.: abundance) amaso; serio || vt (cut) [grass, as animal] pasturar; [hair] kurtigar; rekortar; rezigar; tondar; (harvest) koliar; rekoltar; (sow with plants) plantacar || vi to crop up (appear) aparar; emersar; prizentar su; (occur) eventar || adj crop-eared (hist.) oreli taliita (o rekortita, rezigita)
  • croquet n (sport) kroketo
  • croquette n (culin.) fritita bulo (de)
  • crosier n kroso
  • cross n (mark, object, figure) kruco; (relig.: sign) krucosigno; to make the sign of the cross facar krucosigno | (relig.: something that must be endured) tribul(aj)o; (hybrid) hibrido; mixuro; the Irish game of hurling, a cross between hockey and murder l’Irlanda joko hurling, mixturo di hockey ed ocidado; cross reference konsultrefero, -ajo; referocito; crossing (act of moving across) krucumo; transiro; [on ship] pasajo; (intersection) intersek(ur)o; (passage way) krucumeyo; paseyo; crossbar transvers(a baril)o; cross-bearer kruciero; krucoportisto, -ero; crossbow arbalesto; crosscut [wood, stone] transversa sego; crossfire transversa paf(ad)o; crosshairs retikulo; crosshatching hachuro; crosshead (mech.) bielokapo; krucokapo; crossover [act] transiro; [place] transireyo; cross-purposes diferanta skopi (od intenci); crossroad krucovoyo; transversa voyo (o strado) || vt (go across) transirar (o -kurar, -flugar, -vehar); it crossed my mind that... prizentis a me en la mento ke... | (go through) trairar (o -kurar, -flugar, -vehar); (intersect) interkrucumar; intersekar; (put crosswise) [arms, legs, phone lines] krucumar; cross your fingers for me dezirez a me fortuno; don’t cross the streams! ne krucumez la flui !; (draw a line across) [check, letter T] trastrekizar; (interbreed, intermix) mixar; (mark with a cross) krucizar; to cross oneself facar la krucosigno; krucosignizar su | (oppose) kontreagar; rezistar; [contradict] kontredicar; [obstruct] obstruktar; to cross off, cross out (delete) efacar; surstrekizar; to cross-examine (question aggressively or in detail) parquestionar; to cross-fertilize hibride fekundigar; mixfekundigar; to cross-question (question aggressively or in detail) parquestionar; to crosshatch hachar || vi (meet and pass) [letters, people] krucumar su; [roads, paths, lines] intersekar su; krucumar su; renkontrar su; the two lines cross at 90° la du linei intersekas su ye 90° || adj (vexed, angry) iracanta; vexata; don’t get cross with me ne iraceskez a me; crossbred hibrida; [person] di mixita raso; mestica; cross-country (across countryside) trans l’agri; cross-eyed straba; cross-grained [person] des-, neafabla; [wood] transversfibra || adv crosswise (in the form of a cross) kruc(form)e; (transversely) oblique; transverse; cross-legged kun gambi krucumita
  • crotch n (anat.) inguino; [of tree] bifurk(ey)o
  • crotchet n (archaic: whim, fancy) fantaziajo; kaprico; manieto || adj crotchety iracema
  • croton n (bot.: Croton) krotono
  • crouch vi blotisar; (squat) squatar
  • croup n (path.: laryngotracheobronchitis) krupo; (zool., anat.: rump) gropo
  • croupier n (in cards: dealer) krupiero
  • crouton n krustopeco
  • crow n (zool.: Corvus) korniko; as the crow flies direte; en (o per) direta lineo | (noise) [of rooster] hankrio (o -kanto); [of victor] fanfarono; krio (o kanto) vinkoza; (pej.: crone) oldachino; crow’s feet okulrugaro; crowbar ferlevero || vi (as rooster) han(ul)kriar (o -kantar); (as victor) fanfaronar; kriar (o kantar) vinkoze
  • crowd n (mass of people) turbo; [audience] audantaro; [spectators] spektantaro; [informal: social circle] band(ach)o || vt (fill) [place] plenigar; (encumber) inkombrar; (press against) presar; pulsar || vi (become a crowd) amaseskar; turbeskar || adj crowded densa; inkombrita; plena; turboza; (populous) populoza
  • crown n (headdress) krono; crown glass kronglaso | (monarchy) rejo; suvereno; Crown land krondomeno; rejala domeno; crown prince heredanta princ(ul)o | (sports: championship title) championeso; titulo; (consummation) kolmo; kompletigo; (fig.) kronizo; (culmination) kulmino; (top) suprajo; [of head] vertico; [of tooth] krono; [peak] somito; (Brit.: coin worth 5 shillings) kinshilinga peco; crowning (coronation) kronizo || vt kronizar || adj crowning [achievement] supra
  • crucial adj (decisive or critical) decidiganta; krizala
  • crucian n (zool.: Carassius carassius) karasino
  • crucible n kruzelo
  • crucifer n (bot: Brassicaceae or Cruciferae) krucifero
  • cruciform adj crucoforma
  • crucify vt krucagar || n crucifix krucifixo; crucifixion krucago
  • crude adj (unprocessed) kruda; (rough) ruda; (rudimentary) rudimenta; (vulgar) grosiera; ruda
  • cruel adj kruela || n cruelty krueleso; (act) kruelajo
  • cruet n (for condiments) kondimentflakono; kondimentuyo
  • cruise vi (travel or move about without destination) krozar || n cruiser (militala) kroznavo
  • crumb n (small fragment of bread, cake, cracker, et al.) (pano)peceto; (soft part of bread) krumo
  • crumble vi [bread, cheese] peceteskar; [building] ruineskar; (noisily) krular || vt [bread, cheese] pecetigar || adj crumbly friabla
  • crumpet n (Brit., culin.) madeleno
  • crumple vt krumplar
  • crunch vt (crush) [with the teeth] krokar || vi (make a crunching sound) krak(et)ar; krepitar || n (noise) krak(et)o; krepito; (informal: crucial point) krizo || adj crunchy krakema; krepitema, -oza
  • crupper n (strap) groprimeno
  • crural adj (anat., zool.) (pertaining to the leg) krurala; (leg-like) kruratra
  • crusade n (kruco)milito; crusader (kruco)militanto
  • crush vt (forcefully compress) aplastar; [crumple] krumplar; [in a mill] muelar; [triturate] triturar; (subdue) [oppress] opresar; [repress] represar || vi to crush on (informal: have an infatuation for) esar fol(et)igita da || n (crowd) turbego; crush hat chapelo faldebla || adj crushing [blow, etc.] aplastanta
  • crust n krusto || adj crusty krustoza, -atra; (irritable) akrahumora; desafabla; disputema
  • crustacean n (zool.: Crustacea) krustaceo
  • crutch n (med.) grucho; (fig.: support) suportilo; sustenilo; (archaic: crotch) [of person] inguino; [of tree] bifurk(ey)o
  • crux n (most important point at issue) the crux of the matter la chefo punto dil afero
  • cry vi (weep) plorar; (shout) [with sounds] kriar; [with words] klamar; (wail) [as infant] vajisar; to cry out kriar; to cry out against protestar kontre; to cry out for demandar | (make characteristic call) kriar; [of animal] bramar; [of bird] kantar || vt (shout) cry “Havoc!”, and let slip the dogs of war klamez “Devasto !” e desligez la hundi di milito; to cry someone/something down (dated: disparage) minvalorigar ulu/ulo; to cry someone/something up (dated: praise) pluvalorigar ulu/ulo || n (shout) [of sound] krio; a cry of surprise krio pro surprizo | [of word] klamo; a cry for help klamo por sokurso; (characteristic call) krio; [of animal] bramo; [of bird] kanto; (watchword, slogan) klamo; slogano; (weep) ploro; crybaby plor(ach)emo || adj crying (very great) a crying shame vera (o granda) shamo | (weeping) ploranta
  • cryolite n (min.) kriolito
  • cryometer n kriometro
  • cryophorus n (phys.) krioforo
  • cryoscope n krioskopo; cryoscopy krioskopio
  • crypt n kripto
  • cryptic adj enigmatoza
  • crypto- afx kripto-
  • cryptogam n (dated, bot.) kriptogamo
  • cryptogram n kriptogramo
  • cryptography n kriptograf(ad)o, -arto; cryptographer kriptografisto, -ero
  • crystal n kristalo; crystallographer kristalografisto; crystallography kristalografio; crystalloid (bot., chem.) kristaloido || vt to crystallize kristaligar; [fruit, candy] konfitar || vi to crystallize kristaleskar || adj [glass, vase] kristala; (clear) [water, lake] klarega; kristalatra; limpida; crystalline kristala; crystalline lens (anat.) kristalino
  • cub n (young of carnivorous animal) -yuno; wolf cub volfyuno; (archaic: ill-mannered boy) bubulo
  • Cuba n Kuba; Cuban Kubano
  • cube n (geom.) kubo; (math) kubo; potenco tria; the cube of 4 is 64 4 potenco 3 esas 64; la kubo di 4 esas 64; cubature (volume) volumino; cuboid (anat.) kuboido || adj cubic (math) kuba; cubic meter metrokubo
  • cubeb n (bot.: Piper cubeba) kubebo
  • cubicle n fako
  • cubit n kubitomezuro; (anat.: ulna) kubito
  • cuckold n (archaic) spozdupulo; spozulo trompata, -ita
  • cuckoo n (zool.: Cuculidae) kukulo; cuckoo clock kukulohorlojo; cuckoopint (bot.: Arum maculatum) arumo
  • cucumber n (bot.: Cucumis sativus) kukombro
  • cucurbit n (bot.: Cucurbitaceae) kukurbitaceo || adj cucurbitaceous kukurbitacea
  • cud n mastikajo; to chew the cud ruminar
  • cuddle vt karezar
  • cuddy n kabineto; (Scot.: donkey) asno
  • cudgel n bastonego || vt baston(eg)agar; bastonegbatar
  • cue n (signal) signalo; to take one’s cue from somebody prenar (o sequar) l’exemplo di ulu; that was your cue to ... to esis vua signalo por ...; (billiards) biliardobastono || vt (signal) signalar; [theat.] suflar; (ready) prontigar
  • cuff n ponyeto; [starched] mansheto; [turned up] paramento; cuffs (informal: handcuffs) manoto; off the cuff (informal: without preparation) improvize; cufflink paramentobutono || vt (put in handcuffs) manotizar; (strike with an open hand) manufrapetar
  • cuirass n (hist.; zool. anat.) kuraso; cuirassier (hist.) kurasiero
  • cuisine n (style, method) koquarto; (food) koquaj(ar)o; manjaj(ar)o
  • cul-de-sac n sakostrado
  • culinary adj koquartala
  • cull vt (select) selektar; [flowers, fruit] koliar; [for slaughter] selektale eliminar; selektar por eliminar || n (selective slaughter) selektala elimino; culling selektala elimin(ad)o
  • culm n (archaic: coal dust) (antracit)karbonreziduo
  • culminate vi kulminar || n culmination kulmino
  • culpable adj blaminda; kulpanta, -inta, -oza || n culpability kulpozeso
  • culprit n kulpanto, -into, -ozo
  • cult n kulto
  • cultivate vt (lit., fig.) kultivar || n cultivation kultiv(ad)o || adj cultivable kultivebla; cultivated kultivita
  • culture n kulturo || vt (bio.) kultivar || adj cultural kulturala; cultured kulturoza; rafinita; (bio.) kultivita
  • culverin n (hist.) kulebrino
  • culvert n aquodrenilo (arka)
  • cumber vt (dated: hamper, hinder) embarasar; inkombrar; jenar; (dated: obstruct) [place] embarasar; inkombrar || adj cumbersome (heavy) pezoza; (unwieldy) inkombroza, -ema; jenanta
  • cumin n (bot.: Cuminum cyminum) kumino
  • cumulate vt akumular; amasigar || adj cumulative akumulanta, -iva; amasigiva, -ema
  • cumulus n kumuluso
  • cuneiform adj kuneiforma || n kuneiformo
  • cunning adj (sly) ruzoza, -ema, -acha; (obsolete: ingenious) injenioza; (obsolete: skillful, artful) artoza; habila || n (slyness) ruzozeso; (ingenuity) injenio
  • cunt n (vulg.: woman’s genitalia) *kunio
  • cup n (for drinking) taso; [in Eucharist] kalico; cupboard armoro; (in a wall) murarmoro; cupful tasedo; (measure) cup(ful) of sugar tas(ed)o de sukro; (cup-shaped thing) cupping (med., hist.) ventuzago; cupping glass (med., hist.) ventuzo | (ornamental, as for prizes) chalenjo; kupo || vt (med., hist.) ventuzagar
  • cupel n (tech., chem.) kupelo; cupellation kupelago || vt kupelagar
  • Cupid n (myth.) amordeo; cupidity (greed) ganemeso; pekuniavideso
  • cupola n (archit.) kupolo
  • cupriferous adj kuprifanta
  • cupule n (bot.) kupulo
  • cur n hundacho
  • curaçao n (drink) kuracao
  • curare n kuraro
  • curate n (parish priest) paroko; (assistant) koadjutoro; [vicar] vikario; curacy parokeso; (as assistant) koadjutoreso; (as vicar) vikarieso; curative medikamento; remedilo; curator (custodian, as of museum) (chef)administristo; (legal guardian) kuratero, -isto || vt [collection, festival] administrar || adj curative risanigiva
  • curb n (concrete edge of road) bordopetro, -mureto; curb broker kulisisto, -ero; curb market kuliso | (check or restraint) brido; freno; curb bit (for a horse) mentonkateno || vt (check, restrain) bridagar; frenagar; limitizar; represar; restriktar
  • curculio n (zool.: Curculio) kurkuliono
  • curcuma n (bot.: Curcuma) kurkumo
  • curd(s) n koagulajo || vt to curdle koagular || vi to curdle koagular
  • cure vt (med.) (relieve) [person] risanigar; (eliminate) [disease, problem] remediar; (set right) [situation] remediar; (preserve) konservar; [by drying] sikigar; [leather] tanagar; [with salt] salizar; [with smoke] fumizar; (harden) [rubber, plastic, etc.] hardigar || n (med.) (restoration to health) risanigo; (substance or treatment that cures) medikamento; [disease, problem] remediilo; [person] kurac(ad)o; kuracilo; cure-all panaceo | (hardening) [rubber, plastic, etc.] durig(ad)o; (relig.: parish) parokio || adj curable [person] risanigebla; [sickness] remediebla
  • curfew n fairextingosignalo; kloshosignalo; retretsignalo
  • curia n kurio
  • curious adj (inquisitive) kurioza; (remarkable) notinda; remarkinda; (strange) stranja || adv curiosly (inquisitively) kurioze; (oddly) stranje; curiously enough per remarkinda koincido || n curiosity (inquisitiveness) kuriozeso; (oddity) notindajo; rarajo; remarkindajo; stranjajo; vidindajo
  • curium n (chem.: Cm) kuriumo
  • curl vi (form a curved or spiral shape) volvesar; his fingers curled around the hilt ilua fingri volvesis cirkum la tenilo | (of hair) [artificially] frizesar; [form ringlet] loklifar, -eskar; [kink] krispeskar; to curl up [paper, leaf] volvesar; (ball up) [cat, dog] peloteskar || vt (form into a curved or spiral shape) volvar; [one’s lip] to curl one’s lip in scorn grimasar pro desestimo | (in hair) [artificially] frizar; [form into ringlet] lokligar; [kink] krispigar || n (ring, spiral) [of hair] frizajo; loklo; [of smoke] ondo; curling iron frizfero; curling paper frizpapero || adj curly lokloza, -ema; (artificially) frizoza, -ema; (kinky) krispa
  • curlew n (zool.: Numenius) kurlio
  • currant n (bot.: Ribes) [fruit] ribo; [plant] ribiero
  • current adj (existing or happening now) existanta; nuna; prezenta; the dictionary in current use la vortaro uzata nuntempe (o prezente); her current hobby elua nuna hobio; (now being considered) the current month la prezenta monato; (valid, in effect) valida; (widely accepted or used) aceptata; komuna; exorcism was still current then exorcisado esis ankor aceptata (o valida) lore || adv currently nun; (nowadays) nuntempe || n (flow) fluo; [elec.] kurento; currency (fin.) monetaro; (general) acepto; cirkulado; to give currency to publikigar
  • curriculum n studiokurso (o -programo)
  • curry n kerio; currier ledropreparisto; curry comb striglo || vt (groom a horse) striglagar; (hist.: treat tanned leather) (ledro)preparar; to curry favor with obtenar (od insinuar su en) la favoro di
  • curse n malediko || vt maledikar || vi (blaspheme) blasfemar
  • cursive adj kursiva
  • cursor n (tech., comput.) kursoro
  • cursory adj hastoza; neprofunda; surfacala
  • curt adj abrupta; bruska
  • curtail vt (cut short) kurtigar; (reduce) reduktar; (restrict) restriktar || n curtailment kurtig(ad)o; redukt(ad)o; restrikt(ad)o
  • curtain n kurteno || vt kurtenizar; to curtain off [bed, area] separar per kurteni
  • curtsy vi reverencar || n reverenco
  • curve n kurvo; (bend) [road, stream] sinuo; curvature kurveso || vt kurvigar; (arch) arkigar || vi kurveskar; (arch) arkeskar || adj curved kurva; curvy kurvoza
  • curvet vi (in dressage) kurbetar
  • curvilinear adj kurvolinea
  • curvimeter n kurvimetro
  • cushion n kuseno || vt [furniture] kusenizar; [shock] amortisar || adj cushy [furniture] komfortoza; [job] repozoza
  • cuspidor n sputuyo
  • custard n laktovajo
  • custody n (guardianship) gardo; [of child] kurato; tutelo; [of prisoner] aresto; deteno; enkarcereso; gardo; kaptiteso; to be in custody esar en aresteso; esar sub gardo; to take into custody arestar; custodian gardisto, -ero; [of building] edificosorgisto; [of museum] kuratero, -isto
  • custom n kustumo; customs dogano; to clear customs ekdoganeskar; customs house (hist.) dogandomo; doganeyo; customs officer doganisto || adj customary kustumala; (ordinary) ordinara
  • customer n kliento; kompranto, -ero; customer base klientaro
  • cut vt (open or wound with something sharp) sekar; vundar; to cut and thrust espadagar (o frapar) pinte e tranche; to cut one’s finger sekar sua fingro; to cut something open apertar (seke) | (hack, chop) hakar; (incise) incizar; (make a first cut) entamar; (remove from something larger) detranchar; ektranchar; tranchar (de, ek); to cut (off) a piece of meat detranchar peco de karno; she cut her face out of all the family photos el tranchis sua vizajo ek omna fotografuri dil familio; (separate into pieces) partigar; tranchar; and the king said, “cut the living baby in half!” e la rejo dicis, « tranchez la bebeo vivanta duime ! »; to cut the deck (of cards) tranchar la pako; to cut free liberigar; to cut loose (fire) desengajar; (let do) desinkombrar; desobstruktar; senbridigar; senfrenigar; (let go) desintrikar; deskatenizar; lasar irar; liberigar; to cut one’s own throat egorjar su; to cut the deck tranchar la pako; to cut to pieces distranchar (en peci); pecigar; to cut up distranchar | (shape) taliar; [hole, tunnel] fosifar en; [key] facar; [path] to cut one’s way through apertar (violente) paseyo | (engrave) grabar; (shear) [hair, wool, grass] tondar; (trim, prune) emundar; rekortar; (cross or intersect) intersekar; krucumar; (reduce) limitizar; reduktar; [passage, access] interruptar; represar; [prices] rabatar; reduktar; (abridge) abreviar; kurtigar; (turn off) [lights] extingar; klozar la cirkuito; to cut short (interrupt) interruptar; (shorten) kurtigar; to cut a long story short, you owe me €100 kurte, vu debas ad me 100 €; to cut a caper kapriolar; to cut a deal kontratar; to cut a tooth dentifar; to cut away [unwanted part] eliminar; extirpar; to cut back (prune) [plant] emundar; to cut down [branch] detranchar; [enemy] abatar; falchar; ocidar; [tree] abatar; (reduce) [cost, etc.] reduktar; [quantity, intensity] diminutar; [text] abreviar; kurtigar; to cut low [dress] dekoltar; to cut no ice with n(ul)e impresar; to cut off (amputate, slice off) amputar; detranchar; they cut off his head on detranchis ad il la kapo | (block) klozar; obstruktar; to cut off the enemy’s retreat klozar la retretvoyo di l’enemiko | (deprive) privacar; (disconnect) deskonektar; we’ve been cut off on tranchis a ni la komuniko | (disinherit) desheredigar; (interrupt) to cut someone off in the middle of a sentence interruptar ulu meze de frazo; (isolate) we feel very cut off out here in the sticks ni sentas ni tre izolata hike en la ruro | (stop) cesigar; to cut out [article, picture] ektranchar; [diseased part] extirpar; [dress] ektaliar; to be cut out for esar nature facita por; nature adaptesar por (od ad); to have one’s work cut out for them devar laboregar | (delete) efacar; supresar; (exclude, suppress) eliminar; supresar; to cut out the middleman eliminar (o supresar) la mediacanto; to cut someone out of one’s will exkluzar ulu de sua testamento | (give up) [smoking, drinking] cesar; (stop doing) cut it out! cesez to !; to suficos !; to cut someone in on (informal) inkluzar ulu en || vi tranchesar; this cheese cuts easily ca fromajo facile tranchesas; to cut across (intersect) intersekar; krucumar; (transcend) [barriers] superirar; (traverse) [field, street] transirar; to cut and run forkurar; to cut back (economize) sparar; to cut back on [costs] limitizar; reduktar; to cut down on [food] manjar (o drinkar, fumar) min multe; to cut in [conversation] interruptar; to cut into (interrupt) her stinging words kept cutting into his thoughts elua parolo pikanta ne cesis interruptar ilua pensi; (use up part of) that will cut into our TV time to uzos parto de nia tempo por televiziono; to cut loose (act without restraint) desinkombrar su; desobstruktar su; senbridigar su; senfrenigar su; (separate oneself) desintrikar su; desligar su; liberigar su; to cut out (stop working) [lights, engine] extingesar; (informal: leave abruptly) abrupte livar; to cut through [bone, cable, crowd] trapasar; [jungle] apertar (violente) paseyo tra; (take short cut via) sequar la maxim kurta voyo; to cut up (informal: misbehave) mal(et)e kondutar; miskondutar || n (complete separation) tranch(ur)o; (engraving) grab(ur)o; (incision) inciz(ur)o; (more or less deep) sek(ur)o; (wound) sekvunduro; to be a cut above the others esar kelke plu bona kam l’altri; (piece) -peco; tranchajo; a cut of meat karnopeco; (removal) detrancho; ektrancho; [of hair, wool, grass] tondo; (shaping) fasono; modo; stilo; talio; [of hole, tunnel] fosifo; [of path] aperto (violenta) di paseyo; (engraving) grabo; (share, portion) parto; (slicing) (dis)trancho; (reduction) limitizo; redukto; [of passage, access] represo; (abridgment) abrevio; kurtigo; cutter (naut.) kutro; (person) [of hair] tondisto, -ero; [of stone, glass, clothes] taliisto; (tool) tranchilo; [blade] lamo; [chisel] cizelilo; [clippers] tondilo; cutting (incision) inciz(ur)o; (partial) sek(ur)o; (total separation) tranch(ur)o; (hort.) stekajo; cutaway frako; vestono; cutback limitizo; redukto; cutoff (limit) limito; cutoff switch kontrolilo, -valvo; cutpurse (archaic) bursofurtisto, -ero; cutthroat (dated) asasinero, -anto, -isto; egorjero || adj (into two or more pieces) tranchita; (more or less deeply) sekita; cut and dried klara; simpla; (deleted) efacita; supresita; (reduced) [price] rabatita; reduktita; (removed) detranchita; eliminita; [surg.] extirpita; (shaped) taliita; cut diamond diamanto taliita; (shortened) kurtigita; [hair] tondita; cutting tranchanta, -iva, -ema; [remark] mordanta; pikanta; cutting edge lamo; tranchantajo; cutoff [date] limita; cut-rate rabatita; cutthroat asasinanta; senkompata
  • cutaneous adj pelala
  • cutch n (also “catechu”, “cashoo”) kachuo
  • cute adj (attractive in a delicate or endearing way) miniona
  • cuticle n (bot., zool.) kutikulo
  • cutlass n kultelego; sabreto
  • cutler n (knife-maker) kultelifisto; (knife-seller) kultelvendisto; cutlery kultelaro
  • cutlet n (culin.) koteleto
  • cuttlefish n (zool.: Sepiida) sepio
  • cyanic adj ciana
  • cyanide n (chem.) cianido
  • cyanogen n ciano
  • cybernetics n cibernetiko
  • cyclamen n (bot.: Cyclamen) ciklameno
  • cycle n (recurring series) ciklo; (bicycle) biciklo; cycling biciklismo; biciklovehado; cyclist biciklisto, -ero || vi biciklovehar, -irar || adj cyclical cikl(al)a
  • cycloid n (math) cikloido || adj cycloidal cikloid(al)a
  • cyclometry n ciklometrio
  • cyclone n ciklono
  • cyclopedia n (archaic) enciklopedio
  • cyclops n (myth.) ciklopo
  • cyclotron n ciklotrono
  • cygnet n cignoyuno
  • cylinder n cilindro || adj cylindrical cilindra
  • cyma n (archit.) cimaso
  • cymbal n cimbalo; cymbalist cimbalpleisto, -ero
  • cynic n ciniko; cynicism cinikeso, -ajo || adj cynical cinika, -ala, -atra
  • cynosure n atraktopunto; l’objekto di regardo
  • cypress n (bot.: Cupressus) cipreso
  • cyprinoid n (zool.: Cyprinoidea) ciprino
  • Cyprus n Chipro; Cypriot Chiprano
  • cytisus n (bot.: Cytisus) citizo
  • cytodieresis n (bio.) citodierezo
  • cytokine n (physiol.) citokno
  • czar n car(ul)o; czarevich carido; czarina carino
  • Czech n Cheko; Czech Republic Chekia; Czechoslovakia (hist.) Chekoslovakia

D

  • D ltr de; (mus.) D (o re); D-flat (D♭) des; D-sharp (D♯) dis
  • dab vt (clean or dry) to dab a cut with a cotton swab tushar sekvunduro lejere per vatbastoneto; (apply) to dab disinfectant on a cut tushar sekvunduro lejere per disinfektivo; (dialect: lightly strike) frapetar (subite) || n (small amount) peceto; (zool.: Limanda limanda) limando
  • dabble vt [hand, foot, bill] barbotar per || vi barbotar; to dabble in (take part in casually) diletar; mixar su en; studiar neserioze || n dabbler (dilettante) diletanto
  • Dacia n (hist.) Dacia
  • dactyl n (prosody) daktilo
  • dad n (informal) patro; daddy patreto; daddy longlegs (Brit., zool: Tipula) tipulo
  • daffodil n (bot.: Narcissus) narciso
  • daft adj (Brit., informal) (insane) fola; (silly) stulta
  • dagger n poniardo; (typ.) kruco; to look daggers at regardar desamikale
  • daggle vi tranar su en fango || vt fangizar; tranar en fango
  • dahlia n (bot.: Dahlia) « dahlia »
  • daily adj (every day) omnadia; daily bread omnadia, singladia pano (o manjajo) | (during a 24-hour period) diala; (during daylight hours) jornala || adv omnadie; fresh oracles shall be delivered to you daily nova orakli livresos a vu omnadie || n (newspaper) omnadia jurnalo (od edituro)
  • dainty adj (delicate) delikata; eleganta; (tasty) dainty morsel friandajo; (fussy) [eater] delikatega; elektema; postulema || adv delikate; daintily pretty miniona
  • dairy n lakterio; laktovendeyo; dairy farm laktiferio; dairying (producing) laktifado; (selling) laktovendado; dairyman, -maid (dairy worker) lakteriisto; (milk deliverer) laktoportisto
  • dais n estradeto; (with canopy) doselestradeto
  • daisy n (bot.: Bellis perennis) margriteto; (bot.: Leucanthemum vulgare) margrito
  • dale n valo
  • dally vi (act or move slowly) lent(ach)e movar, facar; tardeskar; (amuse oneself) amuzar su; folludetar || n dalliance folludeto; (dawdling) lent(ach)a movado, facado
  • Dalmatia n Dalmatia; Dalmatian Dalmatiano
  • dalmatic n dalmatiko
  • dam n (dike) digo; (any barrier) barilo; (zool.: animal mother) patrino || vt (with dike) digizar; (bar) barar
  • damage n (physical harm that impairs value, usefulness, normal function) domajo; [to vehicle or cargo] avario; (detrimental effects) [to chances, reputation, etc.] detrimento; damages (jur.) indemno || vt (physically harm) domajar; [vehicle or cargo] avariar; (have a detrimental effect on) [chances, reputation, etc.] detrimentar
  • dame n siniorino; (married woman) damo
  • damn vt (relig.: condemn to hell) damnar; (condemn) kondamnar; (curse) maledikar || n damnation damno || adj damnable abomininda; damninda; odiinda; damned maledikita; [to hell] damnita; damning (critical) kritikacha; (strongly suggesting guilt) [evidence] kondamnema; nerefutebla || inter damn it! diable !; la diablo kaptez lo !
  • damp adj humida || n humidajo; (mine gas) mefito; damper (person) joytrublanto, -ero; (mech.) amortisilo; [of chimney] kamenregulilo; (mus.: mute) sordino; dampness humideso || vt (moisten) humidigar; (suppress) [sound] amortisar; to dampen humidigar; (diminish) [spirits] senkurajigar; (suppress) [sound] amortisar
  • damsel n (archaic, lit.) damzelo
  • damson n (bot.: Prunus domestica subsp. insititia) [fruit] quecho; [tree] quechiero
  • dance vi dansar || n dansado; (ball) balo; dance hall danschambro; danseyo; dance music dansario; dancer dansanto, -ero, -isto
  • dandelion n (bot.: Taraxacum) leondento
  • dandle vt (rock) bersar; (coddle) dorlotar
  • dandruff n kaposquameti
  • dandy n dandio; eleganto || adj (informal: excellent) bonega; ecelanta
  • Dane n Dano || adj Danish [person] Dana
  • danger n danjero; to run into danger subisar danjero; danger signal alarmo || adj dangerous danjeroza; (risky) riskoza
  • dangle vi pendar (ocilante) || vt pendar (ocilante)
  • dank adj humidacha
  • danseuse n dancistino
  • Danube n Danubio
  • dapper adj eleganteta
  • dapple vt makulizar || n makulo || adj dappled makulizita; [horse] kun ronda makuli
  • Dardenelles n Dardaneli
  • dare vt (be so bold) you don’t dare defy me vu ne audacas desobediar me; (challenge) Say “what” again! I dare you! I double-dare you! Dicez « quo » itere ! Me defias vu ! Me duople defias vu !; (lit.: brave) afrontar; I dare say esas probabla || n (challenge) defio; daring (audacity) audaco; daredevil riskegemo || adj daring audacanta, -oza; daring act audacajo
  • dark adj (having little or no light) obskura; (pitch-black) tenebroza; dark lantern eklipsolanterno | (of color) obskura; obskurkolora; dark blue dress obskurblua robo | [complexion, hair] bruna; (of sound) matida; (obscure, mysterious) misterioza; obskura; (archaic: unenlightened) neinformita; nesavanta; nulsavanta; Dark Ages mezepoko; tenebroepoko; (sinister) maligna; minacanta; give yourself to the Dark Side donez vu al Latero Tenebroza; (somber) desfelica; trista; these are dark days for fact-based truth esas desfelica dii por fakta vereso; darkish obskureta; [color] brunatra; nigratra || n (absence of light) obskureso; to be afraid of the dark timar l’obskureso | (pitch-black) tenebro; (nightfall) noktesko; it is dark noktas; (color) obskureso; (ignorance) to keep someone in the dark about something tenar ulu neinformita (o nesavanta, nulsavanta) pri ulo; darkie (informal, offensive) negro; darkness obskureso; (pitch-black) Army of Darkness Armeo di Tenebro; I shoot magic into the darkness me pafas magio aden la tenebro; darkroom kamero obskura || vt to darken obskurigar; [complexion] brunigar || vi to darken obskureskar; [in complexion] bruneskar
  • darling n (affectionate form of address) yes, darling yes, kara (o karo); (person popular with a certain group) he’s the darling of the press right now il esas la favorato dal jurnalistaro nun || adj (beloved) karega; amegata; amoregata; (charming) a darling little place mikra domo charmanta
  • darmstadtium n (chem.: Ds) darmstatio
  • darn vt (mend) [socks, cloth] darnar || n darning needle darnagulo
  • darnel n (bot.: Lolium temulentum) lolio
  • dart n dardo || vt (cast suddenly or rapidly) [glance] lansar || vi (move suddenly or rapidly) precipitar su; [pain] lancinar
  • Darwinism n Darwinismo; Darwinist Darwinisto || adj Darwinian Darwinala
  • dash vi (rush) hastegar; kurar rapide; precipitar su; to dash against shokar; [waves] ruptesar kontre; [waves, rain] batar; plaudar kontre || vt (hurl) jetegar; to dash something against jetegar ulo kontre; to dash something to pieces frakasar ulo | (fig.: destroy or frustrate) [hopes] destruktar; frustrar || n (rush) he made a mad dash for the exit il precipitis su til l’ekireyo; (flair, style) ostento; vigoro impetuoza; to cut a dash paradar; (punct.: —) streko; (small quantity) mikrajo; [of color] nuanco; [of liquid] spricajo
  • dastard n (dated) poltrono || adj dastardly poltrona
  • data n datumi
  • date n (day of the month) dato; under date of datizita; ye la dato di | (appointment) rendevuo; (bot.: Phoenix dactylifera) [fruit] datelo; [tree] dateliero; to date a nuna dato (o dio); out of date antiquatra, -eskinta; desmodeskinta; obsoleta; up to date cadiala; nuntempa; til nuna dato (o tempo); (fashionable) mondumala; segunmoda; (modern) moderna || vt (put a date on) datizar; to date a fossil datizar fosilo; (show the age of) that tie really dates you ta kravato trahizas vua evo
  • dative n (gram.) dativo
  • datum n (pl. data) datumo
  • datura n (bot.: Datura) daturo
  • daub vt indutar; farbizar || n induturo; (bad painting) fushpikturo; pikturacho
  • daughter n filiino; daughter-in-law bofiliino || adj daughterly filiinatra
  • daunt vt senkurajigar; timidigar || adj daunting senkurajigiva; timidigiva; dauntless senpavora; sentima
  • davit n batelhisilo
  • dawdle vi flanar; irar lent(ach)e
  • dawn n jornesko; (twilight of the dawn) auroro; at dawn ye la jornesko || vi to dawn on (become evident to) it suddenly dawned on me that ... me subite kompreneskis ke ...
  • day n (24-hour period) 20 years ago to the day exakte 20 yari ante nun; to carry the day obtenar la vinko; the day after la morga dio; morge; day after tomorrow posmorge; day before yesterday prehiere; day by day de un dio a l’altra; from one day to the next de un dio al morga; one of these days uldie (balde); the other day kelkadie ante nun; this day cadie; this day next week sep dii pos nun | (daylight hours) jorno; the day comes jorneskas; good day! bona jorno !; it is day jornas; to work day and night laborar jorne e nokte; [working hours] let’s call it a day ni cesigu ja; to work an 8-hour day laborar jorno de ok hori; (period) epoko; tempo; he was huge in his day il esis tre famoza en sua tempo; in her younger days dum elua yuneso; in our day en la nuna tempo; nuntempe; until my dying days til la morto; in days to come en dii venonta; in this day and age en la nuna tempo; nuntempe; day scholar externo; day school externerio; daybook (daily account book) diala konto-libro (o kontoagendo); (diary) personala jurnalo; daybreak auroro; jornesko; daydream revo; dayfly (zool.: Ephemeroptera) efemer(insekt)o; daylight jorno; (dawn) auroro; jornesko; daylily (bot.: Hemerocallis) hemerokalo; daytime jorno; day-tripper exkursisto || vi to daydream revar || adj day-to-day omnadia
  • daze vt [from blow, drug] aturdar; [from news, etc.] stuporigar || n [after blow, drug] aturdeso; [after news, etc.] astonegeso; stuporo; to be in a daze [from blow, drug] esar aturdita; [from news, etc.] esar stuporigata || adj dazed [from blow, drug] aturdita; [from news, etc.] stuporigata
  • dazzle vt (amaze, overwhelm) dazlar; (blind) blindigar || adj dazzling (blinding) blindiganta, -iva; (impressive) dazlanta, -iva
  • deacon n diakono; deaconship diakoneso
  • dead adj (lifeless) mortinta; senanma; senviva; to drop dead falar mortinte; in his house at R’lyeh, dead Cthulhu waits dreaming en sua domo en R’lyeh, mortinta Cthulhu vartas sonjante; dead body kadavro; Dead Sea Mortinta Maro | (devoid of feeling) nesentiva; (devoid of movement) inerta; (dull) [color] matida; senbrila; [sound] matida; nesonora; (no longer active) dead season stagnosezono | [fire] senflama; (not circulating) [air, water] stagnanta; (resembling death) mortatra; dead weight pez(aj)o inerta; (unable to move forward) dead end sakostrado; dead letter nelivrebla letro; (complete, absolute) tota; dead calm plata (o profunda) kalmeso; dead cert certajo; dead stop kompleta halto; (exact) exakta; preciza; dead shot nefaliiva pafero; on a dead level with precize samnivele kun; (straight, direct) dead reckoning navigado kalkulata; deadly (lethal) mortiganta, -iva; (pertaining to death) mortala; deadly disease mortigiva morbo; deadly nightshade (bot.: Atropa belladonna) beladono; deadly shot nefaliiva pafero; deadly sin mortala peko; Deadly Viper Assassination Squad asasinesquado Vipero Mortigiva; (complete, total) in deadly earnest tre serioza || adv (completely, absolutely) dead drunk ebriega; mortatre ebria; parebria; dead tired tote fatigita; deadly (extremely) deadly dull profunde tedanta (o stagnanta); tedeganta (o stagneganta) || n (that which has died) the dead la mortinti; dead of night plena (o meza) nokto; silenco dil nokto; dead of winter meza (o plena) vintro; deadliness mortigiveso; deadness mortinteso; (dullness) [sound, color] matideso; (stagnation) stagno; (torpor) torporo; deadbeat (informal: defaulter) eskrokanto, -ero; (informal: lazy person) indolento; deadbolt riglo; deadlock sakostrado; deadwood sika (o senviva) ligno; (fig.) neutil(aj)o || vt to deaden amortisar; [feeling] obtuzar
  • deaf adj (unable to hear) surda; deaf and dumb surdamuta; deaf and dumb sign gesto (di surdmuto); deaf as a post absolute (o stone) surda; surda quale pilastro (o fosto) | (unwilling to hear) nesentiva; surda; to turn a deaf ear to ne egardar; simular surdeso ad; deafening surdiganta || n deafness surdeso; deaf-mute (dated, offensive) surdamuto || vt to deafen surdigar || vi to deafen surdeskar
  • deal vt (distribute) [cards] disdonar; [portions, shares] repartisar; to deal someone in (cards) deal me in on the next hand donez a me (karti) ye la sequanta foyo | (inflict) [a blow] donar frapo; frapar; the ruling dealt a severe blow to women’s rights la decido (o judicio) severe frapis la yuri di mulieri || vi to deal in (be concerned with) we deal in facts here, not theories hike ni interesesas pri fakti, ne pri teorii; (trade) [goods] I deal in human fulfillment me komercas pri homal kontentigo | [used or cheap goods] brokantar; to deal with (accept) I killed the teen dream. Deal with it. Me ocidis l’idealo adolecanta. Aceptez lo.; (endure) I can’t deal with her constant criticism me ne povas subisar elua kontinua kritikado | (handle) [person, task] traktar; I deal with the goddamn customers so the engineers don’t have to! me traktas la maledikita klienti por ke l’injeniori ne mustez traktar li !; I will deal with you as I deal with everyone who betrays me me traktos vu quale me traktos omnu qua trahizas me | [problem] solvar; don’t worry, I’ve already dealt with it ne suciez, me ja solvis lo | [stress, illness] traktar (o luktar kontre); [subject] traktar pri; the movie deals with honor killing la filmo traktas pri la honorala ocidado | (have dealings with) traktar kun; we don’t deal with Esperantists ni ne traktas kun Esperantisti; you’re not dealing with morons here hike vu ne traktas kun imbecili || n (agreement) interkonsento; (bargain) [price] bona komprajo; (contract) kontrato; (jur.) transakto; (pact) pakto; deal with the Devil pakto kun la Diablo | (transaction) interkonsento; the company lost a lot of money on that deal la kompanio perdis multa pekunio en ta interkonsento | [commerce] komerco; [sale] vendo; arms deal vendo de armi; (informal: situation) a bad deal for working mothers mala afero por laboranta matri; what’s the deal with him? quo eventis ad ilu ?; (distribution) disdono; repartiso; (quantity) quanto; there was a good deal of blood esis multa sango; dealer (cards) disdonanto; (com.) komercisto; vendisto; [of used or cheap goods] brokantisto, -ero; dealing(s) (com.) aferi; komerco; (relationships) aferi; relati
  • dean n (univ.; relig.) dekano
  • dear adj (beloved) kara; my dear fellow (kara) amiko mea; (lovable) what a dear little girl! quala charmanta puerino !; (in letter writing) [formal] Dear Mr. President Estimata Sioro Prezidero; [informal] Dear Dad Kara Patreto; (chiefly Brit.: expensive) chera || adv dearly (very much) multe; (at great cost) chere; to pay dearly for something chere pagar ulo || n karo; be a dear and bring me my meds esez bona ed adportez a me la medikamenti; come along, dear venez, kara; you poor dear! kompatindo !; dearness (price) chereso || inter dear me! Deo bona !; ho ! ho !; ho Deo !; ho ve !
  • dearth n (scarcity) skarseso; (lack) manko
  • death n (action of dying) morto; to bleed to death mortar pro sangifado; sangifar til morto; that kid will be the death of me ta puero fatigegas (od enoyegigas) me; at death’s door mortonta; ye la pordo dil tombo; at the point of death ye la mortopunto; to catch one’s death kaptesar da morto; to die a natural death mortar naturale; to do something to death (kill or die by doing something) to be bored to death mortar pro enoyo; to drink oneself to death mortigar su per drinkego; to fight to the death kombatar til morto; to put to death kondamnar a morto; till death do us part til ke la morto separos ni; (personification of death) Inga won her life back after defeating Death in badminton Inga riganis sua vivo vinkinte la Morto en *badmintono; (state of being dead) her countenance expressed affection even in death elua mieno expresis afeciono mem en mortinteso; death blow mortofrapo; death camp extermineyo; death knell sonigo di funerala klosho; death knight (fantasy) mortokavaliero; death penalty mortopuniso; death rattle stertoro; death squad mortesquado; death throes agonio; to be in one’s death throes agoniar; death warrant impero (o mandato o komiso) por mortigo; mortigomandato; death’s head kranio; deathbed mortolito; deathwatch kadavrogardaro; (zool.: Xestobium rufovillosum) anobio; deathwound mortala vunduro || adj death-dealing mortigiva; deathless eterna; nemortiva; neperisiva; deathly (resembling death) [pallor] kadavratra; [silence] tombala; (archaic: causing death) an eagle carrying a snake in its deathly grasp aglo portanta serpento en sua mortigiva unglegi; (archaic: pertaining to death) Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Harry Potter e la reliquii mortal
  • debacle n fiasko
  • debar vt (exclude) to debar someone from something exkluzar ulu de ulo; (prohibit) to debar someone from doing something interdiktar ulu facar ulo
  • debase vt (in quality) degenerigar; [chemical] denaturar; koruptar; (hist.) [coin] alterar; (morally) desnobligar; (archaic: in rank) degradar || n debasement (in quality) degenerigo; [chemical] denaturo; korupto; (hist.) [coin] altero; (archaic: in rank) degrado
  • debate n diskuto; after much debate pos multa diskuto; (formal) debato || vt diskutar; we debated whether to go or not ni diskutis kad irar o ne; (formally) debatar || adj debatable diskutebla; kontestebla
  • debauch vt (entice to sensual excess) debochigar || vi (indulge in excessive food and/or drink) krapular; (indulge in sensual excess) debochar || n debauchery debochado; to live in gross debauchery krapular
  • debenture n (fin.) obligaciono
  • debilitate vt debiligar || adj debilitating debiliganta, -iva
  • debit n (accounting, fin.) debeto; debit account debetkonto || vt to debit an account Ð100 debetigar 100 Ð en konto
  • debonair adj aplomba; charmanta; eleganta
  • debouch vi [soldiers] debushar; [stream] ekfluar
  • debris n fragmenti; (geol.) reziduo
  • debt n (something owed) debajo; debt collection inkaso; to pay a debt pagar debajo | (accounting) pasivo; debts and assets pasivi ed aktivi; (state of owing) debo; to be in debt to someone debar ad ulu; to be €30,0000 in debt debar 30.000 €; I am in your debt me esas debanto a vu; to get out of debt satisfacar sua debi; to get someone into debt debizar ulu; to get/run into debt asumar debo; charjar su per debi; debtor debanto, -ero
  • debug vt (comput.) senerorigar
  • debunk vt deskreditizar
  • debut n debuto; debutant debutanto || vt debutigar || vi debutar
  • decade n yardeko
  • decadent adj dekadanta; to be decadent dekadar || n decadence dekado
  • decagon n (geom.) dekagono
  • decagram n dekagramo
  • decahedron n (geom.) dekaedro
  • decalcomania n dekalkomanio
  • Decalogue n dekalogo
  • decameter n dekametro
  • decamp vi (depart suddenly, secretly) livar subite (o sekrete); (archaic: mil.) deskampar
  • decant vt dekantar; transversar || n decanter dekantilo; karafo
  • decapitate vt kapotranchar; senkapigar
  • decastere n dekastero
  • decasyllable n (prosody) deksilabo
  • decay vi (decompose, rot) deskompozesar; putrar; [tooth] kariar; (deteriorate) [building] kadukeskar; [civilization] dekadar; [faculties] degenerar || vt (decompose, rot) deskompozar; putrigar; [tooth] kariigar; (deteriorate) [faculties] degenerigar
  • decease n (formal, jur.) morto; deceased (formal, jur.) mortinto || vi (archaic) mortar || adj deceased mortinta
  • deceit n trompo || adj deceitful trompema, -anta
  • deceive vt (intentionally) trompar; (unintentionally) erorigar
  • December n decembro; Decembrist (hist.) decembristo
  • decennial adj (occurring every ten years) yardekala; (lasting ten years) dekyara
  • decent adj (respectable, moral) decanta, -oza; to be decent decar | (appropriate) [clothes, language] decanta; (satisfactory, passable) pasabla; (Brit.: kind) afabla; bona; jentila || adv decently dec(ant)e; (satisfactorily) pasable || n decency (respectability, morality) deco; at long last, have you left no sense of decency? fine, ka ne restas a vu ula senso del deco ? | (kindness) afableso; boneso; jentileso; (politeness) politeso; (propriety) deco
  • decentralize vt descentraligar; descentrizar
  • deception n trompo
  • deceptive adj trompanta, -iva
  • decide vt (resolve to do) rezolvar; he decided to take a course on lolspeak il rezolvis facar kurso pri lolspeak; (determine, settle) [case, contest, problem, question] decidar; to decide someone’s fate decidar la fato di ulu; to decide that someone is guilty decidar ke ulu kulpas || n decision (after consideration) decido; (to do something) rezolvo; have you made your decision for Christ? ka vu facis vua rezolvo por Kristo ? | (resoluteness) fermeso; rezolvo || adj decided (resolute) [opinion] ferma; [person] decidinta, -ema; rezolvinta, -ema; (settled) [case, contest, problem, question] decidita; decisive (able to make decisions) decidoza; (settling an issue) decidiganta, -iva; konkluziva; konvinkiva; pruviva; decisive moment krizo || adv decidedly (undoubtedly) klare; sendubite; (Brit.: resolutely) decidoze; ferme; rezolvoze
  • decigram n decigramo
  • decile n (statistics) decilo
  • deciliter n decilitro
  • decimal adj (math) decimala || n decimalo
  • decimate vt (hist.) decimacar
  • decime n (hist.) decimo
  • decimeter n decimetro
  • decipher vt (decode) deschifrar; (find a solution) dechifrar
  • deck n (floor, platform, level) [of boat, ship] ferdeko; below deck subferdeke; between decks interferdeko; to go up on deck acensar la ferdeko; lower deck infra ferdeko; upper deck supra ferdeko; deck chair longa stulego; deckhand maristo; navano; (device) record deck gramofono; tape deck magnetofono | (pack of cards) paketo di karti || vt (adorn; also “deck out”) ornar; vestizar; [room, stage] dekorar; -iz-; to deck with flags flagizar; (informal: knock to the ground with a punch) abatar || afx -decker (having a specified number of decks) triple-decker navo triferdeka
  • declaim vt deklamar || n declamation deklamo || adj declamatory deklam(ach)ala
  • declare vt (announce) [intentions, love, war, income, cards] deklarar; anything to declare? yeah, don’t go to England. ka ulo por deklarar ? yes, ne irez ad Anglia. | [result, candidacy, dividend] anuncar; (assert) to declare oneself for/against something deklarar su por/kontre ulo; to declare someone president deklarar ulu prezidero || n declaration deklaro || adj declared deklari(n)ta; explicita; necelata
  • declension n (ling.) deklino; (archaic: decline, deterioration) dekado
  • decline vi (decrease) [power, influence] deskreskar; diminutesar; (deteriorate) to decline in importance perdar importo | [in health] degenerar; febleskar; (move downward) decensar || vt (refuse) refuzar; to decline to do something refuzar facar ulo | (ling.) deklinar || n (decrease) [numbers, sales] deskresko; diminuto; (deterioration) [in health] degenero; feblesko; [in standards] basesko; [industry, town, civilization] dekado; the decline of the Roman Empire la dekado di l’imperio Romana; (downward movement) decenso; (downward slope) pento; declination (astron., ling.) deklino; (formal: refusal) refuzo || adj declining [industry] dekadanta; in my declining years en mea lasta yari
  • declivity n pento || adj declivitous penta
  • decoct vt (pharm.) dekoktar
  • decode vt deschifrar
  • décolleté adj dekoltita || n décolletage dekolturo
  • decolor vt senkolorigar
  • decompose vi deskompozesar; (rot) putrar || vt deskompozar; (rot) putrigar
  • decompress vt deskompresar
  • deconsecrate vt sekularigar
  • decontaminate vt deskontaminar
  • decorate vt (adorn) ornar; [room, stage] dekorar; (confer order on) ordenizar || n decoration (act) orn(ad)o; [of honoree] ordeniz(ad)o; [of room, stage] dekor(ad)o; (object) ornivo; [for honoree] ordeninsigno; [for room, stage] dekorivo
  • decorticate vt (tech.) deskorticizar; senkorticigar
  • decorum n deco; konveni; politeso || adj decorous decanta, -oza; konvenanta
  • decoy n lurilo; decoy bird lurucelo; decoy whistle lursiflilo || vt lurar
  • decrease vt (make smaller in size, amount, or degree) diminutar; deskreskigar || vi (become smaller in size, amount, or degree) diminutesar; deskreskar
  • decree n dekret(ur)o || vt dekretar
  • decrepit adj kaduka
  • decry vt kondamnar
  • dedicate vt (devote) [book] dedikar; [one’s life, money, time] konsakrar; (consecrate) dedikar; (inaugurate) inaugurar
  • deduce vt deduktar
  • deduct vt (log.) deduktar; (take away) deprenar; (math) [number] sustracionar || n deduction (log.) dedukto
  • deed n (legal document) akto; deed of sale vendokontrato; deed of transfer akto di transfero; (chiefly lit.) (action) ago; faco; (result) facajo; heroic deed prodajo
  • deem vt judikar; konsiderar; opinionar; pensar; to deem it right konsiderar kom justa; (repute) reputar
  • deep adj (extending far down or back) [hole, wound, shelf] profunda; the deep la profundajo; the deep end la profundajo; in the deep of winter meze di (o en plena) vintro; (immersed) to be deep in thought esar absorbata da pensi; deep-laid [plot] profunda; sekreta; deep-rooted, -seated [affection] profunda; [disease, problem] kronika; [habit] anciena; kustumala; persistanta; [prejudice] anciena; profunde radikizita; deep-sea [plant, animal] abisala; deep-set [eyes] kava | (intense or extreme) [emotion, sleep, concern] profunda; [trouble] granda; (low in pitch, full in tone) [note] grava; [voice, sigh] grava; profunda; deep-toned [sound] en (o di) grava (o basa) tono; (profound) Deep Thoughts by Jack Handey Profunda pensi da Jack Handey || adv deeply profunde; (intensely) extreme; forte; grande; profunde || vt to deepen profundigar; [sound] gravigar; [trouble] grandigar || vi to deepen profundeskar; [sound] graveskar; [trouble] grandeskar
  • deer n (zool.: Cervidae) cervo
  • deface vt deformar
  • de facto adv fakte || adj aktuala
  • defalcate vt (formal) sustraktar (fraude)
  • defame vt difamar || adj defamatory difamanta, -ema, -iva
  • default n (failure to fulfill obligation) violaco di obligo; (jur.: failure to appear in court) kontumaceso; defaulter kontumaco || vi to default on violacar (obligo); (jur.) kontumacesar ad
  • defeat vt vinkar; (cause to fail) faliigar; nuligar; vanigar; [hopes, expectations] deceptar; (jur.: annul) anular || n [of another] vinko; [one’s own] vinkeso; (failure) falio; nesuceso
  • defecate vi fekifar || n defecation fekifo
  • defect n (imperfection) defekto; defection (pol.) transiro a l’enemiko; defector (pol.) transirinto, -anto a l’enemiko || vi (pol.) transirar a l’enemiko || adj defective (faulty) defektoza; (deficient) nesuficanta; (gram.) defektiva
  • defend vt defensar || n defendant (jur.) akuzato; defense defenso; (jur.) defensanto; defensive defens(ad)o; defensiveso; to be on the defensive esar defensopronta || adj defendable defensebla; defenseless sendefensa; defensible defensebla; (justifiable) justifikebla; defensive (able to defend) defensiva
  • defer vt (postpone) ajornar || vi (submit respectfully to the opinion of) cedar (respektoze) ad; to defer to someone’s greater knowledge cedar al plu multa savo di ulu; (submit respectfully to the will of) deferencar || n deference cedemeso; deferenco; respekto; in deference to someone’s age pro respekto de l’evo di ulu || adj deferential cedema; deferencanta; respektoza
  • deficient adj (lacking something essential) to be deficient in vitamins havar nesuficanta vitamini; (insufficient) nesuficanta || n deficiency (not being enough) nesufico
  • deficit n (com.) deficito
  • defile vt (sully) desnetigar; despurigar; kontaminar; koruptar; makulizar; polutar; sordidigar; (desecrate, profane) profanacar; (archaic: violate) [woman] deshonorizar; violacar || vi (march in single file) defilar || n (narrow passage) defileyo
  • define vt (give definition for) [word] definar; (characterize) [feeling, attitude] karakterizar; [role, function] definar; (delimit) limitizar; (determine) [responsibilities, conditions] determinar || n definition [of word, concept] defino; [of powers, boundaries, duties] determino; limitizo; (clarity) klareso; neteso || adj definable definebla; defined definita; definite (certain) are you definite about that? ka vu esas certa pri to ?; is that definite? ka to esas certa (o infalibla) ? | (clear, indubitable) klara; nedubitebla; a definite improvement plubonigo nedubitebla | (emphatic) [manner, tone, view, opinion] ferma; (fixed) [time, offer, plan] definitiva; I don’t have any definite plans me ne havas projeto definitiva; (gram.) definite article definita artiklo; definitive (authoritative) autoritatoza; (fixed, final) definitiva || adv definitely (certainly) certe; infalible; (fixedly, finally) definitive
  • deflagrate vi (chem., dated) flagrar
  • deflate vt [balloon, tire] desinflar; (humble) humiligar || vi [balloon, tire] desinflesar || n deflation desinfl(es)o
  • deflect vt [ball, bullet] deviacigar; [light] deflexar; [stream] deturnar || n deflection [of ball, bullet] deviacigo; [of light] deflexo; [of stream] deturno
  • defloration n (dated, lit.: deprivation of woman’s virginity) desvirgigo; (bot.: stripping of flowers) senflorigo
  • deflower vt (dated, lit.: deprive woman of virginity) desvirgigar; (bot.: strip of flowers) senflorigar
  • defoliate vt senfoliigar
  • deforest vt desforestizar
  • deform vt deformar || n deformity deformuro
  • defraud vt fraudar
  • defray vt [expenses] pagar; rimborsar
  • deft adj habila
  • defunct adj (rare: deceased) mortinta
  • defy vt (refuse to obey) desobediar; what kind of man would defy a king? quala viro desobedius rejo ?; (fly in the face of) to defy gravity desobediar la lego di gravitado | (stand up to) afrontar; to defy death (face without fear) afrontar la morto; (narrowly escape) eskapar infalibla morto | (challenge, dare) defiar; I defy you to do it me defias vu facar lo || n defiance (disobedience) desobedio; (challenge) defio || adj defiant (disobedient) desobedianta, -ema; (challenging) defianta, -ema
  • degenerate adj degenerinta; (morally) degenerinta; desnobligita (o desnobleskinta); degenerative degenerigema || n degenerinto; degeneracy degenerinteso; degeneration degener(ad)o || vi degenerar
  • deglutition n (tech.) englut(ad)o
  • degrade vt (reduce the moral character of) degenerigar; desnobligar; (reduce the physical or mental character of) degenerigar; (archaic: reduce to a lower rank) degradar || n degradation [in rank] degrad(ad)o; [in reputation] deshonoriz(ad)o; (breakdown) degener(ig)ado || adj degrading deshonorizanta
  • degree n (gen., geog., math) grado; 30 degrees below freezing 30 gradi sub zero; (extent) grado; punto; to have a degree of freedom havar ula grado de libereso; to some degree parte; ulmaniere; ye ula punto (o grado); to such a degree that... ye tala punto (o grado) ke...; to the highest degree ye la maxim alta grado | (stage in scale) grado; by degrees gradope; pokope | (univ.: academic rank) grado; (diploma) diplomo; (archaic: social or official rank) grado; rango
  • dehorn vt deskornizar
  • dehumanize vt brutigar; deshomigar
  • dehydrate vt deshidratizar
  • de-ice vt desglaciizar
  • deicide n (god-killer) deocidanto, -into, -ero; (god-killing) deocido
  • deify vt apoteosar; deigar || n deification apoteoso; deigo
  • deign vi degnar; to deign to do something degnar facar ulo
  • deinotherium n (zool., paleo.) dinoterio
  • deism n deismo; deist deisto
  • deity n deo; (divine status) deeso; (divine object) deajo; [statue, carving] idolo
  • deject vt (archaic) depresar; desgayigar || n dejecta (med., zool.) exkrementi || adj dejected depresita; desgaya; trista
  • de jure adv segun yuro; yurizite
  • delate vt (archaic) denuncar
  • delay vt (make late) tardigar; [detain] haltigar; (make slow) lentigar; (postpone) ajornar || vi (be late) tardeskar; (be slow) lentesar; (temporize) temporisar || n (holdup) haltigo; tardigo; (slowdown) lentigo; (postponement) ajorno; (temporization) temporiso
  • delectable adj delicioza; (humorous: extremely attractive) belega
  • delegate n delegito, -ato; delegation (body of delegates) delegaciono; delegitaro; deputataro || vt (authorize to be a representative) [person] delegar
  • delete vt (remove or obliterate) [by striking through] surstrekizar; trastrekizar; [by erasing] efacar
  • deleterious adj nociva
  • delftware n fayenco de Delft
  • deliberate adj (intentional) intencita; konsiderita; premeditita; (prudent) prudenta; (unhurried) lenta; senhasta || adv deliberately (intentionally) intenc(it)e; prepense; (prudently) prudente; (unhurriedly) senhaste || vi to deliberate on, over deliberar pri; konsiderar; meditar (pri); (with others) deliberar pri; interkonsultar pri
  • delicate adj (fine, subtle) [object, movement, color, flavor, touch] delikata; (fragile) delikata; frajila; (sensitive) [instrument, sense] delikata; (touchy, tricky) [situation, problem] delikata || n delicacy delikateso; (fragility) delikateso; frajileso; (special food) delikatajo
  • delicatessen n (gourmet food store) delikatajerio
  • delicious adj delicioza; (delightful) delektanta, -oza, -iva; delicioza
  • delict n (jur.) delikto
  • delight vt delektar || vi delektesar || n delekt(es)o; delicio || adj delighted delektita; delightful delektanta, -oza; delicioza
  • delimit vt limitizar
  • delineate vt (describe) deskriptar; (sketch, draw) [outline] desegnar; skisar; (define) [border] definar
  • delinquent adj (crime-prone) deliktema; (in arrears) tard(eskint)a; [bill, account] nepagita; (formal: failing in one’s duty) neglijanta, -inta || n delinquency (crime) delikto; (failure to pay debt) nepago; tardeso; (formal: neglect of one’s duty) neglijo
  • deliquesce vi (chem.) deliquecar
  • delirium n (med.) delir(ad)o; delirium tremens alkoholdeliro || adj delirious deliranta, -atra, -ema; to be delirious delirar
  • deliver vt (hand over) [goods, etc.] livrar; to deliver pizza to one’s door livrar pizza til la domo di ulu | (surrender) [town, person] livrar; Vercingetorix was delivered, arms were thrown down Vercingetorix livresis, armi depozesis | (utter) [lecture, ultimatum] donar; to deliver a speech diskursar; (med.) (assist in parturition) [mother] akushar; (give birth to) parturar; (rescue) liberigar; salvar; deliver us from evil liberigez ni del malajo || n deliverance (rescue or liberation) liberigo; salvo; (formal utterance) diskurso; delivery (handing over) [action] livr(ad)o; [item delivered] livrajo; (med.) parturo; (provision, supply) furnis(ad)o; (speaking style) diciono; diksursmanario; deliveryperson livristo
  • dell n valeto
  • delocalize vt deslokizar
  • delta n (geog.) delto
  • delude vt trompar; erorigar; iluzionigar su || n delusion (act) trompo; erorigo; iluzionigo; (false impression) eroro; iluziono || adj delusive eroriganta, -iva; iluzioniganta, -iva; trompanta, -iva
  • deluxe adj luxoza
  • delve vi (search for something as if by digging) [pockets, past, book] spadagar; [subject] studiar; we must delve deeper ni mustas studiar pluse | [thoughts] absorbesar || vt (lit.: dig) exkavar
  • demagnetize vt desmagnetigar
  • demagogue n demagogo; demagogy, -ery demagogio
  • demand n (insistent, forceful request) postulo; Crimson Jihad will rain fire on one major US city each week until our demands are met Karmezina Jihad pluvigos fairo sur un precipua Usana urbo omnasemane til ke on satisfacos nia postuli | (pressing requirement) necesajo; postulo; the demands of duty la postuli di devo | (urgent claim) [for payment, rights] reklamaco; (request; com.) demando; demand for sexbots has risen by 300% in certain countries la demando di roboti sexual kreskis per 300% en ula landi || v (ask authoritatively or brusquely) “Who are you?” the guard demanded Qua esas vu ? bruske questionis la gardisto || vt (insistently, forcefully request) postular; to demand an explanation from someone postular expliko de ulu | (require, need) bezonar; necesigar; postular; this job demands moral flexibility ca laboro necesigas etikala flexebeso | (urgently claim) [payment, rights] reklamacar || adj demanding postulema; (taxing) desfacila; peniganta
  • demarcate vt limitizar || n demarcation limitizo; demarcation line separo-lineo
  • demascene adj (hist.: of Damascus steel) damaskinita || vt damaskinar
  • demean vt abasar; desnobligar; this leash demeans us both ca hundokordo desnobligas ni du || vi (archaic: behave) kondutar || n demeanor konduto; (bearing) suteno
  • dement n (archaic: person suffering from dementia) demento; dementia (med.) dementeso || adj demented dementa
  • demerit n (quality) desmerito
  • demigod n mideo
  • demijohn n damijano; korbobotelo
  • demimonde n (hist.) mimondumo; demimondaine mimondumanino
  • demise n morto
  • demit vt (formal) demisionar de || n demission demisiono
  • demitasse n mitaso
  • demiurge n (philos.) demiurgo
  • demobilize vt (mil.) desmobilizar
  • democrat n demokrato; democracy (state) demokratio || vt to democratize demokratiigar || adj democratic demokratala; [person] demokrata
  • demography n demografio; demographer demografo
  • demoiselle n (archaic, lit.) damzelo
  • demolish vt demolisar || n demolition demoliso
  • demon n demono; demon hunter demonchasisto || adj demoniac demonala, -atra
  • demonetize vt [coin] desmonetigar
  • demonstrate vt (log., mil., pol.) demonstrar; (display) [emotion] expresar; manifestar; [talent, ability] montrar || n demonstration (log., mil., pol.) demonstro; [of talent, ability] montro || adj demonstrative (expressive) expresema; (gram.) demonstrativa
  • demoralize vt senkurajigar; (archaic: corrupt) koruptar
  • demote vt degradar
  • demotic adj demotika
  • demount vt desmuntar || adj demountable desmuntebla
  • demur vi (hesitate) hezitar; to demur to (raise objection) objecionar || n demurrer (person) eceptodeklaranto, -ero; objecionanto, -ero; (formal) objeciono; (jur., dated) eceptodeklaro
  • demure adj (modest) modesta; [of body] pudorema; (reserved) rezervema; tacema; (timid) timida; (coy) kokete modesta (o timida)
  • den n (lair) kusheyo; (private room) kabino
  • denarius n (hist.) denaro
  • denationalize vt [industry, etc.] desnacionaligar; [person] descivitanigar; desnacionanigar
  • denaturalize vt (deprive of citizenship) descivitanigar; desnacionanigar
  • denature vt (remove the natural quality of) denaturar
  • denigrate vt denigrar; minvalorigar
  • denizen n (formal or humorous) habitanto, -ero
  • Denmark n Dania
  • denominate vt (call, name) (give name to) nomizar; (say the name of) nomar || n denomination (relig.) komuniono; sekto; (class) kategorio; klaso; (face value) [of coin] valoro; (name) nomizuro; (act of naming) nom(iz)o; denominator (math) denominatoro || adj denominational (relig.) komunionala
  • denote vt (indicate) indikar; (signify) signifikar
  • denouement n *desnodesko; solvo
  • denounce vt (publicly accuse) (publike) akuzar; (inform against) denuncar || n denunciation (accusation) (publika) akuzo; (informing against) denunco
  • de novo adv nove
  • dense adj [forest, fog, crowd, population, liquid, substance] densa; (informal: stupid) stupida || n denseness denseso; (informal: stupidity) stupideso; densimeter densimetro; density denseso
  • dent n depresuro; frapokaveto; nocho || vt depresurizar; frapokavetizar; nochizar
  • dental adj dentala; (ling.) dentosona
  • dentate adj dentoza
  • denticulate adj dentetoza
  • dentiform adj dentatra; dentoforma
  • dentifrice n dentifrico
  • dentist n dentisto; dentistry dentomestiero, -arto
  • dentition n dentif(ad)o
  • denude vt nudigar
  • deny vt (declare untrue, nonexistent) negar; (refute) dementiar; (refuse) refuzar; to deny something to someone refuzar ulo ad ulu; to deny oneself something privacar su de (od abnegar, renuncar) ulo | (disavow connection with) desagnoskar; (falsely) renegar; before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice ante ke la hanulo kantos dufoye, tri-foye vu renegos me || n denial (declaration that something is a lie) dementio; (declaration that something is untrue, nonexistent) nego; (refusal) refuzo; (self-denial) abnego; renunco; suprivaco; (disavowal of connection) desagnosko; (false) renego
  • deobstruct vt desobstruktar
  • deodorize vt senodorigar || n deodorant senodorigilo
  • deoxidize vt desoxidigar; (remove oxide from) desoxidizar
  • depart vi (leave) departar; forirar; [permanently] livar; (deviate) deviacar; [from a custom, law] derogar; (die) mortar || n departure departo; foriro || adj departed (bygone) pasinta; (dead) mortinta
  • department n (subdivision of an organization) fako; department head fakestro; physics department fako di fiziko | [governmental] ministerio; Department of Agriculture Ministerio di Agrokultivado; (territorial division, district) departmento; (informal: area of expertise or responsibility) that’s not my department to ne esas mea fako; (informal: specified aspect or quality) she’s never had any problems in the looks department el nultempe havas problemi en la kampo di beleso || adj departmental fakala
  • depend vi (be controlled or determined) dependar; it depends on what you mean dependas de quon vu volas dicar; that depends to dependas; (rely) fidar; you can depend on me to do it fidez a me por facar lo | [for support] dependar; he still depends on his mother for everything il ankore dependas de sua matro por omno || n dependence dependo; dependence on drugs drogdependo; dependency (dependence) dependo; (pol.) anexajo; kolonio; dependent dependanto || adj dependable fidinda; dependent dependanta
  • depict vt deskriptar; piktar
  • depilate vt senpiligar
  • deplete vt (exhaust, use up) exhaustar; konsumar; (diminish) diminutar; reduktar || adj depletive exhaustiva; konsumema
  • deplore vt deplorar || adj deplorable deplorinda
  • deploy vt (mil.) desfaldar; (utilize) utiligar; uzar || n deployment desfald(ad)o
  • depolarize vt despolarigar
  • deponent adj (ling.) deponenta; deponento
  • depose vt (remove from office) [king] destronizar || vi (jur.: testify) atestar || n deposition (act of removing from office) [king] destronizo; (act of depositing) depozo; (jur.) atesto
  • deposit n (fin.) [act] depozo; [sum] depozajo; (com.: partial payment) akonto; (com.: returnable security) kauciono; (action of putting in a specified place) depozo; (chem., geol.) sedimento; depositary depozario; depositor depozanto, -ero; depository depozeyo || vt (put down) depozar; (fin.) depozar; (com.: pay as first installment) akontigar; (com.: pay as returnable security) kaucionigar
  • depot n (storehouse) depozeyo; magazino; (for bus, RR) staciono
  • deprave vt (morally debase) viciigar, -izar || n depravity viciajo; viciozeso || adj depraved vicioza
  • deprecate vt (disapprove) desaprobar; (depreciate) denigrar; minvalorigar || adj deprecatory (disapproving) desaprobanta, -ema; (apologetic) exkuzema
  • depreciate vi (fin.) minvaloreskar || vt (fin.) minvalorigar; (disparage) denigrar; maldicensar; minvalorigar
  • depredate vt [goods] raptar; [person, place] spoliar; (devastate) devastar || n depredation rapt(ad)o; spoli(ad)o; (devastation) devast(ad)o; depredator (archaic) raptanto, -ero; spolianto, -ero
  • depress vt [person, economy] depresar; (formal: press down) [button] depresar || n depression depreso, -eso || adj depressive depresiva, -ema
  • deprive vt privacar || n deprivation privac(es)o
  • depth n profundeso; the depths la profundajo; in the depths of winter meze di (o en plena) vintro
  • depurate vt purigar
  • depute vt (appoint to perform task for which one is responsible) [parliamentary representative] deputar || n deputation (act) deput(ad)o; (group) deputataro; deputy (representative) deputato; (sub-, vice-) adyunto-; sub-; vice-; deputy chairperson viceprezidanto; deputy director subdirektisto; deputy minister viceministro
  • derail vt ekreligar || vi ekrelirar
  • derange vt (make insane) foligar; (cause disorder in; distort from ideal state) desajustar; desaranjar; desordinar
  • derelict adj (abandoned) abandonita; (neglected) neglijita; (ruined) ruininta; (negligent) neglijinta, -ema || n dereliction abandono; neglijo
  • deride vt mokar || n derision mok(ad)o || adj derisive (expressing derision) mokanta, -ema; (deserving derision) mokinda
  • derive vt (obtain) [pleasure, profit] obtenar; recevar; trovar; (obtain from through a series of stages, steps) [word, function, equation, substance] derivar || n derivation deriv(ad)o; derivative derivito, -ajo || adj derivative derivita
  • dermatology n dermatologio
  • dermis n (anat.) dermo
  • derogate vi (formal) (detract) deprenar; forprenar; (deviate) deviacar || vt (formal) (disparage) deskreditizar; maldicensar; minvalorigar; (jur., obsolete) (partially repeal) derogar de || adj derogatory deskreditanta; maldicensanta; minvaloriganta
  • derrick n (crane) krano; (sheerlegs) argano
  • dervish n dervisho
  • descant n (discourse) diskurso || vi (discourse) diskurs(ach)ar
  • descend vi (go down) decensar; to descend on/upon (attack) [person, army] asaltar; [place] invadar; (develop suddenly) [fog, misery] falar adsur; to descend to [something shameful] I’d never descend to that level nultempe me abasus me til ta nivelo | (originate) decendar; dogs descend from wolves la hundaro decendas de volfi || vt (go down) [stairs, ramp] decensar || n to be descended from (by ancestry) decendar de; she claims to be descended from King Cole el asertas decendo de Coel Hen; descendant decendanto; -ido; descent (downward motion) decenso; (downward slope) decenseyo; pento; descent on (attack) asalto; (invasion) invado
  • describe vt deskriptar; (narrate) naracar; (geom.) [circle] desegnar; skisar; trasar || n description deskripto || adj descriptive deskriptiva
  • descry vt (lit.) (catch sight of) videskar; (discover) deskovrar
  • desecrate vt profanacar
  • desert vt (abandon) abandonar; [military service] desertar || vi (mil.) desertar || n (geog.) dezerto; deserts (thing deserved) meritaji; deserter (mil.) desertanto, -into, -ero; desertion abandono; (mil.) deserto || adj deserted abandonita; (empty of people) dezerta
  • deserve vt meritar || adj deserving digna; meritanta
  • desiccate vt sikigar || n desiccant sikigivo; desiccator desikatoro; sikigilo
  • desideratum n dezirajo
  • design n (plan, drawing) desegnuro; (model) modelo; (pattern) desegnuro; (preliminary sketch) skisuro; (style) stilo; designer desegnanto, -ero, -isto | (intention) intenco; (plan) projeto; by design intence || vt [building, clothes, etc.] desegnar; (intend) intencar; (plan) projetar || adj designing (scheming) intrigema; mashinacema || adv designedly intence; premeditite; prepensite
  • designate vt (appoint) selektar; to designate someone to do something selektar ulu por facar ulo; (officially assign a specified status, name, or quality to) deklarar; destinar; nomizar; titulizar; the entire valley was designated a moose sanctuary on deklaris la tota valo esar santuario por alki; syphilis was designated the “French disease” by the Neapolitans sifiliso esis nomizita la « Franca maladeso » dal Napoli-ani; we’re designating some rooms as offices ni destinos ula chambri esar kontori; (indicate) indikar; (signify) signifikar; (specify) precize definar || n designation (appointment) selekto; (assignment of special purpose, status) deklaro; destino; nomizo; titulizo; (officially bestowed name, description, title) nomizuro; titulo
  • desinence n (ling.: inflectional suffix) dezinenco
  • desire n (want, wish) deziro; a desire for peace deziro por paco; his heart filled with desire at the sight of her ilua kordio pleneskis da deziro ye la vido de elu; I have no desire to see him me havas nula deziro vidar ilu; (archaic: request) demando || vt (want, wish) dezirar; he never achieved the level of success he so desired il nultempe atingis la nivelo di suceso quan il deziris; if desired (in instructions, recipes, etc.) se vu deziras lo | (archaic: request) demandar || adj desirable [action, progress] dezirinda; konvenanta; [house, job] atraktiva; dezirinda; [offer] atraktiva; tentanta, -iva; [person] atraktiva; dezirinda; desirous deziroza; to be desirous of dezirar
  • desist vi cesar; to desist from doing something cesar facar ulo
  • desk n skribtablo; (sloping) pupitro
  • desolate adj (deserted) dezerta; (grief-stricken) afliktita; dezolata || n desolation (deserted state) dezerteso; (grief) aflikteso; dezoleso || vt [place] devastar; [person] afliktar; dezolar
  • despair n desespero; to drive to despair desesperigar || vi desesperar || adj despairing desesperanta
  • desperado n (dated) bandito
  • desperate adj (feeling, showing, involving little hope) [illness] desesperigiva; [measure] desesperala; [person] desesperanta; (extremely bad, serious, or dangerous) [criminal] danjeroza; [situation] danjeroza; krizala; (urgent) [need, want] urjanta; to be desperate (for/to) urjante bezonar (o dezirar); both countries were desperate to avoid war amba landi deziris evitar milito po irga preco; he’s desperate to find a bathroom il urjante bezonas trovar latrino; I’m desperate for a cigarette me urjante deziras sigareto || n desperation desespero
  • despicable adj desestiminda; desprizinda; odiinda
  • despise vt desestimar; despriz(eg)ar; odiar; to despise danger ne timar (od egardar) la danjero
  • despite prep malgre
  • despoil vt spoliar
  • despond vi (archaic: become dejected) depresesar; desesperar; tristeksar; (archaic: become disheartened) senkurajeskar || n despondency depreseso; desespero; dezoleso; senkurajeso; tristeso || adj despondent (dejected) depresita; desesperanta; trista; (disheartened) senkuraja
  • despot n despoto; despotism despotismo, -eso
  • dessert n desero; dessert spoon deserkuliero
  • destine vt destinar || n destination (place to which one is going) voyajfino; (place to which something is being sent) adreso; (archaic: act of destining) destino; destiny (fate) fato || adj destined destinita; destined to fail destinita a (o por) faliar; (traveling toward) a truck destined for Albuquerque furgono voyajanta ad Albuquerque
  • destitute adj (indigent) indijanta; destitute of something (lacking) indijanta ulo || n destitution indijo
  • destroy vt destruktar || n destroyer destruktanto, -into, -ero; now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds nun me esas diveninta Morto, la destruktero di mundi | (naut., hist.) kontretorpednavo; destruction (act) destrukt(ad)o; (result) destrukturo
  • desuetude n neuzeso
  • desultory adj (lacking enthusiasm) senentuziasma; (lacking logical sequence or connection) kapricoza, -ema; nekonsequanta; nerelatanta; (lacking method or order) nereguloza; senmetoda; (lacking purpose) senskopa; (intermittent) intermitanta; sporadika
  • detach vt (disengage and remove) apartigar; deprenar; desfixigar; deskonektar; separar; (untie) desligar; (mil.: send on a separate mission) detachar; to detach troops to the border detachar trupi al frontiero || n detachment (separation) [act] apartigo; desligo; separo; [state] aparteso; desligeso; separeso; (impartiality) objektaleso; (indifference) indiferenteso; (mil.) detachmento; detachuro || adj detached (separate) aparta; izolita; separita; (impartial) objektala; (indifferent) indiferenta; (reserved) rezervema
  • detail n detalo; attentive to details detalema; in detail detale | (minutia) minucio; (mil.: detachment given a special duty) detachmento; detachuro || vt (give details of) detaligar; (thoroughly clean) parnetigar || adj detailed detala
  • detain vt (hold back) retenar; [goods for official purposes] ditenar; (arrest) arestar || n detention reteno; [of goods] diteno
  • detect vt (discover) [substance, gas, disease, evidence] deskovrar; detektar; to detect cancer in its early stages deskovrar kancero dum lua unesma fazi; (perceive) perceptar; remarkar; well he seemed pleased, but beneath the surface I detected a certain sadness nu il semblis kontenta, ma sub la surfaco me perceptis kelka tristeso || n detection (discovery) deskovro; (perception) percepto; detective detektivo; detector (electron.) detektoro
  • deter vt (discourage) senkurajigar; (dissuade) despersuadar; (prevent) detenar; deturnar; deviacigar; preventar || n deterrent impedivo; preventivo; senkurajigivo || adj deterrent impedanta, -iva; preventanta, -iva; senkurajiganta, -iva
  • deterge vt (rare) detersar || n detergent (med.) detersivo
  • deteriorate vi [building] kadukeskar; [civilization] dekadar; [faculties] degenerar; [health] (plu)maleskar
  • determine vt (be the deciding factor in) decidar; determinar; demand determines supply la demando determinas l’ofro; which card you pick will determine your fate quan karton vu selektos, ta decidos vua destino; (ascertain, establish) determinar; to determine whether something is true determinar, ka ulo esas vera | [price, date] determinar; fixigar; [scope, limits, boundary] definar; determinar || vi (resolve) decidar; rezolvar; to determine to do something decidar (o resolvar) facar ulo || n determinant determinanto, -ivo; determination (ascertaining) determino; (resoluteness) fermeso; (resolution) decido; rezolvo; determinism determinismo; determinist deterministo || adj determinable determinebla; determinant determinanta, -iva; determinative determiniva; determined (ascertained) determinita; (decided, settled) decidita; (having made a firm decision) decidinta; rezolvinta; to be determined to do something esar decidinta (o rezolvinta) facar ulo | (resolute) decidema, -oza; rezolvema, -oza; with a determined air kun mieno rezolvema (o decidoza)
  • detest vt abominar; odi(eg)ar || n detestation abomino; odiego || adj detestable abomininda; odiinda
  • dethrone vt destronizar
  • detonate vi detonar || vt detonigar || n detonator detonigilo
  • detour n cirkumiro; deviaco || vi cirkumirar; deviacar
  • detract vt (take or divert away from) deprenar; (defame) difamar; kalumniar; maldicensar || vi to detract from (reduce value of) diminutar || n detractor difamanto; kalumnianto; maldicensanto
  • detriment n detrimento; to the detriment of detrimentante || adj detrimental desutila; detrimentema; nociva
  • detritus n eskombro; fragmenti; reziduo
  • detruncate vt stumpigar
  • deuce n (cards, dice) duo; (number two) duo; (informal, euph.: devil) diablo; the deuce take him! la diablo kaptez ilu !
  • deuterium n (chem.: D) deuterio
  • devastate vt devastar
  • develop vt [skill, ability] developar; [photograph] revelar; (acquire) [disease] aquirar; [interest, taste, habit] aquirar; developar; (exploit) [resources] explotar || vi developesar; (change, mature) developesar; matureskar; [baby] kreskar; (evolve) evolucionar; (progress) developesar; (come into being) aparar; eventar || n developer developanto, -ero, -isto; [of photograph] revelilo; (physiol.) I was a late developer me matureskis tarde; development develop(es)o; [of photograph] revel(ad)o; [of resources] explot(ad)o; (change in situation) chanjo; develop(es)o; informo
  • deviate vi [from established course] deviacar; [from accepted standards] divergar || n deviation [from established course] deviaco; [from accepted standards] divergo
  • device n (apparatus) aparato; (means) moyeno; strategio; (drawing, design) desegnuro; (emblem) devizo; emblemo; (motto) moto
  • devil n (evil spirit) diablo; the devil take it! la diablo kaptez lo !; to give the devil his due mem agar yuste al diablo; (person) you poor devil! kompatinda kerlo !; (intensifier) how/what/why/who the devil ...? quale/quo/pro quo/qua per la diablo (o diable) ...?; devilfish (zool.: Octopoda) polpo; devilry diablajo; malajo; malicajo; sorcajo || adj devilish diablatra, -ala; devil-may-care sensucia || adv devilishly diablatre, -ale; (informal: extremely) extraordinare; extreme
  • devious adj (sly) ruzoza; (indirect) nedireta; (twisting, winding) sinuoza; vaganta
  • devise vt (conceive) [strategy, plan] konceptar; (invent) [gadget] elaborar; inventar; (jur.: bequeath) legacar || n (jur.: bequeathing clause) testamentala preskripto; devisee (jur.) legacario
  • devitalize vt privacar de vivozeso
  • devoid adj (completely empty) devoid of desprovizita ye; privacita de; (tote) sen; (tote) vakua de
  • devoir n (archaic: duty) devo
  • devolve vt (pol.: decentralize) descentraligar || vi (jur.: be inherited) legacesar; transmisesar; (formal: degenerate) degenerar; to devolve on/upon/in [duty, power] falar sur || n devolution (pol.: decentralization) descentraligo; (jur.) transmiso (di heredajo); (formal: degeneration) degenero
  • Devonian adj (geol.) Devonian strata devono
  • devote vt (dedicate) donacar; donar; konsakrar; he devoted most of his time to gaming il konsakris la maximmulto di sua tempo a ludar || n devotee devoto; konsakrito; [of religion] devocozo; (admirer) admiranto; devotion devoteso; (relig.: piety) pieso; (relig.: worship) adoro; devoco; devotions (relig.) devocaji; pregi || adj devoted (dedicated) devota; konsakrita; a chapter devoted to Gamergate chapitro konsakrita a « Gamergate » | (loving, loyal) [follower, fan] ardoroza; fervoroza; [friend] devota; fidela; loyala; (devout) devocoza; pia; devotional [attitude] devocoza; [book] devocala
  • devour vt [food] devorar; [book] lektar ardoroze; [money] disipar; (of fire, disease, spending: consume) konsumar
  • devout adj devocoza; pia; sincera; (fervent) ardoroza; fervoroza || n devoutness devocozeso, -emeso; pieso; (fervor) ardoro; fervoro
  • dew n roso; dewdrop rosoguto || adj dewy rosoza
  • dewlap n kropumo
  • dexterous adj habila || n dexterity habileso (manuala)
  • dextrin n (biochem.) dextrino
  • diabetes n diabeto; diabetic diabetiko || adj diabetic (having diabetes) diabetika; (pertaining to diabetes) diabetala
  • diabolical adj diablatra, -ala
  • diachylum n (archaic, med.) diachilono
  • diaconal adj diakonala
  • diaconate n (office) diakoneso; (collect.) diakonaro
  • diacritic n diakritiko; (subscript) subsigno; (superscript) supersigno || adj diakritika
  • diadem n diademo
  • diagnose vt diagnozar || n diagnosis diagnozo || adj diagnostic diagnozala
  • diagonal adj diagonala || n diagonalo
  • diagram n (schematic) skemo; (geom.) diagramo || vt skemizar
  • dial n (of clock) cifroplako; (of instrument) skaloplako
  • dialect n dialekto || adj dialectal dialektala
  • dialectic n dialektiko || adj dialectical dialektikala
  • dialog n (also “dialogue”) dialogo || vt [movie, play] dialogizar || vi dialogar
  • dialysis n (chem., med.) dializo
  • diamagnetic adj diamagneta || n diamagnetism diamagnetismo
  • diameter n diametro || adj diametric (pertaining to diameter) diametrala || adv diametrically opposed nerikonciliebla; tote opozita
  • diamond n (min., jewel) diamanto; (faceted) brilianto; diamond cutter diamantotaliisto | (cards) karelo; (shape) rombo
  • diaphanous adj diafana
  • diaphragm n (anat.) diafragmo
  • diaphysis n (anat.) diafizo
  • diarrhea n diareo; to have diarrhea diarear
  • diary n personala jurnalo
  • diastase n (biochem.) diastazo
  • diastole n (physiol.) diastolo
  • diathesis n (med.) diatezo; (gram.) voco
  • diatom n (bot.: Bacillariophyceae) diatomo
  • diatonic adj (mus.) diatonika
  • diatribe n diatribo
  • dice n ludkubo, -i || adj dicey (risky) riskoza; (uncertain) necerta
  • dichotomous adj dikotoma || n dichotomy dikotomeso
  • dick n (vulg.: penis) *picho
  • diclinous adj (bot., dated) diklina
  • dicotyledon n (bot.: Dicotyledoneae) dikotiledono
  • dictate vt (prescribe) imperar; to act as circumstances dictate agar segun la cirkonstanci; common sense dictates that ... komuna raciono volas ke ...; I won’t be dictated to! a me nulu imperez ! | [terms, conditions] impozar; (to secretary) [letter] diktar || n (order) impero; dictation dikt(ad)o; (giving orders) impero; komando; dictator (pol.) diktatoro; dictatorship (pol.) [government] diktatoreso || adj dictatorial (pol.) diktatorala, -ema
  • diction n (wording) expresomaniero; frazeologio; stilo; (elocution, delivery) diciono; parolmaniero, -arto
  • dictionary n vortolibro; (lexicon, esp. of Greek, Latin, or Hebrew) lexiko
  • dictum n (formal pronouncement) deklaro; (maxim) aforismo; sentenco
  • didactic adj didaktikala || n didacticism didaktiko
  • die vi (stop living) mortar; that is not dead which can eternal lie, and with strange aeons even death my die lu ne esas mortinta qua povas eterne jacar, ed en eoni stranja povas mem morto mortar; (fig.) [interest, light, motor] extingesar; to die out cesar; extingesar; perisar || n (singular of “dice”) (lud)kubo; (archit.: cubical part of a pedestal) kubo; (tech.: stamp) estampilo; [mold] matrico; [punch] puncilo; dying (death) morto || adj dying mortanta
  • dieldrin n dieldrino
  • dieresis n (also “diaeresis”) tremao
  • diet n (restricted food) dieto; to be on a diet esar en dieto; dietetics dietetiko; dietitian dietetikisto | (pol.) dieto || adj dietary [supplement, advice] dietala; dietetic dietetikala
  • differ vi (be unlike) diferar; (disagree) deskonkordar; deskonsentar; to differentiate (bio.) diferenciar || vt to differentiate (bio.) diferenciar; (make the difference between things) distingar; (math) diferencialigar; (see the difference between things) dicernar || n difference (dissimilarity) difero; nesimileso; it makes no difference to me esas (tote) indiferanta a me; [between numbers, amounts] to pay the difference kompletigar la sumo | (disagreement) deskonkordo; deskonsento; [quarrel] disputo; differential (math; tech.) diferencialo || adj different (unlike in identity) altra; I feel like a different person me sentas me kom altru | (unlike in kind) diferanta; and now for something completely different e nun ulo tote diferanta | (various) diferanta; it comes in several different colors ol esas disponebla en diferanta kolori | (informal: novel, unusual) distingata; originala; differential (math; tech.) diferenciala || adv different (informal: differently) think different pensez diferante; differently altre; diferante
  • difficult adj (requiring much effort) [task, book, question] desfacila; (not easy) nefacila; it is difficult to describe the feeling esas nefacila deskriptar la sento; it is difficult to say lo esas nefacile dicebla; to make difficult desfaciligar; (uncooperative, troublesome) [person, child, character] desagreabla; difficult to live with desagreabla kom kunvivanto || n difficulty (quality) desfacileso; to speak with difficulty parolar desfacile; without difficulty senpene | (problem) desfacilajo; to be in difficulty esar en embarasita stando; to get into difficulties pozesar en embarasita stando; to have difficulties with someone havar disputi (o kontesti) kun ulu
  • diffident adj hezitoza; sen sufido; timida || n diffidence hezitemeso; timideso
  • diffract vt difraktar || n diffraction difrakto
  • diffuse vt [light, heat, information] difuzar || n diffusion difuz(es)o || adj difuzita; (long-winded) [style, writer] prolixa
  • dig vt [hole, well, trench, etc.] exkavar; to dig one’s own grave exkavar sua propra tombo; (break up) [ground] fodar; (with pickax) piochagar; (with shovel) spadagar; (extract) [coal, gold, etc.] extraktar; (prod with elbow) kudpulsar; (till) [garden] kultivar; (informal, dated: enjoy) juar; (informal, dated: take notice of) regardar; (informal, dated: understand) komprenar; to dig out (extract) [buried object] ekterigar; [thorn in flesh] arachar; extraktar; to dig up [grave] apertar; [treasure, body, information] ekterigar; [vegetables] arachar; [weeds] extirpar || vi exkavar; (break up) fodar; (search) traserchar; to dig deeper into a subject studiar pluse temo; to dig into (investigate) traserchar; (use up) [reserves] konsumar; to dig through traborar; traperforar; [pockets, drawers] traserchar || n (archaeol., tech.) exkav(ey)o; (mocking or critical remark) piko; was that a dig at me? ka ta piko esis destinita a me ?; digger (person) spadaganto, -ero
  • digest vt [food] digestar; (assimilate) [information, news] asimilar; (arrange or classify methodically) [laws] klasifikar; (summarize) rezumar || vi digestar || n (summary) rezumo; digestion digest(ad)o; digestive digestigivo || adj digestive digestala; [food or medicine] digestigiva; digestohelpanta
  • digit n (number) cifro; (finger, toe) fingro || vt to digitize (elec.) dijitaligar || adj digital (elec.) [watch, display, recording] dijitala; (relating to fingers) fingrala
  • digitalin n (pharm.) digitalino
  • digitalis n (bot.: Digitalis) digitalo
  • digitigrade adj (zool.) digitigrada
  • dignify vt dignigar; nobligar || adj dignified kun respektinda mieno; (solemn) solena
  • dignitary n estiminda (o respektinda) homo; (civil) eminento; importanta oficisto; (eccl.) prelato
  • dignity n digneso; respektindeso; (high rank or position) alta (o granda) ofico
  • digraph n digramo
  • digress vi digresar || n digression digreso
  • dihedral adj diedra || n diedro
  • dike n (barrier) digo; [causeway] choseo; [embankment] taluso; (channel) kanalo; (ditch) fosato || vt digizar
  • dilapidate vt (archaic) kadukigar || n dilapidation dekado; kadukeso || adj dilapidated kaduka; ruinoza
  • dilate vt (make wider) dilatar || vi to dilate on (formal: expatiate) ampligar; plu multe parolar pri; plutraktar || n dilator dilatilo
  • dilatory adj (slow to act) lenta; tarda; (procrastinating) ajornema; (intended to cause delay) ajornigiva; lentigiva; tardigiva
  • dildo n *dildo
  • dilemma n dilemo
  • dilettante n diletanto
  • diligent adj diligenta || n diligence diligenteso; (hist.: stagecoach) dilijenco
  • dill n (bot.: Anethum graveolens) aneto
  • dilly-dally vi (informal) lent(ach)e movar, facar; perdar tempo per bagateli
  • dilute vt dilutar || n dilution (act) diluto; (liquid) diluturo; (state) diluteso || adj dilutita
  • diluvium n (flood) diluvio; (geol.: deposit made by flooding) diluviala formacuro; diluvialo || adj diluvial diluviala
  • dim adj (not bright) [light] nebrilanta; senbrila; [room] obskura; (difficult to see because of darkness or distance) [figure, shape, outline, memory] desklara; neklara; (unable to see clearly) [eyes, vision] febla; mala; (gloomy) [prospects] nefavoroza; (informal: unintelligent) obtuza; stulta || n dimness neklareso; obskureso || vt (make less bright) [room] obskurigar; [sound, color] matidigar; (weaken) [eyesight] febligar; [memory] desklarigar || vi (become less bright) [room] obskureskar; [sound, color] matideskar; (weaken) [eyesight] febleskar; [memory] desklareskar
  • dimension n dimensiono
  • diminish vt diminutar || vi diminutesar; (gradually) deskreskar || adj diminishing deskreskanta; the law of diminishing returns la lego di rendimento deskreskanta
  • diminution n (act) diminut(es)o; (result) diminuturo
  • diminutive adj (very small) mikra; (ling.) diminutiva || n (ling.) diminutivo
  • dimity n (fabric) dimitio
  • dimple n foseto || vi formacar la foseti || adj dimpled fosetoza
  • din n (loud noise) bruisego; tumulto || vt (inculcate) inkulkar || vi bruisegar; tumultar
  • dine vi dinear || n diner (person) dineanto; (RR) restorvagono; dining car (RR) restorvagono; dining room manjochambro; dinner (evening meal) dineo; (midday meal) repasteto; dinner service (dishes) servico; dinner time dineohoro; repastetohoro
  • ding vi sonigar klosho || vt (dent) frapokavetizar; nochizar; (penalize) punisar || n (dent) frapokaveto; nocho
  • dinghy n navkanot(et)o
  • dingy adj (dirty, squalid) desneta; sordida; (drab) nebrilanta; senbrila
  • dinosaur n (zool., paleo.) dinosaurio
  • dint n depresuro; frapokaveto; nocho; (force of attack) forteso; by dint of per forteso (od efikemeso) di; (archaic: a blow) frapo || vt (dent) depresurizar; frapokavetizar; nochizar
  • diocese n diocezo
  • diode n (electron.) diodo
  • dioptra n (hist.) dioptro; diopter (unit) dioptrio; dioptrics dioptriko
  • diorama n dioramo
  • diorite n (geol.) diorito
  • dioxide n (chem.) dioxido
  • dioxin n (chem.) dioxino
  • dip vt (immerse) plunjar; [partly] imersar; [wholly] submersar; (soak) trempar; (lower) [flag] salutar per; (bend, tilt) [one’s head] inklinar || vi (lower) [prices] baseskar; [sun] subirar; [temperature] baseskar; decensar; (slope down) [ground] decensar; inklinesar infre; [road] decensar; to dip into [a bag] insertar la manuo en; [a book] foliumar; [one’s savings] cherpar de (od ek) || n (brief immersion) kurta plunjo (od imerso, submerso); (brief swim or bathing) kurta nato (o balno); to go for a dip kurte natar (o balnar); (downward slope) [ground] pento; (hollow) kavajo; konkavajo; (drop) [in prices] basesko; [in temperature] basesko; decenso; (culin.) sauco; (informal: fool) stulto; dipper (ladle) kulierego; (zool.: Cinclus) cinklo
  • diphtheria n (path.) difterio || adj diphtheritic (relating to diphtheria) difteriala; (suffering from diphtheria) difteriika
  • diphthong n diftongo
  • diploid adj diploida
  • diploma n diplomo; to confer a diploma upon diplomizar; diplomate diplomozo
  • diplomat n dipomacisto; diplomacy dipomaco || adj diplomatic dipomacala, -ema, -atra
  • diplomatics n (science of ancient writings) diplomatiko
  • diptera n (zool.: Diptera) diptero
  • diptych n diptiko
  • dire adj (extremely serious or urgent) [event, consequences, results] grava; urjanta; [poverty] extrema; [situation] desesperigiva; krizala; to be in desperate need of something bezonar ulo urjante | (presaging disaster) [warning, prediction] alarmanta; malaugura; direful (archaic or lit.) hororeginda; teroriganta
  • direct adj (extending from one place to another by the shortest, straightest line without stops or detours) [route, train, flight] direta; (without intervening factors or intermediaries) [cause, result, contact, control, responsibility, descendant] direta; nemediata; (complete, exact) she’s the direct opposite el esas l’exakta kontreajo; (straightforward, not evasive) [answer, refusal] klara; [manner, character] kandida; direct object direta komplimento; direct tax imposto direta; directive direktanta, -iva; directorial direktistala, -erala || adv (straight) direte; go directly to jail irez direte al karcero || n direction (course) [both ways] direciono; [one way] sinso; I fart in your general direction! me flatuas generale vers vu !; in all directions omnalatere; in the direction of vers | (fig.: control) direkt(ad)o; under the direction of segun la direkto (od imperi, instrucioni) di; directions (instructions) [for use] instruciono; [to a place] indiko; director direktanto, -ero, -isto; directorate konsilantaro (di administrado); directorship direktisteso, -ereso; directory (book of addresses) adresalmanako; (hist.) The Directory la Direktorio || vt (aim) [remark, gaze, attention] direktar; (control) direktar; (give directions to) can you direct me to the embassy? ka vu povas indikar quale arivar a l’ambasadeyo ?; (instruct, order) to direct someone to do something imperar ad ulu facar ulo
  • dirge n funerala himno
  • dirigible adj direktebla || n (airship) aernavo (direktebla)
  • dirk n dago
  • dirt n (unclean matter) sordidajo; (layer on skin, clothes, etc.) kraso; (refuse) balayajo; eskombro; forjetajo; (earth) sulo; tero; (informal: scandal) skandalo || vt to dirty sordidigar; makulizar || adj dirty (unclean) sordida; [of skin, clothes, etc.] krasoza; (dull) [color] matida; senbrila; (indecent) grosiera; obcena; dirty word grosierajo | (underhanded, corrupt) deshonesta; koruptita; dirt-cheap chipega; dirt-poor mizeroza || adv dirty (underhandedly) deshoneste; neyuste
  • disable vt nekapabligar; [by illness, accident, injury] invalidigar; (maim) kripligar; mutilar || n disability (disadvantage) handikapo; (inability to work) invalideso; the disabled (disadvantaged) la handikapiti; (unable to work) l’invalidi || adj disabled (disadvantaged) handikapita; (unable to work) invalida; (maimed) kripla; mutilita
  • disabuse vt desiluzionigar; destrompar
  • disadvantage n desavantajo; you’ve got me at a disadvantage vu havas l’avantajo relate me || vt desfavorar || adj disadvantageous desavantajoza; desfavoroza
  • disaffect vt deskontentigar || n disaffection deskontenteso || adj disaffected deskontenta
  • disaffirm vt negar; (jur.) kasacar
  • disafforest vt desforestizar
  • disagree vi (have different opinions) diferar (opinione de); (disapprove) desaprobar; (discord) deskonkordar; (quarrel) disputar; (not conform or correspond) [accounts, versions] diferar; [gram., mus.] desakordar; (not suit) deskonvenar; (adversely affect) [food, climate, etc.] detrimentar; esar nociva || n disagreement (of opinion) difero de opiniono; (disharmony) deskonkordo; (quarrel) disputo; (lack of conformity) [in accounts, versions] difero; [in gram., mus.] desakordo; (lack of suitability) deskonveno || adj disagreeable (unpleasant) [experience, task] desagreabla; [person] desafabla; desagreabla
  • disallow vt desaceptar; refuzar
  • disappear vi desaparar || vt desaparigar || n disappearance desaparo
  • disappoint vt [person] deceptar; [hopes, expectations] faliigar || adj disappointed deceptita; disappointing deceptanta, -iva
  • disapprobation n desaprobo
  • disapprove vt desaprobar; neaprobar || n disapproval desaprobo
  • disarm vt (mil.) [troops, attacker] desarmizar || vi (mil.) depozar l’armi || n disarmament desarmizo; nuclear disarmament nukleara desarmizo || adj disarming [smile] kalmiganta, -iva
  • disarrange vt desaranjar; desordinar
  • disarray n desordino; in disarray en desordineso (o konfuzeso) || vt desordinar
  • disarticulate vt desartikizar
  • disassemble vt (take apart) desmuntar
  • disaster n dizastro; (from natural causes) katastrofo || adj disastrous dizastr(oz)a
  • disavow vt (refuse to acknowledge) desagnoskar; (falsely) renegar; (declare a lie) dementiar; (declare untrue) negar
  • disband vi dissolvesar || vt dissolvar
  • disbar vt efacer del tabelo di advokataro
  • disbelieve vt (not accept that something is true) nekredar; (refuse to accept that something is true) deskredar || n disbelief (non-acceptance as true) nekredo; (refusal to accept as true) deskredo
  • disburden vt descharjar
  • disburse vt spensar
  • disc n see “disk”
  • discard vt forjetar; [clothes] desmetar; (cards) forjetar || n forjetajo
  • discern vt (perceive) perceptar; vidar; to discern a figure in the dark perceptar figuro en l’obskureso; (perceive as different from something else) dicernar; to discern truth from lies dicernar lo vera de mentii || n discernment (act) percept(ad)o; [of perceiving difference] dicern(ad)o; (faculty) perceptiveso; [for perceiving difference] dicerniveso || adj discernible (perceptible) perceptebla; videbla; (perceptible as different) dicernebla; discerning dicernema, -iva; sagaca
  • discharge vt (tell someone that they can or must leave) (dismiss) [employee, soldier] desengajar; (release) [prisoner] liberigar; (allow something confined to flow out) (elec.) [battery] descharjar; (emit) [gas, chemicals] emisar; [liquid, waste] ekvarsar; [pus, blood] sekrecar; (fire, shoot) [bullet, arrow] pafar; (unload) [cargo] deskargar; [passengers] desembarkar; (fulfill) [task, duty] exekutar; satisfacar; (pay off) [debt] pagar; saldar; (jur.) (relieve of liability) [bankrupt] rehabilitar || vi [battery] descharjesar; [river] ekfluar; [wound, sore] pusifar || n (dismissal) [of employee, soldier] desengajo; (release) [of prisoner] liberigo; (allowance of something confined to flow out) (elec.) [of battery] descharjo; (emission) [of gas, chemicals] emis(aj)o; [of liquid, waste] ekvars(aj)o; [of pus] pus(if)o; sekrec(aj)o; (firing, shooting) [of bullet, arrow] pafo; (unloading) [of cargo] deskargo; [of passengers] desembarko; (fulfillment) [of task, duty] exekuto; satisfaco; (settlement) [of debt] pago; saldo; (jur.) (relief of liability) [of bankrupt] rehabilito; discharge pipe eskapotubo
  • disciple n dicipulo; discipleship dicipuleso
  • discipline n diciplino; disciplinarian diciplinemo, -isto || vt diciplinar || adj disciplinary diciplinala
  • disclaim vt (deny) [paternity] desagnoskar; [responsibility, authorship, statement] negar; to disclaim all knowledge of something negar omna konoco pri ulo; (jur.: renounce legal claim to) renuncar || n disclaimer (denial) [of paternity] desagnosko; [of responsibility, authorship, statement] nego; (jur.) [of a right] renunco
  • disclose vt divulgar; revelar || n disclosure divulgo; revelo
  • discolor vi (lose color) deskolorizesar; (stain) makulizesar
  • discomfit vt (disappoint) [person] deceptar; [plans] faliigar; (disconcert) desquietigar; (archaic: defeat) fugigar; vinkar
  • discomfort n (physical unease; pain or constraint) deskomforto; (lack of physical comfort) desagreableso; deskomodeso; [uncomfortable thing] the discomforts of camping off-season la desagreablaji (o deskomodaji) di kampar dum la stagnosezono | (slight pain) jeneso; I feel some discomfort from it but no real pain ol jenas me ma ne vere dolorigas; (mental unease, worry, or embarrassment) desquieteso; embaraseso; perturbeso; trubleso; much to my discomfort, my ex announced she would tag along ye mea granda embaraseso, mea exspozo anuncis ke el akompanos ni || vt (cause mental unease, worry, or embarrassment) desquietigar; embarasar; perturbar; trublar; (cause slight pain) jenar
  • discommode vt (formal) jenar; trublar
  • discompose vt (disturb or agitate) agitar; destranquiligar; perturbar; (throw into disorder) desaranjar; desordinar; konfuzigar
  • disconcert vt (disturb the composure of) desquietigar; perturbar; (confound) surprizar; (frustrate) [plans] faliigar
  • disconnect vt desjuntar; desligar; separar; (immaterially) desunionar; (unlink to power supply) deskonektar; (elec.) [device] deskonektar; (mech.) deskonektar; [pinions] desembragar; [RR car, piece of equipment] deskuplar || vi desjuntesar; desligesar; separesar; (immaterially) desunionesar; (elec.) [device] deskonektesar; (mech.) deskonektesar; [pinions] desembragesar; [RR car, piece of equipment] deskuplesar || adj disconnected desjuntita; (incoherent) nekonsequanta; senordina
  • disconsolate adj (cheerless, dreary) afliktata, -ita; desgaya (o negaya); dezolata, -ita; melankolioza; trista; (inconsolable) nekonsolacebla
  • discontent adj deskontenta; (not content) nekontenta || n deskontento || vt deskontentigar
  • discontinue vt cesigar; [+ infinitive] cesar -ar; ne plus -ar; [subscription] desabonar || n discontinuity nekontinueso; (interruption) interrupto || adj discontinuous (interrupted) interruptita; (math) [curve] nekontinua
  • discord n (disharmony) deskonkordo; (mus.) disonanco || vi (archaic: be in disharmony) deskonkordar || adj discordant deskonkordanta; (mus.) disonancanta, -oza
  • discount n (deduction from bill or account for early payment) diskonto; (reduction in price) rabato; to sell at a discount rabate vendar || vt (deduct from bill or account for early payment) diskontar; (reduce) [price] rabatar; (fig.: disregard for lack of credibility) [report, rumor] ne fidar (o kredar)
  • discountenance vt (disapprove) desaprobar; (disturb the composure of) desquietigar; destranquiligar; perturbar
  • discourage vt (dishearten) senkurajigar; (advise against) deskonsilar; (dissuade) (probar) despersuadar; (hinder) impedar || n discouragement (disheartenment) senkurajigo; (advice against something) deskonsilo; (dissuasion) probo despersuadar; (hindrance) impedo || adj discouraging (disheartening) senkurajigiva
  • discourse n (formal discussion; ling.) diskurso || vi diskursar
  • discourteous adj nepolita || n discourtesy (impolite act) nepolitajo; (impoliteness) nepoliteso
  • discover vt deskovrar; (after search) trovar || n discoverer deskovrinto, -ero; discovery deskovrajo; (act) deskovro || adj discoverable deskovrebla; videbla
  • discredit vt (sully reputation of) deskreditizar; senestimigar; senhonorigar; senkreditigar; (cast doubt upon) deskreditizar; senkreditigar || adj discreditable desestiminda; deskreditinda; nehonesta; shaminda
  • discreet adj diskreta
  • discrepant adj diferanta; (between versions, opinions) des-, nekonkordanta; diverganta || n discrepancy difero; (between versions, opinions) des-, nekonkordo; divergo
  • discretion n (being discreet) diskreteso; (freedom to decide) arbitrio; (prudence) judikopovo; prudenteso; sagaceso; age of discretion racionevo; at the discretion of segun l’arbitrio di || adj discretionary arbitriala; segunvola
  • discriminate vi (distinguish) dicernar; (show prejudice) to discriminate against diskriminacar || n discriminant (distinguishing characteristic) distinganto; (math) diskriminanto || adj discriminating [person] bone judikanta; dicernanta, -iva, -ema; sagaca; [taste] rafinita; discriminatory diskriminacanta, -iva, -ema
  • discursive adj (digressing) digresema; (philos., archaic) diskursiva
  • discus n (sport) disko
  • discuss vt diskutar || n discussion diskuto
  • disdain n desprizo || vt desprizar; to disdain danger ne timar (od egardar) la danjero || adj disdainful desprizanta, -ema, -oza
  • disease n (state) dessaneso; maladeso; (path.) morbo || adj diseased dessana; malada; morboza
  • disembark vi desembarkar
  • disembarrass vt desembarasar; liberigar
  • disembody vt deskorpizar || adj disembodied deskorpizita; senkorpa
  • disembowel vt senintestinigar
  • disenchant vt (disappoint) deceptar; (disillusion) desiluzionigar
  • disencumber vt desinkombrar
  • disenfranchise vt (also “disfranchise”) privacar de elektyuro; senvotigar
  • disengage vt (release) [object, hand] liberigar; (detach) desjuntar; [cables] deskonektar; (disentangle) desintrikar; (unbind) desligar; (mech.) deskuplar; [clutch] desembragar; (mil.) [troops] retretigar || vi (mil.) retretar || adj disengaged (emotionally detached) indiferenta; (dated: socially available) libera; neokupata
  • disentangle vt (extricate) desintrikar; (untangle) [hair, rope, net, confusing matter] desintrikar; deskonfuzigar
  • disentomb vt ektombigar
  • disentwine vt (unbraid) desplektar
  • disestablish vt destatigar; separar del stato
  • disfavor n desfavoro; desaprobo
  • disfigure vt (spoil the attractiveness of) desbeligar; (plu)ledigar; (deform) deformar
  • disgorge vt (pour out) ekvarsar; (discharge) [cargo] deskargar; [passengers] desembarkar; (eject) ejektar; [food] vomar; (yield) [funds] cedar; restaurar; ridonar || vi (pour out) [river] ekfluar
  • disgrace n (state of dishonor) deshonoro; to bring disgrace on deshonorizar; (state of shame) shamo; [state of disfavor] desfavoreso; to be in disgrace esar desfavorizita; (shameful person) deshonorindo, -ozo; shamindo, -ozo; to be a disgrace to one’s family deshonorizar (o shamigar) sua familio || vt deshonorizar || adj disgraceful abomininda; deshonorinda; shaminda; skandaloza; (causing disgrace) shamiganta; skandaloza
  • disgruntle vt deskontentigar || adj disgruntled (discontented) [employee, customer] deskontenta; (bad-tempered) malhumoroza
  • disguise vt [person] travestiar; Nazgûl disguised as riders in black « Nazgûl » travestiita quale kavalkanti nigre vestizita | [bad points, error] celar; maskar; [thoughts, feelings] celar; disimular; maskar; velizar; [voice] alterar; maskar || n travestiilo; (fig.: mask) maskilo
  • disgust n (revulsion) repugneso; (anger) indigno; to leave in disgust forirar indigne || vt repugnar; nauzeigar; the very thought disgusts me l’ideo ipsa repugnas me || adj disgusting nauzeiganta, -iva; repugnanta, -iva
  • dish n (plate) plado; dishes (crockery) vazaro; dishful pladedo; dishcloth vishilo; vishtuko | (distinct article or variety of food) disho; a tasty dish frianda disho || vt to dish out [money, advice, punishment] disdonar; to dish out/up [food] donar por manjar/drinkar; prizentar; surpladigar
  • dishabille n (extreme casual attire; negligee) neglijeo
  • dishearten vt senkurajigar || adj disheartening senkurajigiva
  • dishevel vt [clothes] desordinar; [hair] arufar; deskuafar || adj disheveled [clothes] desordinita; [hair] arufita; deskuafita
  • dishonest adj [person, action] des-, nehonesta; [means] frauda || n dishonesty des-, nehonesteso; [fraudulence] fraudo
  • dishonor n (state of shame or disgrace) deshonoro || vt (shame or disgrace) deshonorizar; (fail to observe or respect) [an agreement or principle] faliar; (refuse to accept or pay) neaceptar; refuzar (pagar) || adj dishonorable deshonoroza, -inda; desnobla
  • disillusion vt desiluzionigar
  • disincline vt desinklinar || n disinclination desinklin(es)o || adj disinclined des-, neinklinita; to be disinclined to do something des-, neinklinesar facar ulo
  • disincorporate vt (dissolve a legal corporation) deskorporacionigar
  • disinfect vt desinfektar || n disinfectant desinfektivo || adj disinfectant desinfektiva
  • disingenuous adj nesincera; deskandida; trompema
  • disinherit vt desheredigar
  • disintegrate vt desagregar; pecetigar; pulverigar || vi desagregesar; peceteskar; pulvereskar
  • disinter vt ekterigar
  • disinterest n (impartiality) nepartisaneso, -emeso, -aleso; senpartiseso; (lack of interest) apatio; indiferenteso || vt ne interesar || adj disinterested (impartial) nepartisana, -ema, -ala; senpartisa; (uninterested) indiferenta
  • disjoin vt desjuntar; separar
  • disjoint vt desjuntar; separar; (dated: anat.) desartikizar || adj disjointed (incoherent) nekonsequanta
  • disjunct adj desjuntita; disjunctive desjuntiva
  • disk n (or “disc”) disko; disk jockey disk-jokeo; DJ; diskette (comput.) disketo
  • dislike vt antipatiar; des-, neprizar; desestimar; he intensely dislikes K-pop ad il forte desplezas « k-pop »; il forte antipatias « k-pop » || n des-, neprizo; desestimo; to have a dislike for antipatiar; repugnesar da; to take a dislike to antipatieskar; repugneseskar da
  • dislocate vt (put out of joint) [bone] desartikizar; luxacar; (displace) diplasar; (disrupt) desaranjar; desordinar; dislokar; interruptar; (break up) disruptar; [army] dislokar
  • dislodge vt desplasizar; [dictator] ekpulsar
  • disloyal adj des-, neloyala || n disloyalty des-, neloyaleso
  • dismal adj (gloomy, depressing) [person] desgaya; trista; [prospects] nefavoroza; (informal: pitifully or disgracefully bad) [performance, condition] lamentinda; malega; a dismal failure fiasko lamentinda
  • dismantle vt [machine] desmuntar; (mil.) desfortifikar; senarmigar; [ship] desequipar; desrigizar
  • dismast vt desmastizar
  • dismay n konsterno; much to my dismay ye mea granda konsterno || vt konsternar
  • dismember vt dispartigar; dispecigar; [state, army] dislokar
  • dismiss vt (send away) [taxi] forsendar; (discharge from employment or office) [employee, soldier] desengajar; [officer, official, clerk] revokar; (give leave to) [troops, jury] konjedar; (reject, disregard) [problem, possibility, idea] eskartar; exkluzar; [subject] abandonar; let us dismiss the subject ne parolez plu multe pri la temo || adj dismissive (disdainful) desprizanta, -ema, -oza
  • dismount vi (from horse, bike, etc.) decensar || vt (comput.) [disk] desmuntar; (tech.) [apparatus] desasemblar; desmuntar
  • disobedience n desobedi(ad)o; (jur.) kontumaceso || adj disobedient ne-, desobedianta, -ema; (jur.) kontumaca
  • disobey vt desobediar || vi (jur.) esar kontumaca
  • disoblige vt refuzar komplezar || adj disobliging nekomplezanta, -ema
  • disorder n (untidiness) desordino; (confusion) konfuzeso; (med.) maladeso; skin disorder pelala maladeso; (pol.: unrest) tumulto || vt (make untidy) desaranjar; desordinar; (jumble) konfuzigar; (disrupt, disturb) perturbar; trublar; (med.) maladigar || adj disordered [room] desordinita; senordina; [thoughts] desordinita; konfuza; senordina; disorderly [room] desordinita; (unruly) [behavior] male kondutanta; malkonduta; [crowd] tumultoza
  • disorganize vt desorganizar; desaranjar; desordinar || n disorganization desordino; konfuzeso || adj disorganized [person, life, meeting, room] desordinita; senordina; [thoughts, notes] desordinita; konfuza; senordina
  • disown vt (refuse to acknowledge) desagnoskar; (falsely) renegar
  • disparage vt (regard as being of little worth) desestimar; desprizar; (represent as being of little worth) maldicensar; (lessen the rank or estimation of) desestimigar; desprizigar; minvalorigar
  • disparate adj disparata; diferanta; neegala || n disparity disparateso, -ajo; difero; neegaleso
  • dispassionate adj (impartial) senpartisa; (unemotional) kalma; senemoca; senpasiona; tranquila
  • dispatch vt (send off) [message, goods] expediar; forsendar; [messenger, troops] forsendar; (carry out) [duty, job] efektigar; exekutar; (par)facar; (euph.: kill) mortigar || n (sending) [of message, goods] expedio; forsendo; [of messenger, troops] forsendo; (mil., press) depesho; dispatch boat avizonavo | (promptness) hasto; rapideso; with dispatch hastoze; kun rapideso
  • dispel vt [fog, smell, doubts, fear, worry] dispersar
  • dispense vt (distribute) [food, money] disdonar; distributar; [medicine] preparar; (implement) [justice] exekutar; (exempt) dispensar || vi to dispense with (forgo) karear; you may dispense with the pleasantries, Commander vu darfas karear la politaji, Komandanto | (grant exemption from) dispensar || n dispensation (distribution) disdono; distributo; [of medicine] farmacio; (implementation) exekuto; (exemption) dispens(ad)o; (indult) indulto; dispensary dispensario; dispensatory (codex) kodexo farmaciala; dispenser distributilo || adj dispensable (superfluous) kareebla; superflua
  • disperse vt (scatter) [crowd, clouds] dispersar; [seeds] dissemar; (widely) difuzar; (propagate) [news] propagar || vi (disappear) desaparar
  • dispirit vt senkurajigar || adj dispirited depresita; desesperigita; senkurajigita
  • displace vt (replace) remplasar; (supplant) suplantar; (force to leave home) diplasar; (remove from office) degradar; (phys.) [liquid, mass] diplasar; (psych.: repress) represar || n displacement (removal) diplas(ad)o; (dismissal) degrad(ad)o; (replacement) remplas(ad)o; suplant(ad)o; (phys.) diplas(ad)o; (weight) diplasopezo; (psych.: repression) repres(ad)o || adj displaced person diplasito
  • display vt (put on view) [goods] estalar; [painting, exhibit] expozar; [times for departure/arrival] indikar; (make a show) ostentar; (show) [courage] demonstrar; [emotion, ignorance, interest] manifestar; montrar || n (exhibition) [of emotion, interest] manifesto; montro; [of goods] estalo; [of painting, exhibit] expozo; [of unity, support] demonstro; manifesto; (ostentation) ostento; to be on display [goods] esar estalata; [painting, exhibit] esar expozata | (spectacle) spektaklo; display case vetrino; display window vetrino
  • displease vt (be disagreeable to) desplezar; (provoke) vexar; (dissatisfy) desplezar; nekontentigar || n displeasure desplezuro; (discontent) deskontenteso; (disfavor) desfavoro; (vexation) vexeso; to incur someone’s displeasure atraktar (od expozar su a) l’iracemeso di; to vent one’s displeasure lasar eruptar sua iraco || adj displeased des-, nekontenta; displeasing desagreabla; desplezanta
  • disport vt (archaic or humorous) to disport oneself amuzar (o distraktar) su
  • dispose vt (incline) inklinar; (arrange) [furniture, ornaments] aranjar; dispozar; [troops] desfaldar || vi to dispose of (deal with) [business] efektigar; exekutar; (par)facar; (par)finar; [problem] solvar; [question] decidar; (disprove) [argument] refutar; (get rid of) [evidence, body] desembarasar su de; [trash] forjetar; [waste] eliminar; (have at one’s command) disponar; (sell, transfer) [goods] vendar; [property, rights] alienar; (informal: destroy) destruktar; (informal: eat) devorar; (informal: kill) mortigar || n disposal [of trash] forjet(ad)o; [of waste] elimin(ad)o; disposal unit triturilo di nutrivi | (power to use something) dispono; to have at one’s disposal disponar; I’m at your disposal me esas en (sub) vua dispono | (sale) [of goods] vendo; [of property, rights] alieno; (lit.: arrangement) [of furniture, ornaments] aranjo; dispozo; disposition (inclination) inklino; (propensity) tendenco; (jur.: transfer of property, rights) alieno; (placing) [of furniture, ornaments] aranjo; dispozo; [of troops] desfaldo; (power to control, use) dispono; (temperament) karaktero; temperamento || adj disposable (not reusable) [razor, camera] forjetebla; (replaceable) [person] remplasebla; (available) [time, money] disponebla; disposed (having a particular attitude) to be favorably/well disposed toward someone bonvolar ulu; esar favoroza (o bone intencanta) ad ulu | (inclined) inklinita; to be disposed to violence inklinesar violentar (od a violentado)
  • dispossess vt desposedigar; dispossession is nine-tenths of the law la desposedigado esas non dekimi del lego; (jur.) expropriar
  • disproportion n mis-, neproporciono || adj disproportionate mis-, neproporcionala; senproporciona
  • disprove vt (prove wrong) [theory, argument] refutar || n disproof refuto
  • dispute n (debate) diskuto; (controversy) kontesto; kontroverso; polemiko; (quarrel) disputo; beyond dispute nekontestebla; disputation diskut(ad)o; (formal debate) debat(ad)o || vt (debate) diskutar; (gainsay) kontredicar; (question) kontestar || vi (debate) diskutar || adj disputable debatebla; diskutebla; kontestebla; disputatious disputema
  • disqualify vt (exclude from consideration) exkluzar; (make unsuitable) desqualifikar; nekapabligar
  • disquiet n (of mind) desquieto; anxio; sucio; (of mind and body, character) netranquileso; disquietude (of mind) desquieto; anxio; sucio; (of mind and body, character) netranquileso || vt (mentally) desquietigar; anxiigar; perturbar; suciigar; (mentally and physically) destranquiligar || adj disquieting (of mind) anxiiganta; desquietiganta; suciiganta; (of mind and body, character) destranquiliganta
  • disquisition n disert(ad)o, -uro
  • disregard vt ignorar; neatencar; neegardar; nekonsiderar || n ignor(ad)o; neatenc(ad)o; neegard(ad)o; nekonsider(ad)o; (indifference) indiferenteso; (nonobservance) desobedi(ad)o
  • disrelish vt antipatiar || n antipatio; repugneso; to have a disrelish for antipatiar; repugnesar ad
  • disrepair n kadukeso; to fall into disrepair kadukeskar
  • disrepute n desestimo; deshonoro; deskredito; mala reputo; to bring into disrepute desestimigar; desprizigar; to fall into disrepute perdar sua bona reputeso || adj disreputable desestimata, -inda; deskreditizita; infama; male reputata
  • disrespect n desrespekto || vt desrespektar || adj disrespectful desrespekoza, -ema; senrespekta; Mr. Sparkle is disrespectful to dirt Sioro Cintilo esas senrespekta a sordidajo
  • disrobe vi desvestizar su || vt desvestizar
  • disrupt vt (interrupt) [meeting, communications] interruptar; [public transport] perturbar; (drastically alter or destroy) alterar; desaranjar; destruktar || n disruption [of meeting, communications] interrupto; [of public transport] perturbo; [of plans] altero; desaranjo || adj disruptive [of meeting, communications] interruptanta, -ema; [of of public transport] perturbanta, -ema; [of plans] alteranta, -ema; desaranjanta, -ema
  • dissatisfy vt des-, nekontentigar || n dissatisfaction (act) des-, nekontentigo; (state) des-, nekontenteso || adj dissatisfied des-, nekontenta
  • dissect vt dissekar; (analyze in minute detail) analizar detale
  • dissemble vt disimular
  • disseminate vt dissemar; cirkuligar; difuzar; pluvastigar; propagar; [law, regulation] promulgar
  • dissent n des-, neasento; des-, nekonsento; without a dissent senopoze; unanime; (relig.) disidenteso; dissension (discord) deskonkordo; (dispute) disputo; (dissent) deskonsento; dissenter des-, neasentanto; des-, nekonsentanto; (relig.) disidento || vi des-, neasentar; des-, nekonsentar; diferar (opinione); (relig.) esar disidenta || adj dissenting, dissentient des-, neasentanta; des-, nekonsentanta; diverganta; (relig.) disidenta
  • dissertate vi disertar || n dissertation disert(ad)o, -uro
  • disserve vt desservar; deshelpar; detrimentar; nocar || n disservice desservo, -ajo; deshelpo; detrimento, -ajo; noco, -ajo
  • dissever vt (dis)tranchar
  • dissident n disidento; dissidence disidenteso || adj disidenta
  • dissimilar adj diferanta; ne-, dessimila || n dissimilarity difero; ne-, dessimileso, -ajo
  • dissimulate vt disimular
  • dissipate vt (disperse, scatter) [clouds] dispersar; [fear, doubt, clouds, fog] desaparigar; (squander) [efforts, energy, fortune] disipar; prodigachar || vi (disappear) desaparar || adj dissipated [life] debochoza; disipita; [person, behavior] debochema; disipema; prodigachema
  • dissociate vt desasociar; separar; (chem.) disociar
  • dissoluble adj (chem.) solvebla; [marriage, assembly, business] dissolvebla
  • dissolute adj debochanta, -ema; to be dissolute debochar
  • dissolution n (chem.: liquefaction) solvo; (decomposition) deskompoz(es)o; (termination) [of hopes, state, assembly, marriage] dissolvo; (debauched living) debochado
  • dissolve vt (chem.: make a solution of) to dissolve sugar in water solvar sukro per aquo; (remove, make disappear with liquid) [blood, dirt, rust] dissolvar; [hopes, fears] desaparigar; (disband) [official body, partnership, marriage] dissolvar; (annul) abrogar; anular; dissolvar; nihiligar; (fin.: liquidate) dissolvar; liquidacar || vi (subside uncontrollably) to dissolve into tears ploreskar || n dissolvent (dis)solvivo || adj (cine.) dissolving view (hist.) fantasmagorio; dissolvable (dis)solvebla
  • dissonant adj (mus.) disonancanta; (clashing) des-, mis-, neakordanta || n dissonance (mus.) disonanco; (tension, clash) des-, mis-, neakordo
  • dissuade vt despersuadar
  • distaff n ruko
  • distant adj (far away in space or time) fora; (lying at a specified distance) distanta; the gas station is 4 miles distant la gazolinerio distas per 4 milii | (not closely related) [relative] fora; (aloof) apartema; eskartema; rezervema; (distracted) mente distraktita || n distance (in space) [amount of space between two things] disto; to be at a distance distar; to keep one’s distance from something konservar sua rango de ulo; [remote point or place] from a distance de fore | [remoteness] foreso; (in time) [interval] intervalo; at a distance of 2 centuries pos 2 yarcenti; at certain distances ye intervali || vt to distance (beat by a distance) devancar
  • distaste n antipatio; repugneso || adj distasteful desagreabla; repugnanta, -iva; (offensive) ofensanta, -iva
  • distemper n (paint) tempr(ad)o; (path.: Canine morbillivirus) hundofebro || vt temprar
  • distend vt (swell) dilatar; bufar; expansar; inflar; (archaic: spread out) distensar; expansar; extensar
  • distich n (prosody) distiko
  • distill vt distilar || n distillation distilo, -ado, -uro; distillery distilerio
  • distinct adj (recognizably different) diferanta; distingata; distinta; Mordor orcs are distinct from Isengard orcs l’orki de Mordor diferas (o distingesas) de l’orki de Isengard | (physically separate) aparta; separita; a room divided into three distinct spaces chambro dividita en tri aparta spaci; (unmistakable, definite) klara; I got the distinct impression that… me havis la klara impreso ke…; distinctive distingiva; karakteriziva || n distinction (act of setting apart) disting(ad)o; (difference) difero; (discernment) dicerno; (distinctiveness) distinteso; she smiled to excess, but she chewed with real distinction el ecese ridetis, ma per granda distinteso mastikis | (distinguishing thing) distingivo; (separation) aparteso; (eminence) eminenteso; honoro; distinctiveness distingeso; distinteso
  • distingué adj distingata; eleganta
  • distinguish vt (discern) dicernar; to distinguish reality from fantasy dicernar realajo de fantasiajo; (characterize) karakterizar; (make distinct) distingar || adj distinguishable (distinct) dicernebla; (perceptible) [landmark, shape] perceptebla; distinguished [guest, appearance, career] distingita; eminenta; famoza
  • distort vt deformar; (dis)tordar || n distortion deformo, -eso; (dis)tordo, -eso
  • distract vt distraktar || n distraction distrakto, -eso; (entertainment) amuzo, -eso; (agitation) perturbo, -eso; trublo, -eso; (madness) frenezio; to drive someone to distraction freneziigar ulu; to love someone to distraction fole amorar || adj distracted distraktata, -ita; (agitated) perturbita
  • distrain vt (jur.) embargar
  • distraught adj afliktata; dezolata
  • distress n (mental) aflikteso; angoro; (physical) doloro; (danger) danjero; distress signal ditresala signalo | (poverty) mizero || vt (mentally) afliktar; dezolar; ditresigar; tribular; (physically) dolorigar || adj distressed (upset) afliktata, -ita; angoroza; (poverty-stricken) mizeranta, -oza; distressing afliktanta; angoriganta; funesta
  • distribute vt (give shares of) distributar; (equitably, proportionally) repartisar; (indiscriminately) disdonar || n distributing point staplo; distribution distributo; (equitable) repartiso; (indiscriminate) disdono || adj distributive distributiva
  • district n (administrative) distrikto; (quarter) quartero; (region) regiono
  • distrust vt ne-, desfidar || adj distrustful ne-, desfidema, -anta
  • disturb vt (disarrange) [order, balance, functioning] perturbar; trublar; [papers] desaranjar; desordinar; [water, sediment] agitar; (interrupt) [meeting, sleep] interruptar; [silence] ruptar; (bother) molestar; (worry) desquietigar; destranquiligar; the news disturbed her greatly l’informo desquietigis el multe || n disturbance perturbo; disturbance in the Force perturbo en la Forco; disturbance of the peace delikto kontre l’ordino publika; (tumult) there’s a disturbance in Piccadilly Circus esas tumulto en Piccadilly Circus || adj disturbed (worried) desquieta; destranquila; (psych.) perturbita; disturbing (bothersome) I find your lack of faith disturbing vua manko di fido molestas me | (worrying) desquietiganta, -iva; destranquiliganta, -iva
  • disunite vt desunionar; (separate) desjuntar; separar || vi desunionesar
  • disuse n neuzo || adj disused neuzata
  • disyllable n (prosody) bisilabo || adj disyllabic bisilaba
  • ditch n fosato; (for drainage) trancheo || vt (provide with ditches) fosatizar; (informal: be truant from) fugar (o desertar); (informal: get rid of) desembarasar su de
  • dithyramb n ditirambo || adj dithyrambic ditirambala, -atra
  • dittany n (bot.: Dictamnus) diktamo
  • ditto n (duplicate) duplikato; kopiuro; (informal: the same) “I’ll have the fish.” “ditto (for me)” « me prenos la fishkarno. — me lo sama. » (od « anke me. », « same. »)
  • ditty n kansoneto
  • ditzy adj (also “ditsy”) senpensema || n ditz senpensemo
  • diurnal adj (daytime) jornala; (daily) omnadia; (having a 24-hour cycle) diala
  • divagate vi (lit.: digress) digresar; divagar; (lit.: stray) divagar
  • divan n divano; and this here’s the divan, for socializin’ and relaxin’ with the family unit e yen la divano, por intermixesar e laxeskar kun la familia unajo
  • dive vi (plunge downward head first) plunjar; (submerge) submersesar; (hurl oneself) [into crowd, under table, for cover, for exit] jetar su; lansar su; precipitar su; (drop suddenly) [prices, profits] falegar || n (downward plunge) plunjo; (submersion) submerseso; diver (sport) plunjisto; (subaquatic) skafandristo; (Brit.: loon) kolimbo; diving bell plunjoklosho; diving suit skafandro
  • diverge vi divergar || adj divergent diverganta
  • divers adj (archaic, lit.: several) diversa; plura; (archaic, lit.: varied) diferanta
  • diverse adj (varied) diferanta || n diversity (of kind) difero; (of number) diverseso; varieso || vt to diversify ampligar la sortaro di
  • diversion n (causing to change course) deturno; (distraction) distrakto; (mil.) diversiono; to create a diversion diversionar; (entertainment) amuzo
  • divert vt (cause to change course) deturnar; (distract) distraktar; (entertain) amuzar || adj diverting (entertaining) amuzanta, -iva
  • divest vt (deprive) desposedigar (o deprenar) (ulo de ulu); to divest oneself of one’s rights renuncar sua yuri; (rid oneself of) to divest (oneself) from fossil fuels deskolokar en fosila fueli
  • divide vt (split) [apple, orange, cake] dividar; partigar; to divide in half dividar duime; duimigar; to divide into different categories dividar en aparta kategorii | [money, work, kingdom] dividar; repartisar; (cause disagreement among) [friends, political parties] divide and conquer dividar e konquestar; (math) to divide 30 by 3 dividar 30 per 3; (separate, form a boundary between) the Pyrenees divide France from Spain la Pirenei separas Francia de Hispania || vi (split) [cells, people] dividesar; [road, river] bifurkar || n (divergence, gap) divid(es)o; dividend (fin., math) dividendo; dividers (compass) kompaso
  • divine adj (relig.) [being] dea; [powers, right] deala; divine service oficio; (informal: excellent, delightful) belega; bonega; marveloza; splendida; sublima || n (relig., dated) kleriko; teologiisto; divination divin(ad)o; diviner divinisto; divining rod vergeto diviniva; divinity (divine being) deo; (divine state, quality) deeso; (theology) teologio || vt (foretell; guess) divinar
  • divisible adj dividebla
  • division n (act of separating into parts) divido; division of labor labordivido | (apportionment) distributo; repartiso; (math) divido; (conflict, discord) deskonkordo; desuniono; (dividing line) dividolineo; lineo di divido; (partition) dividomuro; (section) dividuro; (mil.) diviziono; (of box, case, organization, science, art) fako; (Brit. Parl.) voto || adj divisional (pertaining to division) dividala; (forming a partition) dividiva; separiva; (pertaining to a division) fakala; (mil.) divizionala
  • divisor n (math) dividanto
  • divorce n divorco; divorcee divorcinto || vt divorcigar; enuncar divorco || vi divorcar
  • divulge vt divulgar
  • dizzy adj (giddy) vertijanta, -oza; (causing dizziness) [heights, etc.] vertijiganta, -igiva; (informal: scatterbrained) dizzy blonde senpensema blond(in)o || n dizziness vertijo
  • DJ n disk-jokeo; DJ
  • djinn n (myth.) « djin »
  • do vt (act on, take action on) agar; what did you do all day? quon vu agis dum la tota jorno ?; (perform) [action, task] facar; to do again rifacar; to do good business facar bona komercado; to do no work on Saturday chomar la saturdio; ne laborar ye saturdio; to do nothing agar nulo; facar nula ago; to do nothing of the sort certe ne facar ol; to do one’s duty facar devo; to do the cooking koquar; there is much to do esas multo facenda | [plan, order, course of action] exekutar; (cook) koquar; preparar; (produce, make) facar; to do bad malfacar; to do good bonfacar | (solve) solvar; (spend) [specified period of time] to do 10 years in prison pasar 10 yari en karcero; (informal: beat up) I’ll do you for that! me bategos vu pro to !; (informal: mimic) she does a wicked Sean Spicer el bonege imitas Sean Spicer; (work on) laborar (pri); (bring to completion or to required state) parfacar; parfinar; to do one’s hair aranjar a su la hararo; kuafar su; to do the dishes lavar la servico; (study) he’s doing Chekhov again next semester il studios Chekhov itere dum la venonta semestro; (offer, make available) to do someone a favor facar favoro (o servo) ad ulu; to do in (exhaust) exhaustar; (kill) eliminar; (ruin) ruinar; to do over (rearrange) riaranjar; (redecorate) ridekorar; (redo) rifacar || vi (act, progress, or result in a specified way) do as you please agez segun vua deziro | (fare) standar; how do you do? quale vu standas ?; (be suitable or acceptable) konvenar; suficar; that will never do to tote ne suficos; that’ll do, pig to suficos, porko; will that do? ka nulo pluse ?; to do away with (abolish) abolisar; (get rid of) supresar; (kill) eliminar; (terminate) cesigar; to do by (dated: treat) traktar; to do with (find useful) I could do with some coffee me povus utiligar kafeo; to do without (manage without) karear; I can’t do without my computer me ne povas karear mea *komputero; you’ll have to do without then do vu mustos karear olu; to have to do with koncernar; relatar; what’s love got to do with it? quale l’amoro relatas lo ? || n do-nothing nulfacanto, -emo; ne’er-do-well nulvaloranto || adj done (performed) agita; exekutita; (made) facita; well done! brave !; ha (o nun) bone !; what is to be done? quale agar ? | (cooked) koquita; well done (thoroughly cooked) parkoquita | (finished) parfacita; parfinita; it is as good as done esas proxime parfinita; what is done cannot be undone on ne povas desfacar to quon on ja facis; (Brit. informal: socially accepted) such things are not done ne konvenas facar tala kozi (od agi) | (informal: exhausted) fatigegita; mortale vundita || aux and the Lord did grin, and the people did feast upon the lambs and sloths... e la Sinioro ridetis, e la populo festinis per l’agneli e la bradipi...; did you speak? ka vu parolis ?; I do not care to go me ne volas irar; (emphatic) do shut up! tacez ya !; I do listen me ya askoltas
  • do n (mus.) do
  • docile adj docila; obediema; submisesema || n docility docileso; obediemeso; submiseso
  • dock n (naut.) (quay) kayo; (wharf) warfo; docker, dockworker doklaboristo; stivisto; dockyard doko; navkonstrukteyo, -erio; navrepareyo, -erio | (bot.: Rumex) oxalo; (Brit., jur.) akuzateyo; benko por l’akuzato || vt [ship] endokigar; [spacecraft, device] kuplar; (cut short) kurtigar; rekortar; [tail, ears] taliar
  • docket n (label) etiketo || vt (label) etiketizar
  • doctor n (med.) mediko; medicindoktoro; is there a doctor in the house? kad esas mediko en la domo ?; (title) Doctor Mengele will see you now Doktoro Mengele vidos vu nun; (univ.) Doctor of Laws doktoro pri yurocienco; doctorate doktoreso || vt (falsify) [text, photo] falsigar; (informal: treat) kuracar || adj doctoral doktorala
  • doctrine n doktrino || adj doctrinaire doktrinema; doctrinal doktrinala
  • document n dokumento || vt (support or accompany with documentation) dokumentizar || adj documentary dokumentala
  • dodder n (bot.: Cuscuta) kuskuto; dodderer kaduko || adj doddering kaduka
  • dodecagon n (geom.) dodekagono
  • dodecagynian adj (bot.) dodekagina
  • dodecahedron n (geom.) dodekaedro
  • dodge vt (avoid) [blow, danger, dispute, scandal] evitar (habile); (evade) [blow, visit, invitation, obligation, work, question] eludar; What are you trying to tell me? That I can dodge bullets? Quon vu dicas a me ? Ka ke me povos eludar kugli ? || vi to dodge out of the way saltar adlatere || n laterosalto; (trick) ruzo
  • dodo n (zool.: Raphus cucullatus) dronto
  • doe n (female animal) [deer] cervino; [antelope] antilopino; [ferret] furetino; [hare] leporino; [kangaroo] kanguruino; [rabbit] kuniklino; [rat] ratino
  • doff vt deprenar; to doff one’s hat deprenar la chapelo
  • dog n (zool.: Canis familiaris) hundo; to go to the dogs [nation, country] ruinar su; (informal: term of abuse) you dog! kanalio !; dog days kanikulo; dog grass (bot.: Elymus repens) hundherbo; Dog Star kanikulo; doggy hundeto; dogberry (bot.: Cornus) kornelo; dogcart chareto; dogfight (between dogs) hundokombato; doghouse hundeyo; hundostablo; dogwood (bot.: Cornus) korneliero || vt (follow closely) persequar; sequar per la traci || adj dogged persistegema; tenaca; doggish, doggy hundala, -atra
  • doge n (hist.) dojo
  • dogger n (naut., hist.) dogro
  • doggerel n versachi
  • dogma n dogmato; dogmatics dogmatiko; dogmatism dogmatismo || vt to dogmatize dogmatigar || adj dogmatic dogmatema; (doctrinal) dogmatala
  • dolce adv (mus.) dolce || adj (mus.) dolca
  • doldrums n (naut.) equatorala kalmeski; (fig.) marasmo
  • dole n (Brit. informal) *subsidio pro neemployeso; (archaic, lit.) (mourning) trauro; (sorrow) tristeso || vt to dole out disdonar; distributar || adj doleful trauroza; trista
  • dolichocephalic adj (anat.) dolikocefala
  • doll n (toy) pupeo; to play dolls ludar per pupei
  • dollar n ($) dolaro; dollar diplomacy kapitalismala diplomaco
  • dolman n dolmano
  • dolmen n dolmeno
  • dolomite n (min.) dolomito
  • dolor n (lit.: sorrow, distress) doloro; aflikt(es)o; angoro; trauro; tristeso || adj dolorous (lit.) doloranta, -oza; afliktata; angoroza; trauroza; trista
  • dolphin n (zool.: Delphinidae, Iniidae, Lipotidae, Platanistidae, Pontoporiidae) delfino; (naut: bollard) amarofost(eg)o; boyfostego
  • dolt n stulto; stupido
  • domain n (area of territory owned or controlled) domeno; (specified sphere of activity or knowledge) in the domain of science en la fako de cienco
  • dome n kupolo
  • domestic adj (household) domala; hemala; (tame and kept by humans) domestika; (econ., pol.: not foreign) [policy, affairs, flight, politics, news, problems, market] landala; domestic terrorism landala terorismo; domesticated [animal] domestika || n (worker) (dom)servisto || vt to domesticate domestikigar
  • domicile n (formal or jur.) domicilo || vt to be domiciled in esar domicilizita en
  • dominate vt dominacar; [view] dominacar || n dominance dominaco; dominant (mus.) dominanto; domination dominaco || adj dominant dominacanta; regnanta; (mus.) dominanta; dominating dominacema
  • domineer vt arogante dominacar; imperar (o guvernar) despote || adj domineering diktatora, -atra; dominacachanta; imperema
  • Dominica n Dominika; Dominican (citizen of Dominica) Dominikano; (citizen of the Dominican Republic) Domingano; (relig.: member of the Dominican Order) dominikano || adj Dominican Republic Dominga Republiko
  • dominie n kleriko; pastoro; (Scot.) pedagogo; skolestro
  • dominion n (control) dominac(ad)o; autoritato; to have dominion over dominacar | (territory) imperio; stato
  • domino n (game piece) dominostono; dominoes domino; to play dominoes dominoludar | (hist.: hooded robe) domino; (hist.: mask) maskilo
  • don n (Mafia boss) mafiestro; (Brit., Univ.) profesoro || vt [clothing] metar
  • donate vt donacar || n donation (act) donac(ad)o; (gift) donacajo; donee donacario; donor donacinto, -anto, -ero
  • donjon n (stronghold) chefturmo
  • donkey n (zool.: Equus africanus asinus) asno; donkey driver asnoduktisto
  • doom n (terrible fate) (funesta) fato; (death) morto; (relig.) lasta judicio; doomsday la Deala judicio; la judiciodio || vt kondamnar
  • door n (barrier at entrance) [of room, vehicle] pordo; as one door shuts another opens kande un pordo klozesas, altra apertesas; to lay something at somebody’s door imputar ulo ad ulu | (entrance) enireyo; to pay at the door pagar an l’enireyo; door knocker pordofrapilo; doorbell pordoklosheto; doorframe pordoframo (o -kadro); doorjamb pordofosto; doorknob pordobutono; doorman pordisto; doorplate pordoplako; doorpost pordofosto; doorsill solio; doorstep (threshold) solio; doorsteps perono | (building) domo; next door en l’apuda domo; out of doors (ad)extere
  • dope n (informal: drug) narkotigivo; [in sports] dopivo; (informal: information) informo; to give someone the dope informar ulu; what’s the dope on...? quon on savas pri... ?; (informal: stupid person) idioto; imbecilo; stulto; (varnish) verniso || vt narkotigar; (varnish) vernisizar || adj dopey (drugged) narkozanta, -oza; (stupid) stulta; (stuporous) stuporoza
  • dorado n (zool.: Coryphaena hippurus) dorado
  • Doris n (hist.) Doria || adj Dorian [people, dialect] Doriana; Doric (archit.) dorika
  • dormant adj [animal, plant, passion] dormanta; torporanta; [energy, virus] latenta; [volcano] neaganta; to lie dormant [animal, plant, passion] dormar; torporar; [energy, virus] esar latenta; [volcano] esar neaganta
  • dormer n (window) luko
  • dormitory n (large bedroom) dormeyo
  • dormouse n (zool.: Glis glis) gliro
  • dorsal adj (anat., zool., bot.) dorsala
  • dose n (pharm.) dozo; (fig.: amount) dozo; quanto; he’s all right in small doses il ne esas mala en mikra dozi; dosage (amount) dozo
  • dossier n (collection of documents kept in a folder) dosiero; (folder) dosiero
  • dot n punto; at six o’clock on the dot ye sis kloki precize; to pay on the dot pagar akurate; (typ.) dot, dot, dot puntaro | (archaic: dowry) doto, -uro || vt [letter] to dot one’s i’s and cross one’s t’s puntizar le « i »; (fig.) punte markizar; puntizar; cannabis shops now dot the landscape kanaberii nun puntizas la peizajo
  • dote vi (on/upon) [someone] amorar extreme (o fole); [something] prizegar; (archaic: be feebleminded, senile) radotar || n dotage duesma infanteso; radoto; dotard radotanto, -ero, -emo; senilo; doting (loving) ameganta; amoreganta; (senile) senila
  • double adj (dual) duopla; a box with a double bottom buxo kun duopla fundo; (for two people) por du personi; (twice as much/many) duopla; a double helping of ice cream duopla porciono de glaciajo; a double whiskey duopla wiskio; he’s double your age il evas duople kam vu; double bass kontrabaso; double chin mentono du-pada; double dealer disimulanto, -ero, -isto, -ozo; hipokrito; double dealing (act) disimul(ad)o; hipkriteso, -ago; double entendre dusenco; double meaning dusenco; double-barrelled [gun] dutuba; double-faced [material] inversigebla; [person] hipokrita; ruzoza; trompanta, -ema || adv (twice as much/many) duople; she makes double what I do el ganas duople quante me ganas; double-quick (Brit. informal) quik; rapidege | (in half) duime; to fold a blanket double faldar lana kovrilo duime || n (amount, number) duoplo; (cine.: stand-in) supleanto, -isto; (doppelgänger) sozio; (drink) duoplo || vt (increase twofold) duopligar; [efforts] duopligar; intensigar; [pace] acelerar (la marcho, pazi); (fold in two) faldar duime; (clench) [fist] klozar; (naut.: circumnavigate) [headland] cirkumnavigar; preterirar; to double up (fold together) kune faldar; to double-cross trahizar; trompar; to double-lock (fasten with a double lock) klefklozar per du turni || vi (become twice as much) duopleskar; (have two functions) uzesar; the sofa doubles as a bed la sofao uzesas kom lito; (cine.) Peter Sellers plays Fu Manchu but doubles as Nayland Smith Peter Sellers ludas la rolo di Fu Manchu ma anke la di Nayland Smith; (cine.: be a body double) Marine Jahan doubled for Jennifer Beals’ dance scenes in Flashdance Marine Jahan supleis por la dansala ceni di Jennifer Beals en Flashdance; to double back retrovenar samvoye
  • doublet n (garment) vamso; (pair) paro
  • doubt vt dubitar; to doubt someone’s loyalty dubitar la loyaleso di ulu; I doubt she ever said that me dubitas ke el ultempe dicis to || n dubito; to cast doubt on igar dubitinda; beyond doubt exterdubita; nedubitebla; in doubt (being doubted) the matter is still in doubt l’afero ankor esas dubitata; (having doubts) they are in doubt as to whether... li dubitas (o havas dubiti) kad...; when in doubt... kaze di dubito...; no doubt certe; no doubt! sendubite!; no doubt they’ll charge us for it certe on fakturizos ni pro olu; there is no doubt of that pri to ne esas dubito; without a doubt sendubite; doubter dubitanto, -emo, -ero; skeptiko || adj doubtful (feeling doubt) dubitanta, -ema; (warranting doubt) dubitinda || adv doubtless sendubite; certe
  • douche n (med.) vaginala dushilo || vi dushar su
  • dough n (culin.) (pan-, farin-)pasto || adj doughy pastatra, -oza
  • doughty adj brava; proda
  • dour adj severa
  • douse vt (drench) plunjigar; trempar; (extinguish) [flames] extingar
  • dove n (zool.: Columbidae) kolumbo; dovecote kolumbeyo; kolumboturm(et)o || vi to dovetail (harmonize) konkordar || adj dove-colored kolumbea; dovetailed (carpentry) hirundokaudatra
  • dowager n doariierino; (dotita) vidvino
  • dowdy adj des-, nechika; ekmoda; (shabby) vestachizita
  • dowel n stifto
  • dower n doario; (archaic: dowry) doturo || vt (archaic: give dowry to) dotizar
  • down adv (in or to a lower place or position) (ad)infre; down! adinfre !; (said to a dog) kushez vu !; (to the ground) a tero !; down here (ad)hike infre; down there (ad)ibe infre; down with it! (swallow it) glutez ol !; to fall down falar; put that coffee down! depozez ta kafeo !; the sun is down la suno kushis su (o desaparis); (geog.) I come from the land down under me venas de Australia (o Nov-Zelando); there was traffic all the way down to San Diego esis multa trafiko tot-voye til San-Diego; they live down South li vivas en la Sudo; (at or to a lower level of intensity, volume, activity, or rank) by evening the protest had died down ante la vespero, la protesto kalmeskis; I’m down to my last Vicodin a me restas un *hidrokodono, nulo pluse; prices are down la preci baseskis (o falis); (in or into a weaker or worse position, mood, or condition) to be down with the flu havar (od esar malada pro) gripo; the system went down yesterday la sistemo cesis funcionar hiere; down with...! abasez ... !; (in or into writing) write this down notez co; (indicating a series or succession) from the czar down to the serf del caro til la serfo; from the Renaissance down to the present day del Renesanco til la prezento; (as deposit) to pay Ð 100 down, the rest at the end of the month pagar 100 Ð akonte, la cetero yel fino dil monato; down to (due to, up to) basically, it’s down to luck fakte, lo esas demando dil chanco; downward adinfre; decensante; (on slope) pente; downhill (toward the bottom of a slope) adinfre; to go downhill decensar | (fig.: worse) plu male; things went downhill after that la kozi plu maleskis pos to; downright (thoroughly) absolute; extreme; komplete; tote; downstairs sur l’etajo infra (o suba); to go downstairs decensar l’eskalero; irar adinfre sur l’eskalero; downstream advale || adj (directed or moving down) adinfra; decensanta; (not functioning) the computer is down la komputero ne funcionas; (sad; also “down in the mouth”) desgaya; trista; (depressed) depresita; don’t let that get you down ne lasez to depresar vu; (informal: agreeable to something) who’s down for Fortnite? qua voluntas ludar Fortnite ?; down on (informal: antagonistic toward) antipatianta (ulo); downward adinfra; decesanta; [slope] penta; downy lanugoza, -atra; down-and-out indijanta; downbeat (gloomy) depresita; (pessimistic) pesimista; downcast (looking downward) [eyes] abasita; (sad) depresita; desgaya; trista; downhearted (demoralized) senkuraja; (in low spirits) trista; downhill [road, slope] decensanta; penta; (fig.: easier) plu facila; (fig.: worsening) plu maleskanta; downright (straightforward) kandida; (unambiguous) [refusal] klara; (utter) absoluta; extrema; kompleta; pura; tota; downstairs infra; suba; down-to-earth (practical) [person] praktikema; realista; [policy, view] praktikala; realismala; downtrodden opresata || n (hill) kolino; (dune) duno; (soft, fine feathers or hair) lanugo; down payment akonto; downer (depressing experience) depresivo; (drug) [depressant] depresivo; [sedative] kalmigivo; downfall (ruin) dekado; falo; ruineso; [cause] it will be his downfall ol esos ilua ruino; downgrade (downward slope) pento; downpour (subita) pluvego; downside (unfavorable aspect of something) desavantajo; downstroke (with pen) decensanta plumstreko || vt (knock or bring to the ground) abatar; faligar; renversar; (consume) [drink] drinkar; glutar; she downed a pint of beer before driving off el glutis chopino ante ke el forvehis | [food] devorar; to downgrade degradar; to download (comput.) deskargar; to downplay minimigar (l’importo di); to downsize reduktar || vi to downsize reduktar su || prep (from a higher point to a lower point) adinfre di; to throw someone down the stairs jetar ulu adinfre dil eskalero; down dale/stream advale; (moving or at a point further along the course) to go down the road irar alonge la voyo; he ran his finger down the list il pasigis la fingro tra la listo; they live down the street from us li vivas an ca strado, plu fore de ni; two km down the Rhein du km adinfre an Rheno; (throughout a period of time) down the ages tra la yarcenti; (informal: at a place) en; sur; (informal: to a place) a(d); to go down to the massage parlor irar al masajerio
  • dowry n doto
  • doxology n finala (laud)himno; « Gloria »
  • doyen n dekano
  • doze vi dormetar; to doze off dormeteskar || n dormeto
  • dozen n dekeduo; dozeno
  • drab adj (lacking brightness) deshela; (dull light brown) brungriza; (lacking interest) enoyiganta; monotona || n (fabric) brungriza stofo; (archaic: slovenly woman) sordidino; (archaic: slut, whore) debocherino; putano
  • drachm n (measurement) drakmo
  • drachma n () drakmo
  • Draco n (astron.) Drako; (hist.) Drakon || adj draconian drakon-ala
  • draft n (preliminary version of writing) esboso, -uro; klado; skiso, -uro; (com.: written order to pay a specified sum) trato; [check] check; [money order] pagomandato; (current of cool air) aerflueto; (drink) drinko, -ajo; gluto, -ajo; at one draft per un gluto; a deep draft granda gluto; (mil., rare: detachment) detachmento; (mil.: conscription) konskripto; (naut.) imersoquanto; (pulling) tiro; (catch of fish) fisho-reto-kapturo; draftee konskriptito; draftsperson (of plans, drawings) desegnisto || vt (prepare preliminary version of) esbosar; skisar; (mil.: conscript) konskriptar; (mil.: select for specific purpose) detachar; (pull or draw) tirar || adj (preliminary) draft version klado; skisuro; (used for pulling loads) draft animal tirbestio
  • drag vt (pull forcefully, roughly, or with difficulty) tranar; to drag one’s feet tranar la pedi; he dragged Hector’s corpse around the walls of Troy il tranis la kadavro di Hektor cirkum la muri di Troya | [something held or stuck] arachar; to drag someone from a wreckage arachar ulu de frakasajo | (fig.: involve) mixar; don’t drag me into your bickering ne mixez me en vua disputacho; to drag a country into war tranar lando a milito; (dredge) [sea bed, river] dragar; to drag about cirkumtranar; to drag away fortranar; to drag down tranar adinfre; to drag someone down to one’s own level abasar ulu a sua propra nivelo; to drag in entranar; to drag out ektranar; to drag someone out of bed ektranar ulu ek la lito | [nail, tooth, plant, etc.] arachar; to drag the truth out of someone arachar la verajo de ulu | [process] lentigar; tardigar; to drag up [scandal, story] ekterigar || vi (trail) [skirt, coat] tranesar; (pass slowly) tranar su || n tran(ad)o; (aero.) (aerodinamikala) resistivo; (impediment) entravilo; impedivo; (naut.) dragilo; (informal: boring or tiresome person or thing) enoyiganto; tedanto; what a drag it is getting old quala tedo esas oldeksar
  • dragée n drajeo
  • draggle vt fangizar (o humidigar, desnetigar) per tranado
  • dragoman n dragomano
  • dragon n (myth.) drako; dragon tree (bot.: Dracaena) draceno; dragonfly (zool.: Anisoptera) libelulo
  • dragoon n (mil.) dragono
  • drain vt [liquid] forfluigar; [dishes, vegetables] sikigar; [land, marshes, lake, wound] drenar; [mug, glass] exhaustar; vakuigar; (deprive of) [strength, energy, resources] exhaustar || n (outlet) defluilo; ekfluilo; (agr.) drenilo; drentubo; (surg.) kanulo; (source of loss) to be a drain on [energy, resources] exhaustar; drainage (agr.) drenado; (system) drenilaro; drentubaro
  • drake n (male duck) anadulo; (lit.: dragon) drako
  • dram n (measurement) drakmo; (Scot.: small glass of whisky) drinkajo
  • drama n (theat., cine.) dramato; (exciting, emotional, or unexpected events or circumstances) dramato; dramatist dramat(if)isto || vt to dramatize dramatigar || adj dramatic dramatala, -atra, -oza
  • drape vt (with cloth or clothing) draperar || n draper drap-vendisto; drapery draper(aj)o; drapes (curtains) kurteni
  • drastic adj drastika
  • draught n (Brit.) see “draft”
  • draughts n (Brit.: checkers) dami
  • draw vt (depict) [person, scene] desegnar; (make rough sketch of) skisar; (outline) trasar; (pull) tirar; he drew her close to him il tiris el kontre su; he drew her to one side il tiris el adlatere; she drew her hat over her eyes el tiris la chapelo super l’okuli | [bow] tensar; (drag) tranar; to draw and quarter quarpecigar; (move in a specified direction) she drew her finger along the hood of his car el pasigis la fingro sur la kapoto di ilua automobilo | (pull behind) [as horse] tirar; [as vehicle] remorkar; (pull out, extract, obtain) (ek)tirar; to draw a bath preparar balno; to draw a card prenar (o tirar) karto; to draw a sigh sospirar; to draw a smile from someone arachar rideto de ulu; to draw blood (med.) sangotirar; tirar la sango; (wound) vundar; to draw breath (breathe) respirar; (inhale) aspirar; to draw lots lotrar; I will draw you, Saruman, as poison is drawn from a wound me tiros vu, Saruman, quale on tiras veneno de vunduro | [bill of exchange] tratar; [check] skribar; [liquid from well, tap] cherpar; to draw water cherpar aquo | [nail, tooth, plant, etc.] arachar; [pistol] ektirar; [salary] recevar; [sword] ekgainigar; ektirar; therefore turn and draw do turnez ed ekgainigez; (cause) [criticism, ire] provokar; [praise, laughter] obtenar; (attract) [attention, crowd, customer] atraktar; lurar; to feel drawn to someone sentar su atraktata da ulu; the poster of Laetitia Casta in lingerie still drew male customers as if by a tractor beam l’afisho pri Laetitia Casta en la subvesti ankor atraktis klientuli quale se per traktor-radio | (induce) persuadar; (formulate) [comparison] komparar; [conclusion] deduktar; inferar; [distinction] dicernar; (tech.) [metal] filigar; (culin.: gut) [fowl] senintestinigar; vakuigar; (naut.) the boat draws three meters la batelo havas imersoquanto de tri metri; to draw along tranar; to draw aside apartigar; tirar adlatere; to draw away apartigar; fortirar; to draw back [object, hand] retraktar; retrotirar; to draw down (pull down) abasar; decensigar; tirar adsube; to draw forth [comment] provokar; to draw in enirigar; [breath] aspirar; (attract) [crowds] atraktar; (retract) [claws] retraktar; to draw off (from bottom) [wine] rakar; to draw on [glove] metar; to draw out (entice or force out) to draw someone out of their shell parolemigar ulu | (prolong) [meeting, etc.] plulongigar; (take out) [handkerchief, money from account] ekprenar; ektirar; to draw together (immaterial sense) unionar; (material sense) juntar; to draw up (formulate) formuligar, -izar; redaktar; (move) proximigar; [troops] dispozar; ordinar; (raise) levar; (from well) cherpar || vi (move) movar; he drew ahead of the other runners il pasis adavan l’altra kuranti; to draw near proximeskar; to draw to an end venar a sua fino; to draw to one side aparteskar; irar adlatere | (allow air to flow in) [chimney, flue] tirar; (culin.) [tea] infuzar (herbi); (Brit., sport: tie) egaleskar; to draw aside aparteskar; irar adlatere; to draw away forirar; to draw back retrotiresar; (retreat, retire) retretar; to draw in [car] arivar; [train] arivar; enirar la staciono; to draw off (retreat, retire) [army, troops] retretar; to draw on [account] ekprenar (od ektirar) de; [night] proximeksar; [resource] explotar; utiligar; uzar; to draw out [days] longeskar; to draw together (immaterial sense) unionesar; (material sense) juntesar; to draw up (come to a halt) [car, etc.] haltar || n (random selection from a concealed group of things) [card, name, lot] tiro; (act of sucking smoke) [through chimney, cigarette] tiro; (attraction) Johnny Depp was still a big draw back then Johnny Depp ankor esis granda atraktivo lore; (Brit., sport: tie) egala kombato (o kontesto); egalesko; nedecidita vinko; drawee tratato; drawer (of bill of exchange) tratanto; (of checks) skribanto; (of pictures) desegnanto, -ero, -isto; (of water) cherpanto, -ero, -isto; (puller) tiranto; (sliding compartment) tirkesto; drawers (dated or humorous: underpants) kalsono; drawing (art) desegnarto; (picture) desegnuro; (raffle) lotrio; drawing board desegnoplanko (o planketo); drawing room salono; drawback desavantajo; deskomodajo; drawbridge levponto; drawstring tirkordono || adj drawn nedecidita; drawn battle nedecidita batalio/kombato
  • drawl vi tranparolar || n lenta (o tranata) voco; tranparolo; “y’all come back now, ya hear?”, he said with a drawl « vi rivenez balde ! » dicis il per tranata voco
  • dray n (cart) charioto; (truck) kamiono; dray horse tirkavalo; drayman chariotisto; kargoveturisto
  • dread vt timar || n timo; to fill someone with dread timigar; in dread of timante || adj teroriganta, -iva; dreadful timenda, -inda; (appalling) [crime, sight, suffering] hororiganta, -iva; hororinda; (extremely disagreeable) [disease, person, noise] hororiganta, -iva; hororinda; teroriganta, -iva; (unwell or troubled) I feel dreadful about forgetting his funeral me esas afliktata pro ke me obliviis ilua funero; you look dreadful vu aspektas malada (o fatigita)
  • dream n (while asleep) sonjo; (aspiration, ambition, ideal) revo; the American Dream l’Usana (od l’Amerikana) Revo; the house of my dreams la domo di mea revi; mea domo ideal; it was like a dream come true ol esis la revo; my dream is to become hopeless mea revo esas divenar senespera; never in my wildest dreams nultempe, mem en mea maxim fola revi | (marvel) marvelo; it worked like a dream ol funcionis marveloze | (self-deluding fantasy) revacho; dream team esquadro ideal; dream ticket (pol.) kandidati ideal; dreamer revanto; sonjanto; (impractical person) revanto, -emo; (pol.) utopiisto; (visionary) vizionemo || vt (while asleep) sonjar; I dreamt I had a huge test in the morning me sonjis ke me havos granda exameno matine; (as aspiration, ambition, ideal) revar; he dreams that he’ll return one day il revas ke uldie il rivenos; (imagine) imaginar; revar; he never dreamt she’d say yes il nultempe imaginis ke el dicus yes; to dream up imaginar; konceptar; only you could dream up such a stupid idea sole vu povus konceptar ideo tante stulta || vi (while asleep) sonjar; (aspire) revar; sensual delights that most men dare not dream of voluptaji pri qui maxim multa viri ne audacas revar; (consider) I wouldn’t dream of it! me ne mem pensus ol !; (imagine) imaginar; revar; I dream of Jeannie me revas pri Jeannie || adj dreamless sensonja; dreamy revatra; [person] rev(ach)ema; (delightful, gorgeous) belega; (visionary) vizionema
  • dreary adj [landscape, weather, person] trista; [life, work, book, speech] enoyiganta; monotona; tedanta
  • dredge vt [river, canal] dragar; to dredge up ekprenar; (fig.) [unpleasant facts] ekterigar | (culin.) pulverizar || n dragilo; dredger dragbatelo
  • dregs n lizo; sedimento
  • drench vt trempar
  • dress vi (put on clothes) vestizar su; he dressed quickly and left il vestizis su hastoze e livis; to dress down vestizar su neformale; to dress up (in formal clothes) vestizar su formale; (in smart clothes) vestizar su elegante (o shike); (wear clothes in a particular way or a particular type) to be dressed in black esar nigre vestizita; to be dressed in silk esar vestizita per silko; she dresses very well el vestizas su kun bona gusto || vt (put clothes on) vestizar; he’s old enough to dress himself il sat evas por vestizar su tote sole; (treat or prepare in a certain way) (agr.) [land] dungizar (o sterkizar); (culin.) [meat] preparar; [salad] kondimentizar; spicizar; (decorate, arrange) [Christmas tree] ornar; [hair] kuafar; [shop window] dekorar; (finish the surface of) [leather] apretar; [skins] preparar; [stone] taliar; (med.) [wound] pansar; (mil.) [troops] aliniar; (naut.) [ship] flagizar; to dress down (reprimand) reprimandar; to dress up (improve the appearance of) [facts, events] maskar; (in formal clothes) vestizar formale; (in smart clothes) vestizar elegante (o shike) || n (one-piece garment for a woman or girl) robo; (clothing of a specified kind) kostumo; Japanese dress kostumo Japoniana; dress coat frako; dress uniform ceremoniala uniformo; dresser (chest of drawers) komodo; (person who dresses in a specified way) vestizanto, -ero, -isto; he’s a snappy dresser il vestizas su elegante (o shike) | (person who prepares or finishes a material) apretisto; dressing (act of putting on clothes) vestizo; (culin: salad dressing) kondimento; spico; (culin: stuffing) farso; (med.) pans(ad)o, -uro, -ilo; dressing gown chambrorobo; dressing room tualeteyo; (theat.) lojio; vest(iz)eyo; dressing table tualettablo; dressmaker rob(if)isto; robtaliisto || adj dressy eleganta; formala
  • dribble vi [baby] bavar; [liquid] gutifar; (trickle) fluetar || n [of saliva] bavajo; [of water] gutifajo; (trickle) fluetajo; driblet guto; (trickle) flueto; (small amount) quanteto; in dribs and drabs (informal) pokope
  • drift vi (move slowly, passively) [boat, continent] driftar; [clouds] flotacar; (wander) [person, attention] vagar; to drift off (doze off) dormeskar | (amass) [snow, leaves] amaseskar || n (slow, passive movement) [of boat, continent] drift(ad)o; [of clouds] flotac(ad)o; [of person, attention] vag(ad)o; (mass) [of snow, leaves] (nivo-, foli-)amaso; (mining) galerio; paseyo; (tendency, intention, aim) intenco; skopo; tendenco; (meaning) senco; drift ice glacio flotacanta; driftage driftajo
  • drill n (tool) (not including drill bit) drilo; drill bit borilo; drill chuck mandrino | (agr.: furrow) sulko; (exercises) exerc(ad)o; drill sergeant serjent-instruktisto; drillmaster exercestro | (fabric) kutio || vt (produce hole in with a drill) borar; to drill a hole into the wall borar truo en la muro | (tech.) trepanagar; (agr.) [field] sulkizar; [seed, crop] semar en sulki; (instruct through repeated exercises) [soldiers] exercar; manovrar; (inculcate) [attitude, idea, habit] I had it drilled into me as a kid on inkulkis ol en me kande me esis puero
  • drink vt drinkar; to drink oneself into a stupor stuporigar su per drinkego; to drink oneself to death mortigar su per drinkego; is the water safe to drink? ka ca aquo esas drinkebla ?; would you like something to drink? ka vu deziras drinkar ulo ?; to drink down drinkegar; glutar; to drink in [fresh air] aspirar; [sight, atmosphere] imbibar su per; [story] avide askoltar; to drink up pardrinkar || vi to drink from the bottle drinkar del botelo; my father drank, so I don’t mea patro kustumis misuzar alkoholaji (od ebrieskar), do me ne; to drink to excess ebrieskar; misuzar alkoholaji; to drink to someone/something tostar ad ulu/ulo || n (act) drink(ad)o; (liquid to drink) drinkajo; there’s food and drink on the table esas manjaji e drinkaji sur la tablo; drinker drinkero; drinking drinkado; drinking glass glaso; drinking song drinkokansono || adj drinkable (safe to drink) drinkebla
  • drip vi [liquid] falar; gutifar; sweat was dripping from his brow sudoro falis de ilua brovo | [tap, faucet] gutifar; the faucet keeps dripping la robineto ne cesas gutifar || vt [liquid] gute varsar; try not to drip blood on the carpet certigez ke la sango ne gutifos sur la tapiso || n (act) gutifo; (drop) guto; [fat] graso; drip pan (culin.) sukrecevilo || adj dripping gutifanta; dripping wet tote trempita
  • drive vi (go by vehicle) vehar; veturirar; I drove 100 km to be here me parvehis 100 km por venar adhike; next time we’ll drive there en la sequanta foyo ni vehos; (beat) plaudar; heavy rain drove against the window forta pluvo plaudis la ventano; to drive at (aim at) vizar; (intend, mean) insuinuar; volar dicar; what are you driving at? quon vu insinuas ?; to drive back retrovehar; to drive by pretervehar; to drive in [car] enirar; [person] envehar; to drive off forvehar; to drive on (after accident) ne haltar; (after stopping) drive on! avancez !; to drive up [car] arivar; [person] arivar veture; to drive up to [person] parvehar ad || vt (ride) [vehicle] vehar (o veturirar) per; she drove the Thunderbird to Indiana with no gear oil el vehis per la Thunderbird ad Indiana sen ingranajoleo | (carry) [passenger] vehigar; veturagar; I’ll drive you home me vehigos vu adheme; (cause to move) (by force) pulsar; the tanks drove the demonstrators from the square la tanki pulsis la demonstranti del placo | (by leading) duktar; the cowboys drove the cattle to new pastures la bovgardisti duktis la bovi ad altra pastureyi | (hunting) [game] trakar; (power, operate) [machine, device] funcionigar; (propel) [boat] pulsar; the wind drove the boat off course la vento pulsis la batelo de lua voyo | [vehicle] propulsar; (push, hammer) [nail, stake] stekar; [point, argument, idea] explikar bone; (force) koaktar; obligar; pulsar; to drive someone to despair desesperigar ulu; I was driven to it me esis pulsita a (facar) lo; [employee, self] to drive someone hard laborigar ulu multe; to drive someone too hard postular troe de ulu; (impel, motivate) impulsar; pulsar; driven by greed impulsata da avideso; to drive away ekpulsar; forpulsar; fugigar; to drive back (force to retreat) repulsar; retropulsar; (in vehicle) retrovehigar; to drive off ekpulsar; forpulsar; fugigar; to drive out ekpulsar; to drive up [price] altigar || n (trip or journey in a car) veho; to go for a drive promenar veture | (short road) veturvoyeto; (campaign, effort) kampanio; recruitment drive kampanio por rekrutar | (mil.) atako; (psych.) impulso; (tech.: power transmission system) propulsilo; transmisilo; driver veturiranto, -ero; veturisto; [of animal] duktisto; driveshaft shafto
  • drivel n sensencajo || vi dicar sensencaji; (archaic: drool) bavar
  • drizzle n nebulpluvo; pluveto || vi nebulpluvar; pluvetar
  • droll adj drola; komika; ridiganta || n (archaic: buffoon) bufono
  • drone vi [bee, engine, aircraft] zumar; [person] parolar monotone || n (male bee) abelulo; (sponger) nulfacero, -emo; parazito; (noise) [of bees, engine, bagpipe, sitar] zumado
  • dronte n (archaic: dodo) dronto
  • drool vi bavar || n bavajo
  • droop vi (hang limply) [head] inklinesar (langorante); [shoulders, eyelids] falar (langorante); (wilt) [flower] velkar; [person] langorar; velkar || vt (hang limply) [head] inklinar (langorante); [shoulders, eyelids] faligar (langorante)
  • drop vt (let fall) lasar falar; to drop the ball (bungle) fushar | (release, let go of) [anchor] ankragar; ankrojetar; (set down or unload) [from boat] deskargar; [from car] lasar; (informal: take orally) [LSD] prenar; (make fall, bring down, fell) faligar; (as by a blow, gunshot) abatar; (abandon or discontinue) abandonar; cesigar; lasar falar; (exclude) they dropped him from the team on exkluzis il de l’esquadro; (omit) [from speech] she drops her h’s el ne pronuncas le h | [from text] omisar; (give birth to) parturar; (lose) [weight] perdar; (lower) [eyes, hands, arms] abasar; [pants, etc.] I’d like to drop my trousers to the queen me prizus abasar la pantalono avan la rejino | [voice, tone, pressure] basigar; (utter casually) [remark, clue] lasar eskapar; to drop off (from car) [person, thing] lasar || vi (fall) falar; to drop to one’s knees falar adsur la genui | (jump down, off) [parachutist] desaltar; (informal: collapse or die from exhaustion) falar (o mortar) pro fatigego; drop dead! la diablo kaptez vu !; (be abandoned or discontinued) so we let the matter drop do ni lasis l’afero falar; (be mentioned) he let it drop that... il lasis eskapar ke...; (decrease) [numbers, crowd, demand] diminutesar; [price] rabatesar; [temperature, pressure, voice] baseskar; to drop astern irar addope; to drop back/behind resteskar dope; (in work, etc.) tardeskar; to drop by vizitar senceremonie (o preterirante); to drop down (crouch) blotisar; to drop in vizitar senceremonie (o preterirante); to drop off (decline) [sales, interest] diminutar; (fall) [part, piece] defalar; (fall asleep) dormeskar; to drop out (fall) [contents] defalar; (fig.) [from circulation, someone’s life] desaparar; [quit, retire] retretar || n (tiny portion of liquid) guto; “coffee?” “just a drop” « ka kafeo ? — (nur) guto »; a drop in the ocean guto en la maro; we haven’t had a drop of rain for six months ni ne havas mem guto de pluvo de sis monati; drop by drop gutope; drops (med.) guti; droplet guteto; dropper gutifilo | (fall) falo; (decrease) [in demand] diminuto; falo; [in price] rabato; (steep incline) abruptajo; droppings (excrement) exkrementajo; drop-off (decrease) diminuto; falo; [in price] rabato; (steep incline) abruptajo | (informal: delivery) livro; (informal: hiding place for stolen or secret things) celeyo; to have/get the drop on someone havar/prenar l’avantajo relate ulu
  • dropsy n (med., archaic: edema) hidropso || adj dropsical hidropsika
  • droshky n (hist.) fiacro
  • dross n (slag) skorio; (refuse) refuzajo; senvalorajo
  • drought n senpluveso; sikeso; (archaic: thirst) dursto
  • drove n (herd, flock) (bestio-)trupo; (multitude) [of people] turbo; to come in droves arivar turbe; drover bovduktisto
  • drown vi dronesar || vt dronar; (drench) [food] trempar; (flood) [land] inundar; (submerge) submersar
  • drowse vi somnolar || adj drowsy somnolanta; (soporific) dormigiva
  • drub vt (strike repeatedly) bat(eg)ar; (informal: defeat thoroughly) parvinkar
  • drudge n sklavlaboristo; drudgery fatiganta laborado; sklavatra labor(eg)ado || vi labor(eg)ar penoze (o sklavatre)
  • drug n drogo; to do/take drugs drogizar su; (med.) medikamento; (narcotic) narkotigivo; (sports) dopivo; druggist apotekisto; drogvendisto; farmaciisto; drugstore apoteko || vt drogizar
  • druid n druido; druidism druidismo || adj druidical druidala
  • drum n (mus.) tamburo; big drum tamburego; drummer tamburiero; tamburisto; drumbeat tamburfrap(ad)o; drumhead tambursuprajo; drumstick tamburbastono | (anat.) timpano; (cylinder) cilindro || vt (play on a drum) [fingers] tamburplear per la fingri; [melody, alarm] tamburagar; tamburplear; to drum into (inculcate) inkulkar; to drum out ekpulsar (senhonore); to drum up solicitar; [support] raliar || vi (play on a drum) tamburagar; tamburplear
  • drunk adj ebria; to get drunk ebrieskar; to get someone drunk ebriigar || n ebri(em)o; drunkard ebriemo; drunkenness ebri(em)eso
  • drupe n (bot.) drupo
  • druse n (min.) druzo
  • dry adj (not moist) [air, wind, weather, clothes, paint, leaves] nehumida; sika; (not rainy) [climate, land] arida; (thirsty) durstanta, -ema; (without alcohol) [county, state] senalkohola; ube alkoholaji esas interdiktita; (not softened) [humor] mordema; pikanta; (uninteresting) [lecture, subject, speech, book] neinteresanta, -iva; (unsweetened) [wine, sherry, cider, champagne] nesukroza (o sensukra); dried sika; dried currant (bot.: raisin form of Vitis vinifera) korinto; dry dock repardoko; dry goods merceraji; texstofi; dry nurse infantala gardistino; dry rot sika putreso; dry-eyed kun sika okuli; senlakrima; dry-shod sikpeda || adv dry-shod sikpede || n dryer sikigilo; drying house sikigchambro, -domo; sikigeyo; dryness sikeso || vt sikigar; (torrefy) [coffee beans] torefaktar; to dry off sikigar; to dry out sikigar; [alcoholic] sobrigar || vi sikeskar; to dry off sikeskar; to dry out sikeskar; [alcoholic] sobreskar; to dry up [moisture] vaporeskar; [river, well] sikeskar; [source of supply] exhaustesar
  • dryad n (myth.) driado
  • dual adj duala; duopla || n (gram.) dualo; dualism (philos.) dualismo; dualist (philos.) dualisto; duality dueso; (philos.) dualeso; the duality of man la dualeso dil homo
  • dub vt (nickname) surnomizar; the press dubbed them “Brangelina” la jurnalaro surnomizis li kom « Brangelina »
  • dubious adj (unsure) dubitanta, -ema; (questionable) dubinda
  • dubnium n (chem.: Db) dubnio
  • ducal adj dukala
  • ducat n dukato
  • duchess n dukino
  • duchy n dukio
  • duck n (zool.: Anatidae) anado; to play ducks and drakes forjetar sua pekunio; duck ambuscade anadembuskeyo; duck gun anadfusilo; duckling anadyuno; duckpond anadlageto | (fabric) kutio; seglotelo; (quick lowering of the head) quika (o rapida) kapo-inklino; ducking stool (hist.) plunjostulo (por megeri) || vt (dodge) [problem, question] eludar; (lower) [head] (quik) inklinar; (submerge) plunjigar; submersar || vi (also “duck down”) (crouch) blotisar; (dodge a blow) eludar la frapo; (lower one’s head) (quik) inklinar la kapo; (submerge) plunjar; submersar su; to duck under the water desaparar adsub l’aquo; to duck into (hide) he ducked into his office il celis su en la kontoro; to duck out (depart quickly) quik (o rapide) livar; to duck out of (dodge) he ducked out of going with them il eludis akompano de li || adj duck-billed platypus (zool.:Ornithorhynchus anatinus) ornitorinko
  • duct n kanal(et)o; konduktilo; tubo; (anat., bio.) vaskulo
  • ductile adj (tech.) [metal] duktila
  • dude n kerlo; I’m in your base, killing your dudes me esas en vua bazo, ocidante vua kerli; it is Wednesday, my dudes esas merkurdio, mea kerli
  • dudgeon n ofenseso; rankoro
  • due adj (expected) expektata; I’m due back tomorrow me devas rivenar morge; the train was due 15 minutes ago la treno devis arivar 15 minutos ante nun; when is the baby due? kande la bebeo devas naskar ?; (owed) she’s due 2 weeks’ back pay on debas ad el 2 semani de tarda pago | [payment] debata; pagenda; balance due debrestajo; due date pagodato; rent is due on the 1st la locacopreco esas pagenda ye l’unesma; (going to have) he’s due for a shock when he gets back il havos shoko kande il rivenos; (should have) he’s due for a vacation il devas prenar vacanco; (appropriate) justa; konvenanta; yusta; in due form konforme al (o segun la) reguli; in due time/course ye justa (o konvenanta) tempo; due to (because of) debesanta ad; pro; it is due to his efforts debesas ad ilu; esas pro lua esforci || adv (exactly, directly) rekte; due south rekte a sudo; due south of rekte adsude (o vers la sudo) de; duly (properly) bone; decante; konvenante; regulale; segun devo; I have duly received me bone recevis || n debajo; (due credit) to give her her due, she did try hard agar yuste ad el, el esforcis multe; dues (taxes) taxi; custom house dues doganala taxi
  • duel n duelo; dueler, duelist duelanto, -ero || vi duelar
  • duenna n dueno
  • duet n (composition, performance) dueto
  • dug n (zool.: teat) mamilo; mampinto; (zool.: udder) mamo; (archaic: breast) mamo
  • dugong n (zool.: Dugong dugon) duyongo
  • duke n duko; dukedom (rank) dukeso; (territory) dukio
  • dulcet adj dolca; harmonioza
  • dulcimer n (mus.) timbalo
  • dull adj (boring) [book, lecture, party, person] enoyiganta; neinteresanta, -iva; [life, job] enoyiganta; monotona; tedanta; [style] insipida; (blunt) [blade, knife] desakuta; obtuza; [point] obtuza; senpinta; (com.) [trade, business, market] stagnanta; dull sale vendado desfacila; dull season stagnosezono; (lethargic) [person, mood] torporoza; (not bright) [color, eyes, hair, skin, metal] matida; senbrila; [light, glow] febla; [weather, sky, day] obskura; opresanta; (slow-witted) [person, mind] obtuza; stulta; stupida; [student] lenta; (vague) [pain, feeling] konfuza; [sound] konfuza; matida; nesonora; (archaic: insensitive) dull of hearing surdeta || n dullard stulto; stupido || vt (blunt) obtuzigar; senakutigar; senpintigar; (dim) [color, brightness] desbriligar; matidigar; to dull the taste blazar la gusto (o la palato) || vi (blunt) obtuzeskar; (dim) [color, brightness] desbrileskar; matideskar
  • dulse n (kelp) algo
  • dumb adj (temporarily unable to speak) konsternata; senparola; to be struck dumb esar konsternata | (temporarily unwilling to speak) tacanta; (dated: mute) muta; (informal: stupid) stulta; stupida; dumbstruck astonegita; konsternita, -ata || n dumbbell (weight for exercise) haltero; (informal: stupid person) imbecilo; stulto; stupido; dumbshow pantomimo || vt to dumbfound astonegar; konsternar
  • dummy n (model of a human being) [mannequin] manekino; [ventriloquist’s puppet] pupeo; (substitute for the real thing) kontrafakturo; simulajo
  • dump n (place for garbage) eskombreyo; (heap) amaso; dump truck baskul-furgono; the dumps (informal) melankolio; to bring out of the dumps desenoyigar | (mil.) municioneyo; (pej.: place) [house] domacho; (vulg.: defecation) kako; to take a dump kakar || vt [garbage] deskargar (jete); forjetar; (get rid of) desembarasar su de; (set down) [package] depozar; (com.) [stocks] vendar || vi to dump on (criticize, abuse) kritikar; male traktar || adj dumpy [person] grosa e kurta; stumpatra; [room, building] kaduka
  • dumpling n (farinala) pastobul(et)o
  • dun adj grizbruna; (light bay) izabela || n (archaic: demand for payment) pagopostulo || vt pagopostular de; reklamacadar de
  • dunce n stupido
  • dune n duno
  • dung n (feces) feko; (manure) sterko; dung beetle (zool.: Geotrupidae, Scarabaeinae, Aphodiinae) sterkoskarabeo; dunghill sterkamaso
  • dungeon n (underground prison) (subtera) karcercelulo; (oubliette) oblivikarcero; (archaic: castle keep) chefturmo
  • duo n (pair of people or things) duo; (mus.: composition, performance) dueto
  • duodenum n (anat.) duodenumo
  • dupe vt (trick) atrapar; dupigar; trompar; to be duped by dupigesar (od atrapita) da | (swindle) eskrokar; fraudar || n dupo
  • duplex adj duopla
  • duplicate n (copy of an original) duplikato; (identical copy) put out the new price tags, but toss the duplicates dispozez la nova prec-etiketi, ma forjetez la duplikati || vt (make an exact copy) duplikatigar; (double) duopligar; (repeat) [action] iterar || vi (make an exact copy) duplikatifar; (double) duopleskar
  • duplicitous adj trompema, -anta || n duplicity tromp(emes)o
  • durable adj duriva, -ema || n durability duriveso, -emeso
  • dura mater n (anat.) duramatro
  • duration n dur(ad)o; for the duration of this joyous ritual, you will give to your father your support por la duro di ca rito joyoza, vi donos a via patro via apogo
  • duress n koakto, -eso; preseso
  • during prep dum
  • dusk n (nightfall) krepuskulo; noktesko; From Dusk Till Dawn De noktesko til auroro; (darkness) obskureso; in the gathering dusk en la kreskanta obskureso || adj dusky obskura; [color] nigratra; (dated: dark-skinned) bruna; despala
  • dust n polvo; to raise dust polvifar; duster (dustcloth) vishtuko; (feather duster) plumfasko; dustiness polvozeso; dustbin (Brit.: trash can) eskombrobuxo; dustcloth vishtuko; dustcloud polvovortico; dustman (Brit.: garbage collector) eskombrokolektisto; dustpan eskombroshoveleto; shoveleto por balayaji | (fine powder) pulvero; to grind something into dust pulverigar | (lit.: dead person’s ashes) mortocindri || vt (remove dust from) senpolvigar; (cover with powdered substance) pulverizar; (sprinkle) to dust flour on something farinizar ulo || adj dusty polvoza; [color] povea
  • Dutch adj Holandana; Nederlandana || n Dutchman Holandano; Nederlandano
  • duty n (obligation) devo; obligeso; duty calls devo vokas; to do one’s duty facar devo, -i; in the name of God, do your duty ye la nomo di Deo, agez quon vi devas; to have the duty of devar; it is my duty to inform you that ... esas mea devo (od obligeso) informar vu ke ... | (function, work) funciono; to do duty as funcionar (od usesar) kom (o quale); to neglect one’s duties neglijar sua funcioni; to perform the duties of funcionar quale (o kom); to take the duty of suplear; to be on/off duty (ne) dejurar; duty officer dejuranta oficiro | (tax) doganala taxo; imposto, -uro; duty on salt salimposto || adj dutiable impostebla; dutiful obediema; duty-free [goods] senimposta
  • DVD n DVD
  • dwarf n (med.) nano; dwarfism naneso || vt (cause to seem small in comparison) [achievement] eklipsar; (stunt the growth of) [plant] stuntar || adj dwarfish mikra; nana, -ala, atra; stuntita
  • dwell vi rezidar; since my baby left me, I found a new place to dwell pos ke mea amato forlasis me, me trovis nova loko por rezidar; (in permanent residence) habitar; to dwell on/upon (think about) longe traktar (o parolar, pensar, skribar) pri || n dweller habitanto; rezidanto; cannibalistic humanoid underground dweller kanibala homoida subterano; thank you, market dweller! danko, merkatrezidanto !; dwelling habiteyo; rezideyo
  • dwindle vi deskreskar; diminutesar
  • dyad n duo
  • dye n tintivo; dyer tintisto; dyer’s weed (bot.: Reseda luteola) rezedo; dyehouse tinterio, -eyo; dyestuff tintivo || vt tintar
  • dyke n see “dike”
  • dynamic adj dinamikala || n dynamics dinamiko
  • dynamism n (philos., hist.) dinamismo
  • dynamite n dinamito || vt dinamitagar
  • dynamo n dinamo
  • dynamometer n dinamometro
  • dynasty n dinastio || adj dynastic dinastiala
  • dysentery n (path.) disenterio
  • dyslexia n (med.) dislexio
  • dyspepsia n (med.) dispepsio || adj dyspeptic [condition] dispepsiala; [person] dispepsiika
  • dysprosium n (chem.: Dy) disprozio

E

  • E ltr e; (mus.) E (o mi); E-flat (E♭) es; E-sharp (E♯) eis
  • each adj singla; each and every one of you singlu de vi senecepte; each day singladie; each one of them singlu de li || adv (apiece) we gave them one bullet each ni donis un kuglo a singlu || prn singlu; each more beautiful than the next singlu plu bela l’una kam l’altra; each of us singlu de ni; everyone declined, each for their own reason omnu refuzis, singlu pro sua propra motivo; a little of each poko de singla; she gave each of them one ticket el donis un bilieto a singlu (de li); each other inter- + verb; l’una l’altra; reciproke; their cars were parked next to each other lia automobili esis *parkeita apude (o l’una apud l’altra); they glared at each other li iracoze interregardis (o regardis l’una l’altra, regardis su reciproke)
  • eager adj ardoranta, -oza; entuziasmoza; fervoranta, -oza; hungranta, -oza; to be eager for deziregar; esar avida pri; hungrar; they’re eager for vengeance li hungras venjo; to be eager to do something deziregar facar ulo; she’s eager to please el deziregas komplezar
  • eagle n (zool.: Accipitridae) aglo; Friday the eagle flies, and so do I venerdie l’aglo flugas, ed anke me; eagle owl (zool.: Bubo bubo) buho; gufo || adj eagle-eyed kun aglatra okuli; kun penetrema okuli quale aglo
  • eagre n (tidal bore) barofluxo
  • ear n (anat.) orelo; to be all ears askoltar per omna oreli; esar tote atencanta; to be up to one’s ears in something esar tote okupata da ulo; to prick up one’s ears erektar l’oreli; to turn a deaf ear to simular surdeso ad | (sense of hearing) audado; audpovo; to have a good ear (for music) havar oreli justa (o delikata) (por muziko); ear trumpet (hist.) akustikala tubo; earache orelodoloro; otalgio; eardrum timpano; earflap orelumo; earmark (trait, feature) traito karakteriziva; earring orelringo; earstone (zool.) otolito; earwax (med.) cerumeno | (bot.) spiko || vt to earmark [funds] asignar; destinar; rezervar
  • earl n komto; earldom (rank) komteso; (territory) komtio
  • early adj (before expected time) frua; to be early arivar frue; an early lunch frua repasteto | [flowers, crop, season] prekoca; (in advance) [payment, retirement] anticipala; (first) [settlers, pioneers] unesma; (primitive) primitiva; early church primitiva eklezio; (soon) balda; it’s too early to tell esas tro balda por savar || adv (before expected time) frue; let’s not get there too early ni ne arivez tro frue; (soon) balde; the earliest we can do this is tomorrow maxim balde ni povos facar co morge; as early as possible maxim balde posible; not earlier than erste
  • earn vt [money, wages, praise, favor] ganar; to earn one’s living ganar sua nutrivi | [interest] interestifar; I’ll be sitting on a beach earning 20% me esos sidanta sur plajo interestifante ye 20% || n earnings (wages) ganajo, -i; pagajo; rekompensajo; (income) revenuo; (profits) profito
  • earnest adj (serious) serioza; (sincere) sincera; (eager) fervoroza; insistanta, -ema; zeloza || n (earnestness) seriozeso; sincereso; in earnest serioze | (guarantee) gajo; garantiajo; earnest money gajopekunio
  • earth n (the world) mondo; the richest man on earth la maxim richa viro en la mondo; what/why/where/who/how on earth ...? quo/pro quo/ube/qua/quale per la diablo (o diable) ...? | (planet) tero; (ground) tero; to come to earth tervenar | (soil) sulo; earthquake sismo; terocilo; tertremo; earthwork (mil.) terfortifikuro; earthworm (zool.) lombriko; earthling terano; earthenware fayenco || adj earthen [ceramic] argila; [floor, structure] tera; earthly (terrestrial) terala; (worldly) monduma, -ala; sekulara; earthy [smell, taste] teratra; (uninhibited) kandida; [humor] grosiera
  • earwig n (zool.: Dermaptera) forfikulo
  • ease n (effortlessness) facileso; ease of [use, reference, access] facileso di; for ease of [use, reference, access] por faciligar; with ease facile; kun facileso; with the greatest of ease kun maxim granda facileso | (skill, dexterity) experteso; habileso; (comfort) komforto; a life of ease komfortoza vivo; to live a life of ease havar komfortoza vivo; (relaxed state) tranquileso; at ease senembarasa; senjena; tranquila; to put someone’s mind at ease tranquiligar ulu; easiness facileso || vt (relieve) [burden] lejerigar; [mind] kalmigar; tranquiligar; [pain, suffering, anxiety] alejar; (facilitate) faciligar; (move carefully) movar sorgeme; he eased the car into the narrow garage il movis sorgeme l’automobilo en la streta gareyo || vi (diminish; also “ease off”) baseskar; diminutesar; to ease up (calm down) kalmeskar; tranquileskar; to ease up on (be less strict with someone) ease up on him, he’s only a kid ne esez tante strikta ad ilu, il esas nur puero | (slacken) [rope] destensar; laxigar || adj easy (not difficult) facila; the easy life la facila vivo; easy pickings facila spoliuro; in easy stages kun kelka etapi; senhaste; it’s an easy mistake to make lo esas eroro facile facebla; it’s easy to see that ... esas facile videbla ke ...; to take the easy option selektar lo maxim facila; that’s the easy part to esas lo facila; “Volapük made easy” « Volapük senpena » | (comfortable) komfortoza; easy chair (komfortoza) stulego | [life] komfortoza; tranquila; to be in easy circumstances esar sat rich(et)a | (relaxed) [disposition, conversation, conscience] tranquila; you can rest easy vu povas esar tranquila | [pace] facila; lenta; (informal, pej.: promiscuous) [virtue] facila; [woman] facilmora; easygoing indulganta, -ema || adv easily (without difficulty) facile; komforte; senpene; easily amused facile amuzebla; that will cost you Ð1,000 easily to kustos a vu 1.000 Ð adminime | (by far) multe; (very possibly) facile; it could easily happen again lo povus facile eventar itere; easy (moderately) go easy on her ne esez tante strikta ad elu | (without difficulty) facile; (without worry) tranquile; take it easy! (don’t worry) ne agitez vu !; (slow down) ne hastez !; we can all breathe easy now nun ni omna povas respirar tranquile
  • easel n tresto
  • east n (direction, compass point) esto; (lit.) oriento; the wind is from the east la vento venas de l’esto; (eastern part of the world or specified area) the East l’oriento; in the east of the country en l’esto dil lando; easterner orientano || adj estala; east longitude estala longitudo; eastern orientala, -ana; eastward al (o vers l’) esto || adv este; (lit.) oriente; Switzerland lies east of France Suisia jacas este de Francia; (eastward) go east, young man irez adeste, yunulo; eastward adeste; al (o vers l’) esto
  • Easter n pasko(festo); Easter egg paskala ovo
  • eat vt manjar; to eat a good meal manjar bone; to eat breakfast / lunch / dinner dejunar / repastetar / dinear; to eat one’s fill manjar sate; (idiom) to eat one’s words humile retraktar sua aserto; to eat away (consume) konsumar; [acid] korodar; [mice] derodar; [sea] erodar; to eat up konsumar; [meal, food] parmanjar || vi manjar; we eat at six sharp ni manjas ye sis kloki precize || n eatable manjajo; eater manjanto, -ero; eating manjado; eating place manjeyo; (restaurant) restoreyo, -erio; (room) manjochambro; eating trough manjotrogo; eating utensils manjilaro || adj eatable manjebla
  • eaves n avan(a)tekto || vi to eavesdrop askoltar sekrete; to eavesdrop on a conversation askoltar konverso sekrete
  • ebb n refluxo; ebb and flow fluxo e refluxo; ebb tide basa mareo || vi refluxar
  • ebon n (lit., bot.: Diospyros, Euclea) [tree] ebenarboro; ebeniero; [wood] ebeno, -ligno; (lit.: color) ebeneo; ebonite ebonito; ebony (bot.: Diospyros, Euclea) [tree] ebenarboro; ebeniero; [wood] ebeno, -ligno; (color) ebeneo || adj (lit.: dark in color) ebenea; (lit.: made of ebony) ebena
  • ebullient adj (exuberant) efervecanta; (archaic: boiling, bubbling) bolianta; ebulianta || n ebullience (exuberance) efervec(ad)o; ebullition (tech. or archaic) ebuli(ad)o
  • écarté n (cards) « ekarte »
  • eccentric adj (unconventional, slightly strange) [person] baroka; extravagema; (geom., mech.) ecentrika || n (unconventional person) originalo; (geom., mech.) ecentriko
  • ecchymosis n (med.) ekimoso
  • ecclesiastic n kleriko; ecclesiasticism ekleziismo || adj ecclesiastical (pertaining to the church) ekleziala; (pertaining to the clergy) klerikala
  • echelon n (level) nivelo; (mil.) eshelono || vt (mil.) eshelone dispozar; eshelonigar
  • echidna n (zool.: Tachyglossidae) ekidno
  • echinoderm n (zool.: Echinodermata) ekinodermo
  • echinus n (zool.: Echinoidea) ekino
  • echo n eko || vt ekigar; (reverberate) reperkutar || vi ekeskar; (resonate) resonar
  • eclampsia n (med.) eklampsio
  • éclat n brilo
  • eclectic adj eklektika
  • eclipse n eklipso || vt eklipsar
  • ecliptic n (astron.) ekliptiko
  • eclogue n eklogo
  • ecology n ekologio
  • economy n (management, administration) ekonomio; domestic/rural/national economy ekonomio hemala/rurala/nacionala; (thrift) frugaleso; sparemeso; economics (science) ekonomiko; she majors in economics el specaligas su en ekonomiko; economist ekonomikisto || vi to economize spar(ad)ar || adj economic (pertaining to economics) ekonomikala; (pertaining to economy) ekonomiala; economical (frugal) spariva, -ema
  • ecosystem n ekosistemo
  • ecstasy n extazo; to be in ecstasy extazar; to go into ecstasy extazeskar || adj ecstatic extazoza, -ema, -anta
  • ectopia n (med.) ektopio
  • Ecuador n Equador
  • ecumenical adj ekumenika; Ecumenical Liberation Army Armeo Ekumenika di Liberigo; Ekumenika Liberigarmeo
  • eczema n (med.) ekzemo
  • eddy n (aquo)vortico || vi vorticar
  • edelweiss n (bot.: Leontopodium nivale) « edelweiss »
  • edema n (med.) edemo
  • Eden n (relig.) edeno || adj Edenic (idyllic) edenatra; (pertaining to Eden) edenala
  • edentate adj sendenta
  • edge n (border) [of object, cliff, river, lake] bordo; at the water’s edge aquobordo | (geom.) aristo; (rim) bordumo; (third side) [of coin, book] chanto; a book placed on its edge libro pozita sur chanto; (brink) bordo; on the edge of extinction an la bordo di extingeso; (sharp side) [of blade] akutajo; (sharpness) akuteso; to take the edge off obtuzigar; (advantage) avantajo; to have the edge on someone havar l’avantajo relate ulu; (idiom) to set someone’s teeth on edge agacar; edging bordumo; garnituro; paspelo || vt (provide with a border) bordizar; (move gradually) avancar (o movar) gradope; (sharpen) akutigar || vi (move gradually) avancar (o movar) gradope || adj edged (sharp) akuta; tranchanta; edged instrument akuta instrumento || adv edgewise chante
  • edible adj (palatable) manjinda; (safe to eat) manjebla
  • edict n edikto
  • edifice n edifico
  • edify vt edifikar || n edification edifiko, -ado; (instruction) instrukto, -ado
  • edit vt (correct, condense, or change for publication) koncizigar; korektigar; revizar; I have one word for Jack Kerouac: edit me havas un vorto por Jack Kerouac : koncizigez; (select material for and arrange) [newspaper, magazine] redaktar || n (correction, change) koncizigo; korektigo; revizo; editing [of newspaper, magazine] redakto, -ado; [of text, document] koncizigado; korektigado; revizado; edition edituro; first, second edition unesma, duesma edituro; editor [of newspaper, magazine] redaktanto, -ero, -isto; editor-in-chief chefredaktanto, -ero, -isto; editorial redaktistala artiklo || adj editorial department redakterio
  • educate vt instruktar; (intellectually and morally) [child] edukar || n education instrukt(ad)o, -eso; (formative) [of children] eduk(ad)o, -(it)eso; educator instruktanto, -ero, -isto; [of child] edukanto, -ero, -isto || adj educated instruktita; (erudite) erudita; (intellectually and morally) edukita; educational instruktiva, -ala; (intellectually and morally) edukiva, -ala; educational institution edukerio; educative instruktiva; (intellectually and morally) edukiva
  • eel n (zool.: Anguilliformes) anguilo
  • eerie adj pavoriganta
  • efface vt (erase) efacar
  • effect n (change resulting from an action or other cause) efekto; konsequantajo; rezultajo; to feel the effect of sentar (ankore); to no effect neutile; senefike; senrezultaje; vane | [efficacy] efiko; [impression] impreso, -uro; he said it for effect il dicis lo por impresar; a pleasing effect agreabla impreso | [sense] senco; to the same effect di simila senco (o signifiko); effects (property) havaji; personal effects personala havaji; in effect (in fact) fakte; reale; (operative) [law] valoranta; (valid) [license] valida; to put into effect [law] valorigar; [plan] efektigar; exekutar; facar; to take effect [drug] efikeskar; [law] valoreskar || vt (cause, bring about) efektigar; to effectuate (cause, bring about) efektigar; (execute) [plan] efektigar; exekutar; facar; (put into force) [law] valorigar || adj effective (actual) fakta; effective force, strength (mil.) efektivo | (efficacious) [treatment, method, deterrent, system] efikanta, -ema, -iva; crude but effective ruda ma efikema | (operative) [law, policy] valoranta; to become effective from November first valoreskar de 1 Novembro; effectual (efficacious) efikanta, -ema, -iva
  • effeminate adj (derrog.) feminatra; hominatra || vt (archaic) femin(atr)igar || vi (archaic) femin(atr)eskar
  • efferent adj (physiol.) ekfluanta; ekportanta
  • effervesce vi (phys., fig.) efervecar
  • effete adj [person] mola, -acha; [empire, civilization] dekadanta; [government] febla; [method] neefikiva; senefika; sterila
  • efficacious adj efikiva, -ema; to be efficacious efikar || n efficacy efiko, -emeso, -iveso
  • efficient adj eficienta || n efficiency eficienteso
  • effigy n figuro; imajo
  • effloresce vi (chem., med.) eflorecar; (blossom) florifar
  • effluvium n efluvio; exhalajo
  • effort n esforco; please make an effort to come on time bonvole esforcez venar akurate; to make an effort esforcar; to (not) be worth the effort (ne) valorar la peno; without effort senpena || adj effortless senpena; [charm, superiority, grace, skill] naturala; [movement, style] fluida; [success, victory] facila
  • effrontery n impertinenteso; insolenteso; senshameso; to have the effrontery to do something havar l’impertinenteso facar ulo
  • effulgent adj (lit.) brilanta; splendida || n effulgence brilego
  • effuse vt (emit) [liquid, light, gas] emisar || vi (flow out) ekfluar; (fig.: to gush, talk excitedly) fervorar || n effusion (emission) emiso; (med.) adfluo; (fig.: gushing) fervorego, -acho || adj effusive (fig.: gushing) extravagema; fervoroza
  • e.g. adv (exempli gratia) ex.; exemple
  • egad inter (archaic) per la diablo !; vere !
  • Egades Islands n (Sicily) Egadi (insuli)
  • egg n (bio.) ovo; [cell] ovulo; [of fish, frogs] frayo; fried eggs ovi fritita; hard-boiled eggs ovi harde koquita; poached egg ovo boliita (o dispersita); scrambled eggs mixita ovi; soft-boiled eggs ovi mole koquita; (informal: person) a good egg bona kerlo; egg cup ovuyo; egg merchant ovovendisto; (establishment) overio; eggnog hanolakto; eggplant (bot.: Solanum melongena) berenjeno; ovoplanto; egg preparation ovajo; eggshell ovoshelo; egg white albumeno; egg yolk vitelo || adj egg-shaped ovoforma
  • eglantine n (bot: Rosa rubiginosa) hegroziero odoroza
  • ego n (psych.) ego; egoism, -ist egoismo, -isto; egotism, -ist egotismo, -isto || adj egoistic egoista; egotistic egotista
  • egregious adj extraordinara; grandega; remarkeginda; egregious mistake erorego, -acho
  • egress n [act] ekiro; [way out] ekireyo
  • Egypt n Egiptia; Egyptian Egiptiano
  • eh inter ha !; he !; qua ?
  • eider n (zool.: Somateria) edero; eiderdown ederduno; (comforter) ederduna kovrilo
  • eight card ok; by eights okope; eighteen dek-e-ok; eighty okadek || adj eightfold okopla || ord eighth (8th) okesma; eighteenth (18th) dek-e-okesma; eightieth (80th) okadekesma || fract eighteenth (⅟₁₈) dek-e-okimo; eighth () okimo
  • eikonogen n (chem., phot.) ikonogeno
  • einsteinium n (chem.: Es) einsteinio
  • either adj una od altra; either day would suit me una od altra dio konvenos a me; I don’t like either movie a me plezas nula del du filmi (o nek l’una nek l’altra filmo); (each) amba; singla; in either hand en singla manuo; on either side of the road sur amba lateri dil voyo || adv anke ne; he can’t dance either il anke ne savas dancar; me either me anke ne (od anke me ne); (moreover) pluse; he got a settlement, and not a little one either il recevis indemno, vere groseta pluse || prn una od altra; he’ll take either one il prenos l’una o l’altra; I don’t believe either one of them me kredas nek l’una nek l’altra (o nula del du) || conj either … or od … od; either come in or stay out od enirez o restez extere; either it’ll happen or it won’t od ol eventos od ol ne eventos
  • ejaculate vt [thing] eklansar; (dated) [word] klam(esk)ar || vi [thing] ekspricar || n ejaculation [of thing] eklanso; eksprico; (dated) [of sound] ekkrio; [of word] klamo
  • eject vt (drive out) ekpulsar; (throw out) ekjetar; (mechanically) ejektar || n ejector ejektilo
  • eke vt (obtain with difficulty) to eke out a living obtenar nur magra nutrivaro | (barely obtain) apene obtenar; (make last) [food, supplies] plulongigar
  • elaborate adj komplexa; komplikita || vt (develop) [plan, theory] developar; elaborar; parlaborar; (explain in detail) explikar detale || vi to elaborate (on) (add more detail to) explikar plu detale
  • élan n vervo
  • elapse vi pasar; elapsed time pasinta tempo
  • elastic adj elastika || n elastikajo; elasticity elastikeso
  • elate vt exultigar || n elation exulto || adj elated exultanta
  • elbow n (anat., fig.) kudo; [of chair] brakio; to make an elbow (tech.) kudigar, -izar || vt (push roughly with one’s elbow) kudpulsar || adv elbow-to-elbow intertushante la kudri
  • elder adj seniora; elderly evoza; eldest seniora || n (older person) la senioro; (old person) oldo; (senior figure) [of tribe] senioro; eldership senioreso | (bot.: Sambucus) sambuko; elderberry sambukobero; your mother was a hamster and your father smelt of elderberries! vua matro esis hamstro e vua patro odoris quale sambukoberi !
  • Eldorado n orlando
  • elecampane n (bot.: Inula helenium) inulo
  • elect vt (pol.) elektar; [fellow member] kooptar; [in runoff] balotar; (choose) selektar || vi to electioneer solicitar voti || n the elect la selektiti; election (pol.) elekt(ad)o; vot(ad)o; elector elektanto, -ero; electorate elekteraro || adj elective (not mandatory) fakultativa; (pol.) [body] elektiva; [government, office] elektala; electoral right elektoyuro; electoral (pertaining to elections) elektala; (pertaining to electors) elekterala
  • electric adj elektrala; (charged with electricity) elektroza; (fig.) [thrilled] entuziasmanta, -oza; [thrilling] entuziasmiganta; electric battery elektrala baterio; electric bell elektrala klosheto; electric car elektromobilo; electric eel (zool.: Electrophorus) gimnoto; electric light elektrolampo; electric motor elektromotoro; electrical elektrala; electrical engineering elektrotekniko || n electrician elektristo; electricity (power) elektro; (state) elektreso || vt to electrify (charge with electricity) elektrizar; (fig.) entuziasmigar
  • electrochemistry n elektrokemio
  • electrocute vt elektromortigar
  • electrode n elektrodo
  • electrodynamics n elektrodinamiko
  • electrolier n elektrolumiero
  • electrology n elektrologio
  • electrolyte n (chem., physiol.) elektrolito
  • electrolyze vt (chem.) elektrolizar || n electrolysis elektrolizo
  • electromagnet n (phys.) elektromagneto
  • electron n (phys.) elektrono; electronics elektroniko || adj electronic elektronikala
  • electropathy n (med.) elektroterapio
  • electroplate vt elektroplakizar; (electrotype) galvanoplastar
  • electroscope n (phys.) elektroskopo
  • electrostatics n (phys.) elektrostatiko
  • electrotype vt galvanoplastar
  • eleemosynary adj (formal) [charitable] almonala, -oza, -ema
  • elegant adj eleganta || n elegance eleganteso
  • elegy n elegio || adj elegiac elegiala
  • element n (chem., gram., med., phys.) elemento; the classical elements of earth, air, fire, and water la klasika elementi tero, aero, fairo, ed aquo; the elements of style l’elementi (o rudimenti) di stilo; the periodic table of elements la periodala tabelo di l’elementaro; (one’s preferred environment) to put out of one’s element desorientizar; (aspect) aspekto; the political element in The Cook, The Thief, His Wife and Her Lover was largely lost on Americans l’aspekto politikala en La Koquisto, la furtisto, ilua spozo, ed elua amoranto esis grandaparte nekomprenata da l’Usani; (factor) faktoro || adj elemental (chem., phys.) elementa, -ala; (primary, basic) elementa, -ala; primara; rudimenta; elementary (basic) elementa, -ala; elementary, my dear Watson! elementala, kara Watson ! | (earliest in order) primara; elementary school primara skolo | (irreducible) elementa
  • elephant n (zool.: Elephantidae) elefanto; elephant driver elefantoduktisto; kornako; elephantiasis (med.) elefantiazo || adj elephantine elefantatra
  • elevate vt (raise to a higher position) elevar; [in dimension, price] (plu)altigar; [in rank] promocar; [spirits] ecitar; exaltar; kurajigar || n elevation (act) elev(ad)o; [in dimension] (plu)altig(ad)o; [in price] (plu)altig(ad)o; (plu)cher(ad)o; [in rank] promoc(ad)o; [of character] alteso; [of spirits] ecit(ad)o; exalt(ad)o; kurajig(ad)o; (height above a given level) altitudo; (high place) altajo; (view, archit.) elevaciono; elevator elevilo; (compartment, platform) elevatoro || adj elevated elevita; (fig.) alta; sublima
  • eleven card dek-e-un || ord eleventh (11th) dek-e-unesma || fract eleventh (⅟₁₁) dek-e-unimo
  • elf n (myth.) elfo; dark elf (dökkálf) obskurelfo; (svartálf) nigrelfo; light elf (hvítálf) blankelfo; (ljósálf) lumelfo | (folklore) elfo; koboldo || adj elfin elfala, -atra
  • elicit vt [admission, promise] arachar; extraktar; igar dicar; [reaction] provokar; [reply, explanation, information] obtenar
  • elide vt [vowel, syllable] elizionar
  • eligible adj selektebla; [for public office] elektebla; (suitable) aceptebla; havar la qualesi necesa (o postulata); konvenanta; (desirable) dezirinda; (entitled) havar yuro pri || n eligibility selektebleso; [for public office] elektebleso; (suitability) aceptebleso; konveno
  • eliminate vt eliminar; if your movement is detected afterwards, you will be eliminated se vua movo esos remarkita pose, vu esos eliminita; (fig.) expulsar || n elimination elimin(ad)o
  • elision n eliziono
  • elite n (mil.) elito; (fig.) eminentaro; infantivorous liberal elites of right-wing mythology eminentaro bebivora e liberala di mito dextrana
  • elk n (zool.: Alces alces) alko
  • ellipse n (geom.) elipso; ellipsoid (geom.) elipsoido
  • ellipsis n (omission) elipso; [mark] puntaro
  • elliptic adj (geom.) elipsa, -ala, -atra; elliptical (involving ellipsis) elipsala
  • elm n (bot.: Ulmus) ulmo
  • elocution n diciono; parolmaniero, -arto; elocutionist dicionisto, -ero
  • elogy n (archaic) laudodiskurso
  • elongate vt plulongigar || vi plulongeskar || adj longa
  • elope vi forfugar sekrete; forkurar
  • eloquent adj eloquenta
  • El Salvador n Salvador; Salvadorian Salvadorano
  • else adv (in addition, besides; different, instead) everywhere else en omna altra loko; nowhere else en nula altra loko; somewhere else altrube; where else? en qua altra loko ?; or else (otherwise) altre; elsewhere altraloke; altrube || adj altra; everybody else omni altra; everything else omna altra kozi; omna ceteri; nobody else nulu altra; nothing else nulo altra; something else ulo altra; what else? quo altra ?
  • elucidate vt klarigar; explikar
  • elude vt eludar
  • elusive adj eludema, -iva; nekaptebla
  • Elysium n (myth.) Elizeo || adj Elysian fields Elizeala agri
  • elytron n (zool.) elitro
  • emaciate vt desgrasigar; magregigar || n emaciation magregeso || adj emaciated magrega, -acha; senkarna
  • emanate vi emanar || n emanation (act) eman(ad)o; (thing) emanajo
  • emasculate vt desmaskuligar; (fig.) femin(atr)igar; (archaic: castrate) kastrar; (weaken) senfortigar
  • embalm vt [corpse] balzamizar; prezervar kontre putrado || n embalmer balzamizisto, -ero
  • embank dig-izar; ter-amas-igar; -ment: digo; taluso
  • embargo embarg-ar, -o
  • embark (tr., intr.) embarkar
  • embarrass (hamper) embarasar, entravar, (pass.) -esar; (disconcert) konfuz-igar, perturbar; -ing: embaras-anta, -iva; konfuz-ig-anta
  • embassy (function) ambasad-o; (administration) -erio; (residence) -eyo
  • embattled (battlemented) krenel-iz-ita
  • embedded sink-ita; en-fos-ig-ita; en-ter-ig-ita; inkrust-ita
  • embellish (plu-)bel-igar, (intr.) -eskar; ornar (ulo per ulo); ornament-izar; dekorar; -ment: (act) (plu-)bel-igo, (result) -ig-uro; garnituro, orn-ivo, ornamento; dekor-ajo
  • embers (live) brez-o, -i; (ashes) cindri
  • embezzle (fraude) sustraktar (cf. konkusionar)
  • embitter bitr-igar, -eskar; esar o divenar rankor-ema
  • emblazon blazon-izar; (extol) proklamar, exaltar
  • emblem emblemo, simbolo; -atic: emblem-a, -atra
  • embody en-korp-igar; embodiment: (act) en-korp-igo, (state) -ig-eso; (result) -ig-uro
  • embolden audac-igar, -eskar; kuraj-igar, -eskar
  • embonpoint replet-eso; korpulent-eso
  • emboss boselar; relief-izar, -igar; (linen, etc.) estampar; (cutlery) damaskinar
  • embower en-laub-igar; foli-izar
  • embrace (hug) embracar; (include) inkluzar, kontenar; (surround) cirkondar; (kiss) kisar; (accept willingly) volunte aceptar o kaptar (la okaziono); (a cause, a party) adherar; (a profession) en-irar, selektar
  • embrasure embrazuro, krenel-iz-uro
  • embrocate embrokar
  • embrocation embrok-(ad)o, -uro, -ajo; linimento
  • embroider brodar; (fig.) ornar, plu-bel-igar; -y: brod-(ad)o, -uro, -ajo
  • embroil intrikar; des-konkord-igar, -eskar
  • embryo embriono, (fig.) jermo
  • embryogeny embriogenio
  • embryologist embriologi-isto
  • embryology embriologio
  • embryonic embrion-ala, -atra; rudimenta; ne-develop-ita
  • emeer, emir emiro
  • emend (a fault, error) emendar; (a book, etc.) plu-bonigar, korekt-igar
  • emerald smeraldo
  • emerge (intr.) emersar (cf. ek-irar, aparar)
  • emergency urj-ant-eso, kazo urj-anta; subita bezono; krizo; neces-eso
  • emergent (emerging) emers-anta; (urgent) urj-anta; kriz-ala
  • emeritus emerita
  • emersion emerso
  • emery smeril-o; e. cloth: -papero; e. dust: -pulvero; to polish with e.: smeril-agar
  • emetic emetiko; vom-ig-iv-a, -o
  • emigrant ek-migr-anto, -into
  • emigrate (intr.) ek-migrar (de)
  • eminence (high point) alt-ajo, mont-eto; (superiority) ecelo, eminent-eso; (title) (lua) eminenco (la kardinalo, e.c.); eminent: eminent-a, (person) -(ul)o; (cf. fam-oza; remark-inda; disting-ita)
  • eminently alta-grade, eminente, maxime
  • emir emiro
  • emissary send-ato, -ito (sekrete); deleg-ato, -ito
  • emit (phys., finan.) emisar (cf. jetar, lansar, exhalar; enuncar)
  • emmetropic emetropa
  • emollient mol-ig-anta, -iva; -ig-ivo
  • emolument (remuneration) honorario, salario; (profit) profito; avantajo
  • emotion emoco; (mental) senimento; to feel an e.: emoc-ar, -eskar; to cause an e. to: emoc-igar (ulu); -al: emoc-anta, -ema, -oza; -ig-anta
  • empathy empatio
  • emperor imperi-estro
  • emphasize emfazar
  • emphatic emfaz-ala, -oza, -ema, -atra; (fig.) pozitiva, reala
  • emphatically (really, indeed) ya; (with emphasis) emfaz-oze
  • emphysema emfizemo
  • empire (a state) imperio; (sovereignty) dominaco, impero; to have e. over: imperar, dominacar
  • empiric(al) empirik-ala
  • empiricism (method) empirik-o, (doctrine) -ismo
  • empiricist empirik-isto, -ero
  • emplacement kanon-eyo, kanon-platformo; parapeto
  • employ (a person) employar (cf. engajar); (use) uzar; (occupy) okupar (su), (pass.) okup-esar (da, pri); -ed: employ-ata; -ee: employ-ato; -er: employ-anto, -ero, -isto; patrono; -ment: employ-(ad)o, -eso; uz-(ad)o; serv-(ad)o; okup-ant-ajo; ofico; laboro; out of e.ment: esar ne-employ-ata; sen employ-eso; chom-ar; to be in search of e.ment: serchar employ-eso; to throw out of e.ment: privacar (ulu) de employ-eso o laboro; e.ment office: employo-kontoro
  • emporium granda (od, chefa) vend-erio, (place) -eyo; bazaro; (city) staplo
  • empower yur-izar; komisar; donar plena autoritato o povo (ad ulu)
  • empress imperi-estr-ino
  • empty (adj.) vakua; (fig.) vana, sterila, ne-reala; e. words: vorti sen-senca; vana vorti; e. handed: manui vakua; on an e. stomach: ajuna; emptiness: vaku-eso
  • empty (leave a building etc.) evakuar; (a vessel) vaku-igar; ekvarsar (a liquid); des-plen-igar; des-kargar (goods); des-charjar (a vessel, vehicle)
  • empurple purpur-izar
  • empyrean empireo
  • emu emuo
  • emulate esforcar egal-esar (ad ulu) o imitar (ulu); (to be emulous of) emul-esar (ad); rival-esar (ad, pri)
  • emulation emul-eso, rival-eso
  • emulative emul-esema
  • emulous emula
  • emulsify emulsar
  • emulsion emuls-o, -ajo, -uro
  • en masse amase
  • en route voy-irante
  • enable kapabl-igar, posibl-igar, permisar; (jur.) habilitar
  • enact (a law) dekretar, ediktar; votar; (perform) facar; (a part) reprezentar; -ment: dekreto, edikto, akto, fac-(ad)o
  • enamel emali-o, -izar
  • enamoured, to become (with someone) divenar amor-oza (ad ulu), amor-eskar (kun ulu); (with something) am-eskar (pri), divenar am-oza (ad ulo); e. person: amor-ato
  • enarthrosis enartroso
  • encage en-kaj-igar (ulu)
  • encamp (intr.) kampar; -ment: kamp-(ad)o, (place) -eyo, (collect) -ant-aro
  • encase en-kest-igar; en-bux-igar
  • encaustic (paint.) enkaustik-a, -o
  • encephalitis encefalito
  • encephalon encefalo
  • enchain (en-) katen-izar, -ligar
  • enchant (by magic and fig.) sorcar; (fascinate) charm-(eg)ar, ravisar; -ress: sorc-er-ino; charm-iv-ino, -er-ino
  • enchasel inkastrar; cizelar orne
  • enciente gravida
  • encircle circondar; cernar; en-cirkl-igar
  • enclave inkluz-o, -ajo
  • enclitic enklitik-a, -o
  • enclose inkluzar; (land) cirkum-klozar (ulo per); (surround) cirkondar, (beset) cernar; herewith e.d: hike inkluz-ita od konten-ata
  • enclosure (act) inkluz-(ad)o; cirkum-kloz-(ad)o; (thing) inkluz-ajo; (space) kloz-eyo
  • encomium panegiro, laudo-diskurso
  • encompass (beset) cernar; (surround) cirkondar; (land, etc.) cirkum-klozar; (fig.) envelopar; inkluzar, envolvar
  • encore bis! (v.) klamar bis
  • encounter (n.) renkontro; (attack) atako, kombato; (collision) koliziono
  • encounter renkontrar; (by accident) (hazarde) trovar; (enemy) kontakt-eskar; atakar
  • encourage kuraj-igar (ulu), (become) -eskar; (cf. stimular; animar); -ment: kuraj-igo; -ing: kuraj-ig-anta, -ig-iva
  • encroach uzurp(et)ar (ulo, de ulu); (cf. intruzar; entamar; impozar); -ment: uzurp(et)-(ad)o
  • encrust krust-izar
  • encumber inkombrar, embarasar, jenar, impedar; estate e.ed: domeno charj-ata per hipoteko; -ance: add -ajo
  • encyclical enciklik-a, -o
  • encyclopedia enciklopedio
  • encysted en-kist-ig-ita; to become e.: kist-eskar, esar kist-esk-inta
  • end (n.) fino; extrem-ajo; termin-ajo; (aim) skopo; (consequence) rezult-ajo, konsequo; (fragment) fragmento; to e. in: abutar; at an e.: esar (par-)finita; preter-ir-ita; the approaching e.: ven-onta fino; to no e.: sen-rezult-aja; vane; to the e. that: por ke (with imperative); at the e.: fine; ye la fino; konkluze; ye la extrem-ajo; to attain his e.: atingar sua skopo; to come to a bad e.: finar male; to make an e. of: konkluzar (per); fin-igar (ulo); to put an e. to: (kill) mort-igar; ocidar; on e.: stac-ant-a, -e; e. to e.: extrem-ajo an extrem-ajo; kontakte; (pozar) bute; to make both e.s meet: aquilibr-igar sua budjet-o; to draw to an e.: fin-eskar, expir-eskar; to make one’s hair stand on e.: heris-igar la hari; e.less: sen-fina; konstanta; eterna; perpetua; sen-cesa; kontinua; e.lessness: perpetu-eso, sen-fin-eso; e.long: long-es-ale; (on e.) stac-anta; perpendikl-a, -e; e.most: maxim fora, extrema; e.wise: stac-anta, perpendikle; week e.: inter-semana (vakanceto)
  • end (to come to an e.) finar; (put an e. to) finigar (ulo); (draw to an e.) fin-eskar; (cf. cesar; termin-izar; abutar; rezultar; komplet-igar)
  • endanger (en)danjer-igar; pozar en danjero; riskar
  • endear kar-igar, afecion-igar; -ment: afecion-igo; (caress) karez-ajo, -o
  • endeavor (strive) esforcar; (take pains) penar; (attempt) probar; (aim) viz-ar; (take steps) demarshar; (undertake) entraprezar; (n.) (gen.) esforco
  • endemic endemi-a, -ala; e. disease: endemio
  • ending fin-o, -ajo; konkluzo; (gram., mus.) fin-alo; (gram.) dezinenco
  • endive endivio
  • endocardium endokardo
  • endocarp endokarpo
  • endocrinology endokrinologio
  • endogamy endogamio
  • endorphin endorfino
  • endorse see indorse
  • endoscope endoskopo
  • endoscopy endoskopio
  • endosmose en-osmoso
  • endow dotar (ulu, ulo); (cf. rent-izar; donacar; doari-izar); happily e.ed: fortun-oze dot-ita; -ment: dot-o, -uro
  • endurable toler-ebla
  • endurance (lastingness) dur-iv-eso; suport-povo; (tolerance) tolero; (fig.) vigoro, fort-eso; pacient-eso; beyond e.: ne-toler-ebla
  • endure (tolerate) tolerar; (bear, undergo) subisar; (suffer) sufrar (paciente); (last) durar; (permit) permisar
  • enema klister-o; (e. pipe, instr.) -o-kanulo, injekt-ilo; -iz-ilo; to give an e. to: klister-izar (ulu)
  • enemy enemik-(ul)o
  • energetic energi-oza, -ala; efik-iva; fort-ega; ag-iva
  • energetics energetiko
  • energize energi-izar
  • energy energio; (cf. vigoro; fort-eso; forco)
  • enervate sen-fort-igar; sen-nerv-igar; febl-igar, -eskar; debil-igar, -eskar
  • enfeeble febl-igar, -eskar; debil-igar, -eskar
  • enfeoff feud-igar (ulo por ulu); (fig.) vasal-igar, -ligar; -ment: feud-igo
  • enfilade enfilar; e. fire: enfilo-paf(ad)o
  • enfold en-volvar; (clasp) embracar
  • enforce efik-igar; igar obediar; exekut-ar, -igar; -able: exekut-ebla; obedi-ig-ebla; -d: (compulsory) koakt-ata; oblig-ata; -enda; dev-anta; -ment: (oblig-anta) exekut-(ad)o
  • enfranchise civit-an-igar; nacion-an-igar; (set free) emancipar
  • enfrock (a monk) frok-izar
  • engage (hire) engajar; (oneself) okupar su; amuzar su; (attack) atakar, (intr.) bataliar; (lease) lokacar; (promise) promisar, garantiar; (gain) ganar, atraktar; (employ) okupar, employar; (e. to perform) entraprezar; (tech., become geared) ingranar; (betroth) fianc-ar, -at-eskar; (begin) komencar; -d: fianc-ita (kun); okup-ata, -ita; -ment: angajo; fianc-o, -eso; oblig-eso; kombato, batali(et)-o; rendevuo; promiso
  • engaging atrakt-iva, -ema; sedukt-anta, -iva
  • engender produktar; genitar
  • engine mashino; (motor) motoro; (R.R.) lokomotivo; steam e.: vapor-mashino; traction e.: lokomobilo; fire e.: incendio-pump-ilo; war e.: milit-mashino; single-acting e.: mashino di singla efekto; ten horsepower e.: dek-kaval-povo-mashino; high, low pressure e.: alt-, bas-presa mashino; e. driver: (R.R.) lokomotiv-isto; (gen.) mashin-isto; to operate an e.: mashin-agar; to build e.s: mashin-ifar
  • engineer (R.R.) lokomotiv-isto, (gen.) mashin-isto; (professional) injenioro; e. corps: (milit.) jeni-o, (member of) -ano; civil e.: injenioro civila; -ing: (construction) mashin-if-ado; (science) mekaniko; injenior-, jeni-arto; (mechanism) mekanismo
  • engirdle zon-izar; cirkondar
  • England Angli-a
  • English Angla
  • Englishman Anglo
  • engorged replet-ega
  • engrave (etch lines) grabar; (precious stones, medals) gliptar; (wood) xilografar; (fig.) profunde impresar; -ing: (act) add -(ad)o; (result) add -uro
  • engross (occupy) absorbar; (write) kaligrafar; -ing: -anta, interes-eg-anta, -iva; kaligraf-anta
  • engulf glutar; dron-ar, -esar
  • enhance augment-ar, -eskar; (plu-grav-igar); (prices) plu-cher-igar
  • enigma enigmato
  • enjoin imperar; (forbid) interdikt-ar
  • enjoy juar (ulo); (be joyous) joyar; (possess) posedar; (like) prizar; am-ar; e. oneself: amuzar su; havar plezuro; -able: agreabla; -ment: ju-(ad)o, plezuro, satisfaco
  • enkindle acendar; inflamar; (fig.) ardor-igar
  • enlarge plu-grand-igar, -esar; augmentar, extensar; ampl-igar; dilatar; hipertrofiar; e. on: (a subject) (plu-)longe traktar; ampl-igar
  • enlighten informar; klar-igar; explikar; instruktar; iluminar
  • enlist rekrutar (su, ulu); (fig.) engajar su (en); adherar (ad); (by compulsion) konskriptar; (by enticement) rekrut-achar
  • enliven gay-igar, -eskar; animar; stimular
  • enmesh en-ret-igar; (fig.) esar intrik-ata, -ita en
  • enmity enemik-eso, (act of) -ajo; (cf. odio, rankoro)
  • enmix en-mixar
  • enneagon eneagono
  • ennoble (raise to noble rank) nobel-igar; (dignify) nobl-igar
  • ennui enoyo, ted-eso; splino
  • enormous enorma, grand-ega, giganta, kolosa; monstr-a, -ala, -atra; -mity: enorm-eso; abomin-eso, -ajo
  • enough (adv.) sat(e); (adj.) sata, sat multa; sufic-anta; ampla; (passable, tolerable) pasabla; (n.) sato, sufic-ajo; (interj.) haltez! more than e.: plu multo kam necesa; that is e.: to suficas, (impers.) suficas; it is good e.: (fair, passable) ol es pasabla
  • enrage furi-igar, igar ulu furi-oza; irac(eg)-igar; -d:furi-oza
  • enrapture ravisar; to be e.ed: extaz-(esk)ar (pri)
  • enrich rich-igar, (become) -eskar
  • enroll en-registr-igar (cf. rekrutar, engajar)
  • ensconce sidar (komfort-oze)
  • ensemble (n.) ensembl-o; (adv.) ensemble, kune, en-tote
  • enshrine inkastrar; en-kest-igar
  • enshroud vel-izar, envelop-ar, -esar (da)
  • ensign standardo; (milit., rank) sub-lietnanto
  • ensilage en-sil-ajo
  • enslave sklav-igar, -eskar
  • ensnare insidiar; (fig.) atrapar; dup-igar; (cf. kaptar, trompar)
  • ensue (logically) konsequar (de); rezultar (de); (follow after) sequar
  • ensuing konsequ-anta, rezult-anta; sequ-anta; proxima
  • entablature, entablement entablamento
  • entail (necessitate) neces-igar; (an estate) substitucar; -ed estate: (in France) majorato
  • entangle intrikar (cf. intrigar, kunmixar)
  • entente inter-konsento; e. cordial: konkordo kordi-ala; triple e.: tri-opla inter-konsento
  • enter (go in) en-irar; (come in) en-venar; (make to e.) en-ir-igar; (inscribe) en-skribar; registr-agar; (jur., an action) iniciar, entraprezar; (in book) not-ar, -izar; (book-keeping) debetar, kreditar; (an office, a profession) en-irar; (a contract) kontratar; (a claim) revendikar; (a church) klerik-eskar; e. into: parto-prenar (ulo); e. upon: komencar, entraprezar; iniciar, debutar
  • enteric intestin-ala
  • enteritis enterito
  • enterprise entraprez-(ad)o, -ajo; (fig.) audaco, vigoro
  • enterprising entraprez-ema, energi-oza
  • entertain (accept) aceptar; (as guest) gast-igar (ulu; gast-esar che-ulu); (amuse) amuzar; distraktar; (regale) regalar; -er: (professional) amuz-isto; (host) hosto; -ing: amuz-anta, -iva; -ment: (of guest) gast-igo; (amusement) amuz-o, -ivo; distrakto (-horo); (fete) festo; (feast) regalo, festino
  • enthral sklav-igar; (fig.) ravisar
  • enthrone en-tron-igar; (fig.) establisar
  • enthuse (intr.) entuziasm-ar, -eskar
  • enthusiasm entuziasmo
  • enthusiastic entuziasm-anta, -ema, -oza; zel-anta, -oza
  • entice lurar; (cf. tentar; seduktar; atraktar; implikar)
  • entire (whole) tota; (intact) integra; (complete) kompleta; -ly: tote, plene; not e.ly: ne tote
  • entitle (give t. to) titul-izar (cf. nom-izar); (authorise) yur-izar; (be entitled, have the right) darfar
  • entity ento
  • entomb sepultar
  • entomology entomologi-o; -gist: -isto
  • entr’acte inter-akto
  • entrails intestin-i
  • entrance (act) en-ir-o, (place) -eyo; (fig.) boko; (beginning) komenco, inicio, debuto; (cf. pordo, pas-eyo, portalo, apert-uro); (permission, power of e.) en-ir-yuro; aceso-yuro
  • entrance (go into a hypnotic state) tranc-ar, -eskar; (enrapture) (intr.) extazar; ravisar; charm-egar
  • entrap kaptar; insidiar; (take in) atrapar
  • entreat suplikar, pregar
  • entrechat entrechato
  • entrée entreo
  • entremets entremeso
  • entrench tranche-igar, -izar; fortifik-ar
  • entrepot depoz-eyo, magazino; (city, town) staplo
  • entresol entresolo
  • entropy entropio
  • entrust (to the care of) konfidar; (tell in confidence) konfidencar; (trust someone) fidar (ulu, su)
  • entry (act) en-ir-o, (place) -eyo; (access) aceso(-yuro); (small hallway) vestibul-eto; (nav.) arivo-deklaro; (write in) en-skribar; registr-agar; not-ar, -izar; e. into possession: posed-eskar; port of e.: dogan-ala portuo; double e.: debet-ala e kredit-ala kont-ado
  • entwine inter-plektar; torde volvar
  • enumerate enumerar
  • enunciate enuncar (cf. deklarar, asertar, proklamar); (articulate) artikular
  • envelop envelopar; (wrap in) en-volvar; (enclose) inkluzar; (n.) (wrapper) envelop-ilo; (of letters) kuverto; (cf. tegumento)
  • envenom venen-izar; (cf. intoxikar)
  • enviable envidi-ebla, -inda
  • envious envidi-ema, -oza; to be e. of: envidiar; -ness: envidi-em-eso
  • environ cirkondar; -ment: cirkum-aji; medio; (suburbs) pre-urbi
  • envoy (diplomac-ala) send-ito, deleg-ato; komis-ato
  • envy envidi-ar, -o
  • enwrap see envelop.
  • enzyme enzimo
  • Eocene eoceno
  • Eolian (race, dialect) Eoli-ana; e. harp: Eol-ala harpo
  • eolipile eolipilo
  • eon eono
  • eosin eozino
  • epact epakto
  • eparch eparko
  • epaulette epoleto; (shoulder piece) shultro-peco
  • ephebus efebo
  • ephedrine efedrino
  • ephemera efemer-a; -o, -insekto
  • ephemeris efemerido
  • epic epik-a, -atra; (poem) -ajo; (poet) -isto
  • epicene epicena
  • epicenter epicentro
  • epicure gastronomo
  • Epicurean Epikur-an-a, -o, -ism: -ismo
  • epicycle epiciklo
  • epicycloid epicikloido
  • epidemic epidemi-a, -ala, -atra; -o
  • epidemiology epidemiologio
  • epidermis epidermo
  • epidural epidurala
  • epigastrium epigastro
  • epiglottis epigloto
  • epigone epigono
  • epigram epigramo (cf. xenio)
  • epigraph epigrafo
  • epigraphy epigrafio
  • epilepsy epilepsio
  • epileptic (disease) epilepsi-ala; (person) -ika, -iko
  • epilogue epilogo
  • Epiphany epifanio
  • epiphysis epifizo
  • epiphyte epifito
  • Epirus Epir-o; an Epirot: -ano
  • episcopacy (title, dignity) episkop-eso
  • episcopal episkop-ala; e. church: Anglikana eklezio (Scotland, U.S.A., etc.)
  • episcopate (collect.) episkop-aro; (diocese) diocezo; (bishopric) episkop-io
  • episode epizodo
  • epistemology epistemologio
  • epistle (literary, Bibl.) epistolo, (ordinary letter) letro
  • epitaph epitafo
  • epithalamium epitalamio
  • epithelium epitelio
  • epithet epiteto
  • epitome epitomo
  • epitomize epitom-igar; abreviar; rezumar
  • epizootic epizooti-a, ala; -o
  • epoch epoko; ero; -al: -ala; e. making: epok-if-anta
  • epode epodo
  • epsom salts salo purg-iva; “Epsom” salo
  • equable egala; uniforma
  • equal (to be e.) egal-esar; (make e.) -igar; (adj.) egala (cf. para; uniforma; yusta); (n.) egal-(ul)o; -ity: egal-eso; (of rights) yur-egal-eso; -ization: egal-ig-(ad)o; -ize: egal-igar
  • equanimity seren-eso; tranquil-eso (di anmo)
  • equation equaciono
  • equator equator-o; -ial: -ala; e. telescope: -alo, -ala teleskopo
  • equerry kavalk-ero, -isto
  • equestrian kavalk-ero, -isto; (adj.) -ala
  • equi- equi-
  • equiangular equi-angula
  • equidistant equi-dist-anta
  • equilateral equi-latera
  • equilibrium, to be in state of (intr.) equilibr-ar, (n.) -o
  • equimultiple equi-mult-opl-a, -o
  • equine kaval-o; -ala, -atra
  • equinox equinoxo
  • equip equip-ar (cf. provizar; vest-izar); -age: -uro, -aj-o, -i; (carriage) veturo; (retinue) sequ-ant-aro
  • equipoise equilibro; egal-pezo
  • equipollence equipolo
  • equisetum equiseto
  • equitable yusta, equitat-oza
  • equity equitato, yusteso
  • equivalent equival-anta; (n.) -o, -ajo; to be e. to: -ar (ulo, ulu); kompensar
  • equivocal ambigua; du-senca; dubit-inda
  • equivocate parolar ambigue (od, fraude); uzar ambigu-aji (od, du-senc-aji); (to lie) mentiar
  • era ero; epoko
  • eradiate (tr., intr.) radiar
  • eradicate extirpar (cf. arachar)
  • erase efacar (cf. obliterar; sur-strek-izar)
  • ere ante, (conj.) ante ke; e. long: pos kurta tempo; balde
  • erect erektar (cf. elevar; konstruktar; stacigar); (adj.) stac-anta; vertikala; rekta; -ion: erekt-(ad)o, -uro; konstrukt-(ad)o, -uro; elev-(ad)o, -eso; -ness: posturo rekta; poz-eso perpendikla
  • eremite eremito
  • erg ergo
  • ergo do, konseque
  • ergot (fungus disease) ergoto
  • ergotine ergotino
  • ergotism ergotismo
  • ermine (animal) ermin-o, (fur) -felo
  • erode erodar, de-rodar
  • erogenous erogena
  • erosion erod-(ad)o, -uro
  • erotic erotik-a, -(ul)o
  • err (intr.) eror-ar; (cause to) -igar (ulu); (cf. faliar; kulpar; pekar; mis-irar)
  • errancy eror-em-eso
  • errand komision(et)o; e. boy: komisiono-garsono; send-puer-ulo
  • errant vag-anta
  • errata (listo de) emendi, erori
  • erratic eratika, vari-ema, ne-konstanta
  • erroneous eror-a, -oza; ne-vera; falsa; ne-justa; ne-exakta; e. judgement: mis-judiko, mis-judicio
  • error eroro; to labour under an e.: esar en eroro; havar nejusta nociono; to lead into e.: en-duktar (ulu) en eroro; wilful e.: volita eroro
  • eruct ruktar
  • erudite erud-ita, (person) -ito; to make e.: erud-ar (ulu, su); to be e.: erud-esar, -ita; -tion: erud-it-eso
  • erupt (intr.) eruptar
  • eryngo eringio
  • erysipelas erizipelo
  • Erythrea Eritrea
  • erythrosin eritrozino
  • escalade skal-acensar, -asaltar
  • escalator mov-anta eskalero
  • escapade (prank) fola stroko; yun-es-ala stroko; fol-ajo
  • escape (intr., tr.) eskapar (cf. fugar, evitar; for-flugar; liber-eskar); e. one’s memory: oblivi-esar, fugar ek mea memoro; e. pipe: eskapo-tubo; fire e.: eskapo-skalo; incendi-ala eskap-skalo; a narrow e.: esar preske kapt-ita
  • escapement (tech.) eskap-ilo
  • escarpment eskarp-ajo
  • eschar eskaro
  • eschatology eskatologio
  • escheat (condition) sen-hered-ant-eso; reversiono; domeno (o hav-ajo) konfisk-ita a stato (pro manko di hered-anti)
  • eschew evitar; fugar
  • escort akompanar (ulu); (pass.) eskort-iz-esar (da ulu); (n.) eskorto; akompan-(ad)o
  • escritoire skribo-tablo, -moblo
  • esculent manj-ebla
  • escutcheon skudo
  • Eskimo(s) Eskimo(i)
  • esophagus ezofago
  • esoteric esotera
  • espalier espalero
  • esparset esparseto
  • esparto (-grass): esparto
  • especial spec-ala, ecept-ala, partikulara, remark-inda; -ly: spec-ale, ecept-ale, precipue; partikulare
  • Esperanto n (conlang) Esperanto
  • espionage spion-(ad)o
  • esplanade esplanado
  • espouse (marry) spoz-igar; (betroth) fiancar; (fig.) defensar la interesto di ulu; adoptar la partiso di ulu
  • esprit de corps korporacion-ala mento; komuna (o loyala) spirito (milit-ist-ala o partis-ala)
  • espy vidar, des-kovrar
  • esquire (=Mr.) sior-ulo
  • essay probar (facar ulo); (cf. esforcar); (n.) (literary) esayo; verk-eto; -ist: esay-isto
  • essence esenco; perfumo; odoro
  • essential esenc-ala, -ala; neces-ega; ne-kare-ebla; (n.) esenc-o, -ajo; la chefa (od, maxim grava) kozo; neces-eg-ajo; non-e.: ne-esenc-ajo; e. oil: esenc-atra oleo; e. part: chefa parto, precipu-ajo; -ly: esence
  • establish (put on a permanent footing) establisar; fondar; (as a fact) konstatar (cf. verifikar, pruvar); (install) instalar; -ment: (act) establis-(ad)o; (of a fact) pruvo, verifiko, konstato; (business house) firmo; (body of servants) serv-ist-aro; (home) hemo; (cf. suffix -erio; eduk-erio; educational e.); branch e.: fili-alo; sub-instituc-uro
  • estafet estafeto
  • estate (landed) domeno; (property) hav-aj-o, -i, propriet-ajo, imoblo; (condition) stando; rango; (of a deceased person) hered-ajo; (fee simple e.) alodio; the third e.: la tri-esma klaso; (od, plebey-aro); real e.: domeno, ter-hav-ajo; personal e.: person-ala hav-ajo; man’s e.: vir-ala evo, vir-eso
  • esteem estimar: (judge) (tr., intr.) judikar; (cf. prizar; konsiderar); self-e.: su-estimo; fier-eso pri-su
  • ester estero
  • Esthonia Estoni-a; Esthonian: -ano
  • estimable estim-inda
  • estimate evaluar; (compute) kalkular; (survey) expertizar; (judge) judikar; (e. of outlay, etc.) pre-etato; a rough e.: proxima evalu-(ad)o, -uro (od, kalkulo)
  • estimation opiniono; estimo
  • estivation estiv-(ad)o
  • estrade estrado
  • estrange enemik-igar, -eskar; igar des-favor-oza; des-afecionar
  • estriol estriolo
  • estrogen estrogeno
  • estrone estrono
  • estuary estuario
  • et cetera (etc.) e ceter-i, -e; (e.c.)
  • etch grabar; -ing: -uro (cf. aquafort-ajo)
  • eternal etern-a; -ize: -igar
  • eternity (quality) etern-eso
  • ether (all senses) eter-o; -ize: -izar (ulu); -ialize: -igar (ulo), -ifar; -eal: -ala, -oza, -atra; ciel-atra; aer-ala
  • ethical etik-a, -ala, -oza
  • ethics etiko
  • Ethiopia Etiopi-a; Ethiopian: -ano
  • ethmoid etmoid-a, -o
  • ethnic ras-ala
  • ethnography etnografio
  • ethnology etnologi-o; -gist: -isto
  • ethology etologio
  • ethos etoso
  • etiolate etiolar
  • etiology etiologio
  • etiquette etiqueto, cerimoni-alo, -aro; konveni; dec-aji
  • Etruria Etruri-a; Etruscan: -ano
  • Etruscan Etruri-ana, -ano
  • etymolog-y, -ist etimologi-o, -isto
  • eucalyptus eukalipto
  • eucharist eukaristio
  • eudiometer eudiometro
  • eudiometry eudiometrio
  • eugenics eugeniko
  • eulogize laud-(eg)ar
  • eulogy laudo-diskurso, panagiro
  • eunuch eunuk-a, -(ul)o, (state) -eso
  • euphoria euforio
  • Europe Europ-a; European: -ano
  • europium europio
  • euthanasia eutanazio
  • evacuate (contents of something) evakuar; (empty a vessel, etc.) vaku-igar
  • evade evitar, eludar, eskapar
  • evaluate evaluar
  • evanescent for-pas-anta, -ema; ne-dur-anta, -iva; eferema
  • evangel evangeli-o; -ical: -ala, -atra; -ist: (author) -isto; (preacher) predik-ar, -isto (di l’evangelio); -ize: -izar (ulu)
  • evaporate (make) vapor-igar, (become) -eskar; -d: -ig-ita; -esk-inta; -tion: -igo, -esko; -tor: ig-ilo
  • evasion evit-(ad)o; eskapo; eludo; subterfujo; means of e.: eskapo-moyeno
  • evasive elud-ema, eskap-ema; ambigu-a
  • eve (evening) vespero; (preceding) hiera vespero; (just preceding in time) jus ante la tempo; (eccl.) vigilio; at e.: vespere; this e.: ca-vespere; Christmas e.: vespero ante Kristnasko
  • even (adj.) (equal) egala; (of numbers) para (nombro); (flat) plana; (smooth) glata; (level with) reza; (uniform) uniforma; (level) nivela; to be e. with someone: quit-esar kun-ulu, revanchar su; e. handed: equitat-oza, sen-partisa; e. tempered: serena, tranquila, ne-ecit-es-ema
  • even (adv.) mem; e. with: (level) reze di; not e.: (odd) ne-para; e. as: same kam; e. if: mem se; e. now: mem nun, nun-tempe; prezente; e. so: mem tale; e. though: mem se, malgre to
  • even (make equal) egal-igar (ulo ad ulo); (level) nivel-igar, -izar; (smooth) plan-igar; (balance) equilibr-igar; (raze) rez-igar
  • even-song vesper-ala oficio; vesper-himno
  • evening vesper-o, -ala; e. dress coat: frako; e. party: vesper-kunveno, -festo; to spend the e.: pasar la vespero; this e.: ca-vespere; to say “good e.”: dicar (o dezirar) bon-vespero (ad ulu); e. primrose: enotero
  • event event-o, -ajo; at all e.s: por omna kazo; in that e.: ta-kaze
  • eventful memor-inda; event-plena
  • eventual eventual-a (cf. konsequ-anta, fin-ala); -ity: -ajo; kontingent-ajo; -ly: eventual-e
  • eventuate (happen) eventar (pro, de); (result) rezultar (en); (come to) abutar (ad)
  • ever (at any time) ul-tempe; (always) sempre; (compounds, as whenever, whoever, wherever) irg-e, -a; for e.: por sempre; for e. and e.: por sempre, sempre; por eterne; if e. he comes: se il ul-tempe venos; scarcely e., hardly e.: preske nul-tempe; e. since: de-pos (ta tempo); e. so long: dum long-(eg)a tempo; whate.: irgo; whoe: irgu; where: irgube; whene: irge kande; whiche: irge qua
  • everglade herb-oza marsh-lando
  • evergreen sempre verda (arbusto); verd-ajo
  • everlasting eterna; ne-peris-iva; ne-mort-iva; konstanta, permananta; perpetua; sen-cesa
  • everliving ne-mort-iva
  • evermore por sempre, por-eterno
  • every (all) omn-a, -u, -o; (every single one) singl-a, -u, -o; e.body: (collect.) omni; e.thing: omno; e.one: (collect.) omna, (distrib.) singlu; e. now and then: de tempo a tempo; e. two of them: omna du; in e. case: omna-kaze; e. day: omna-die; e. other day: omna du-esma dio; e.where: omn-ube, omna-loke; e. time: irge kande; e. dog has his day: singlu de ni sucesas (od, triumfas) adminime un-foye; e. inch a king: rejo de kapo til pedo; e. little helps: omna, mem mikr-aji, helpas; e.one for himself: singlu por su; e. time that: omna-foye kande
  • evict eviktar
  • evidence (quality) evident-eso, (thing) -ajo; atesto; pruvo; (a witness) test-(ul)o; to give e.: atestar (ulo, pri ulo, ulu); to give e. of: montrar; false e.: falsa atest-o, -uro
  • evident evidenta; to make e.: demonstrar; self e.: evidenta per su; (cf. apar-anta, klara, percept-ebla, notora)
  • evil mal-a, -e, -ajo, -ulo, -ino; malign-a; e. doer: mal-fac-anto; malign-(ul)o; krimin-anto, -oz(ul)o; to invoke e. on: imprekar (ulu); e. spirit: demono, maligna spirito; to do an e. thing: facar mal-ajo; male agar; to wish e.: (have a grudge) rankorar (ad ulu); to speak e. of: maldicensar (pri ulu); sufficient to the day is the e. thereof: di singla dio suficas la peno; e. minded: mal-vol-anta, -oza; mal-intenc-anta, -oza; King’s e.: skrofulo
  • evince igar evidenta; montrar (klare); manifestar
  • evoke ek-vokar; (spirits) konjurar
  • evolution (all senses) evolucion-(ad)o; to perform (military) e.s: (intr.) evolucionar
  • evolve (by evolution) (intr.) evolucionar; (develop) developar
  • ewe muton-ino; e. lamb: (poet. and rel.) agnel-ino
  • ewer aquo-vazo, -krucho
  • ex post facto pos la fakto; retro-ag-iva
  • ex professo katedre
  • ex-. (prefix) (=former, late, retired) ex-; (=out of) ek-
  • ex-libris “ex-libris”
  • ex-libris “ex-libris”
  • ex-oficio pro ofico
  • ex-parte partis-ala, -ana
  • exacerbate irac-eg-igar; agacar; (med.) plu-akr-igar,-eskar
  • exact (demand) postular; (impose) impozar; (extort) estorsar; (necessitate) neces-igar; (adj.) (not used of persons) exakta; (person) akurata; (cf. justa, preciza, korekta)
  • exacting postul-ema; (arduous) des-facila; pen-iva, -oza
  • exactitude exakt-eso, just-eso; (person) akurat-eso; (cf. rigoro)
  • exaggerate (tr., intr.) exajerar
  • exalt (raise the spirits of) exaltar; (glorify) laud-egar
  • examination exameno (of persons); (things) exploro; (subject) inquesto; post mortem e.: autopsio(-inquesto); written e.: skrib-ita exameno; e. paper: exameno-questioni; to undergo an e.: subisar exameno
  • examine (a person) examinar; (a thing) explorar; (a subject) inquestar; (inspect) inspektar; (jur.) questionar; (troops, books, etc.) revuar
  • examining magistrate inquest-anta judici-isto
  • example exemplo; (model) modelo; (copy of a book, paper) exemplero; following the e. of: segun la exemplo di (ulu); to make an e. of someone: punisar ulu kom exemplo; exemplary punishment: exempla puniso; for e.: exemple
  • exanthema exantemo
  • exarch exarko; -ate: -eso, -io
  • exasperate exasperar, irit-(eg)ar, irac-(eg)igar; -ting: irac-(eg)anta, -iva
  • excalamation (with words) klamo; (inarticulate) krio; e. point: klamo-punto
  • excavate exkavar (cf. kav-igar)
  • excavation (act) exkav-(ad)o, (result) -uro; (naturally) kav-ajo
  • excavator (person) exkav-anto, -ero, -isto; (machine) -ilo, -mashino
  • exceed (go beyond proper limits, be guilty of excess) ecesar (tr., intr.); (go beyond) trans-pasar; preter-irar; (surpass) super-esar, super-irar (ulu); (one’s strength) trans-pasar, exhaustar; -ing: eces-anta, -iva; -ingly: ecese, extreme
  • excel (intr.) ecelar (en, pri); (reflex) super-irar su
  • excellence ecelo; bon-(eg)eso
  • Excellency (title) ecelenco
  • excellent ecel-anta, bon-ega
  • except eceptar, omisar, exkluzar; (object) objecionar
  • except (prep.) ecepte; exter; (conj.) ecepte ke, ecepte se, sen ke; -ing that: ecepte ke, ecept-inte ke
  • exception (act) ecept-o, (thing) -ajo; objeciono; with the e.: ecepte ke; by way of e.: ecept-ale; without e.: sen-ecept-e; to take e. to: (jur.) rekuzar; ofens-esar (da); ne-agnoskar (ulo kom vera); -al: ecept-a, -ala, ne-ordinara
  • excess eces-o, ajo; to go to e.: ecesar (pri manj-ado, e.c.); to use to e.: tro-uzar, mis-uzar
  • excessive eces-anta, -iva; exter-limita; sen-, super-mezura; troa
  • exchange (money, words, goods) kambiar (ulo po ulo); inter-chanjar (cf. permutar)
  • exchange kambi-(ad)o; (edifice) borso; kambi-eyo, -erio; (of blows) inter-bat-ado; in e. for: po, kambie; bill of e.: kambio-letro; rate of e.: kurso di kambio; foreign e.: exter-landa kambio; e. broker: bors-agento; e. premium: ajio; -able: kambi-ebla
  • exchequer fisko; chancellor of the e.: fisko-, financo-ministro
  • excipient (med.) veh-ilo
  • excise (cut out) de-, ek-tranchar; amputar
  • excise (n.) impost-o, -uro; tax-o, -uro; (octroi, town tax) acizo; e. administration: (France) regio
  • excite ecitar (cf. stimular, animar); e.tability: ecit-ebl-eso; -tant: -anta, -iva; -ivo, -ilo; -ment: -(ad)o, -eso, -eg-eso; (fig.) tumulto; entuziasmo; des-quiet-eso
  • exclaim klam-(esk)ar; parolar laute (o pasion-oze)
  • exclamatory klam-ala
  • exclude exkluzar, eceptar
  • exclusion exkluz-(ad)o, -eso; to the e. of: exkluz-ite
  • exclusive exkluz-iva, -ema; -ness: -em-eso; -ly: -ive
  • excogitate (tr., intr.) (par-)meditar; injeniar
  • excommunicate exkomunikar
  • excoriate exkoriar; (crack) krevisar
  • excrement exkremento; (feces) feko
  • excrescence sur-kresk-ajo
  • excrete ek-sekrecar
  • excruciating kruel-ega; abomin-inda; horor-inda; dolor-eg-ig-anta, dolor-eg-oza
  • exculpate sen-kulp-igar; absolvar
  • excursion exkurs-o; (digression) digres-o; to make an e.: (intr.) exkursar (en, de, ad); e. train: exkurso-treno; -ist: -anto, -ero
  • excuse (apology) exkuzo; (pretext) pretexto; to offer e.s: prizentar exkuzi (ad ulu, pri ulo)
  • excuse (oneself) exkuzar su; (grant pardon to) pardonar (ulu); (from tasks) dispensar; e. me: pardon-ez a me! -able: pardon-ebla
  • execrable abomin-inda, mal-ega
  • execrate abominar; (curse) maledikar
  • execute (do) exekutar, facar; (effect) efekt-igar; (complete) par-finar; (criminal) mort-igar; (a deed, etc.) signatar; valid-igar
  • execution exekut-(ad)o; efekt-igo, funcion-ado; (capital) mort-igo; (style) stilo; manipul-ado; habil-eso (manu-ala); in the e. of his duty: en la exerc-(ad)o di sua funcion o devi; to carry, put into e.: exekutar; -er: mort-ig-isto
  • executive exekut-iva, -ivo; administr-ero, -isto; guvern-ero, -er-aro; e. department: (of a government) ministerio
  • executor exekut-ero testament-ala; -y: (jur.) exekut-ala -enda
  • executrix exekut-er-ino testament-ala
  • exegesis exegezo
  • exemplar exemplero (copy); modelo
  • exemplary exempl-a, -atra; model-a, -atra
  • exemplify donar (od, demonstrar per) exemplo
  • exempt dispensar (ulu de); eceptar; liber-igar; (adj.) dispens-ita, libera
  • exequater “exequatur”
  • exercise exercar (ulu, su); (one’s wits) injeniar (intr.); (practise an employment, art, science) praktik-ar; (make effort) esforcar; (anxiety) divenar anxi-oza; (use) uzar
  • exergue exergo
  • exerpt extrakt-ar, -ajo; -uro
  • exert (intr.) esforcar; (take pains) penar; (exercise) exercar; (use) uzar; (work) laborar
  • exfoliate exfoliar
  • exhale exhal-ar, (pass.) -esar; -lation: -o, -ajo; (foul e. from earth) mefito
  • exhaust (lit, and fig.) exhaustar (cf. konsumar; vaku-igar; fatigar; uzar); debil-igar; -ion: exhaust-o, -eso, -ajo; -less: ne-exhaust-ebla
  • exhibit expozar, montrar, prizentar, reprezentar; (for sale) estalar; -or: expoz-anto, -ero; -ioner: stipendi-iero
  • exhilarate gay-igar; stimular, kuraj-igar; vigor-izar
  • exhort exhortar
  • exhume ek-ter-igar, des-sepultar
  • exigency neces-eso; urj-ant-eso; postul-em-eso
  • exiguous streta; meskina; mikra; des-abund-anta
  • exile exilar (ulu, su, de, ad); (n.) (act) -o; (state) -eso; (person) -ito; to be in e.: esar exil-ita
  • exist (intr.) existar; (live) vivar; -ence: (in gen.) existo; (life) vivo; (entity) ento; means of e.ence: vivo-moyeni; to call into e.ence: nask-igar, genitar, produktar; -ent: exist-anta; aktuala; nuna
  • exit (going out) ek-iro; (place) ek-ir-eyo; to make one’s e.: ek-irar, departar
  • exodus ek-ir(ad)o; (Bibl.) exodo; book of E.: exodo-libro
  • exonerate sen-kulp-igar, -eskar; absolvar; des-charjar (ulu)
  • exorbitant eces-eg-anta; -iva; exter-limita; super-mezura; cher-ega
  • exorcise exorcisar
  • exordium exordi-o, (to make an e.) (intr.) -ar
  • exosmosis ek-osmoso
  • exostosis exostoso
  • exoteric exotera
  • exotic exotika
  • expand expansar; dilatar
  • expatiate ample traktar, longe parolar (pri ulo); ampl-igar; prolix-eskar
  • expatriate exilar (ulu); ek-pulsar (ulu de la patrio); (n.) exil-ito; ek-migr-anto
  • expect expektar (cf. anticipar, esperar; intencar, vartar); -ancy: (state) expekt-o, espero; -ation: expekt-(ad)o, -eso; -espero; to be in e. of: expektar (ulo); to answer one’s e.s: satisfacar la expekto (di ulu)
  • expectorate (spit) sputar; (from lungs) expektorar
  • expediate (haste) expediar; acelerar; hast-igar; rapid-igar; facil-igar
  • expedient konven-anta; oportuna; utila; avantaj-oza; saja; profit-oza; be e.: konvenar; (n.) moyen-a, -ajo, -acho; remedi-ach-o
  • expedition (speed) rapid-eso; (milit., nav.) expediciono
  • expeditious rapida; (immediate) quika
  • expel ejektar; ek-pulsar
  • expend spensar (cf. konsumar; prodigar); -iture: spens-(ad)o, -ajo
  • expense spens-(ad)o, -ajo; (cost) kusto; preco;free of e.: sen-spensa, sen-kusta; gratuita; (packages) afrank-ita; to go to the e.: asumar la spens-aji
  • expensive kust-oza, chera; prec-oza
  • experience experiencar; (feel) sentar; -d: experienc-oza; experta; habila
  • experiment (intr.) experiment-ar, -o; (cf. experience); prove by e.: probar (ulo); -al: -ala
  • expert expert-a, -(ul)o, (pri); habila
  • expiate expiacar (ulo, per); -tory: -anta, -ala
  • expiration expir-(ad)o; fino; ceso; (com.) expiro-, pago-dato
  • expire (breath, time) expirar; (fig.) mortar
  • explain explikar (cf. klar-igar, expozar); -able: explik-ebla
  • explanatory explik-anta, -iva
  • expletive (imprecation) malediko
  • explicable explik-ebla
  • explicit explicit-a; to make e.: -igar (ulo)
  • explode (intr.) exploz-ar; (tr.) -igar
  • exploit explot-ar, -achar (ulu, ulo); (n.) prod-ajo; hero-ajo, audac-ajo; -ed: explot-ita, -ata; -ation: -(ad)o
  • explore explorar (ulo) (cf. inquestar, examenar); -r: explor-anto, -ero, -isto
  • explosion exploz-o
  • explosive explos-iv-a, -o; -ness: -iv-eso
  • exponent (person) expoz-anto, -ero; (math.) exponento
  • export exportac-ar (ulo); e. goods: -aji; e. trade: exportac-komerc-(ad)o; -er: -anto, -ero, -isto
  • expose (lit. and fig.) expozar; (pass.) -esar; e. to ridicule: igar ulu rid-inda; -ed: expoz-ata; danjer-oza; sen-shirma
  • exposition expoz(ad)o, (place) -eyo; (explanation) expoz-(ad)o, explik-(ad)o
  • expostulate remonstrar; protestar
  • exposure (see expose) expoz-(ad)o, -uro; danjero, risko, sen-shirm-(ad)o, -eso
  • expound explikar, expozar, interpretar, klar-igar
  • express (adj.) explicita, klara; e. train: espres-o-treno
  • express (an idea) expresar; dicar, deklarar, enuncar; (a package) sendar per expreso; (press out) ek-presar
  • express (n.) espres-o, -o-treno; by e.: espres-e
  • express-man espres-isto, -agento
  • expressage (cost) espres-kusto
  • expressible expres-ebla
  • expression expres-(ad)o, -uro; (phrase) frazo; (look) aspekto, mieno; (pressing out) ek-pres-(ad)o; with e.: expres-oze
  • expressive expres-oza, -iva, -ema; to be e. of: expresar
  • expressly intence, spec-ale, partikulare
  • expropriate expropriar, de-prenar
  • expulsion ejekt-(ad)o, ek-puls-anta, -iva
  • expunge efacar
  • expurgate pur-igar
  • exquisite bon-ega; bel-ega; rafin-ita; ecel-anta, elegant-ega; (intense) intens-(eg)a; (pain) kruel-ega; kordio-lacer-anta; (n.) elegant-(ul)o, dandio
  • extant exist-anta; viv-anta (cf. ja ankore)
  • extemporaneous improviz-ita, -ata; ne-previd-ita; ne-expekt-ita
  • extemporize improvizar
  • extend extensar, plu-vast-igar; (time) plu-long-igar; (by addition in space) prolongar; (the hand) prizentar
  • extensibility extens-ebl-eso
  • extension extens-(ad)o, -eso, -ajo; vast-eso, prolong-o, -uro
  • extensive extens-ala, -ita; vasta; ampla; granda; grava; spac-oza
  • extensor (muscle) extens-iva, -ivo, -muskulo
  • extent extens-eso; (fullness) ampl-eso; (vastness) vast-eso; (degree) grado; to a certain e.: ul-grade; to a great e.: grande-parte; to the e. that: til ke
  • extenuate vt [guilt, offense] extenuar; (lit. make thin) [person] tenuigar || adj extenuating circumstances extenuanta cirkonstanci
  • exterior exter-a, -ajo; -ly: extere
  • exterminate exterminar
  • external extera
  • extinct exting-ita; ne-ag-anta; (cf. extermin-ita, abolis-ita); sen-viva
  • extinguish extingar
  • extirpate extirpar
  • extol laud-egar, glori-izar; (vaunt) fanfaronar
  • extort (by moral violence) extorsar; arachar; -ion: extors-(ad)o; attempt at e.: extorso-probo; to practise e.: (intr.) konkusionar; -ionate: extors-oza, -ema (cf. exorbitant)
  • extra extra; plus-a, -ajo; suplement-a, -ajo; adicion-ala; e. good: extra bono; e. dish, edition: extra disho, edit-uro; e. hazardous: risk-eg-oza; (outside of) exter
  • extract extraktar (cf. ek-tirar, arachar, des-intrikar); (n.) extrakt-ajo, -uro; (citation) cit-ajo; of low e.tion: di basa origino
  • extradite extradar
  • extrados extradoso
  • extrajudicial exter-judicia
  • extramundane exter la materi-ala mondo
  • extramural exter la muri
  • extraneous extera, ne-esenc-a, -ala; stranjera; extrinseka, kontre-natura
  • extraordinary extraordinara
  • extravagance (of money) spens-em-eso; des-spar-em-eso; (in talk, act) extravag-o, (act) -ajo, (tendency) -em-eso; disip-em-eso
  • extravagant des-spar-ema, spens-ema; extravag-anta, (person) -(ul)o; (fantastic) fantastik-a, baroka; to be e.: extravagar, spens-egar, -achar; disip-ar
  • extreme extrema, ultra; -ly: extreme; grand-ege
  • extremity extrem-o, -ajo; fin-o, -ajo; (crisis) krizo; (need) bezon-ego; -ties: pedi, manui e.c.; to carry things to e.: agar ne-sagace, esar violenta
  • extricate ek-tirar; des-intrikar; liber-igar; des-inkombrar
  • extrinsic extrinseka
  • extrusion ek-puls-(ad)o, -eso
  • exuberant (super-)abund-anta; abund-(eg)anta
  • exude (tr., intr.) exud-ar; -dation: -o, -ajo, -uro
  • exult (intr.) exultar; joy-egar
  • eye (be a spectator of) spektar; (look at attentively) regardar; (look at) okul-agar; (ogle) oglar
  • eye (n.) okulo; (point of view) vid-punto; (as of needle) okul-eto, tru-eto; cross e.ed: straba; false e.ed: artific-ala okulo; blind in one e.: tuert-a, (person) -ulo; wink of the e.: palpebr-ago; in the twinkling of an e.: en un instanto; with one’s own e.s: per sua propra okulo; to keep an e. on: (suprintend) survey-ar; farther than the e. can reach: til fino di vido; exter la vid- povo; cry one’s e.s out: exhaustar su per lakrimi; plor-egar;with tears in e.s: kun lakrimi en l’okuli; to have a black e.: havar kontuz-ita okulo; in my e.s: segun mea opiniono, de mea vid-punto; to close the e.s to something: konivencar (ulo); to strike one’s e.s: venar a l’atenco; to have an e. to: sorgar (ulo); vigilar (por); to find favour in one’s e.s: vidar o konsiderar favor-oze; e. for e.: okulo per okulo
  • eye-glance regard-o, -eto
  • eye-piece okul-alo; okul-lenso
  • eye-salve okul-unguento; kolirio
  • eye-shade okul-klapo, -shirm-ilo
  • eye-tooth okul-dento
  • eye-water (salve, wash) kolirio
  • eye-witness okul-test-(ul)o; vid-anto, -into; asist-anto, -into
  • eyeball okul-globo; (pupil) pupilo; (socket) orbito
  • eyebolt okulo-skrubo
  • eyebrow brovo; to knit the b.s: kontraktar la brovi
  • eyedrop (medicin-ala) okul-guto
  • eyeglass (double) binoklo; (single) monoklo; (e. piece) okul-alo; (spectacles) orel-binoklo; (nose) naz-binoklo; (e. glasses with handle) manu-binoklo; e. case: etuyo di binoklo
  • eyehole okul-alo; vid-tru-eto; (socket) orbito
  • eyelash cilio
  • eyeless sen-okul-a, -i, blinda
  • eyelet (-hole) okul-eto; tru-eto
  • eyelid palpebro
  • eyesight vido(-povo)
  • eyesore ofens-ant-ajo, odi-ajo

F

  • F ltr fe; (mus.) F (o fa); F-flat (F♭) fes; F-sharp (F♯) fis
  • fa n (mus.) fa
  • fable n fablo || adj fabed fablala, -atra
  • fabric n (any woven material) texuro; [woven material used to produce other goods] stofo; (archit.) strukturo
  • fabricate vt (invent) [story, account, evidence] inventar; (manufacture) [goods] fabrikar
  • fabulous adj (wonderful; mythical) fablatra; legendala
  • façade n (archit.; fig.) fasado
  • face n (anat.) vizajo; get out of my face! livez me !; I could never look her in the face again me ne povus plus regardar el en la vizajo; I told him to his face me dicis lo ad ilua vizajo; you’re lying, it’s written all over your face! vu mentias, lo esas lektebla sur vua vizajo ! | [of horse, bovine, moose] chanfreno; face powder pudro; to set one’s face against kombatar; rezistar; to show one’s face aparar; montrar sua vizajo | (expression, mien) mieno; to make a face (grimace) grimasar | (operative side; front) facio; fronto; [of building] fasado; [of coin, cloth, etc.] averso; [of the earth] surfaco; [of watch, dial] cifroplako; (geom.) edro; in the face of (confronted with) in the face of the enemy avan l’enemiko; (in spite of) in the face of considerable opposition malgre granda rezisto; to fly in the face of aperte desobediar (o rezistar); kontreagar; kontredicar | (outward manifestation, aspect) aspekto; semblo; face value nominala valoro; on the face of it segun la semblo; surfacale; facing (sewing) bordumo; face-off afronto || vt (be facing) posturar facie vers; (turn to face) turnar la vizajo vers; (confront) [enemy, danger, problem, situation] afrontar; to face the music afrontar la konsequantaji | (risk incurring) [fine, prison, defeat, death] riskar; [unemployment] esar minacata da; (cover the surface of) kovrar; surfacizar; to face up to [difficulty] afrontar || vi (be facing) posturar facie; to face about riturnar || adj faceless senvizaja; (anonymous) anonima; facial vizajala || adv face to face facio kontre facio; vizajo kontre vizajo; to come face to face with death trovar su vizajo kontre vizajo kun la morto || afx -faced -vizaja; sad-faced waifs yuna senhemi tristavizaja
  • facet n faceto || adj faceted facetoza, -izita
  • facetious adj bufonatra; jokoza, -ema
  • facies n « facies »
  • facile adj [remark, intellect] simplacha; [victory] facila || n facility (place) -erio; medical facility medicinerio | (service, function) funciono; servo; (aptitude) talento; (easiness) facileso || vt to facilitate faciligar
  • facsimile n faksimilo
  • fact n (something indisputably true) fakto; verajo; he still had friends despite the fact that he was an Idist il ankore havis amiki malgre ke il esis Idisto; is that a fact? ka vera ?; an obvious fact evidenta fakto; evidentajo; a question of fact faktala questiono; to know for a fact konstatar kom fakto | (piece of information) datumo; (reality) lo reala; (philos.) pragmato; as a matter of fact fakte; the fact of the matter is ... la simpla verajo esas ke ...; in (point of) fact fakte || adj factual faktala; (actually occurring) fakta
  • faction n (small party) partiseto; (dissension) deskonkordo; deskonsento; disputo || adj factious (pertaining to factions) partisana; (inclined to discordance) deskonkordema; deskonsentema; disputema
  • factitious adj (artificial) artificala; (counterfeit) fingita; kontrafaktita
  • factor n (contributing element) faktoro; a factor of success faktoro di suceso; (math) faktoro; (com.) agento; komisionisto; factorial (math) faktorialo || vt to factor in enkalkular; konsiderar anke
  • factory n fabrikerio; manufakturo; factory hand fabrikero, -isto | (hist.: trading post in foreign country) faktorio
  • factotum n « factotum »; omnofacanto
  • facultative adj fakultativa
  • faculty n (power of body, mind) fakultato; to have all one’s faculties havar omna sua fakultati | (talent, aptitude) talento; to have a faculty for music havar talento por muziko; (division of school; teaching staff) fakultato
  • fad n manieto
  • fade vi (disappear) (gradope) desaparar; (lose color) [fabric] paleskar; senkoloreskar; (weaken) [strength] febleskar; (wilt) [flower, beauty] velkar || vt (discolor) [fabric] paligar; senkolorigar || n (loss of color) paligo, -esko; senkolorigo, -esko
  • fag n (Brit., informal: chore) servatra labor(ad)o; (Brit., informal: cigarette) sigareto; fag end stumpo || vt (Brit., informal: exhaust) (tote) fatigar; to be fagged out esar (tote) fatigita || vi (Brit., informal: work hard) facar servatra labor(ad)o
  • fagot n (bundle of sticks) branchofasko; vergofasko
  • faience n fayenco
  • fail vi (not succeed) faliar; to fail in something faliar en ulo | (break down) [engine, mechanism] paneeskar; [health, sight, voice] febleskar; (be insufficient) ne suficar; (be lacking) mankar; (become bankrupt) faliar; (cease) cesar; (malfunction) desfuncionar; to fail to do faliar facar; I shall not fail to come me certe venos; me ne falios venar || vt (not succeed in) [exam, subject] faliar; (let down) deceptar || n without fail sen faliar; failing (weakness, shortcoming) defekto; feblajo; failure falio; nepovo; nesuceso; [of engine, computer program] desfunciono; paneesko; [of health] feblesko; [of supplies] manko; (cessation) ceso; (fiasco) fiasko || prep failing en (o pro) manko di; failing that ... en (o pro) manko di to
  • faille n (fabric) fayo
  • fain adj (archaic: glad) joyoza; [archaic: satisfied, content] kontenta; [archaic: willing] volunta; (archaic: obliged) obligata || adv (archaic: gladly) joyoze; (archaic: willingly) volunte
  • faint adj (slight) febla; nebrilanta; neklara; (weak and dizzy) esvananta, -ema; faint-hearted feblanima; poltrona; senkuraja; timida || n (med.) esvano; sinkopo || vi (med.) esvanar; sinkopar; (archaic: weaken) febleskar
  • fair (adj.) (weather) serena, klara, sen-nuba; (just) yusta; honesta; equitat-oza; (complexion, hair) blonda; (pleasing) agreabla; charm-anta; (passable) pasabla; (in games) esar segun la reguli; (wind) favor-oza; f. and square: honor-oza, honest-ega; to be in a f. way: esar en bona stando (od, cirkonstanci); la afero esas favor-oza; f. copy: neta kopi-uro; f. sex: la bela sexuo
  • fair (n.) (market) ferio; f. ground: ferio-placo, -loko, feri-eyo
  • fairly pasable (cf. plene; sufice)
  • fairy (also fig.) fe-o, -ino; f. tale: fe-ala rakonto; f. land: feo-lando
  • “fait accompli” pragmato
  • faith (intellectual conviction) kredo; (confidence, esp. religious) fido; (fidelity) fidel-eso; in good f.: sincer-a, -e; worthy of f.: fid-inda; to put or have f. in: fidar ad ulu, ulo; declaration of f.: kredo-deklaro; (interj.) vere! certe!
  • faithful fidela; fid-inda; (person) fidel-(ul)o; (cf. exakta, vera); -ness: fidel-eso
  • faithless (inconstant) ne-fidela; (treacherous) perfida; (untrusting) sen-fida; ne-kred-anta
  • fake (v.) imit-achar; fals-igar; (adj.) imit-ach-anta; tromp-iva; (n.) imit-ach-ajo; tromp-ivo; fals-ig-uro
  • fakir fakiro
  • falcon falkon-o
  • falconry falkon-arto; chaso per falkoni
  • Falkland Islands Falkland (insuli)
  • fall (intr.) fal-ar; (cause to) -igar, precipitar; (commence) -eskar; (f. in, collapse) krular; let f.: lasar falar; f. away: magr-eskar; revoltar; apostat-eskar; f. again: ri-falar; f. back: retro-falar; retretar; retro-irar, -marchar; f. due: expirar; f. away from: abandonar; renuncar; livar; f. in: falar en; krular; (milit.) rang-izar; f. in with: konsentar, renkontrar (hazarde); at night-f.: ye nokt-eso; f. out with: des-konkord-eskar kun; f. into: (ways) konform-igar su, -eskar; f. foul of: kolizionar (kun); atakar; f. short of: mankar; ne-atingar; f. through: (fig.) faliar; f. under: (fig.) esar konten-ita, inkluz-ita en; the night f.s: la nokto venas, nokt-esas; -ing: fal-anta; f. sick: malad-eskar; f into disgrace: perdar la favoro; f. into decadence: dekad-eskar; f. to pieces: pec-(et)eskar; krular; -en: fal-inta, -into; (overthrown) renvers-ita; (fig.) mort-int-a, -o; ruin-ita; des-honor-iz-ita
  • fall (n.) (water, snow, etc.) (act) fal-(ad)o; (that which f.s) -ajo; (autumn) autuno; (in price) bas-igo, -esko; (decrease) diminutar
  • fallacious tromp-iva, -ema; iluzion-iva
  • fallacy sofismo; eroro; iluziono; tromp-ajo
  • fallibility eror-iv-eso
  • fallible eror-iva
  • falling off diminuto; bas-igo, -esko
  • fallow (fawn coloured) falva; (ground) ne-kultiv-ita, ne-plug-ita; f. deer: daimo; falva bestio
  • false (hair, teeth, signatures, money, jewels, etc.) falsa; (not true) ne-vera; (person) ne-sincera; perfida; (of imprisonment) ne-leg-ala, kontre-lega; (of argument) ne-justa; (cf. prefix pseudo-); to be f. to: trahizar; perfid-esar
  • falsehood mentio; fals-ajo; ne-vereso, -ajo
  • falsetto falseto
  • falsification fals-igo, -ig-uro
  • falsify fals-igar
  • falsity fals-eso
  • falter (mentally) (intr.) hezit-ar; (cause to) -igar; (intr.) vacilar; (stammer) (tr., intr.) balbutar; (totter) (intr.) shancelar
  • fame famo; glorio; (bona) reput-eso; to be of ill f.: esar male reput-ata; house of ill f.: deboch-erio; to cover with f.: fam-izar
  • familiar familiar-a, intim-a; (become) -eskar (kun); -ity: (state) -eso, (act) -ajo; -ize: -igar; kustum-igar su
  • family (also zool., bot.) famili-o; to be in a f. way: esar gravida; (become) -eskar; f. likeness: famili-ala simil-eso; word f.: vorto-familio; to make a f. alliance: aliancar
  • famine famino
  • famished hungr-eg-anta; to be f.: hungr-egar (intr.)
  • famous (well known) fam-oza; (excellent) bon-ega, ecel-anta; (glorious) glori-oza
  • fan (n.) vent-iz-ilo; (hand fan) abaniko; f. like: vent-iz-il-atra
  • fan vent-izar; (winnow) fanar; (fig.) ecitar
  • fanatic(al) fanatik-a, (person) -ulo; -ism: -eso, (act) -ajo; -ize: -igar (ulu) fanatika; (cf. bigoteso, pi-ach-eso, kred-em-eso, ne-toler-em-eso, super-stico)
  • fancier (amateur) amatoro; (books, art) dilet-anto, -ero; pigeon f.: kolomb-amatoro
  • fanciful fantazi-ala, -ema, -oza; fantastika; kimer-ala, -ema; roman-atra, -ema
  • fancy (adj.) fantastika; fantazi-ala; f. dress: fantazi-ala kostumo; f. goods: fantazi-aji, -ala vari; f. work: brod-uri, -aji; lux-aji
  • fancy (faculty) fantazi-o, (a f.) -ajo; (whim) kaprico; mani-eto; (preference) prefero; deziro; afeciono; vain f.: rev-acho; f. free: ne-amor-ema
  • fancy (to have or take a f. for) fantaziar (ulu, ulo); (imagine) imaginar; (cf. revar); (prefer) preferar; (suppose) supozar; (opine) opinionar
  • fanfare fanfaro
  • fang dent-o, -ego; (root) dento-stumpo; (claw) unglo
  • fantasia (muzik-ala) fantazi-ajo
  • fantastic fantastika; (fig.) lunatik-a, -atra
  • fantasy (faculty) fantazi-o, (thing) -ajo; kaprico; (cf. fancy)
  • far (prep.) for; (adv.) for-e; (adj.) -a; distanta; to be f. away: for-esar; f. from: (prep.) for; as f as: tam fore kam; til; segun-quante; by f.: multe; how f.: quante fora?; from af.: de fore;in so f.: (quantity) segun quante; (because) pro ke; thus f.: tiil nun; (distance) til hike; f. from it: tote ne; f. off: fore; so f. so good: til nun, bone! f. and near: fore e proxime; f. reaching: efek-iva; f. seeing: sagaca; f. sighted: presbita, hipermetropa, longa vid-anta
  • farad farado
  • farandole farandolo
  • farce (all senses) farco
  • farcical fars-ala, -atra, -ema; burleska; drola, rid-inda
  • farcy (vet.) farcino
  • fare (price) (vetur-)preco, bilieto-, pasa-preco (od, kusto); (passenger) pasaj-anto, -ero; (eatables) manj-aji, nutr-ivi; bill of f.: menuo; pay full f.: pagar plena preco; voyajar en la un-esma klaso
  • fare (to be in a certain state, condition) standar; how did you f.: quo eventis?; to f. well: standar bone; havar bona repasto; esar acept-ita jentile
  • farewell, to say adi-ar; dicar adio (ad ulu)
  • farinaceous farin-oza, -atra
  • farm (land on lease, taxes) farm-ar; (till land) kultivar; f. out: farmo-lugar, -donar; (n.) (act) -(ad)o, (place) -eyo, -agr-o, -i; (house) -o-domo; f. hand: farmo-labor-ero; f. yard: farmo-korto
  • farmer (on lease) farm-isto; (by owner) agro-kultiv-isto
  • faro (game) faraono
  • farrago pelmelo; mix-uro
  • farrier huf-fer-iz-isto; kaval-fer-isto
  • farther plu fore, plu dist-anta; (across) trans-e, -a; (forward) ad-avane; -most: maxim fora; extrem-a, fina
  • fasciation (bot.) fasiaco
  • fascinate facin-ar (ulu); -ting: -anta, -iva; -tion: (act) -(ad)o, (state) -eso
  • fascine fashino
  • fashion (n.) (mode) modo; (custom) kustumo; (manner) maniero; (shape) fason-o, -uro; formo; (polite society) eleganta mond-umo; in f.: segun-moda, segun la modo; out of f.: di anciena modo; ek-moda; obsoleta; to become out of f.: ek-mod-eskar; to cause to go out of f.: ek-mod-igar; after a f.: pasable; til ula punto; -able: eleganta; segun moda; f. world: eleganta, mond-umo
  • fast (adj.) (dissipated) disip-ema; (firm) ferma, fix-ig-ita, sekura; (quick) rapida; (faithful) fidela; (of sleep) profunda; (of colours) bona (od, ferma) tint-uro; (clocks) tro rapida; tro frua; a f. man: homulo disip-ema (o deboch-ema); a f. young lady: damzelo ne-modesta o ne-prudenta; f. day: fasto-dio; f. train: rapida treno; espreso-treno; to hold f.: tenar ferme; mantenar; to stand f.: haltar, permanar; ne movar; montrar kurajo; to make f.: (a cable) amar-agar
  • fast (intr.) fast-ar, (to make) -igar; (n.) -o; -ado
  • fasten (by cord) ligar; (fix) fix-igar; (by adhesion) glutinar (tr., intr); (join together) kon-juntar; (cf. bukl-agar; klef-klozar; rigl-klozar; buton-agar; ferm-igar); to f. something upon (anyone): imputar; atribuar; -er: kloz-ilo; fix-ig-ilo; lig-ilo (cf. spanyoleto, kremono)
  • fastidious delikat-ega; elekt-ema; (of detail) minuci-ema; postul-ema
  • fat gras-o, -ajo; -oza, -atra, -ema; (thick) dika
  • fatal (fateful) fat-ala; (deadly) mort-ig-anta; (ruinous) ruin-anta, -iva
  • fatalism fat-al-ismo
  • fatalist fat-al-ista, -isto
  • fatality (death) morto; (invincible necessity) fatal-eso, -ajo; (accident) mala acidento
  • fate fato; destino; the Fates: (myth.) la Parci
  • fated (pre-)destin-ita
  • fateful fat-ala; (sad) funesta
  • father patr-ulo; (as title of honour; fig.) patro; (v.) adoptar; agar quale patr-ulo; adopted f.: adopto-patr-ulo; grandf.: av-ulo; godf.: bapto-patr-ulo; stepf.: stifa patr-ulo; f.-in-law: bo-patr-ulo; holy f.: santa patr-ulo
  • fatherhood patr-(ul)eso
  • fatherland patrio; nasko-lando
  • fatherless orfana; sen-patr-ula
  • fatherly patr-ul-ala, -atra
  • fathom sondar (cf. penetrar; komprenar); (measure) “toise”; -less: sen-funda, ne-sond-ebla, ne-penetr-ebla
  • fatigue fatig-ar (ulu), (pass.)-esar; (n.) (act) -(ad)o, (state) -eso; f. duty: korve-o, -ar; to over f.: fatig-egar, (“knock up”) kurbaturar
  • fatiguing fatig-anta, -iva
  • fatted c. grasa bov-yuno; bound in c.: bind-ita per (en) bov-yun-ledro
  • fatten gras-igar, -eskar; (artificially) gavar
  • fatuity fatu-eso, -ajo, idiot-eso, -ajo
  • fatuous fatua; stupida
  • faubourg pre-urbo
  • faucet robineto
  • faugh fi!
  • fault kulpo (cf. vicio; defekto, manko; eroro); (geol.) roko-, strato-fend-uro; to find f. with: blamar; kritik-achar; reprochar; at f.: en eroro; esar kulp-oza; to commit a f.: (intr.) kulpar; whose f. is it?: di qua esas la kulpo?; petty f.: kulp-eto; f. finder: blam-emo; kritik-(ach)anto, -ero; f.less: sen-kulpa; sen-defekta, perfekta; ne-reproch-ebla; faulty: kulp-inta; defekt-oza; ne-perfekta
  • faun (myth.) fauno
  • fauna besti-aro
  • favor favorar (ulu); avantaj-izar; (resemble) simil-esar
  • favor (n.) favoro; (letter) letro; (order) komend-ajo, -o; (ribbon) tuf-nodo; kokardo; (indulgence) indulgo; to withold f. from, put out of f.: des-favorar;to curry f. with: flatar; probar plezar; -able: favor-oza; oportuna, konven-anta, komoda; -ed: (looking) aspekt-anta
  • favorite favor-ata; prefer-ata; (n.) favor-at-(ul)o
  • favoritism favor-ismo; favor-at-eso
  • favus favo; tinio
  • fawn cerv-yuno; f. coloured: cerv-ea; falva
  • fawn (animals) karez-achar; f. upon: (persons) flat-achar
  • fay (fairy) fe-ino
  • fealty loy-al-eso, fidel-eso
  • fear (n.) (apprehension) timo; (terror) teroro, pavoro; -ful: tim-anta, -oza, -ema; pavor-oza, -ema; (terrifying) teror-ig-anta; pavor-ig-anta, -iva; -less: sen-tima; sen-pavora; for f. that: tim-ante ke, time ke
  • fear timar; (be in terror) (intr.) pavor-ar; never f.: esez tranquila
  • feasible fac-ebla, exekut-ebla, praktik-ebla
  • feast (banquet) festinar; (regale) regalar; (fig.: to f. on) saturar
  • feast (n.) (banquet) festino; (festival, holiday) festo; (of food) regalo; to keep the f. of: (intr.) festar
  • feat prod-ajo (di fort-eso, habil-eso); stroko; brilliant f.: brilanta stroko (od, prod-ajo)
  • feather (n.) plumo; bunch of f.s: penacho, plum-fasko; a f. in his cap: honoro; to show the white f.: montrar tim-eso; kondutar poltrone; f. bed: plum-lito; f. edge: bizelo; f. duster: plum-fasko; f.ed: plum-iz-ita; (winged) al-iz-ita; f. brained: frivol-ega; -less: sen-pluma; -y: lejera quale plumo
  • feather plum-izar, (intr.) -ifar; (fig.) rich-igar
  • feature traktar; (n.) traito; sali-ajo; hard f.ed: di severa (o leda) vizajo
  • febrifuge kontre-febra (medikamento)
  • febrile febr-ala, -atra, -oza
  • February februaro
  • fecal fek-ala
  • feces feko; exkremento
  • fecula (chem.) fekulo; (starch) amilo
  • feculent fekul-oza, -atra; sediment-oza
  • fecund (of living beings) fekund-a; (vegetable) frukt-oza, -atra; (ground) fertila; -ity: fekund-eso
  • federal feder-ala; -ism: -al-ismo
  • federate, federalize (tr., intr.) federar; -d: feder-ita
  • federation feder-o, -uro
  • fee (doctor’s, etc.) honorario (cf. pago, preco); (tip) gratifik-eto
  • feeble febla (cf. sen-vigora; ne-sonora; (tro-) indulgema); imbecila; ne-decid-ema; -ness: febl-eso
  • feed (n.) nutr-o, -aji, -ivi; pastur-ajo; manj-ajo; to be off one’s f.: perdar l’apetito
  • feed (subsist, nourish) nutrar; (furnish) alimentar; provizar; (cf. alaktar; pasturar)
  • feel (a sensation) sentar; perceptar; (f. about with fingers, etc.) palpar (la puls-ado di ulu, e.c.); (touch) tushar; (f. one’s way, grope) tastar; to f. sympathy: simpatiar (ulu), sentar simpati-oze; kompatar; to f. sick: malad-eskar; (in stomach) nauzear; to f. like: aspektar quale; dezirar facar, irar, e.c.; to f. cold: me sentas kom kolda; me sentas me kolda; how do you f.: quale vu standas?; how do you f. about it: quale vu pensas pri to?; (n.) sent-ado, tusho-sento, takto
  • feeler palp-ilo; (insect) anteno, tentakulo; (fig.) ne-direta question
  • feeling sent-ado; (touch) palp-ado; takto; tusho-senco; percepto; (sentiment) sentimento; emoco; sent-iv-eso, sent-em-eso; impulso; hurt a person’s f.s: ofensar la sentimento di ulu; to have no f.: ne havar sent-iv-eso; to have a bad f.: (toward someone) rankorar; (adj.) sent-iva, -ema; tenera; simpati-oza; fervor-oza
  • feign (sham) fingar, simular; disimular; (as pretext) pretextar; f. ignorance: (connive); (intr.) konivencar
  • feint fing-o, -uro; simulo; (fencing, boxing) (intr.) fint-ar, -o
  • felicitate gratular (ulu, pri)
  • felicitous felica; apta
  • felicity felic-eso; (bliss) beat-eso
  • feline felin-o; -a, -ala; -atra; (cat) kat-o; -ala; -atra
  • fell fal-igar; (knock down) abatar, asomar; (upset) renversar; (cf. fall)
  • fell (adj.) kruela, feroca; teror-ig-anta; (skin when dressed) felo; (hill) mont-eto
  • felloe felgo
  • fellow (person) kompan-ulo; asoci-ito; kun-frato; kamarado; kolego; (young) kerlo; (of university) (French) agregato; (of things) simul-ajo; simetr-ajo; kontre-parto; (member) membro; (cf. kun-); a bad f.: raskal-(ul)o; a fine f.: bon-ulo, bona-kerlo; my dear f.: mea kar-ulo; a poor f.: povr-ulo, des-felic-ulo; kompat-ind-(ul)o; f. citizen: sam-urb-ano; sam-civit-ano; f. countryman: sam-patri-ano, sam-stat-ano; sam-gent-ano; f. counsellor: kun-konsil-anto, -ero; f. creature: kun-homo; f. feeling: simpatio partis-ala, -ema; f. helper: kun-help-anto; koadjutoro; f. laborar: kun-labor-anto, -ero; kamarado; f. member: (of a profession) kun-frato; f. prisoner: kun-kapt-ito; kun-karcer-ano; f.ship: (friendship) amik-eso, amik-ala relati; (rel. belief) komunino; (society) kun-frat-eso; good f.ship: (sociability) soci-em-eso; f. soldier: armo-frat(ul)o; f. student: kun-lern-anto; sam-skol-ano; f. thinker: sam-ide-ano; f. traveller: voyaj-kompan-o; f. tribesman: sam-gent-ano
  • felly (outer rim of wheel) felgo
  • felon krimin-anto, -into, -ero, -oz(ul)o; (med.) panariso
  • felonious krimin-ala, di krimin-ala intenco; perfida; delikt-(al)a
  • felony krimin-o; to commit a f.: (intr.) -ar
  • felt (material) felt-a, -o
  • female (cf. suffix -ino); (of animals) femin-a, -ala; (n.) -o; (woman) hom-ina, -ino; (married) spoz-ino
  • feminine (of persons) hom-ina; spozin-a, -atra; (of animals) femin-ala, -atra; (effeminate) femin-atra; f. gender: (gram.) femin-alo
  • femininity hom-in-eso; femin-eso; (collect.) -aro
  • feminism femin-ismo
  • femoral krur-ala
  • femur femur-o, (-osto)
  • fen marsh-(et)o
  • fence cirkum-klosar; inkluzar; barar; (sport) skermar
  • fence (n.) planko-, paliso-, greto-, lato-fenco; kloz-ilo; bar-ilo; (receiver of stolen goods) furto-cel-ero, -isto
  • fend defensar, protektar
  • fender navo-, fairo-shirmo-ilo; para-fairo
  • fenestral fenestr-ala, -atra
  • fennel fenikulo; f. flower: nigelo
  • fenugreek fenugreko
  • feodal feud-ala; -ity: -ismo
  • feoff feudo; feud-igar (ulo, ad ulu); -ment: feud-igo
  • ferial libera (dio); ne fest-ala
  • ferment fermento; -ation: fermentac-(ad)o
  • ferment (also fig., intr.) fermentac-ar; (cause to) -igar
  • fern filiko
  • Fernando Po (islands) Fernandopo
  • ferocious feroca; (fig.) sovaja
  • ferocity feroc-eso
  • ferreous fer-ala, -oza, -atra
  • ferret (animal) fureto; (to hunt with a f.) furet-agar; to f. out: furet-umar; trakar
  • ferruginous fer-a, -ala, -oza, -atra
  • ferrule (ring) ringo; (cap) chapo (metala)
  • ferry (boat) paromo; (v.) (parome) trans-irar; -man: parom-isto
  • fertile (ground, and fig.) fertila (cf. fekunda; frukt-oza; produkt-iva)
  • fertility fertil-eso
  • fertilize fertil-igar
  • fertilizer (compost) dungo; (manure) sterko
  • ferule (cane) verg-(et)o; (mount on stick, etc.) chapo (metala)
  • fervency fervoro; zelo; entuziasmo; (heat) varm-eg-eso
  • fervent fervor-oza; brul-anta; ardor-anta, -oza; to be f.: (intr.) fervorar; (hot) varm-ega
  • fervor see fervency
  • festal festala; (of a banquet) festin-ala; (cf. gala)
  • fester ulcer-(et)izar, (become) -eskar; pus-ifar
  • festival festo (cf. aniversario; festino)
  • festive fest-ala
  • festivity (festival) festo; (gaiety) gay-eso
  • festoon feston-o, -izar
  • fetch (bring) querar (ulu, ulo ad ulo); ad-portar; to f. water querar aquo; (by sale) vendar po; produktar; rent-ifar; f. away: for-duktar; f. back: ri-, retro-portar (od, duktar); f. in: en-quer-(ig)ar; en-duktar; en-portar; f. out: ek-ir-igar; ek-duktar, -portar; these goods f. a great deal: ica vari produktas multa pekunio (od, vend-esas po granda sumo)
  • fête fest-o; (v.) -ar
  • fetid fetida; mal-odor-anta
  • fetish fetish-o; -ism: -ismo; f. worshipper: -isto
  • fetlock super-hufo; huf-har-tufo
  • fetter entravar; katen-izar, -ligar
  • fetter (n.) entrav-ilo; katen-o, -i; (handcuffs) manoti
  • fetus feto
  • feud (fief) feudo; (hostility) “vendetta”; (hered-ita) enemik-eso; des-konkordo; odio
  • feudal feud-ala; -ism: -ismo; vasal-eso
  • feuilleton folieton-o; f. writer: -isto
  • fever febr-o; (to have) -ar; (cause) -igar; -ish: (relating to f.) -ala; (state) -ala; (person) -oza, -ema; -ika; -atra; attack of f.: aceso (od, atako) di febro; intermittent f.: febro intermit-anta; tercian f.: terciana febro; scarlet f.: skarlatin-o, -a febro; typhoid f.: tifoid-o, -a febro; milk f.: lakto-febro; a light f.: febr-eto; to be in a f.: (fig.) ecit-esar; esar agit-ata; -ishness: febr-eso, febr-oz-eso
  • few (not many) poka, ne-multa; (some, indeterminate) kelka
  • fewer min-granda (nombro); min-multa
  • fewest minim(e); (minimum) -o, (adj.) -a
  • fewness mikra nombro, pok-eso; mikra quanto
  • fez fezo
  • fiacre fiakro
  • fiancé(e) fianc-it-o, -ulo, -ino; (pl., both sexes) (ge-)fianc-iti
  • fiasco fiasko
  • fiat dekreto (cf. komando, impero); f. money: ne-redemt-ebla monet-papero
  • fib (lie) (intr.) menti-etar; (tell stories) rakont-achar; -ber: menti-et-em-(ul)o, menti-em-(ul)o
  • fibre fibro (cf. filamento)
  • fibril fibr-eto
  • fibrin fibrino
  • fibrinogen fibrinogeno
  • fibroin fibroino
  • fibroma fibromo
  • fibrous fibr-ala, -oza, -ema, -atra
  • fibula (anat.) peroneo; (antique buckle) fibulo
  • fichu shultro-, kolo-tuko
  • fickle kapric-oza, -ema; vari-ema; ne-konstanta; chanj-ema; frivola
  • fiction (sham) fing-o, -uro; (novel) romano; (made-up story) rakonto; (novelette) novelo
  • fictitious fiktiv-a; -ness: -eso
  • fid splis-ilo
  • fiddle (intr.) violin-plear; (tr.) violin-agar (ulo); (handle) manu-agar, manipular; amuz-(ach)ar su (per bagateli); f. bow: ark-eto (di violino); f.-faddle: (dicar) dic-aji, frivol-ajo; -r: violin-(ple)isto
  • fiddlesticks absurda! stulta!
  • fidelity (persons) fidel-eso; (of a copy) exakt-eso
  • fidget esar ne-tranquila, ne-quieta; agitar su; movar ne-tranquile; friskar; -y: ne-quiet-a, des-tranquila, agit-ata
  • fiducial fid-ala; (as trustee) fideikomis-ala; konfidenc-ala
  • fie fi!
  • fief feudo
  • field (ground) agro; (elec., magnetic, scientific) feldo; (cf. tereno); battlefield: batali-agro; f. of grass: herb-eyo, -agro; f. of action: feldo di ag(ad)o; to take the f.: (milit.) kampani-eskar
  • field-artillery kampanio-kanon-aro
  • field-battery kampanio-baterio
  • field-bed kampo-lito
  • field-day (milit.) revuo-jorno, kampani-ala exerco; (sports) atleto-festo
  • field-glasses (kampanio-) bi-lorn-eto
  • field-hospital (kampanio-) ambulanco
  • field-piece kampanio-kanono
  • field-sports sporti (en libera aero)
  • field-works temp-ala fortifik-uri
  • fiend malic-oza spirito; diablo; demono; -ish: diabl-ala, -atra; infern-ala; -ishness: (infern-ala) malign-eg-eso
  • fierce feroca, sovaja; furi-oza; violent-oza, impetu-oza; -ness: feroc-eso
  • fiery (of fire) fair-ala, -oza, -atra; (fig.) ardor-oza, impetu-oza
  • fiesta fiesto(-jorno)
  • fife fifr-o, -r: -isto
  • fifth (ordinal) kin-esma, -esmo; (fraction) kin-imo, -ima; (mus.) quinto; on the f. floor: sur la kin-esma etajo; Charles the f.: Karolo kin-esma
  • fifty kina-dek-o, -esma; (fraction) -im-a, -o; f. fold: kinadek-opla
  • fig fig-o; f. tree: -iero; f. eater: bekafiko; f. garden: fig-ier-eyo; f. leaf: fig-folio
  • fight (tr., intr.) kombatar; (a battle) bataliar; (make war) (intr.) militar; (fig.) luktar (kontre); kontestar (ulo); to start a f.: kombat-eskar; to f. shy of: des-fidar, evitar; f. a duel: duelar; -er: kombat-anto, -ero, -em(ul)o; prize f.er: pugno-kombat-isto, -ero; box-isto, -ero
  • figment fiktiv-ajo; fing-o, -uro
  • figurant (theat.) figurant-o, -ulo, -ino
  • figurative figur-iz-anta, -iva; figur-atra; simbol-atra, ne-liter-ala
  • figure (calculate) kalkular; (represent) figur-izar; desegnar; deskriptar; (imagine) imaginar; (suppose) supozar, konjektar; (cf. brodar)
  • figure (n.) (form; rhetor.; geom.) figuro; formo; (arith.) cifro; (price) preco, kusto; (allegorical) vort-ala o pens-ala figuro; alegorio; simbolo; (design) desegn-uro; (cut) tali-o, -uro; cut a f.: posturar kom (od, quale); f.-head: (in office) nomo-prest-anto; (nav.) busto-peco
  • figurine figur-eto, statu-eto, imaj-eto
  • figwort fikario
  • Fiji Fidji
  • filament filamento
  • filaria filario
  • filbert avelan-o, (tree) -iero
  • filch furtar
  • file (n.) (tool) lim-ilo; (row) serio, rango; (list) listo; registro; (collect. of papers) dokument-aro; (cf. fasko; klasifik-uro; kolekt-ajo); on f.: en-dokument-aro, en-registr-ig-ita; right f.: defiliz ad-dextre; to stand in f.: stacar serie; formacar ser io; f. leader: chefo di serio
  • file (with a f.) limar; (put away for reference) en-fak-igar; (register) registr-agar; dokument-igar; (fig.) ordinar; seri-igar; kolektar; klasifikar; de-pozar; (to walk in line) marchar un-serie; (defile) (intr.) defilar; (to put on wire) sur-metal-fil-izar
  • filial fili-ala
  • filibuster (U.K.) militisto sen-autoritata; (U.S.) impedar leg-if-ado (per ajorn-ema taktiki)
  • filiform fil-atra, -o-forma
  • filigree filigrano
  • fill plen-igar (ulo, per); (occupy) okupar; the wind f.s: (the sails) la vento inflas; f. out: ampl-igar, developar; f.ed with: plena de; (a tooth) stopar; (n.) sufico, sat-eso; plen-ig-ajo; (of tooth, etc.) (dent-)stop-ajo
  • fillet (of beef, fish) fileto; (head-band) kapo-bendo
  • fillip (finger) fingro-frap-eto; (fig.) stimulo; fresh-igo; instig-(et)o
  • filly kaval-yun-ino
  • film (photog.) filmo; (pellicle) pelikulo; (membrane) membrano, tuniko; (fig.) velo; nubo
  • filose fil-atra
  • filter (tr., intr.) filtr-ar; (instrument) -ilo
  • filth sordid-ajo; exkremento; (layer on clothes, etc.) kraso; des-pur-ajo; -y: sordida; kras-oza; nauze-ig-iva; obcena; laciva; -iness: sordid-eso, kras-oz-eso; obcen-eso
  • fin floso
  • final fin-a, -ala; lasta; definitiva; konkluz-iva; decid-ig-anta; (gram., mus.) fin-alo; -ity: fin-al-eso; -ly: fine; konkluze; laste; sume
  • finance furnisar la pekunio (por); (cf. komanditar); (n.) financo; (science) financo-cienco; (funds) komerc-ala kapitalo; pekuni-ala moyeni; high f.: alta financo
  • financial financ-ala; f. year: konto-yaro; (cf, fisk-ala, monet-ala)
  • financier financ-isto
  • finch finko; Bengal F.: Bengal-ucelo
  • find trovar (ulo, ulu); (what is found) trov-ajo; (provide) provizar; (guilty) deklarar (ulu esar kulp-inta, -into); (verdict) enuncar; (deem) judikar, judiciar; opinionar; f. fault with: blamar; kritik-(ach)ar; f. out: des-kovrar; des-maskar; f. it is to be necessary: agnoskar la neces-eso; -er: trovanto; (inventor) invent-anto; -ing: (act) trov-(ad)o; (thing found) trov-ajo; (verdict) verdikto
  • fine (penalty) amendo; in f.: fine, kurte, sume, rezume, konkluze; to fine: punisar per amendo
  • fine (pretty) bela; (exclam.) bon-ege!; (finely divided) subtila; (delicate) delikata; (small) mikra; (sharp) akra; (subtle) subtila; (cf. rafin-ita, di alta qual-eso; pura; alta; granda; tenua; eleganta; delic-oza; agreabla; sent-ema; dina; bril-anta)
  • fine arts la bela arti
  • finely-bred di pura raso
  • finely-drawn subtile; tenua; dina
  • finely-grained di delikata grano
  • fineness artifico; habil-eso; subtil-eso
  • fineness (see fine) (hair) tenueso; (tissue) din-eso; (viands, taste) delikat-eso; (of mind, of sub-division) subtil-eso; (metals, money) pur-eso; tritur-uro
  • finery ornament-o, -aro; orn-iv-o, -aro; elegant-aj-o; bela vest-aro
  • finger (n.) fingro; fore f.: indik-fingro; middle f.: meza-fingro; third f.: ringo-fingro; little f.: mikra, orel-fingro; my f.s were itching to: me apen(e) povis restriktar me (ipsa); to have at one’s f. ends: savar sen-hezite; to point with the f.: indikar (ulo) per la fingro; to have a f. in: havar interesto en; mixar su en
  • finger (touch) tushar; (handle) manu-agar; (feel) palpar; (as music) fingr-ordinar, -agar
  • finger-board (mus.) klav-aro
  • finger-bowl fingro-bolo; aqu-uyo por fingro-rinso
  • fingering see finger verb
  • fingernail fingro-unglo
  • fingerpost indik-fosto
  • fingerprint fingro-imprim-uro
  • fingerstall fingr-uyo; -o-chapo
  • finical tro-preciza; afektac-ema; fatua
  • finis fino
  • finish (intr.) (end) (par-)finar; (tr.) fin-igar; komplet-igar; exekutar; perfekt-igar; konkluzar; cesar; (tech.) finisar; apretar; -ed: (par-)finita; kompleta; perfekta, rafin-ita; finis-ita; polis-ita
  • finish (n.) (end) fino; (perfection) perfekt-eso; (tech.) finis-(ad)o, -uro
  • finite finit-a, (object) -ajo; -ness: -eso
  • Finland Finland-o; Finn, Finlander: -ano
  • finny flos-ala, -atra, -oza
  • fiord fyordo
  • fir (-tree) abieto; (silver-leaved) piceo
  • fire (produce as by friction) fair-ifar; (consume with) brular; (to light) acendar; (set f. to) incendiar; inflamar; ardor-igar; (explode) exploz-igar; (a gun) pafar; (a volley) salvear; (be in f., lit. and fig.) ardorar; (intr.); (to burn, esp. chem.) kombustar; f. coloured: fair-ea
  • fire policy asekur-kontrato pri incendio
  • fire-alarm incendio-avert-ilo
  • fire-bar (furnazo-) fero-stango
  • fire-boat incendio-batelo
  • fire-brick fair-espruva briko
  • fire-brigade incendio-gard-ist-aro; (incendi-ala) pump-ist-aro
  • fire-eater fairo-glut-ero; (fig.) disput-em(ul)o; rodomonto
  • fire-engine incendio-pump-ilo
  • fire-escape incendiala salvo-skalo
  • fire-extinguisher (incendio, fairo-) exting-ilo
  • fire-irons morilio; (rake) fairo-hoko
  • fire-producer fair-if-ilo
  • fire-screen fairo-skreno; para-cintilo
  • fire-ship incendio-navo
  • fire-station incendi-gard-eyo; incendio-pump-ist-eyo (od, domo)
  • fire-steel fairo-stalo
  • fire-tongs fairo-pinc-ego
  • fire-worship fairo-kulto
  • firearm paf-ilo, -armo
  • firebrand brando; brul-ant-ajo; (fig.) ecit-ero di disputo
  • fireclay shamoto
  • firecracker petard-eto
  • firedamp explozo-gaso; karbon-gaso
  • firedog morilio
  • firefly luciolo, fairo-musho; (glow-worm) lampiro
  • firegrate (fairo-) greto
  • fireguard para-fairo; fairo-shirm-ilo
  • fireless sen-faira
  • fireman (incendio-) pump-isto; (steamers) fair-if-isto; kalor-if-isto
  • fireplace herdo; kameno; fair-eyo
  • fireplug incendi-ala aquo-boko
  • fireproof fair-espruva; ne-kombust-ebla
  • fireside fair-eyo, herdo; hemo-vivo; by the f.: che la herdo-fairo
  • firewood brul-ligno
  • fireworks piroteknik-o, -i
  • firing (shooting) paf-ado; fusil-ag-ado; independent f.: vol-ema paf-ado; volley f.: peloton-paf-ado; f. range: paf-eyo; to engage in desultory firing: (intr.) tirali-ar
  • firkin tin-o, -eto; barel-quar-imo; barel-eto
  • firm ferma (cf. kompakta, solida; ne-mov-ebla, kompres-ita; ne-shancel-ig-ebla; densa; decid-oza, -ema); to make f.: (plu-)ferm-igar, (become) -eskar; hold f.: persistar
  • firm (n.) (com.) firm-o; head of f.: -estro
  • firmament firmamento
  • first (abbr. 1a) un-esma; komenc-ala; (fig.) chefa; avana; origin-ala; f. or last: frue o tarde; at f.: un-esme; komenc-e, -ante; f. of all: un-esme; (not before) erste; to go f.: irar avane, pre-irar; f. appearance: debut-o, (to make) -ar; f. born: un-esme nask-int-a, -o; f. class: (ticket or carriage) (di la) un-esma klaso; (of things) tre selekt-ita; ecel-anta (qual-eso); (of persons) bon-ega; f. fruits: premic-o, -i, ne-mediata; direte de la fonto, de l’origin-al-ajo; f. name: prenomo; bapto-nomo; f. officer: chefa sub-oficiro
  • fisc fisko, stat-ala trezoro; -al: fisk-ala
  • fish (intr.) peskar; (fig.) serchar; questar; to catch a f.: fish-kaptar; to sell, cook f.: fish-vendar, koquar; f. in a river: peskar ek rivero; f. with net: paskar per reto; f. for: esforcar des-kovrar; -er: pesk-anto, -ero, -isto
  • fish (n.) fish-o, -i, -aro; stock with f.: fish-izar; a catch of f.: fish-kapt-ajo; to have other f. to fry: havar altra aferi fac-enda; abounding in f.: fish-oza; f. raising: fish-eduk-ado
  • fish-ball fish-kuko
  • fish-curer fish-sal-iz-ero, -ist
  • fish-eating fish-manj-anta
  • fish-glue iktiokolo
  • fish-hook angelo
  • fish-kettle fish-koqu-ilo
  • fish-like fish-atra, -forma
  • fish-pole pesko-batono
  • fishbone fish-osto; (angular) aristo
  • fisherman pesker-o, -isto
  • fishing basket fish-korbo
  • fishing boat pesko-batelo
  • fishing licence pesko-permiso
  • fishing line pesko-filo
  • fishing rod pesko-bastono
  • fishing tackle pesk-il-aro
  • fishmarket fish-vend-eyo
  • fishmonger fish-vend-isto, -ero
  • fishplate (R.R.) lasho
  • fishpond fish-baseno, -lag-eto
  • fishwife fish-vend-ist-ino
  • fishy (fig.) ne-kred-ebla, -inda
  • fissure fend(et)ar; (surface only) krevisar; (n.) fend-(et)uro; (for volcanic smoke) fumarolo
  • fist pugno; to strike with the f.: pugno-frapar; (n.) f.ful: pugn-edo; close f.ed: avar-(eg)a, (person) -(ul)o; with clenched f.s: kun pugni kloz-ita; he shook his f. at us: il minacis ni per la pugno; f.icuffs: pugno-frapo; f. fight: pugno-kombato
  • fistula fistulo
  • fit (adj.) konven-anta; dec-anta; (esar) en bona stando
  • fit (intr.) (adapt to shape) fit-ar, (tr.) -igar (cf. adaptar; ajustar; inkastrar; muntar; akomodar; equipar; provizar; apt-igar); (suit) konvenar; be f. (for): (intr.) valorar
  • fit (n.) konvulso; paroxismo; (of rage, etc.) aceso, atako
  • fitful intermit-anta; kapric-oza; ne-regul-ala, -oza
  • fitting, to be (intr.) konvenar, decar
  • fittings acesor-aji; garnit-uri; ajust-aji; equip-aji; mobli; fix-aji
  • five kin; by f.s: kin-ope; f. fold: kin-opl-a, -o; f. times: kin-foye
  • fix (fasten) fix-igar; (a day, etc.) asignar; selektar; (adjust) ajustar; (repair) reparar; f. bayonets: bayonet-iz-ez!; to be in a fix: esar embaras-ata; esar en mala stando
  • fixed (day, star, look, idea) fix-a, -ig-ita; (cf. establis-ita; stabila; ne-mov-anta; ferma; -ly: fixe
  • fixing (agent, photog.) fix-ig-iva, -ivo
  • fixity fix-eso
  • fixture see fittings
  • fizz sisar (intr.)
  • fjord fyordo
  • flabby mol-a, -acha; des-ferma; ne-muskul-ala; febla
  • flaccid ne-ferma; laxa; mola
  • flag flago, standardo
  • flag signalar (ulu) per flag-o, -i; (adorn with) garnisar per flagi; flag-izar; (pave) pav-izar; petro-plak-izar; (fig.) lax-esar, -eskar; langorar; perdar intereso; (plu-)lent-igar
  • flagellation flog-(ad)o
  • flageolet flajoleto
  • flagging lax-esk-anta; (n.) petro-plak-aro, -iz-uro; des-tensa; lax-esko
  • flagitious pervers-ega, infama, krimin-oza
  • flagon flakono; botelo
  • flagrant flagr-anta; sham-oza, -inda; abomin-inda; infama, grand-ega
  • flagrante delicto en flagr-anta delikto
  • flagship admiral-navo
  • flagstaff flag-stango, -bastono; -masto
  • flagstone petro-plako; pavo
  • flail drash-ilo; to f.: (thresh) -ar
  • flake (as of snow) floko; (cf. lamelo; squamo); snow f.: nivo-floko
  • flambeau torcho
  • flamboyant fantastika; orn-(ach)ema; (flaming) flam-oza, bril-anta
  • flame (f. up) flam-ifar; (suddenly) flagrar (intr.); ardor-eskar; (n.) (prop. and fig.) flamo; -ing: flam-if-anta
  • flamingo flamingo
  • Flanders Flandri-a; Flemish: -ano
  • flange flanjo (cf. rebordo)
  • flank (anat., milit.) flanko; (geom., arch.) latero; f. attack: flank-ala atako; -er: (milit.) flank-um-anto
  • flank (to be on the f. of) flank-umar; (to cover the f. of) -izar; (to go to the f.) irar aparte, latere
  • flannel flanel-o, -a, -atra; Canton f.: moltono
  • flap (slap) (manu-)frapo; (wings) alo-stroko; (tail of garment) basko; (movable piece) klapo; (of envelope, trousers, etc.) klapo
  • flap (strike) frapar (lejere); (wings) brandisar; batar
  • flapper klapo; frap-ilo
  • flare (intr.) flagrar; (ek-)flam-ifar; (fig.) irac-eskar, pasion-oz-eskar
  • flash flagr-ajo; fulmino; bril-esk-ajo; (of firearms) paf-fulmino; (lightning) fulguro; f. of eye: okulo-stroko rapida: rapida regard-eto; f. in the pan: fiasko; f.point: explozo-punto; f.light powder: fulguro-pulvero
  • flash (tr., intr.) fulminar; (intr.) flagrar, bril-eskar; (like lightning) (intr.) fulgurar; (explode) (intr.) explozar
  • flask flakon-(et)o; botel-(et)o; posh-botelo
  • flat (also fig.) plat-a; (beer, wine) sen-sapora, insipida; (com.) kalma, langor-anta; (mus.) bemolo; f.-nosed: plat-naz-a, (person) -(ul)o; to lay f.: kushar plate; f. car: (R.R.) truko; (dray) kamiono; f. feet: plata pedi: f. place: plat-eyo; plan-o; f. object: plat-ajo; f.ness: plat-eso; (set of rooms) apartamento (etaj-ala); chambr-aro; -ten: plat-igar, -eskar; plan-igar; f. out: (roll flat) laminar; -tish: plat-a, -atra
  • flat-iron glat-ig-ilo
  • flatter flat-ar, -achar; -er: flat-anto, -ero, -emo; -ing: flat-anta, -ema, -oza
  • flatulence flatu-oz-eso (cf. flatuar)
  • flatulent flatu-oza, -ema
  • flaunt (tr., intr.) paradar; ostenar
  • flavour (savour, taste of a thing) saporo (cf. odoro, aromo); to have a f.: saporar; to give a f. to: sapor-igar, arom-izar; (spice) spic-izar, kondiment-izar; without f.: sen-sapora; ne-spic-iz-ita; -ed: sapor-oza; spic-iz-ita; (substance) add -ajo; -ing: spico, kondimento
  • flaw defekto (cf. fend(et)uro; knik-uro); -less: sen-defekta; perfekta; sen-makula
  • flawn flado
  • flax (bot.) lin-o, (fabric) -ajo; -en: lin-a, -ala, -atra; -ea; (hair) blonda; -seed: lin-semin-o, -i
  • flay sen-pel-igar; (fig.) exkoriar
  • flea pulco
  • fleabane pulikario
  • fleck maskul-(et)izar; (streak) stri-izar
  • fledged plum-iz-ita; fully-f.: (fig.) tote kapabla; diplom-iz-ita
  • fledgling ucel-yuno
  • flee (tr., intr.) for-(fugar), -eskar; (cause to) -igar (cf. for-, ek-kurar); for-flugar; eskapar; refujar su (che)
  • fleece (n.) lan-felo; golden f.: ora lan-felo; -cy: lan-oza, -atra; (clouds) flok-oza
  • fleece tondar; (fig.) eskrokar
  • fleet (under one naval command) floto; (of a nation, of a company) nav-aro; (squadron) eskadro
  • fleet rapida, ajila; -ing: fug-anta, -ema; pas-anta; ne-dur-iva, efemera
  • flerovium n (chem.: Fl) flerovio
  • flesh karno; (fig.) korpo (sensuala); to make one’s f. creep: facar ganso-pelo ad ulu; to put on f.: replet-eskar; divenar gras-oza; to make of one f.: facar un korpo; f.-coloured: karn-ea; -iness: replet-eso, korpulent-eso; -less: magr-(eg)a; sen-karna; -ly: karn-ala, korp-ala, mond-um-ala; -y: karn-oza, gras-oza, korpulenta, (chubby) repleta; (fruits) pulp-oza; fl.-eating: karno-manj-anta; f. tint: karnaciono
  • fleur-de-lis lili-floro
  • flex (tr., intr.) flexar; -ibility: flex-ebl-eso; -ion: flex-o, -ado, -uro; (gram.) flexiono; -or: flex-anta (muskolo); -uous: flex-oza
  • flick frapetar
  • flicker vacil-et-ar (intr.), tremar; (intr.) fluktuar (intr.)
  • flies (theat.) sofiti
  • flight (person) fugo (cf. flee); to take f.: fug-eskar; to put to f.: fug-igar (ulu); (birds) flug-(ad)o; (aviation) aviac-ado; (flock) trupo; (of time) kurso; f. of stairs: eskalero; f. of steps: (outside house) perono
  • flighty frivola, kapric-oza, -ema; ne-konstanta; vari-ema
  • flimsy ne-solida; ne-substanc-ala; mol-acha, des-forta
  • flinch (intr.) salt-etar, mov-etar; hezitar
  • fling (throw) jeto, lanso; ek-lanso; (aspersion) perfida insinu-ajo; I have had my f.: me nun liber-eskas de fol-aji
  • fling jetar, lansar; f. away: for-jetar, (as money) prodigar; f. about: lansar omna-latere; f. open: apertar bruske o subite; f. off: (garments) des-metar impetu-oze; f. out: ek-jetar, lansar ad-extere, (spout) (intr.) spricar; f. up: (fig.) abandonar
  • flint silex-o; f.lock: paf-ilo-silexo, fusilo kun silexo; f. glass: flint-glaso; -y: silex-oza, -atra; (fig.) harda, severa
  • flip frap-etar; jet-etar
  • flippant frivola; impertinenta
  • flipper floso; nat-ilo; (fig.) manuo
  • flirt (intr.) flirtar (kun); koket-igar (ulu); fol-lud-etar; (n.) koket-ino, -ulo; amor-em-(ul)o; flirt-anto, -emo
  • flit (intr.) flug(et)ar (rapide); -ting: flug-anta; rapida
  • float flotac-ajo; floso; (in pageant) vetur-platformo, -rafto (orn-anta); f. line: (load water-line) flotaco-lineo, -nivelo
  • float (intr.) flotacar; (like a flag) (intr.) fluktuar; (swim) natar surface; f. a company: formacar kompanio
  • flocculent flok-oza, -atra
  • flock amas-eskar; asemblar
  • flock trupo, bando, grupo; turbo; (of wool, etc.) (lano-)floko; tond-ajo, lanugo; (parishioners) paroki-an-aro, kongregaciono
  • floe glaci-peco, -amaso, -feldo (flotac-anta)
  • flog flogar, verg-agar, -batar; gluteo-batar; gurt-fraper
  • flood (n.) torento; inund-ado, -eso; aqu-ala, flu-ego, exter-flu-ego; pluv-ego; (as Noah’s) diluvio; f. of tears: lakrim-torento; f. gate: sluzo-pordo; shibro; f. tide: fluxo
  • flood inundar (cf. submersar; exter-fluar); -ing: (act) inund-(ad)o, (state) -eso; hemoragio uter-ala
  • floor (of a room) planko-sulo, pavimento; (storey) etajo; f. timber: (of ship) varango; (cf. parqueto; karelo; fluro; platformo); -age: etajo-spaco, -aero
  • floor (with wood) plank-izar; (cf. parquet-izar; karel-izar); (in argument)) vinkar
  • flora plant-aro
  • floral flor-ala
  • florescence flor-if-o, -ado
  • floret flor-eto, -uno
  • floriculture flor-kultiv-(ad)o
  • florid red-a, -atra; (ornate) (tro-) orn-ita
  • floriferous flor-if-anta
  • florin florino
  • florist flor-isto, -if-isto, -vend-isto
  • floss lanugo; f. silk: flozelo; -y: lanug-oza, -atra, silk-atra
  • flotilla flotilio; eskadr-eto
  • flotsam flotac-aj-aro; naufraj-reziduo
  • flottage (things) flotac-aj-aro; (capacity) flotac-povo
  • flounce (dress) falbalo; (v.) jetar su; agar petul-eme
  • flounder (fish) pleuronekto
  • flour farino
  • flouresce, to (intr.) fluorecar
  • flourine fluoro
  • flourish (a stick, sword) brandisar; (prosper) (intr.) prosperar; flor-ifar; (flaunt) paradar; (embellish) ornar, plu-bel-igar
  • flourish (n.) (f. after a signature) parafo; (of trumpets) fanfaro; (grace note) fiorituro; (cf. verb)
  • flout mokar (cf. insultar; konsputar)
  • flow (intr.) fluar; (glide) glitar; f. in: en-fluar; (crowd) amas-eskar; f. from: ek-fluar; rezultar de; konsequar de; f. back: retro-fluar; f. over: exter-fluar, inundar; -ing style: flu-anta stilo; (rise of tide) fluxar
  • flower flor-o, -ifar; (deck with) -izar; f. bed: flor-bedo, -gardeno; -ed: flor-iz-ita; (fig.) figur-iz-ita; f. girl: flor-vend-ist-ino; -less: sen-flora; -ing: flor-if-anta; -oza; f. leaf: petalo; f. show: flor-expoz-eyo; f. stalk: flor-shafto, -pedunklo; f. vase: flor-uyo, -vazo; f. stand: jardiniero; flor-uyo; -y: (intr.) flor-oza, -iz-ita; (fig.) orn-ita
  • fluctuate (intr.) fluktuar; vacilar
  • flue kamen-tubo, fum-tubo
  • fluency flu-ant-eso; (parol-)ajil-eso, rapid-eso; facil-eso; abundo
  • fluent (style, etc.) flu-anta, -ema; facila; abund-ega, -anta, eloquenta; parol-habila, -agreabla
  • fluff lanugo (cf. buro); -y: lanug-oza, -atra
  • fluid (adj., n.) fluid-a,-o; (flowing, as style) flu-anta; -ity: fluid-eso
  • fluke (nav.) ankro-pedo (od, -pinto); by a f.: hazarde, per acidento
  • flunk(e)y lakeo; -ism: serv-ach-em-eso
  • fluoroscope fluoroskopo
  • fluoroscopy fluoroskopio
  • flurry agit(ad)-o, -eso; perturb-eso; (wind) vento-sufl-eto
  • flush (become red) red-eskar; (with water) tra-varsar; pur-igar per aquo; (hunting) fug-igar o expulsar (uceli) ek shirmo-eyo
  • flush (level with) reze, sam-nivela ad; (havar) pekunio-abundo, plena poshi; monet-plena; f. deck: reza fer-deko, integra ferdeko
  • fluster ecitar, konfuz-igar, -eskar, agitar, emoc-igar
  • flute (instr.) fluto; (groove) kanel-o, -iz-uro
  • flutter tremar, vibrar; flug-etar; (throb, palpitate) agitar; (wave to and fro) fluktu-(et)ar (intr.); to put in a f.: emoc-igar (ulu)
  • fluvial fluvi-ala
  • flux (of sea) fluxo; (flow) fluo; (med.) diareo; (metals) fuz-iv-ajo
  • fluxion fluxiono
  • fly (in air) (intr.) flug-ar, (tr.) -igar; (aviate) (intr.) aviacar; (run fast) (intr.) kur-egar, hastar; (flee) fugar, eskapar; f. apart: split-eskar, krevar; ruptar; f. away: for-flugar; flug-eskar; f. open: apert-esar subite, krevar; f. into a passion: irac-eskar (subite); f. about: (of rumours) difuz-eskar; f. up: saltar
  • fly (n.) (insect) musho; (vehicle) fiakro; (of trousers) pantalon-fend-uro; Spanish f.: kantarido; gad-f.: tabano
  • fly-blow mush-ovaro
  • fly-catcher musho-kapt-ilo; (bird) mush-kaptero
  • fly-fishing pesk-ado per mushi artific-ala
  • fly-leaf (paper-)folio blanka
  • fly-paper kontre-musha veneno-folio, musho-kaptilo
  • fly-screen para-musho
  • fly-speck musho-feko
  • fly-wheel balanciero; flug-roto, equilibro-roto
  • flying flug-anta; (aviation) aviac-anta, -ala; f. fish: flug-anta fisho; f. machine: aviac-ilo; to come off with f. colours: finar kun honoro
  • foal parturar (kaval-yuno); (n.) kaval-yuno; f. of a ass: asno-yuno
  • foam spum-o, -ifar; -y: -oza, -atra, -if-anta
  • fob posh-eto (horloj-ala); horloj-pend-ajo
  • focal fok-ala
  • focus fok-o; to f.: en-fok-igar
  • fodder forejo (cf. feno; pastur-ajo); supply with f.: -izar
  • foe enemiko
  • fetus feto
  • fog nebul-o; to be f.gy: (impers.) nebular, esar nebul-oza, -atra; to cover with f.: -izar; f.-bank: nebul-amaso; f.-horn: sireno; -giness: nebul-eso, -oz-eso
  • fog(e)y old-ach-ulo; fosil-atr-ulo; olda stupid-ulo
  • foh fi
  • foible febl-ajo, des-fort-ajo, defekto
  • foil (contrast) kontrasto; (fencing) fereto; (rapier) rapiero; tin f.: stan-folio; gold f.: oro-folio
  • foil van-igar, fali-igar, abort-igar
  • foist intruzar
  • fold faldar; (bend, curve) flexar; (enfold) envelopar, en-volvar, inkluzar; f. one’s arms: kruc-umar la brakii; f. sheep: en-park-igar la mutoni; f. a letter: faldar letro
  • fold (n.) (act) fald-o, (result) -uro; (plait) plis-o, -uro; (church) eklezio; (envelope) kuverto; sheep-f.: muton-gard-eyo; f.ing screen: folio shirmo; two-f.: du-opla; -ing-seat: fald-ebla sid-ilo (od, stulo); -er: (instr.) fald-ilo
  • foliaceous foli-ala, -atra
  • foliage foli-aro
  • foliate foli-ifar, -izar
  • folio (leaf) folio; pagin-numero
  • folk (persons) homi; (gens) gento; (nation) populo, naciono
  • folklore folkloro
  • follicle folikulo
  • follow sequar; (logically; intr.) konsequar; (a profession, trade) praktikar; from this it f.s: de to konsequas (ke)
  • follower sequ-anto, ad-heranto, partis-ano; sekt-ano; imit-anto, -ero
  • following sequ-anta; f. day: morga dio, morgo; the f. days: ladii sequ-anta; (n.) sequ-ant-aro; eskorto
  • folly (state) fol-eso, (act) -ajo; stupid-eso, -ajo; ne-prudent-eso, -ajo
  • foment (med. and fig.) fomentar; (fig.) instigar, ecitar
  • fond efecion-anta, -oza; amor-anta, -oza; to be f. of: afecionar
  • fondle karezar (cf. dorlotar)
  • font (natural source) fonto; (for baptism) bapto-kuv(et)o; (fountain) fonteno; (printing) (kompleta) asort-ajo de tipo
  • fontanel fontanelo
  • food nutr-ajo, -iv-o, -i, -aro; manj-aj-o, -i, -aro; to take f.: (refreshments) restorar (su)
  • fool (n.) arlekino; fol-(ul)o; stult-(ul)o, (act) -ajo; (natural) idiot-(ul)o, imbecil-(ul)o; (dupe) dup-(ul)o; (at shows) bufono, arlekino; f.’s bauble: folo-ceptro; court f.: kort-fol-(ul)o
  • fool trompar, dup-igar; (jest) jokar; (make ridiculous) igar rid-inda; act the f.: agar quale stult-(ul)o, simular stult-eso; facar stult-aji; f. away: disipar (ulo)
  • foolery (state) fol-eso, (act) -ajo; stult-ajo; jok-ado, -aji
  • foolhardy temerar-a, (person) -(ul)o, (act) -ajo, (quality) -eso; ne-prudent-ega
  • foolish stulta, fola, naiva, rid-inda, des-saja; f. trick: fol-ajo, fola stroko; become f.: fol-eskar
  • foot (n.) pedo (cf. bazo, piedestalo); (meas.) futo; f. soldier: pedo-soldato, infantri-ano; by or on f.: pede; f. of page: pagino-pedo; with feet together: kun junt-ita pedi; to set on f.: iniciar, komencar; to put one’s f. in it: parolar ne-diskrete; eror-achar; to put one’s f. down: pozar la pedo sur; (fig.) insistar (pri) ; to stand on your feet: (intr.) stacar; (adj.) ped-ala, -atra; on f.: ped-ir-ante; (fig.) event-anta
  • foot ped-irar; marchar; (dance) dansar; (kick) pedo-frapar
  • foot-bath pedo-balno
  • foot-cover pedo-teg-ilo
  • foot-pace pazo
  • foot-passenger ped-ir-anto
  • football pedo-balon-o; (game) -lud-o, -ado, futbalo
  • footboard ped-apog-ilo; (pedal) ped-alo
  • footboy yuna-lakeo; grum-eto
  • footbridge pont-eto; marcho-pont-eto
  • footed ped-oza; he is broad-f.: lua pedi esas larja; four-f.: quadri-peda; (animali)
  • footfall pazo, pedo-sono
  • foothold pedo-plaso, -teno; apog-punto; to lose one’s f.: (intr.) glitar; perdar equilibro
  • footing poz-eso; pedo-plaso; apog-punto; stando; on war f.: en milito-stando; to treat on the same f.: traktar (ulu) kom egalo; put on a permanent f.: establisar
  • footlights lum-rango
  • footman ped-serv-isto, lakeo; grumo
  • footmark ped-marko, -traco
  • footnote pagino-noto; sub-noto
  • footpad rapt-ero, -isto
  • footpath (pedo-)voy-eto; (sidewalk) trotuar(et)o; (trail) treko, ped-voy-eto
  • footprint pedo-marko, -traco
  • footrope ped-(kord)apog-ilo
  • footsore pedo-kontuz-ita, -dolor-oza; -fatig-ita; -malada
  • footstep pazo, pazo-sono; pazo-traco
  • footstool pedo-tabureto; ped-apog-ilo (cf. pufo, skabelo)
  • footwarmer ped-varm-ig-ilo
  • footway (sidewalk) trotuar(et)o; (by path) ped-voy-eto
  • footwear ped-vest-aro
  • fop dandio; elegant-ach-(ul)o; fatu-(ul)o; bel-ach-(ul)o
  • foppery fatu-ajo, -eso; ostent-(ad)o, -em-eso; vanitat-oz-eso, -ajo
  • foppish fatua; ostent-oza, -ema; vanitat-oza
  • for (prep.) (=because) pro, (conj.) nam, pro ke; (with a view to, in order to, on behalf of) por; (conj.) por ke (with imper.); (at the price of) po; (by means of ) per; (instead of ) vice; (about, concerning) pri; (during) dum; (as being) kom; (in spite of) nam; he lived for (during)several years: lu habitis dum plura yari; to reply for (in place of) another: respondar vice altru; to sell for: (in exchange for) three dollars: lu vendis (ulo) po tri dolari; leave for: (as being) dead: livar kom mort-inta; take a person for (as being): konfundar ulu ad ultru; all for (in the interest of) one, one for all: omni por uno, uno por omni; for and against: por e kontre; as for me: (concerning) pri me; for (by reason of) love of God: pro l’amo a Deo; condemned for theft: kondamn-ita pro (od, pri) furto; he is big for (comparison) his age: il esas grande relate (od, kompare) lua evo; for your sake: pro amo a vu; for mercy’s sake: pro kompato; for a long time past: delonge; for instance: exemple; for the present: nun-tempe, dum la nuna tempo; for all we know: segun quante ni povas judikar, malgre omno; for myself: por me ipsa; for what: por quo?; for fear that: time ke; for a month: til pos un monato; (during) dum un monato; in exchange for: kambie; had it not been for him: ecepte pro ilu; for 10 fr. a week: pro dek franki singla-semane; for ever: por sempre
  • for(e)gather kun-venar, asemblar
  • forage (intr.) forej-ifar; (fig.) tra-serchar; (n.) forej-o, planti; (hay) feno (cf. food)
  • forasmuch konsider-ite; pro ke
  • foray inkurso; devast-(ad)o, -uro
  • forbear abstenar, retenar su (de); (f. to inflict) indulgar; -ance: pacient-eso, indulg-em-eso, toler-em-eso, klement-em-eso
  • forbid interdiktar (ulo, ad ulu)
  • forbidding repuls-ant-a, -iva; repugn-anta, -iva
  • force (constrain) koakt-ar; (cause to do) -igar; (compel by mechanical power; f. open a door, etc.) forsar; (violate) violacar; f. back: repulsar, retro-pulsar, represar; f. down: decens-igar, abas-igar; be in f.: (laws, etc.) valorar; put a law in f.: valor-igar lego; f. in or open: forsar; f. out: ek-forsar, ek-pulsar; f. a passage: apertar violente pas-eyo; f. oneself to do: koaktar su facar (ulo); a f.ed laugh: rido artific-ala (od, koakt-ita); f.ed march: aceler-ata marcho
  • force (n.) (quality) fort-eso; (vigour) vigoro; (violence) violent-o; (constraint) koakto; (mechanical) forco; (milit., police) trup-i, -o; armeo, soldat-aro; (phys.) [scifi] dark/light side of the F. lumoza/tenebroza latero di la Forco; may the F. be with you! la Forco esez kun vu !; armed f.: trupo arm-iz-ita; effective f.: (milit.) efektivo; to have the f. of law: esar valida kom (od, quale) lego; by f.: per koakto, koakte; violente; police f.: polico-trupo, polic-ist-aro; in f.: valida; efik-anta, -iva; (in large numbers) grand-nombr-a, -e; f. pump: pres-anta pumpilo
  • forced see compulsory: (door, lock) fors-ita; I am f. to go: (ought to go) me devas irar; (compelled to go) me mustas irar; f. style: stilo ne-natur-ala
  • forcemeat farso, (f. ball) kenelo
  • forceps (dentist’s) dento-tenalio; (used in midwifery) forcepso; (tweezers) pinc-eto
  • forcible fort-ega, potenta; efik-anta; emfaz-oza; violent-oza, -ema; (by force) fors-anta; force
  • ford (tra-)vadar; (n.) vad-eyo; -able: vad-ebla
  • fore (prefix) (in space) avan-; (in time) ante, pre-; (adj.) avana; ante-a; frua; f. and aft: (de la) avan-o (od, -ajo) a la dopo; (with motion) ad-avane; avance
  • forearm avan-brakio
  • forebode augurar; pre-dicar; pre-sentar; (weather, etc.) promisar
  • foreboding (to have) havar presento (di des-fortuno)
  • forecast pre-dicar
  • forecastle avan(a)- kastelo
  • foreclose embargar (propriet-ajo); deklarar (hipoteko) kom pagenda
  • foredoom pre-destinar; pre-kondamnar
  • forefather pre-av-(ul)o; ancestro; preced-anto
  • forefinger indek-fingro
  • forefoot avan(a)-pedro
  • forego abandonar; cedar; abnegar; renuncar
  • foregoing ante-a, pre-ir-anta; (n.) ante-ajo (cf. antecedento)
  • foregone pre-destin-ita, fixa; pre-determin-ita; ne-evit-ebla
  • foreground avan-o, -ajo, -parto; fronto
  • forehead (also fig.) fronto
  • foreign (land, substance) stranjera; exter-landa; (external) extera; (far distant) fora; (plants) exotika; this is f. to his nature: to esas repugn-anta a lua karaktero; f. substance: stranjer-ajo; f. office: ministerio di extera aferi (od, relati); in f. parts: en stranjera landi, exter-lande; f. trade: fora navig-ado (od, komerco); f. affairs: extera (od, exter-landa) aferi; -er: stranjer-(ul)o
  • foreknowledge pre-konoco, -savo
  • foreland promontorio; kabo; ter-pinto
  • foreleg avan(a)-pedo
  • forelock front-ala har-tufo; take time by the forelock: kaptar quik la okaziono (od, oportun-ajo)
  • foreman labor-ist-estro; sub-mastro; (of jury) juri-an-estro
  • foremast avan(a)-masto
  • forementioned pre-cit-ita, -mencion-ita; (person) ante-a od supere nom-ita
  • foremost chefa; precipua
  • forenamed supere-cit-ita, -nom-ita
  • foreordain pre-destinar; pre-ordinar
  • forepart avan-o, -ajo, -parto, -korpo
  • forerunner pre-ir-anta; (theol.) pre-kursoro
  • foresee pre-vidar; (take measures) pre-aranjar, preparar
  • foreshadow ante-montrar, pre-figur-izar; simbol-izar antee
  • foreshorten prespektiv-igar
  • foresight pre-vid-(ad)o, -em-eso
  • foreskin prepuco
  • forest forest-o; to clear, denude of f.: des-forest-izar
  • forestall anticipar; preventar; (monopolize) akaparar
  • forester forest-isto
  • forestry forest-kultiv-ado
  • foretaste pre-saporo; anticipo
  • foretell pre-dicar; anuncar
  • forethought pre-penso; pre-vid-ado, -em-eso; pre-medito
  • foretoken augurar; anuncar; pre-dicar
  • forever por sempre; sempre; perpetu-a, -e
  • forfeit (lose) perdar; (rights) des-meritar; sen-yur-igar; (n.) (fine, penalty) amendo; retrakto-amendo; -ure: perdo; (of rights) sen-yur-igo
  • forge (metals) forjar; (counterfeit) kontrafaktar; (smithy, ironworks) forj-eyo, -erio; f. ahead: preter-irar; devancar; to cold f.: malear; f. together: (weld) weldar
  • forger (of iron) forj-isto, -ero (cf. male-isto; weld-isto); (coiner) monet-fals-ig-isto; (signatures, money) kontrafaktero, -anto
  • forget oblivi-ar; -ful: -ema
  • forget-me-not miozoto
  • forgive pardonar (ulo ad ulu)
  • forgiving pardon-ema; klementa; indulg-ema
  • fork (tr., intr.) bifurkar; (pronged instrument) fork-o, (table) -eto; to pierce with a f.: forko-pikar; f. prong: forko-dento; -ed: (branching off) bifurk-anta
  • forlorn abandon-ita, neglij-ita; des-esper-ema; mizer-oza
  • form (n.) formo; (outside) figuro; (bench) benko; (class) klaso; (to be filled in) formulario; -less: sen-forma
  • form (shape) fasonar, formacar; (compose) kompozar, konstitucar; f. a part of: facar parto di (ulo); (give f. to) form-izar; (cf. edukar, dresar)
  • formal (in accord. with form; precise) form-ala; (conventional) ceremoni-ala, -ema, -oza; (fig.) starch-ita
  • formaldehyde formaldehido
  • formalin formalino
  • formalist form-al-isto
  • formality form-al-ajo; ceremonio
  • formalize (formulate) formul-igar, -izar
  • format (of a book) formato
  • formation formac-(ad)o, -uro; kompoz-ajo, -uro
  • formative formac-anta, -iva
  • former ante-a; un-esma; olim-a, anciena; (of office) prefix: ex-; -ly: olim
  • formication (med.) formik-um(ad)o
  • formidable tim-enda, -inda
  • Formosa Formoz-a
  • formula formul-o; -ry: formul-aro, -libro; -te: formul-igar, -izar
  • fornicate (intr.) fornikar
  • forsake abandonar, desertar, for-lasar, livrar
  • forsooth vere, certe, sen-dubite, ya
  • forswear (perjure) facar falsa juro, falsa juro, false jurar, renegar; (abjure) abjurar
  • fort fuorto; (large) fortreso; (cf. fortifik-uro)
  • forte forte
  • forth (away) for; (out) ek-; exter; and so f.: e ceter-a, -e (e.c.); send f.: emisar; (odours, etc.) exhalar; set f.: (a situation) expozar; bring f.: produktar
  • forthcoming ven-onta; (obtainable) obten-ebla
  • forthwith (immediately) quik
  • fortification fortifik-(ad)o, -uro
  • fortify (milit.) fortifikar; (strenghten) fort-igar
  • fortitude brav-eso; kurajo; fort-eso
  • fortnight seman-du-o; -ly: du-seman-e, -a
  • fortress (large) fortreso
  • fortuitous hazarda (cf. kazuala, eventuala)
  • fortunate fortun-oza; felica
  • fortune (good) fortuno; (luck) chanco, hazardo; (lot) fato, destino; (riches) rich-eso, -ajo; hav-aji; f. teller: (by cards) kartomanci-isto, -ero; (fato-)dic-ero, -isto; tell f.s: pre-dicar la futuro
  • forty quara-dek
  • forum forumo
  • forward see forth; (ad-)avan-a, -e; avanc-e; (goods) expediar; (trans-)sendar (go f.) (intr.) hast-ar, (tr.) -igar; avan-irar; avancar; (presumptuous) prezunt-oza, -ema; (early) frua; (interj.) avancez!; from now f.: de nun; f.ing agent: expedio-komision-isto
  • forwarn avertar
  • fossil fosil-o; -a, ala; ize: -igar, -eskar
  • foster alimentar; nutrar; protektar; developar; favorar; f.-brother: alakto-frat-ulo; -ing: protekt-anta, -iva, -ema
  • foul (adj.) (dirty) sordida; kras-oza; (abominable) abomin-inda; sham-ig-anta; obcena; mala; (water, etc.) fang-oza; trubl-ata; (wind) kontrea; (air) ne-pura; (play) fraud-(ad)o; mala stroko (ad ulu); perfid-ajo; abomin-inda ag-(ad)o; to fall f. of: des-pac-eskar (kun); des-konkordar (kun)
  • foul (nav.) abordar (acidente); (of ropes) intrikar; inter-mixar; (of persons) inter-shokar; (make filthy) sordid-egar, -eskar; kras-izar; kontaminar, polutar
  • foulard fulardo
  • found (establish) fondar; (assertions, reasons) apogar; (cast metal) gisar
  • foundation (groundwork) fundamento; (cf. fond-ajo, bazo); (founding) fond-(ad)o; (of a scholarship) stipendio; to lay the f.: fundament-izar
  • founder (nav.) dronar, sinkar (a fundo); (horses) (intr.) kurbaturar; (of metal) gis-isto, -ero
  • foundry gis-erio; fuz-erio
  • fount see font
  • fountain fonteno; f.-pen: fonten-plumo
  • four quar; f.-cornered, -square, -angled: quadri-angula; f. fold: quar-opla; f. o’clock: (bot.) nokto-marvelo; to go on all f.s: marchar per quar pedi; f. score: oka-dek
  • fourteen dek-a-quar
  • fourth (ordinal) quar-esma, (fraction) -ima, -imo; (mus.) quarto
  • fowl pultr-o, -uno; han-o, -aro; ucel-o, -aro; wild f.: plum-vildo
  • fowler ucel-kapt-isto, -ero; vild-kapt-isto, -vend-isto
  • fowling-piece ucel-fus-ilo; chas-fusilo
  • fox fox-o; f. hunter: foxo-chas-isto, -ero; dog-f.: fox-hundo
  • foxglove digitalo
  • foxy (fig.) ruz-oza, -ema
  • foyer foyero
  • fractal fraktalo
  • fraction fracion-o; to divide into f.s: -igar
  • fractious ne-docila, mal-humor-a
  • fracture rupt-uro, -ar; compound f.: -uro komplik-ita
  • fragile (also fig.) frajila (cf. delikata)
  • fragment fragment-o (cf. eskombro, rupt-peco); to reduce to f.s: -igar (ulo); -ary: -a, -ala
  • fragrance parfum-o (cf. aromo)
  • fragrant parfum-oza, bon-odor-anta, -oza; (artificially) parfum-iz-ita
  • frail (things) frajila; (persons) febla; debila; -ty: (phys., moral) frajil-eso; (health) debila; kaduka
  • frame (form) formacar; (put in a f.) en-kadr-igar, -izar; (formulate) formul-igar, -izar
  • frame (n.) (f.work as of a machine, a wagon) framo; (as of a picture) kadro; (scaffold) eshafodo; (bldg., ship) trab-aro; (cf. cirkum-ajo; korpo; strukturo); f. of mind: ment-ala stando
  • franc (money) franko
  • France Franci-a
  • franchise vot-yuro
  • Franciscan franciskano
  • francolin frankolino
  • Franconia Frankoni-a; Frank: -ano
  • frangipane frangipano
  • frank (adj.) sincera, honesta, kandida, sen-artifica; (cf. apert-ita, libera, sen-jena, ne-cel-ita)
  • frank (prepay postage) afrankar
  • frankincense olibano (cf. incenso)
  • frantic frenezi-oza, dementa; fola; delir-atra, -ema
  • fraternal frat-ala, -atra
  • fraternity